Current minecraft version

Current minecraft version DEFAULT


video game

This article is about the original video game. For the greater franchise, see Minecraft (franchise). For other uses, see Minecraft (disambiguation).

video game

Minecraft is a sandbox video game developed by the Swedish video game developer Mojang Studios. The game was created by Markus "Notch" Persson in the Java programming language. Following several early private testing versions, it was first made public in May before fully releasing in November , with Jens Bergensten then taking over development. Minecraft has since been ported to several other platforms and is the best-selling video game of all time, with over million copies sold and over million monthly active users as of [update].[18]

In Minecraft, players explore a blocky, procedurally-generated3D world with virtually infinite terrain, and may discover and extract raw materials, craft tools and items, and build structures or earthworks. Depending on game mode, players can fight computer-controlled mobs, as well as cooperate with or compete against other players in the same world. Game modes include a survival mode, in which players must acquire resources to build the world and maintain health, and a creative mode, where players have unlimited resources and access to flight. Players can modify the game to create new gameplay mechanics, items, and assets.

Minecraft has been critically acclaimed, winning several awards and being cited as one of the greatest video games of all time. Social media, parodies, adaptations, merchandise, and the annual Minecon conventions played large roles in popularizing the game. The game has also been used in educational environments to teach chemistry, computer-aided design, and computer science. In , Mojang and the Minecraftintellectual property were purchased by Microsoft for US$ billion. A number of spin-off games have also been produced, such as Minecraft: Story Mode, Minecraft Dungeons, and Minecraft Earth.


Minecraft is a 3Dsandbox game that has no specific goals to accomplish, allowing players a large amount of freedom in choosing how to play the game.[19] However, there is an achievement system,[20] known as "advancements" in the Java Edition of the game, and "trophies" on the PlayStation ports.[21] Gameplay is in the first-person perspective by default, but players have the option for third-person perspective.[22] The game world is composed of rough 3D objects—mainly cubes and fluids, and commonly called "blocks"—representing various materials, such as dirt, stone, ores, tree trunks, water, and lava. The core gameplay revolves around picking up and placing these objects. These blocks are arranged in a 3D grid, while players can move freely around the world. Players can "mine" blocks and then place them elsewhere, enabling them to build things.[23] Many commentators have described the game's physics system as unrealistic.[24] The game also contains a material known as redstone, which can be used to make primitive mechanical devices, electrical circuits, and logic gates, allowing for the construction of many complex systems.[25]

The default player skin, Steve, stands on a cliffside overlooking a village in a forest. In the distance, there is a small mountain range. The sun is setting to the right, making the sky turn pink and blue.
An example of Minecraft's procedurally-generated terrain, including a village and the default skin Steve

The game world is virtually infinite and procedurally generated as players explore it, using a map seed that is obtained from the system clock at the time of world creation (or manually specified by the player).[26][27][28] There are limits on vertical movement, but Minecraft allows an infinitely large game world to be generated on the horizontal plane. Due to technical problems when extremely distant locations are reached, however, there is a barrier preventing players from traversing to locations beyond 30,, blocks from the center.[i] The game achieves this by splitting the world data into smaller sections called "chunks" that are only created or loaded when players are nearby.[26] The world is divided into biomes ranging from deserts to jungles to snowfields;[29][30] the terrain includes plains, mountains, forests, caves, and various lava/water bodies.[28] The in-game time system follows a day and night cycle, and one full cycle lasts 20 real-time minutes.

When starting a new world, players must choose one of five game modes, as well as one of four difficulties, ranging from peaceful to hard. Increasing the difficulty of the game causes the player to take more damage from mobs, as well as having other difficulty-specific effects. For example, the peaceful difficulty prevents hostile mobs from spawning, and the hard difficulty allows players to starve to death if their hunger bar is depleted.[31] Once selected, the difficulty can be changed, but the game mode is locked and can only be changed with cheats.

Standing on a flat grassy plain against a blue sky, there is a green zombie wearing a blue shirt and purple pants; a large spider with red eyes; a tall, black, slender creature with purple eyes; a green, four-legged creature; and a skeleton.
A few of the hostile mobs in Minecraft, displayed from left to right: a zombie, spider, enderman,[j]creeper, and a skeleton.

