Psychokinesis training

Psychokinesis training DEFAULT

He’s a Psychologist, Coach, Reiki Grand Master, and Certificated Spiritual Healer with 15 years of experience in helping people, Expert in the fields of human psychoenergetics. Engaged in Hinduism, Shamanism, tradition of ancient Slavs, and many other systems more than 15 years. He’s capable of seeing human aura. He has developed a unique author system for rapid self-development, cleaning and strengthening the psyche and energy, rejuvenation and healing of the body. He’s an author of trainings in psychology and psychoenergetics "Why The Gods Do Not Hear Us Or How To Make Desires Come True." More than 700,000 people from all over the world become his followers during this time.

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Sours: https://www.amazon.com/Telekinesis-Training-Dissolving-Development-Psychokinesis-ebook/dp/B07YYKBW2G

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The human mind is an amazing thing: 100 billion neurons make it possible for us to walk, talk, think, create, build — the list is virtually endless. Human nature, meanwhile, inspires us to want more, to push the boundaries of brainpower and discover new skills. Some of the most sought-after of those skills include telekinesis, an ability that lets us interact with physical objects using only our thoughts.

The hope for evolved human potential has spawned a host of pop-culture characters capable of wielding psychokinetic powers with both benign and deadly intent. From wise-beyond-her-years Matilda Wormwood to the aggrieved Carrie White — not to mention the entire Jedi order — telekinetic powers occupy a special place in the human cultural lexicon. The concept is also getting a signal boost thanks to 80s-era TV hit “Stranger Things” and one of its powerful protagonists, Eleven. (Heads up: this article contains “Stranger Things” spoilers.)

Could humans eventually evolve abilities like Eleven? What is telekinesis, exactly? Do documented cases already exist? What role does technology play in these (possible) next stages of human evolution? Read on — or use your telekinetic abilities to instantly download the article into your brain. Either way works, but if you choose the latter, do us all a favor and take some detailed notes on how you did it, OK?

Talking Telekinesis

What is telekinesis? The term comes from the Greek words for “mind” and “motion.” At its most basic, telekinesis — also known as psychokinesis (PK) — is the power to move objects with your mind. Strength often varies from user to user depending on the origin of their powers, training, age, and so on. As noted by Bustle, the character of Eleven in “Stranger Things” is able to throw large objects, turn electronic devices on and off, break glass and affect the bodily functions of other human beings. She’s also able to access other dimensions — including the Void and the Upside Down — which appear to overlap one another in time (and possibly space) in a kind of multiverse configuration.

The caveat? For most telekinetics, performing feats of mind over matter is incredibly taxing: Luke Skywalker struggled to lift his X-Wing out of Dagobah’s swamp (though Yoda had no problem), and Eleven gets nose bleeds whenever she pushes her limits. When we last saw the “Stranger Things” gang, Eleven used her powers to close the portal between our world and the Upside Down, trapping the Mind Flayer on the other side and protecting the citizens of Hawkins. For its part, the Flayer looked on from its Upside Down domain, watching the Snow Ball dance and keeping an eye on those meddlesome kids.

While much of the show has focused on Eleven’s personal development after her Hawkins Lab breakout, she’s also demonstrated considerable telekinetic evolution, suggesting that her powers aren’t done developing. Sure, they’re the result of unethical CIA experiments and sensory deprivation, but the groundwork is there: What if Eleven is just a small-screen simulacrum of powerful humans that have existed in hiding throughout history?

A Brief History of Mind Magic

Spoiler alert: There’s no documented evidence that telekinetic powers are real. A quick search will turn up hundreds of videos online, but they simply don’t have the scientific rigor to offer anything of substance. As noted by neuroscience professor Mark Breedlove in a recent EarthSky article, while “Stranger Things” does capture the 1980s government fascination with discovering human mind-powers, real life outcomes didn’t match those of the show. No conclusive evidence was ever found to support telekinetic abilities.

Some well-known “telekinetics” like Uri Geller have gained infamy for using sleight-of-hand illusions to replicate mental powers, but this hasn’t dissuaded telekinetic studies entirely. As noted by Live Science, researchers have shifted their effort to “micro-PK,” which is the ability to affect very small objects or outcomes over time. Again, these efforts have been unsuccessful.

The Next Level?

So maybe moving objects with our minds is out of reach right now — but what about in the future? Could the next stages of human evolution include PK abilities? From a purely biological standpoint, probably not. There’s nothing in our environment that would compel that kind of evolution, and since we can’t identify which genes — if any — might govern Eleven-type powers, attempting to modify genetic code would be unethical at best and incredibly dangerous at worst.

But it’s not all bad news. As noted by Psychology Today, technology could help bridge the gap between mind and matter by leveraging brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) to allow direct control over computers and other connected devices without the need for tactile or voice interaction. Some efforts focus on creating direct brain/device links to treat conditions such as blindness or paralysis, while others are developing thought-to-text solutions that allow users to instantly compose texts or emails. No, it’s not exactly Eleven closing the portal to the Upside Down, but remember — she started out crushing Coke cans in a hospital gown. Mind-meld emails might seem unimpressive but could pave the way for a brave new world of telekinetic powers.

Bottom line? “Stranger Things” is a nostalgic treat and Eleven is amazing, but don’t expect to follow her gray matter road map anytime soon.

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Sours: https://now.northropgrumman.com/are-telekinetic-powers-the-next-step-in-human-evolution/
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Publisher Description

Mind Magick Unveiled: Telekinesis Training and Techniques is an occult manual that will teach you the secrets of telekinesis. Learn to move objects with the power of your mind and discover your divine power. For years, countless of people wondered about the power known as telekinesis. It was thought that telekinesis was only for a few and special individuals. However, it was soon discovered that everyone can learn to do telekinesis -- yes, everyone -- including you. 