New players have a randomly selected default character skin of either Steve or Alex,[32] but the option to create custom skins was made available in [33] Players encounter various non-player characters known as mobs, such as animals, villagers, and hostile creatures.[34] Passive mobs, such as cows, pigs, and chickens, can be hunted for food and crafting materials. They spawn in the daytime, while hostile mobs—including large spiders, skeletons, and zombies—spawn during nighttime or in dark places such as caves.[28] Some hostile mobs, such as zombies, skeletons and drowned (underwater versions of zombies), burn under the sun if they have no headgear.[35] Other creatures unique to Minecraft include the creeper (an exploding creature that sneaks up on the player) and the enderman (a creature with the ability to teleport as well as pick up and place blocks).[36] There are also variants of mobs that spawn in different conditions; for example, zombies have husk variants that spawn in deserts.[37]

Minecraft has two alternative dimensions besides the overworld (the main world): the Nether and the End.[36] The Nether is a hell-like dimension accessed via player-built portals; it contains many unique resources and can be used to travel great distances in the overworld, due to every block traveled in the Nether being equivalent to 8 blocks traveled in the overworld.[38] The player can build an optional boss mob called the Wither out of materials found in the Nether.[39] The End is a barren land consisting of many islands. A boss dragon called the Ender Dragon dwells on the main island.[40] Killing the dragon opens access to an exit portal, which upon entering cues the game's ending credits and a poem written by Irish novelist Julian Gough.[41] Players are then teleported back to their spawn point and may continue the game indefinitely.[42]

Game modes

Survival mode

The player attempting to make a stone axe by placing the required materials into the crafting grid, a 3x3 block of item spaces hovering over the standard inventory, which is filled with other items.
The crafting menu in Minecraft, showing the crafting recipe of a stone axe as well as some other blocks and items in the player's inventory.

In survival mode, players have to gather natural resources such as wood and stone found in the environment in order to craft certain blocks and items.[28] Depending on the difficulty, monsters spawn in darker areas outside a certain radius of the character, requiring players to build a shelter at night.[28] The mode also has a health bar which is depleted by attacks from mobs, falls, drowning, falling into lava, suffocation, starvation, and other events.[43] Players also have a hunger bar, which must be periodically refilled by eating food in-game, except in peaceful difficulty.[43][44] If the hunger bar is depleted, automatic healing will stop and eventually health will deplete. Health replenishes when players have a nearly full hunger bar or continuously on peaceful difficulty.[44][45]

Players can craft a wide variety of items in Minecraft.[46] Craftable items include armor, which mitigates damage from attacks; weapons (such as swords or axes), which allows monsters and animals to be killed more easily; and tools, which break certain types of blocks more quickly. Some items have multiple tiers depending on the material used to craft them, with higher-tier items being more effective and durable. Players can construct furnaces, which can cook food, process ores, and convert materials into other materials.[47] Players may also exchange goods with a villager (NPC) through a trading system, which involves trading emeralds for different goods and vice versa.[48][34]

The game has an inventory system, allowing players to carry a limited number of items.[49] Upon dying, items in the players' inventories are dropped unless the game is reconfigured not to do so. Players then re-spawn at their spawn point, which by default is where players first spawn in the game, and can be reset by sleeping in a bed[50] or using a respawn anchor.[51] Dropped items can be recovered if players can reach them before they disappear or despawn after 5 minutes. Players may acquire experience points by killing mobs and other players, mining, smelting ores, breeding animals, and cooking food. Experience can then be spent on enchanting tools, armor and weapons.[31] Enchanted items are generally more powerful, last longer, or have other special effects.[31]

Hardcore mode

Hardcore mode is a survival mode variant that is locked to the hardest setting and has permadeath.[52] If a player dies in a hardcore world, they are no longer allowed to interact with it, so they can either be put into spectator mode and explore the world or delete it entirely.[53] This game mode can only be accessed within the Java Edition.[54]

Creative mode

A large building appearing to be a city hall or a courthouse.
An example of a creation constructed in Minecraft

In creative mode, players have access to nearly all resources and items in the game through the inventory menu, and can place or remove them instantly.[55] Players can toggle the ability to fly freely around the game world at will, and their characters do not take any damage and are not affected by hunger.[56][57] The game mode helps players focus on building and creating projects of any size without disturbance.[55]

Adventure mode

Adventure mode was designed specifically so that players could experience user-crafted custom maps and adventures.[58][59][60] Gameplay is similar to survival mode but with various restrictions, which can be applied to the game world by the creator of the map. This forces players to obtain the required items and experience adventures in the way that the map maker intended.[60] Another addition designed for custom maps is the command block; this block allows map makers to expand interactions with players through scripted server commands.[61]

Spectator mode

Spectator mode allows players to fly through blocks and watch gameplay without directly interacting. Players do not have an inventory, but can teleport to other players and view from the perspective of another player or creature.[62] This game mode can only be accessed within Java Edition and Console Legacy Editions.[63]


See also: Minecraft server

Multiplayer in Minecraft enables multiple players to interact and communicate with each other on a single world. It is available through direct game-to-game multiplayer, LAN play, local split screen (console-only), and servers (player-hosted and business-hosted).[64] Players can run their own servers, use a hosting provider, or connect directly to another player's game via Xbox Live. Single-player worlds have local area network support, allowing players to join a world on locally interconnected computers without a server setup.[65]Minecraft multiplayer servers are guided by server operators, who have access to server commands such as setting the time of day and teleporting players. Operators can also set up restrictions concerning which usernames or IP addresses are allowed or disallowed to enter the server.[64] Multiplayer servers have a wide range of activities, with some servers having their own unique rules and customs. The largest and most popular server is Hypixel, which has been visited by over 14 million unique players.[66][67]Player versus player combat (PvP) can be enabled to allow fighting between players.[68] Many servers have custom plugins that allow actions that are not normally possible.

Minecraft Realms

In , Mojang announced Minecraft Realms, a server hosting service intended to enable players to run server multiplayer games easily and safely without having to set up their own.[69][70] Unlike a standard server, only invited players can join Realms servers, and these servers do not use IP addresses. Minecraft: Java Edition Realms server owners can invite up to twenty people to play on their server, with up to ten players online at a time. Minecraft Realms server owners can invite up to people to play on their server, with up to ten players online at one time.[71] The Minecraft: Java Edition Realms servers do not support user-made plugins, but players can play custom Minecraft maps.[72]Minecraft Realms servers support user-made add-ons, resource packs, behavior packs, and custom Minecraft maps.[71] At Electronic Entertainment Expo , support for cross-platform play between Windows 10, iOS, and Android platforms was added through Realms starting in June ,[73] with Xbox One and Nintendo Switch support to come later in ,[74] and support for virtual reality devices. On 31 July , Mojang released the beta version of the update allowing cross-platform play.[75] Nintendo Switch support for Realms was released in July [76]


Main article: Minecraft mods

A smeltery within the mod Tinkers' Construct

The modding community consists of fans, users and third-party programmers. Using a variety of application program interfaces that have arisen over time, they have produced a wide variety of downloadable content for Minecraft, such as modifications, texture packs and custom maps. Modifications of the Minecraft code, called mods, add a variety of gameplay changes, ranging from new blocks, new items, new mobs to entire arrays of mechanisms to craft.[77][78] The modding community is responsible for a substantial supply of mods from ones that enhance gameplay, such as minimaps,[79] waypoints, and durability counters,[80] to ones that add to the game elements from other video games and media. While a variety of mod frameworks were independently developed by reverse engineering the code, Mojang has also enhanced vanillaMinecraft with official frameworks for modification, allowing the production of community-created resource packs, which alter certain game elements including textures and sounds.[81] Players can also create their own "maps" (custom world save files) which often contain specific rules, challenges, puzzles and quests, and share them for others to play.[58] Mojang added an adventure mode in August [59] and "command blocks" in October ,[61] which were created specially for custom maps in Java Edition. Data packs, introduced in version of the Java Edition, allow further customization, including the ability to add new advancements, dimensions, functions, loot tables, predicates, recipes, structures, tags, world generation settings, and biomes‌.[82][83]