Mind Magick Unveiled: Telekinesis Training and Techniques shall give you the foundational knowledge and training to be able to do telekinesis and move objects with your mind. This occult manual is divided into two main parts:

Magick Roll I is a discussion of the important theories regarding telekinesis. Learn notable facts and information regarding this ability so that you would be ready for the actual techniques; otherwise, you would be applying the techniques blindly and without any understanding. Hence, this is an important part of learning. Be sure to study it and make your own reflections.

Magick Roll II lays down clear-cut instructions and reveals the actual practices and techniques of telekinesis. It is time to get your feet wet and experience telekinesis on your own. You will also be given helpful tips and tricks to increase your chances of success. 

May this handbook be your guiding light and lead you towards the true path of magical training and initiation into the wonder and magick of true telekinesis. Now is the time for you to unleash the incredible and illimitable power of your mind and discover your true strength and wonderful potentials. 

The true practice of telekinesis is not just about moving objects with your mind, but it is also a journey that will lead you to discover your unlimited power and magick. Mind Magick Unveiled: Telekinesis Training and Techniques is the key that shall open wide the doors to mystery and miracles. It is up to you to use it and walk to fully experience this magical wonder. I welcome you into this journey of power, self-discovery, and spirituality. Stay with me. Do your best, and you shall succeed.

Blessed be!

GENRE

Health, Mind & Body

PUBLISHER

Alexandia Sirivus

SELLER

Draft2Digital, LLC

More Books by Alexandia Sirivus

Sours: https://books.apple.com/us/book/mind-magick-unveiled-telekinesis-training-and-techniques/id1468551603
Are Psychic Powers and Telepathy Real? Dr. Devi Shetty with Sadhguru

From the Back Cover

Telekinesis is real. More and more people are learning how to do it every day.  Also called Psychokinesis or Mind-Over-Matter, it is a human capability observed in both scientific and spiritual circles around the globe.

Defy Your Limits offers what aspiring TK practitioners have long sought, a detailed, tested, step-by-step method to learn telekinesis.  While many can demonstrate TK, only a few can teach it proficiently in a format like this book.  The author is a seasoned meditation teacher who learned TK first-hand and teaches others how to actualize it themselves.  This is not a theoretical book. It's a training manual for those who are willing to do what it takes to defy their own limits.  

When you progress through the final level of training, you will be able to influence an object enclosed in glass from a distance of several feet. You will do so with your carefully and patiently trained mind-body-energy system. This text contains links to pages in the companion website which is filled with  video tutorials filmed specifically for practitioners of this training system.

Moving matter with the mind is only the beginning, 
this book is on the cutting edge of personal development, mindfulness, self-help and human performance. The ability taught here makes immediately observable that which self-improvement and power-of-intention books have only described - that our mind affects our reality. Defy Your Limits teaches you how to apply this telekinesis method toward your Vision Board, Energy Healing, Meditation, Metaphysical applications, and toward achieving your personal goals.

About the Author

Sean McNamara spent his childhood overseas in and was exposed to a variety of spiritual traditions. Early incidents of illness and surgery brought on a persistent fear and contemplation of death and of what happens afterward. In his twenties, McNamara became a Buddhist practitioner, using meditation to investigate the nature of consciousness and reality. Because many traditions eventually become rigid and limiting out of a need for self-preservation, and do so at the cost of each individual's unique development, McNamara took a different path. He found lucid dreaming and the out-of-body experience to be especially potent methods for his spiritual inquiry, and free of the dogmatic qualities found elsewhere. He eventually applied his knowledge of meditation to telekinesis to illustrate the themes of interconnectedness and intention to his meditation students. He currently teaches meditation, lucid dreaming, the out-of-body experience, and telekinesis in Denver, Colorado, with the purpose of showing others that spiritual growth is still possible as an independent, self-empowering, and revelatory path. He is married to Cierra McNamara, who founded Mayu Sanctuary, a secular meditation center in Denver.

Sours: https://www.amazon.com/Defy-Your-Limits-Telekinesis-Training/dp/0692833137

Training psychokinesis

Telekinesis Training Brain Waves-Psychic Abilities

Are You Psychic? If yes so this telekinesis training app helps you a lot. you can test your psychic abilities. but its not about zener cards or clairvoyant test. if you want clairvoyance development then balance your 7 chakras and third eye (sixth sense) etc. moreover there is not any intuition games & tarot. but fully loaded with intuition training (poderes psíquicos)(intuicion magica). these brain waves(music) also help in astral travel (astral projection ) (viajes astrales). & it helps in all the psychic powers or psychic abilities like psychokinesis , lucid dreaming , trataka(candle gazing) , hydrokinesis , electrokinesis , telepathy communication , third eye (sixth sense) , aerokinesis , pyrokinesis , levitation , but this app is mainly designed for telekinesis move objects with your mind power.

( ALL ADVANCED TRAINING , GUIDELINES , SECRET METHODS , HIDDEN KNOWLEDGE & BINAURAL BEATS BRAIN WAVES HAS BEEN CREATED BY PROFESSIONALS. )
- QUICK RESULT (21 DAYS)
- HIDDEN TECHNIQUES
- HIGH QUALITY BRAIN WAVES (BINAURAL BEATS)
- ADVANCED METHODS
- ALL THEORIES
- MISTAKES
- 3 LEVEL ( BEGINNERS , INTERMEDIATE , ADVANCED )
- FULL OF UNIVERSAL KNOWLEDGE
- PROFESSIONAL SKILLS

BE READY TO BECOME A SUPERHUMAN & EXPLORE THE PSYCHIC WORLD.

-( Volume )
70% volume.
Regarding earphones, you can use any earphone or headphone you like. Binaural beats works in any and every earphone or big headphones.

- What should my pose be during listening to these tracks? and volume ? and earphones?
Ans: You can just do your work (any work) and listen to these beats simultaneously. But if you be seated at one place and listen it in a 'meditation pose', it will increase its effectiveness. This applies to all the music.

-Can I hear all beats one by one?
Ans: No.. Gap can be 1 hour between every track. Its so because your mind should have enough time to process each beat effectively.

-(Science About These Binaural Beats)
The science of binaural beat is really simple. One sound frequency in one ear, and another sound frequency in the opposite ear, creating a two-tone effect in the mid-brain that is actually perceived to be one tone. This causes an "Entrainment " effect in the brain that has a variety of results including Increase Prana Energy, Balance The Seven chakras , Improve Intuition Power , relaxation, reduced anxiety, memory recall, Increase Psychic Powers Like:- Telekinesis ,chi energy , telepathy , clairvoyance , Astral projection , lucid dreaming. etc.

official scientific researches on binaural beats:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5233742/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5487409/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165862/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4995205/

-NOTE: Always wear earphones/headphones while listening to binaural beats For Best Impact On Your inner energies You don't have to worry of frequency settings and technical sections because we have arranged the binaural beats according to their effects on the human brain.

this telekinesis training app helps you a lot. this app is fully loaded with exercises. its like Goku's Kamehameha . so develop your superhuman abilities with us. if you want to improve you intuition power & clairvoyant powers so you can check our another which name is 7 chakras activation binaural beats meditation. and our biokinesis app is coming soon. you can learn secret theories and scientific studies about TK telekinesis . telekinesis is term of psychokinesis . if you want to learn other psychic abilities like , electrokinesis , hydrokinesis , pyrokinesis , levitation , trataka , intuition power , lucid dreaming , astral projection , telepathy ( telepathic communication through your mind power ) & aerokinesis so you can start from tele. (Tk) . after the 21 days training . you can test your psychic power with zener cards or tarot reading or another psychic test.
ANY INQUIRY:-
(e-mail:- [email protected])

کیا آپ نفسیاتی ہیں؟ اگر ہاں تو یہ ٹیلیکنیسس ٹریننگ ایپ آپ کی بہت مدد کرتی ہے۔ آپ اپنی نفسیاتی صلاحیتوں کو جانچ سکتے ہیں۔ لیکن اس کا تعلق زینر کارڈز یا دعویدار ٹیسٹ کے بارے میں نہیں ہے۔ اگر آپ تصو .ر کی ترقی چاہتے ہیں تو اپنے 7 چکروں اور تیسری آنکھ (چھٹی حس) کو متوازن رکھیں۔ اس کے علاوہ کوئی انترجشتھان کھیل اور ٹیرو نہیں ہے۔ لیکن انترجشتھان کی تربیت (poderes psíquicos) (انٹٹوسیئن میجیکا) سے پوری طرح لاد ہوا ہے۔ دماغ کی یہ لہریں (میوزک) کھوکھلی سفر (ستورک پروجیکشن) (ویرجز آسٹریلز) میں بھی مدد کرتی ہیں۔ اور یہ تمام نفسیاتی طاقتوں یا نفسیاتی صلاحیتوں جیسے سائیکوکنز ، لوسیڈ ڈریمنگ ، ٹراٹاکا (موم بتی نگاہ) ، ہائڈروکنائسز ، الیکٹروکینیسیس ، ٹیلی پیتھی مواصلات ، تیسری آنکھ (چھٹی حس) ، ایروکینیسیس ، پائروکینیسیس ، لیویٹیشن میں مدد کرتا ہے ، لیکن یہ ایپ بنیادی طور پر اس کے لئے تیار کی گئی ہے۔ ٹیلیکنائیسس آپ کی دماغی طاقت سے اشیاء کو منتقل کرتی ہے۔

(تمام ایڈوانسڈ ٹریننگ ، گائیڈ لائنز ، سیکرٹ میتھڈز ، چھپے ہوئے علم اور بینر کی دھڑکن دماغ کی لہروں کو پیشہ ور افراد کے ذریعہ تیار کیا گیا ہے۔)
- فوری نتیجہ (21 دن)
- چھپے ہوئے تکنیک
- اعلی دماغ کی لہریں (ثنائی مار)
- ایڈوانسڈ طریقوں
- تمام تھیوریز
- غلطیاں
- 3 سطح (شروع ، انٹرمیڈیٹ ، ایڈوانسڈ)
- یونیورسل جانکاری مکمل
- پیشہ ورانہ مہارت

ایک سپر مین بننے کے لئے تیار رہیں اور طبیعیات کی دنیا کی تلاش کریں۔

- (جلد)
70٪ حجم۔
ائرفون کے بارے میں ، آپ اپنی پسند کا کوئی ائرفون یا ہیڈ فون استعمال کرسکتے ہیں۔ بائنور کی دھڑکن کسی بھی اور ہر ائرفون یا بڑے ہیڈ فون میں کام کرتی ہے۔

- ان پٹریوں کو سننے کے دوران میرا لاحق ہونا چاہئے۔ اور حجم؟ اور ائرفون؟
جواب: آپ صرف اپنا کام (کوئی بھی کام) کرسکتے ہیں اور بیک وقت یہ دھڑک سن سکتے ہیں۔ لیکن اگر آپ کو ایک جگہ پر بٹھایا جاتا ہے اور اسے 'مراقبہ لاحق' میں سنا جاتا ہے تو ، اس کی تاثیر میں اضافہ ہوگا۔ یہ تمام موسیقی پر لاگو ہوتا ہے۔

-کیا میں ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ تمام دھڑکنوں کو سن سکتا ہوں؟
جواب: نہیں .. گیپ ہر ٹریک کے درمیان 1 گھنٹہ ہوسکتا ہے۔ اس کی وجہ یہ ہے کہ آپ کے ذہن میں ہر ایک کی شکست پر موثر انداز میں کارروائی کرنے کے لئے کافی وقت ہونا چاہئے۔