The Xbox Edition supports downloadable content, which is available to purchase via the Xbox Games Store; these content packs usually contain additional character skins.[84] It later received support for texture packs in its twelfth title update while introducing "mash-up packs", which combines texture packs with skin packs and changes to the game's sounds, music and user interface.[85] The first mash-up pack (and by extension, the first texture pack) for the Xbox Edition was released on 4 September , and was themed after the Mass Effect franchise.[86] Unlike Java Edition, however, the Xbox Edition does not support player-made mods or custom maps.[87] A cross-promotional resource pack based on the Super Mario franchise by Nintendo was released for the Wii U Edition worldwide on 17 May [88] A mash-up pack based on Fallout was announced for release on the Wii U Edition.[89] In April , malware was discovered in several downloadable user-made Minecraft skins for use with the Java Edition of the game.[90][91]Avast stated that nearly 50, accounts were infected, and when activated, the malware would attempt to reformat the user's hard drive.[91][90] Mojang promptly patched the issue, and released a statement stating that "the code would not be run or read by the game itself",[90] and would only run when the image containing the skin itself was opened.[92]

In June , Mojang released an update known as the "Discovery Update" to the Bedrock version of the game.[93] The update includes a new map, a new game mode, the "Marketplace", a catalogue of user-generated content that gives Minecraft creators "another way to make a living from the game", and more.[94][95][96]


Survival Test
"Adventure Update"
"Pretty Scary Update"
"Redstone Update"
"Horse Update"
"The Update that Changed the World"
"Bountiful Update"
"Combat Update"
"Frostburn Update"
"Exploration Update"
"World of Color Update"
"Update Aquatic"
"Village & Pillage"
"Buzzy Bees"
"Nether Update"
"Caves & Cliffs: Part I"
"Caves & Cliffs: Part II"

Before coming up with Minecraft, Markus "Notch" Persson was a game developer with King through March , at the time serving mostly browser games, during which he learnt a number of different programming languages.[97] He would prototype his own games during his off-hours at home, often based on inspiration he found from other games, and participated frequently on the TIGSource forums for independent developers.[97] One of these personal projects was called "RubyDung", a base-building game inspired by Dwarf Fortress, but as an isometric three dimensional game like RollerCoaster Tycoon.[98] He had already made a 3D texture mapper for another zombie game prototype he had started to try to emulate the style of Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars.[99] Among the features in "RubyDung" he explored was a first-person view similar to Dungeon Keeper but at the time, felt the graphics were too pixelated and omitted this mode.[99][] Around March , Persson left King and joined jAlbum, but otherwise kept working on his prototypes.[][][]

Infiniminer, a block-based open-ended mining game first released in April , sparked Persson's inspiration for how to take "RubyDung" forward.[99]Infiniminer heavily influenced the visual style of gameplay, including bringing back the first-person mode, the "blocky" visual style and the block-building fundamentals.[99] However, unlike Infiniminer, Persson wanted Minecraft to have RPG elements.[]

The original edition of Minecraft, now known as the Java Edition, was first developed in May Persson released a test video on YouTube of an early version of Minecraft.[99][] The base program of Minecraft was completed by Persson over a weekend in that month and a private testing was released on TigIRC on 16 May [] The game was first released to the public on 17 May as a developmental release on TIGSource forums.[] Persson updated the game based on feedback from the forums.[97][] This version later become known as the Classic version.[] Further developmental phases dubbed as Survival Test, Indev[] and Infdev were released between September and June [citation needed]

The first major update, dubbed Alpha, was released on 30 June [][] Although Persson maintained a day job with at first, he later quit in order to work on Minecraft full-time as sales of the alpha version of the game expanded.[] Persson continued to update the game with releases distributed to users automatically. These updates included new items, new blocks, new mobs, survival mode, and changes to the game's behavior (e.g. how water flows).[] To back the development of Minecraft, Persson set up a video game company, Mojang, with the money earned from the game.[][][] Mojang co-founders included Jakob Porser, one of Persson's coworkers from King, and Carl Manneh, jAlbum's CEO.[97]

On 11 December , Persson announced that Minecraft was entering its beta testing phase on 20 December [] He further stated that bug fixes and all updates leading up to and including the release would still be free.[] Over the course of the development, Mojang hired several new employees to work on the project.[]

Mojang moved the game out of beta and released the full version on 18 November [] On 1 December , Jens "Jeb" Bergensten took full creative control over Minecraft, replacing Persson as lead designer.[] On 28 February , Mojang announced that they had hired the developers of the popular "Bukkit" developer API for Minecraft,[68] to improve Minecraft's support of server modifications.[] This acquisition also included Mojang apparently taking full ownership of the CraftBukkit server mod which enables the use of Bukkit,[] although the validity of this claim was questioned due to its status as an open-source project with many contributors, licensed under the GNU General Public License and Lesser General Public License.[]

On 15 September , Microsoft announced a $ billion deal to buy Mojang, along with the ownership of the Minecraftintellectual property.[][][] The deal was suggested by Persson when he posted a tweet asking a corporation to buy his share of the game after receiving criticism for enforcing terms in the game's end user license agreement (EULA), which had been present in the EULA in the prior three years.[][][] According to Persson, Mojang CEO Carl Manneh received a call from a Microsoft executive shortly after the tweet, asking if Persson was serious about a deal. Mojang was also approached by other companies including Activision Blizzard and Electronic Arts.[] The deal with Microsoft was arbitrated on 6 November , and led to Persson becoming one of Forbes' "World's Billionaires".[][][][]

Since the first full release of Minecraft, dubbed the "Adventure Update", the game has been continuously updated with many major updates, available for free to users who have already purchased the game.[] The most recent major update was "Caves & Cliffs Part I", which added more types of blocks, plants, and mobs.[] It was released on 8 June The next planned update, "Caves & Cliffs Part II", is set to be released in the latter half of ,[] and will expand the game's underground biomes with more types of blocks and mobs and revamp mountainous world generation.[]

The original version of the game was renamed to Minecraft: Java Edition on 18 September to separate it from Bedrock Edition, which was renamed to just Minecraft by the Better Together Update.[]

The Bedrock Edition has also been regularly updated, with these updates now matching the themes of Java Edition updates. Other versions of the game such as the various console editions and Pocket Edition were either merged into Bedrock and/or discontinued and as such have not received further updates.[]

On 16 April , a beta version of Minecraft implementing physically based rendering, ray tracing and DLSS was released by Nvidia on RTX-enabled GPUs.[] The final version was released on 8 December []

Minecraft: Pocket Edition

In August , Minecraft: Pocket Edition was released for the Xperia Play on the Android Market as an early alpha version. It was then released for several other compatible devices on 8 October [][] An iOS version of Minecraft was released on 17 November [] A port was made available for Windows Phones shortly after Microsoft acquired Mojang.[] The port concentrates on the creative building and the primitive survival aspect of the game, and does not contain all the features of the PC release. On his Twitter account, Jens Bergensten said that the Pocket Edition of Minecraft is written in C++ and not Java, due to iOS not being able to support Java.[]

On 10 December , in observance of Mojang's acquisition by Microsoft, a port of Pocket Edition was released for Windows Phone [] On 18 January , Microsoft announced that it would no longer maintain the Windows Phone versions of Pocket Edition.[] On 19 December , the full version of Minecraft: Pocket Edition was released on iOS, Android and Windows Phone.

Pocket Edition had been replaced by Minecraft: Bedrock Edition in enabling cross-platform play with Xbox One and Nintendo Switch editions.[]

Legacy console editions

An Xbox version of the game, developed by 4J Studios, was released on 9 May [][] On 22 March , it was announced that Minecraft would be the flagship game in a new Xbox Live promotion called Arcade NEXT.[] The game differs from the home computer versions in a number of ways, including a newly designed crafting system, the control interface, in-game tutorials, split-screen multiplayer, and the ability to play with friends via Xbox Live.[][] The worlds in the Xbox version are also not "infinite", and are essentially barricaded by invisible walls.[] The Xbox version was originally similar in content to older PC versions, but was gradually updated to bring it closer to the current PC version prior to its discontinuation.[][][] An Xbox One version featuring larger worlds among other enhancements[] was released on 5 September []