- (ان بائنور بیٹس کے بارے میں سائنس)
بائنور بیٹ کی سائنس واقعی آسان ہے۔ ایک کان میں ایک آواز کی فریکوئنسی ، اور مخالف کان میں دوسرا صوتی فریکوئینسی ، وسط دماغ میں دو ٹون اثر پیدا کرتی ہے جو حقیقت میں ایک سر کے طور پر سمجھا جاتا ہے۔ اس سے دماغ میں "انٹرنسینٹ" اثر پیدا ہوتا ہے جس کے متعدد نتائج سامنے آتے ہیں جن میں پرانا انرجی بڑھانا ، سات سائیکلوں کو متوازن کرنا ، انترجشتھان کو بہتر بنانا ، نرمی ، اضطراب ، میموری کی یاد ، نفسیاتی طاقتوں کو بڑھانا جیسے: - ٹیلی کینیسی ، چی توانائی ، ٹیلی پیتی ، دعویٰ ، استور پروجیکشن ، خوبصورت خواب دیکھنا۔ وغیرہ

بائنور کی دھڑکن پر سرکاری سائنسی تحقیق:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5233742/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5487409/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165862/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4995205/

نوٹ: آپ کی اندرونی توانائیاں پر بہترین اثر کے ل bin بائنور کی دھڑکن سنتے وقت ائرفون / ہیڈ فون ہمیشہ پہنیں ، آپ کو فریکوینسی سیٹنگس اور تکنیکی حصوں کی فکر کرنے کی ضرورت نہیں ہے کیونکہ ہم نے انسانی دماغ پر ان کے اثرات کے مطابق بائنور کی دھڑکن کا اہتمام کیا ہے۔

یہ ٹیلیکنیسس ٹریننگ ایپ آپ کو بہت مدد ملتی ہے۔ یہ ایپ پوری طرح سے مشقوں سے بھری ہوئی ہے۔ یہ گوکو کی کامہماہا کی طرح ہے۔ لہذا ہمارے ساتھ اپنی غیر انسانی صلاحیتوں کو ترقی دیں۔ اگر آپ اپنی انترجشتھان اور طاقت کے حامل طاقتوں کو بہتر بنانا چاہتے ہیں تو آپ ہمارے ایک اور نام کی جانچ کرسکتے ہیں جس کا نام 7 چکرس ایکٹیویشن بائنورل مراقبہ ہے۔ اور ہماری بائیوکینس ایپ جلد آرہی ہے۔ آپ ٹی کے ٹیلیکنائسز کے بارے میں خفیہ نظریات اور سائنسی علوم سیکھ سکتے ہیں۔ ٹیلی کائنسیس سائکوکینیسیس کی اصطلاح ہے۔ اگر آپ دوسری نفسیاتی صلاحیتوں جیسے ، الیکٹروکینیسیس ، ہائیڈروکینیسیس ، پائروکینیسیس ، لیویٹیشن ، ٹراٹاکا ، انترجشتھان طاقت ، خوش خواب دیکھنا ، سٹرال پروجیکشن ، ٹیلی پیتی (آپ کی دماغی طاقت کے ذریعہ ٹیلیپیٹک مواصلات) اور ایروکینیسیس سیکھنا چاہتے ہیں تاکہ آپ ٹیلیفون سے ہی آغاز کرسکیں۔ (روپے) 21 دن کی تربیت کے بعد۔ آپ اپنی نفسیاتی طاقت کو زینر کارڈز یا ٹیروٹ ریڈنگ یا کسی اور نفسیاتی ٹیسٹ سے آزما سکتے ہیں۔
کوئی انکوائری: -
(ای میل: - [email protected])

Sours: https://play.google.com/
Are Psychic Powers and Telepathy Real? Dr. Devi Shetty with Sadhguru

Psychokinesis

"Telekinesis" redirects here. For other uses, see Telekinesis (disambiguation).

For the South Korean film, see Psychokinesis (film).

Influencing of objects without physical interaction

Artist conception of spontaneous psychokinesis from 1911 French magazine La Vie Mysterieuse.

Psychokinesis (from Greek ψυχή "soul" and κίνησις "movement"[1][2]), or telekinesis[3] (from τηλε- "far off" and κίνησις "movement"[4]), is an alleged psychic ability allowing a person to influence a physical system without physical interaction.[5][6]

Psychokinesis experiments have historically been criticized for lack of proper controls and repeatability.[7][8][9][10] There is no good evidence that psychokinesis is a real phenomenon, and the topic is generally regarded as pseudoscience.[7][11][12][13]

Etymology[edit]

The word psychokinesis was coined in 1914 by American author Henry Holt in his book On the Cosmic Relations.[14][15][16] The term is a compound of the Greek words ψυχή (psyche) – meaning "mind", "soul", "spirit", or "breath" – and κίνησις (kinesis) – meaning "motion" or "movement".[1][2] The American parapsychologistJ. B. Rhine coined the term extra-sensory perception to describe receiving information paranormally from an external source.[17] Following this, he used the term psychokinesis in 1934 to describe mentally influencing external objects or events without the use of physical energy.[17][18] His initial example of psychokinesis was experiments that were conducted to determine whether a person could influence the outcome of falling dice.[17][19]

The word telekinesis, a compound of the Greek τῆλε (tēle) – meaning "distance" – and κίνησις (kinesis) – meaning "motion",[4] was first used in 1890 by Russian psychical researcher Alexander N. Aksakof.[20][21]