Versions of the game for the PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 were released on 17 December and 4 September respectively.[7] The PlayStation 4 version was announced as a launch title, though it was eventually delayed.[][] A version for PlayStation Vita was also released in October [] Like the Xbox versions, the PlayStation versions were developed by 4J Studios.[]

On 17 December , Minecraft: Wii U Edition was released. The Wii U version received a physical release on 17 June in North America,[] in Japan on 23 June ,[] and in Europe on 30 June [] A Nintendo Switch version of the game was released on the Nintendo eShop on 11 May , along with a physical retail version set for a later date.[] During a Nintendo Direct presentation on 13 September , Nintendo announced that Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition would be available for download immediately after the livestream, and a physical copy available on a later date. The game is only compatible with the "New" versions of the 3DS and 2DS systems, and does not work with the original 3DS, 3DS XL, or 2DS models.[14]

On 20 September , the Better Together Update was released on the Xbox One, Windows 10, VR, and mobile versions of the game, which used the Pocket Edition engine to enable cross-platform play between each of these versions. This version of the game eventually became known as the Bedrock Edition.[] Shortly after, the Bedrock Edition was also ported to the Nintendo Switch.

On 18 December , the PlayStation 3, PlayStation Vita, Xbox , and Wii U versions of Minecraft received their final update and would later become known as Legacy Console Editions.[]

The PlayStation 4 version of Minecraft was updated in December and became part of the Bedrock edition, which enabled cross-platform play for users with a free Xbox Live account.[]

Minecraft: Education Edition

Minecraft: Education Edition is an educational version of the base game, designed specifically for use in educational establishments such as schools, and built off of the Bedrock codebase. It is available on Windows 10, MacOS, iPadOS and Chrome OS.[][] It includes a Chemistry Resource Pack,[] free lesson plans on the Minecraft: Education Edition website, and two free companion applications: Code Connection and Classroom Mode.[]

An initial beta test was carried out between 9 June and 1 November [] The full game was then released on Windows 10 and MacOS on 1 November [] On 20 August , Mojang Studios announced that it would bring Education Edition to iPadOS in Autumn It was released to the App Store on 6 September [] On 27 March , it was announced that the Education Edition would be operated by in China.[] On 26 June , an Education Edition Public Beta was made available to Google Play Store compatible Chromebooks. The full game was released to the Google Play Store for Chromebooks on 7 August []

Minecraft China

On 20 May , Minecraft China was announced as a localized edition for China, where it was released under a licensing agreement between NetEase and Mojang.[] The PC edition was released for public testing on 8 August The iOS version was released on 15 September , and the Android version was released on 12 October [][][] The PC edition is based on the original Java Edition, while the iOS and Android mobile version is based on the Bedrock Edition. The edition is free-to-play, and had over million players by November []

Other PC versions

Apart from Minecraft: Java Edition and Minecraft for Windows 10, there are other versions of Minecraft for PC, including Minecraft Classic,Minecraft 4K, and for the Raspberry Pi.

Minecraft 4K is a simplified version of Minecraft similar to the Classic version that was developed for the Java 4K game programming contest "in way less than 4 kilobytes".[] The map itself is finite—composed of 64×64×64 blocks—and the same world is generated every time. Players are restricted to placing or destroying blocks, which consist of grass, dirt, stone, wood, leaves, and brick.[]

Minecraft for Windows 10 is currently exclusive to Microsoft's Windows 10 operating system. The beta for it launched on the Windows Store on 29 July [] This version has the ability to play with Xbox Live friends, and to play local multiplayer with owners of Minecraft on other Bedrock platforms. Other features include the ability to use multiple control schemes, such as a gamepad, keyboard, or touchscreen (for Microsoft Surface and other touchscreen-enabled devices), virtual reality support, and to record and take screenshots in-game via the built-in GameDVR.[]

Raspberry Pi

A version of Minecraft for the Raspberry Pi was officially revealed at Minecon The Pi Edition is based on Pocket Edition Alpha v, and with the added ability of using text commands to edit the game world. Players can open the game code and use the Python programming language to manipulate things in the game world.[] It also includes a scripting API to modify the game, and server software for multiplayer. The game was leaked on 20 December , but was quickly pulled off.[] It was officially released on 11 February [] Mojang stopped providing updates to Minecraft: Raspberry Pi Edition in It is preinstalled on Raspberry Pi OS and can be downloaded for free from the official website.


Main article: Music of Minecraft

C, the lead composer of the game

Minecraft's music and sound effects were produced by German musician Daniel Rosenfeld, better known as C[] The background music in Minecraft is instrumental ambient music.[] On 4 March , Rosenfeld released a soundtrack titled Minecraft – Volume Alpha; it includes most of the tracks featured in Minecraft, as well as other music not featured in the game.[] Kirk Hamilton of Kotaku chose the music in Minecraft as one of the best video game soundtracks of [] On 9 November , Rosenfeld released the second official soundtrack, titled Minecraft – Volume Beta, which includes the music that was added in later versions of the game.[][] A physical release of Volume Alpha, consisting of CDs, black vinyl, and limited-edition transparent green vinyl LPs, was issued by indie electronic label Ghostly International on 21 August [][] In addition to Rosenfeld's work, other composers have contributed tracks to the game since release, including Samuel Åberg, Gareth Coker, and Lena Raine.[][][]


See also: Minecraft (franchise) §&#;Other Minecraft editions

For the tenth anniversary of the game's release, Mojang remade a version of Minecraft Classic in JavaScript and made it available to play online.[][] It functions much the same as creative mode, allowing players to build and destroy any and all parts of the world either alone or in a multiplayer server. Environmental hazards such as lava do not damage players, and some blocks function differently since their behavior was later changed during development.[][][]

Around , prior to Minecraft's full release, there had been collaboration between Mojang and The Lego Group to make a Lego brick-based Minecraft game to be called Brickcraft. This would have modified the base Minecraft game to use Lego bricks, which meant adapting the basic 1x1 block to account for larger pieces typically used in Lego sets. Persson had worked on the preliminary version of this game, which he had named "Project Rex Kwon Do" based on the joke from Napoleon Dynamite. Lego had greenlit the project to go forward, and while Mojang had put two developers on the game for six months, they later opted to cancel the project, as Mojang felt that the Lego Group were too demanding on what they could do, according to Mojang's Daniel Kaplan. The Lego Group had considered buying out Mojang to complete the game, but at this point Microsoft made its offer to buy the company for over US$2 billion. According to the Lego Group's Ronny Scherer, the company was not yet sure of the potential success of Minecraft at this point and backed off from acquisition after Microsoft brought this offer to Mojang.[]

Virtual reality

Early on, Persson planned to support the Oculus Rift with a port of Minecraft. However, after Facebook acquired Oculus in , he abruptly canceled plans noting "Facebook creeps me out."[] A community-made modification known as Minecraft VR was developed in to provide virtual reality support to Minecraft: Java Edition oriented towards Oculus Rift hardware. A fork of the Minecraft VR modification known as Vivecraft ported the mod to OpenVR, and is oriented towards supporting HTC Vive hardware.[] On 15 August , Microsoft launched official Oculus Rift support for Minecraft on Windows [] Upon its release, the Minecraft VR mod was discontinued by its developer due to trademark complaints issued by Microsoft, and Vivecraft was endorsed by the community makers of the Minecraft VR modification due to its Rift support and being superior to the original Minecraft VR mod.[] Also available is a Gear VR version, titled Minecraft: Gear VR Edition.[]Windows Mixed Reality support was added in On 7 September , Mojang Studios announced that the PlayStation 4 version of the game would be getting PlayStation VR support in the same month.[] The only officially supported VR versions of Minecraft are the PlayStation 4 version, Minecraft: Gear VR Edition and Minecraft for Windows 10 for Oculus Rift and Windows Mixed Reality headsets.[][]


Wiki letter w.svg

This section is missing information about the individual reception of each version of the game. Please expand the section to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page.(October )