In parapsychology, fictional universes and New Age beliefs, psychokinesis and telekinesis are different: psychokinesis refers to the mental influence of physical systems and objects without the use of any physical energy,[5][6] while telekinesis refers to the movement and/or levitation of physical objects by purely mental force without any physical intervention.[22][23]

Reception[edit]

Evaluation[edit]

There is a broad scientific consensus that PK research, and parapsychology more generally, have not produced a reliable, repeatable demonstration.[9][10][12][24]: 149–161 [25][26]

A panel commissioned in 1988 by the United States National Research Council to study paranormal claims concluded that "despite a 130-year record of scientific research on such matters, our committee could find no scientific justification for the existence of phenomena such as extrasensory perception, mental telepathy or 'mind over matter' exercises ... Evaluation of a large body of the best available evidence simply does not support the contention that these phenomena exist."[25]

In 1984, the United States National Academy of Sciences, at the request of the US Army Research Institute,[ambiguous] formed a scientific panel to assess the best evidence for psychokinesis. Part of its purpose was to investigate military applications of PK, for example to remotely jam or disrupt enemy weaponry. The panel heard from a variety of military staff who believed in PK and made visits to the PEAR laboratory and two other laboratories that had claimed positive results from micro-PK experiments. The panel criticized macro-PK experiments for being open to deception by conjurors, and said that virtually all micro-PK experiments "depart from good scientific practice in a variety of ways". Their conclusion, published in a 1987 report, was that there was no scientific evidence for the existence of psychokinesis.[24]: 149–161 

Carl Sagan included telekinesis in a long list of "offerings of pseudoscience and superstition" which "it would be foolish to accept ... without solid scientific data".[27] Nobel Prize laureate Richard Feynman advocated a similar position.[28]

Felix Planer, a professor of electrical engineering, has written that if psychokinesis were real then it would be easy to demonstrate by getting subjects to depress a scale on a sensitive balance, raise the temperature of a waterbath which could be measured with an accuracy of a hundredth of a degree centigrade, or affect an element in an electrical circuit such as a resistor, which could be monitored to better than a millionth of an ampere.[29] Planer writes that such experiments are extremely sensitive and easy to monitor but are not utilized by parapsychologists as they "do not hold out the remotest hope of demonstrating even a minute trace of PK" because the alleged phenomenon is non-existent. Planer has written that parapsychologists have to fall back on studies that involve only statistics that are unrepeatable, owing their results to poor experimental methods, recording mistakes and faulty statistical mathematics.[29]

According to Planer, "All research in medicine and other sciences would become illusionary, if the existence of PK had to be taken seriously; for no experiment could be relied upon to furnish objective results, since all measurements would become falsified to a greater or lesser degree, according to his PK ability, by the experimenter's wishes." Planer concluded that the concept of psychokinesis is absurd and has no scientific basis.[30]

PK hypotheses have also been considered in a number of contexts outside parapsychological experiments. C. E. M. Hansel has written that a general objection against the claim for the existence of psychokinesis is that, if it were a real process, its effects would be expected to manifest in situations in everyday life; but no such effects have been observed.[31]

Science writers Martin Gardner and Terence Hines and the philosopher Theodore Schick have written that if psychokinesis were possible, one would expect casino incomes to be affected, but the earnings are exactly as the laws of chance predict.[32][33][34][35][36]: 309 

Psychologist Nicholas Humphrey argues that many experiments in psychology, biology or physics assume that the intentions of the subjects or experimenter do not physically distort the apparatus. Humphrey counts them as implicit replications of PK experiments in which PK fails to appear.[10]

Physics[edit]

The ideas of psychokinesis and telekinesis violate several well-established laws of physics, including the inverse square law, the second law of thermodynamics, and the conservation of momentum.[25][37] Because of this, scientists have demanded a high standard of evidence for PK, in line with Marcello Truzzi's dictum "Extraordinary claims require extraordinary proof".[10][38] The Occam's razor law of parsimony in scientific explanations of phenomena suggests that the explanation of PK in terms of ordinary ways—by trickery, special effects or by poor experimental design—is preferable to accepting that the laws of physics should be rewritten.[9][13]

Philosopher and physicist Mario Bunge has written that "psychokinesis, or PK, violates the principle that mind cannot act directly on matter. (If it did, no experimenter could trust his readings of measuring instruments.) It also violates the principles of conservation of energy and momentum. The claim that quantum mechanics allows for the possibility of mental power influencing randomizers—an alleged case of micro-PK—is ludicrous since that theory respects the said conservation principles, and it deals exclusively with physical things."[39]

Physicist John Taylor, who has investigated parapsychological claims, has written that an unknown fifth force causing psychokinesis would have to transmit a great deal of energy. The energy would have to overcome the electromagnetic forces binding the atoms together, because the atoms would need to respond more strongly to the fifth force than to electric forces. Such an additional force between atoms should therefore exist all the time and not during only alleged paranormal occurrences. Taylor wrote there is no scientific trace of such a force in physics, down to many orders of magnitude; thus, if a scientific viewpoint is to be preserved, the idea of any fifth force must be discarded. Taylor concluded that there is no possible physical mechanism for psychokinesis, and it is in complete contradiction to established science.[40]: 27–30 

In 1979, Evan Harris Walker and Richard Mattuck published a parapsychology paper proposing a quantum explanation for psychokinesis. Physicist Victor J. Stenger wrote that their explanation contained assumptions not supported by any scientific evidence. According to Stenger their paper is "filled with impressive looking equations and calculations that give the appearance of placing psychokinesis on a firm scientific footing... Yet look what they have done. They have found the value of one unknown number (wavefunction steps) that gives one measured number (the supposed speed of PK-induced motion). This is numerology, not science."[41]

Physicist Sean M. Carroll has written that spoons, like all matter, are made up of atoms and that any movement of a spoon with the mind would involve the manipulation of those atoms through the four forces of nature: the strong nuclear force, the weak nuclear force, electromagnetism, and gravitation. Psychokinesis would have to be either some form of one of these four forces, or a new force that has a billionth the strength of gravity, for otherwise it would have been captured in experiments already done. This leaves no physical force that could possibly account for psychokinesis.[42]

Physicist Robert L. Park has found it suspicious that a phenomenon should only ever appear at the limits of detectability of questionable statistical techniques. He cites this feature as one of Irving Langmuir's indicators of pathological science.[26] Park pointed out that if mind really could influence matter, it would be easy for parapsychologists to measure such a phenomenon by using the alleged psychokinetic power to deflect a microbalance, which would not require any dubious statistics. "[T]he reason, of course, is that the microbalance stubbornly refuses to budge." He has suggested that the reason statistical studies are so popular in parapsychology is that they introduce opportunities for uncertainty and error, which are used to support the experimenter's biases.[26]

Explanations in terms of bias[edit]

Cognitive bias research has suggested that people are susceptible to illusions of PK. These include both the illusion that they themselves have the power, and that the events they witness are real demonstrations of PK.[43] For example, the illusion of control is an illusory correlation between intention and external events, and believers in the paranormal have been shown to be more susceptible to this illusion than others.[44][45] Psychologist Thomas Gilovich explains this as a biased interpretation of personal experience. For example, someone in a dice game wishing for a high score can interpret high numbers as "success" and low numbers as "not enough concentration."[25] Bias towards belief in PK may be an example of the human tendency to see patterns where none exist, called the clustering illusion, which believers are also more susceptible to.[43]

A 1952 study tested for experimenter's bias with respect to psychokinesis. Richard Kaufman of Yale University gave subjects the task of trying to influence eight dice and allowed them to record their own scores. They were secretly filmed, so their records could be checked for errors. Believers in psychokinesis made errors that favored its existence, while disbelievers made opposite errors. A similar pattern of errors was found in J. B. Rhine's dice experiments, which were considered the strongest evidence for PK at that time.[36]: 306 

In 1995, Wiseman and Morris showed subjects an unedited videotape of a magician's performance in which a fork bent and eventually broke. Believers in the paranormal were significantly more likely to misinterpret the tape as a demonstration of PK, and were more likely to misremember crucial details of the presentation. This suggests that confirmation bias affects people's interpretation of PK demonstrations.[46] Psychologist Robert Sternberg cites confirmation bias as an explanation of why belief in psychic phenomena persists, despite the lack of evidence:

Some of the worst examples of confirmation bias are in research on parapsychology (...) Arguably, there is a whole field here with no powerful confirming data at all. But people want to believe, and so they find ways to believe.[47]

Psychologist Daniel Wegner has argued that an introspection illusion contributes to belief in psychokinesis.[48] He observes that in everyday experience, intention (such as wanting to turn on a light) is followed by action (such as flicking a light switch) in a reliable way, but the underlying neural mechanisms are outside awareness. Hence, though subjects may feel that they directly introspect their own free will, the experience of control is actually inferred from relations between the thought and the action. This theory of apparent mental causation acknowledges the influence of David Hume's view of the mind.[48] This process for detecting when one is responsible for an action is not totally reliable, and when it goes wrong there can be an illusion of control. This can happen when an external event follows, and is congruent with, a thought in someone's mind, without an actual causal link.[48] As evidence, Wegner cites a series of experiments on magical thinking in which subjects were induced to think they had influenced external events. In one experiment, subjects watched a basketball player taking a series of free throws. When they were instructed to visualize him making his shots, they felt that they had contributed to his success.[49] Other experiments designed to create an illusion of psychokinesis have demonstrated that this depends, to some extent, on the subject's prior belief in psychokinesis.[44][46][50]

A 2006 meta-analysis of 380 studies found a small positive effect that can be explained by publication bias.[51]

Magic and special effects[edit]

An advertising poster depicting magician Harry Kellarperforming the "Levitation of Princess Karnac" illusion, 1894, U.S. Library of Congress.

See also: Mentalism

Magicians have successfully simulated some of the specialized abilities of psychokinesis, such as object movement, spoon bending, levitation and teleportation.[52] According to Robert Todd Carroll, there are many impressive magic tricks available to amateurs and professionals to simulate psychokinetic powers.[53] Metal objects such as keys or cutlery can be bent using a number of different techniques, even if the performer has not had access to the items beforehand.[54]: 127–131 

According to Richard Wiseman there are a number of ways for faking psychokinetic metal bending (PKMB). These include switching straight objects for pre-bent duplicates, the concealed application of force, and secretly inducing metallic fractures.[55] Research has also suggested that (PKMB) effects can be created by verbal suggestion. On this subject the magician Ben Harris wrote:

If you are doing a really convincing job, then you should be able to put a bent key on the table and comment, ‘Look, it is still bending’, and have your spectators really believe that it is. This may sound the height of boldness; however, the effect is astounding – and combined with suggestion, it does work.[56]

Between 1979 and 1981, the McDonnell Laboratory for Psychical Research at Washington University reported a series of experiments they named Project Alpha, in which two teenaged male subjects had demonstrated PK phenomena (including metal-bending and causing images to appear on film) under less than stringent laboratory conditions. James Randi eventually revealed that the subjects were two of his associates, amateur conjurers Steve Shaw and Michael Edwards. The pair had created the effects by standard trickery, but the researchers, being unfamiliar with magic techniques, interpreted them as proof of PK.[57]

A 2014 study that utilized a magic trick to investigate paranormal belief on eyewitness testimony revealed that believers in psychokinesis were more likely to report a key continued to bend than non-believers.[50]

Prize money for proof of psychokinesis[edit]

Main article: List of prizes for evidence of the paranormal

Internationally there are individual skeptics of the paranormal and skeptics' organizations who offer cash prize money for demonstration of the existence of an extraordinary psychic power, such as psychokinesis.[58] Prizes have been offered specifically for PK demonstrations: for example, businessman Gerald Fleming's offer of £250,000 to Uri Geller if he can bend a spoon under controlled conditions.[59] The James Randi Educational Foundation offered the One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge to any accepted candidate who managed to produce a paranormal event in a controlled, mutually agreed upon experiment.[60][failed verification]

Belief[edit]

In September 2006, a survey on belief in various religious and paranormal topics conducted by phone and mail-in questionnaire polled 1,721 Americans on their belief in telekinesis. Of these participants, 28% of male participants and 31% of female participants selected "agree" or "strongly agree" with the statement, "It is possible to influence the world through the mind alone."[61]

Subsets of psychokinesis[edit]

Parapsychologists divide psychokinetic phenomena into two categories: macro-psychokinesis – large-scale psychokinetic effects that can be seen with the naked eye, and micro-psychokinesis – small-scale psychokinetic effects that require the use of statistics to be detected.[6] Some phenomena – such as apports,[6]levitation,[6]materialization,[6]psychic healing,[6]pyrokinesis,[62]retrocausality,[63] telekinesis,[22] and thoughtography[6] – are considered to be examples of psychokinesis.

In 2016, Caroline Watt stated "Overall, the majority of academic parapsychologists do not find the evidence compelling in favour of macro-PK".[64]

Notable claimants of psychokinetic abilities[edit]

Eusapia Palladino "levitates" a table while researcher Alexander Aksakof(right) monitors for fraud, Milan, 1892.

There have been claimants of psychokinetic ability throughout history. Angelique Cottin (ca. 1846) known as the "Electric Girl" of France was an alleged generator of PK activity. Cottin and her family claimed that she produced electric emanations that allowed her to move pieces of furniture and scissors across a room.[66]Frank Podmore wrote there were many observations which were "suggestive of fraud" such as the contact of the girl's garments to produce any of the alleged phenomena and the observations from several witnesses that noticed there was a double movement on the part of Cottin, a movement in the direction of the object thrown and afterwards away from it, but the movements so rapid they were not usually detected.[66]

Spiritualist mediums have also claimed psychokinetic abilities. Eusapia Palladino, an Italian medium, could allegedly cause objects to move during séances. However, she was caught levitating a table with her foot by the magician Joseph Rinn and using tricks to move objects by the psychologist Hugo Münsterberg.[67][68] Other alleged PK mediums that were exposed as frauds, include Anna Rasmussen and Maria Silbert.[69][70]

The Polish medium Stanisława Tomczyk active in the early 20th century claimed to be able to perform various acts of telekinesis, such as levitating objects, by way of an entity she called "Little Stasia".[71] A photograph of her taken in 1909, which shows a pair of scissors "floating" in between her hands, is often found in books and other publications as an example of telekinesis.[72][73] Scientists suspected Tomczyk performed her feats by the use of a fine thread or hair, running between her hands to lift and suspend the objects in the air. This was confirmed when psychical researchers who tested Tomczyk occasionally observed the thread.[73][74][75]

Many of India's "godmen" have claimed macro-PK abilities and demonstrated apparently miraculous phenomena in public, although as more controls are put in place to prevent trickery, fewer phenomena are produced.[76]

Magician William Marriottreveals the trick of the medium Stanisława Tomczyk's levitation of a glass tumbler. Pearson's Magazine, June 1910

Annemarie Schaberl, a 19-year-old secretary, was said to have telekinetic powers by the parapsychologist Hans Bender in the Rosenheim Poltergeist case in the 1960s. Magicians and scientists who investigated the case suspected the phenomena were produced by trickery.[40]: 107–108 [77]

Swami Rama, a yogi skilled in controlling his heart functions, was studied at the Menninger Foundation in the spring and fall of 1970 and was alleged by some observers at the foundation to have telekinetically moved a knitting needle twice from a distance of five feet.[78] Although Swami Rama wore a face-mask and gown to prevent allegations that he moved the needle with his breath or body movements, and air vents in the room had been covered, at least one physician observer who was present at the time was not convinced and expressed the opinion that air movement was somehow the cause.[79]

Psychics[edit]

The Russian psychic Nina Kulagina came to wide public attention following the publication of Sheila Ostrander and Lynn Schroeder's best seller, Psychic Discoveries Behind The Iron Curtain. The alleged Soviet psychic of the late 1960s and early 1970s was filmed apparently performing telekinesis while seated in numerous black-and-white short films.[80] She was also mentioned in the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency report from 1978.[81][ISBN missing] Magicians and skeptics have argued that Kulagina's feats could easily be performed by one practiced in sleight of hand, through means such as cleverly concealed or disguised threads, small pieces of magnetic metal, or mirrors.[82][83][84][85]

James Hydrick, an American martial arts expert and psychic, was famous for his alleged psychokinetic ability to turn the pages of books and make pencils spin around while placed on the edge of a desk. It was later revealed by magicians that he achieved his feats by air currents.[86] The psychologist Richard Wiseman has written Hydrick learnt to move objects by blowing in a "highly deceptive" and skillful way.[87] Hydrick confessed to Dan Korem that all of his feats were tricks: "My whole idea behind this in the first place was to see how dumb America was. How dumb the world is."[88] The British psychic Matthew Manning was the subject of laboratory research in the United States and England involving PK in the late 1970s and today claims healing powers.[80][89] Magicians John Booth and Henry Gordon have suspected Manning used trickery to perform his feats.[90][91]

In 1971, an American psychic named Felicia Parise allegedly moved a pill bottle across a kitchen counter by psychokinesis. Her feats were endorsed by the parapsychologist Charles Honorton. Science writer Martin Gardner wrote Parise had "bamboozled" Honorton by moving the bottle by an invisible thread stretched between her hands.[85][24]: 163 

Boris Ermolaev, a Russian psychic, was known for levitating small objects. His methods were exposed on the World of Discovery documentary Secrets of the Russian Psychics (1992). Ermolaev would sit on a chair and allegedly move the objects between his knees but due to the lighting conditions a fine thread fixed between his knees suspending the objects was observed by the camera crew.[83]

The Russian psychic Alla Vinogradova was said to be able to move objects without touching them on transparent acrylic plastic or a plexiglass sheet. The parapsychologist Stanley Krippner had observed Vinogradova rub an aluminum tube before moving it allegedly by psychokinesis. Krippner suggested no psychokinesis was involved; the effect was produced by an electrostatic charge. Vinogradova was featured in the Nova documentary Secrets of the Psychics (1993) which followed the debunking work of James Randi.[83] Vinogradova demonstrated her alleged psychokinetic abilities on camera for Randi and other investigators. Before the experiments she was observed combing her hair and rubbing the surface of the acrylic plastic. Massimo Polidoro has replicated the feats of Vinogradova by using an acrylic plastic surface and showing how easy it is to move any kind of object on top of it due to the charges of static electricity. The effect is easily achieved if the surface is electrically charged by rubbing a towel or a hand on it.[83] The physicist John Taylor has written "It is very likely that electrostatics is all that is needed to explain Alla Vinogradova's apparently paranormal feats."[40]: 103 

Metal bending[edit]

See also: Spoon bending

Uri Gellerwas famous for his spoon bending demonstrations.

Psychics have also claimed the psychokinetic ability to bend metal. Uri Geller was famous for his spoon bending demonstrations, allegedly by PK.[80] Geller has been caught many times using sleight of hand and according to science writer Terence Hines, all his effects have been recreated using conjuring tricks.[92][54]: 126–130 

The French psychic Jean-Pierre Girard has claimed he can bend metal bars by PK. Girard was tested in the 1970s but failed to produce any paranormal effects in scientifically controlled conditions.[93] He was tested on January 19, 1977 during a two-hour experiment in a Paris laboratory. The experiment was directed by the physicist Yves Farge with a magician also present. All of the experiments were negative as Girard failed to make any of the objects move paranormally. He failed two tests in Grenoble in June 1977 with the magician James Randi.[93] He was also tested on September 24, 1977 at a laboratory at the Nuclear Research Centre. Girard failed to bend any bars or change the structure of the metals. Other experiments into spoon bending were also negative and witnesses described his feats as fraudulent. Girard later admitted that he would sometimes cheat to avoid disappointing the public but insisted he still had genuine psychic power.[93] Magicians and scientists have written that he produced all his alleged psychokinetic feats through fraudulent means.[92][94]

Stephen North, a British psychic in the late 1970s, was known for his alleged psychokinetic ability to bend spoons and teleport objects in and out of sealed containers. The British physicist John Hasted tested North in a series of experiments which he claimed had demonstrated psychokinesis, though his experiments were criticized for lack of scientific controls.[95][page needed][96] North was tested in Grenoble on 19 December 1977 in scientific conditions and the results were negative.[93] According to James Randi, during a test at Birkbeck College North was observed to have bent a metal sample with his bare hands. Randi wrote "I find it unfortunate that [Hasted] never had an epiphany in which he was able to recognize just how thoughtless, cruel, and predatory were the acts perpetrated on him by fakers who took advantage of his naivety and trust."[97]

"PK Parties" were a cultural fad in the 1980s, begun by Jack Houck,[98] where groups of people were guided through rituals and chants to awaken metal-bending powers. They were encouraged to shout at the items of cutlery they had brought and to jump and scream to create an atmosphere of pandemonium (or what scientific investigators called heightened suggestibility). Critics were excluded and participants were told to avoid looking at their hands. Thousands of people attended these emotionally charged parties, and many became convinced that they had bent silverware by paranormal means.[24]: 149–161 

PK parties have been described as a campaign by paranormal believers to convince people of the existence of psychokinesis, on the basis of nonscientific data from personal experience and testimony. The United States National Academy of Sciences has criticized PK parties on the grounds that conditions are not reliable for obtaining scientific results and "are just those which psychologists and others have described as creating states of heightened suggestibility."[24]: 149–161 

Ronnie Marcus, an Israeli psychic and claimant of psychokinetic metal bending, was tested in 1994 in scientifically controlled conditions and failed to produce any paranormal phenomena.[99] According to magicians, his alleged psychokinetic feats were sleight of hand tricks. Marcus bent a letter opener by the concealed application of force and a frame-by-frame analysis of video showed that he bent a spoon from pressure from his thumb by ordinary, physical means.[100][101]

In popular culture[edit]

Psychokinesis and telekinesis have commonly been used as superpowers in comic books, movies, television, video games, literature, and other forms of popular culture.[102][103][104]

Notable portrayals of psychokinetic and/or telekinetic characters include the Teleks in the 1952 novella Telek;[105]Carrie White in the Stephen King novel and its threefilmadaptations, Carrie;[106]Ellen Burstyn in the 1980 healer-themed film Resurrection;[107] the Jedi and Sith in the Star Wars franchise;[108] the Psychic-type Pokemon in the Pokemon franchise,[citation needed] the Scanners in the 1981 film Scanners;[109]Matilda Wormwood in the 1988 children's novel and its 1996 film adaptation, Matilda;[110] three high school seniors in the 2012 film Chronicle;[111]Eleven from the Netflix series Stranger Things;[112]Silver the Hedgehog in the Sonic the Hedgehog game and series franchise;[113] and Shin Seok-heon in the 2018 film Psychokinesis.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychokinesis

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