Minecraft received critical acclaim, praising the creative freedom it grants players in-game, as well as the ease of enabling emergent gameplay.[][][] Critics have praised Minecraft's complex crafting system, commenting that it is an important aspect of the game's open-ended gameplay.[] Most publications were impressed by the game's "blocky" graphics, with IGN describing them as "instantly memorable".[19] Reviewers also liked the game's adventure elements, noting that the game creates a good balance between exploring and building.[] The game's multiplayer feature has been generally received favorably, with IGN commenting that "adventuring is always better with friends".[19] Jaz McDougall of PC Gamer said Minecraft is "intuitively interesting and contagiously fun, with an unparalleled scope for creativity and memorable experiences".[] It has been regarded as having introduced millions of children to the digital world, insofar as its basic game mechanics are logically analogous to computer commands. []

IGN was disappointed about the troublesome steps needed to set up multiplayer servers, calling it a "hassle".[19] Critics also said that visual glitches occur periodically.[] Despite its release out of beta in , GameSpot said the game had an "unfinished feel", adding that some game elements seem "incomplete or thrown together in haste".[]

A review of the alpha version, by Scott Munro of the Daily Record, called it "already something special" and urged readers to buy it.[]Jim Rossignol of Rock, Paper, Shotgun also recommended the alpha of the game, calling it "a kind of generative 8-bit LegoStalker".[] On 17 September , gaming webcomicPenny Arcade began a series of comics and news posts about the addictiveness of the game.[] The Xbox version was generally received positively by critics, but did not receive as much praise as the PC version. Although reviewers were disappointed by the lack of features such as mod support and content from the PC version, they acclaimed the port's addition of a tutorial and in-game tips and crafting recipes, saying that they make the game more user-friendly.[87]

Minecraft: Pocket Edition initially received mixed reviews from critics. Although reviewers appreciated the game's intuitive controls, they were disappointed by the lack of content. The inability to collect resources and craft items, as well as the limited types of blocks and lack of hostile mobs, were especially criticized.[][][] After updates added more content, Pocket Edition started receiving more positive reviews. Reviewers complimented the controls and the graphics, but still noted a lack of content.[]


Minecraft surpassed over a million purchases less than a month after entering its beta phase in early [][] At the same time, the game had no publisher backing and has never been commercially advertised except through word of mouth,[] and various unpaid references in popular media such as the Penny Arcade webcomic.[] By April , Persson estimated that Minecraft had made €23&#;million (US$33&#;million) in revenue, with , sales of the alpha version of the game, and over 1 million sales of the beta version.[] In November , prior to the game's full release, Minecraft beta surpassed 16 million registered users and 4 million purchases.[] By March , Minecraft had become the 6th best-selling PC game of all time.[] As of 10&#;October&#;[update], the game has sold 17 million copies on PC, becoming the best-selling PC game of all time.[] As of 10&#;October&#;[update], the game has sold approximately 60 million copies across all platforms, making it the best-selling video game of all time.[][] On 25 February , the game reached million registered users.[] By May , million copies had been sold across all platforms, making it the single best-selling video game of all time. The free-to-play Minecraft China version had over million players by November []

The Xbox version of Minecraft became profitable within the first day of the game's release in , when the game broke the Xbox Live sales records with , players online.[] Within a week of being on the Xbox Live Marketplace, Minecraft sold upwards of a million copies.[] GameSpot announced in December that Minecraft sold over million copies since the game debuted on Xbox Live Arcade in May [] In , Minecraft was the most purchased title on Xbox Live Arcade; it was also the fourth most played title on Xbox Live based on average unique users per day.[] As of 4&#;April&#;[update], the Xbox version has sold 12 million copies.[] In addition, Minecraft: Pocket Edition has reached a figure of 21 million in sales.[] The PlayStation 3 version sold one million copies in five weeks.[] The release of the game's PlayStation Vita version boosted Minecraft sales by 79%, outselling both PS3 and PS4 debut releases and becoming the largest Minecraft launch on a PlayStation console.[] The PS Vita version sold , digital copies in Japan within the first two months of release, according to an announcement by SCE Japan Asia.[] By January , , digital copies of Minecraft were sold in Japan across all PlayStation platforms, with a surge in primary school children purchasing the PS Vita version.[]Minecraft helped improve Microsoft's total first-party revenue by $63 million for the second quarter.[] The game, including all of its versions, had over million monthly active players by September []

On its 11th anniversary in May , the company announced that Minecraft had reached over million copies sold across platforms with over million monthly active players.[] By April , the number of active monthly users had climbed to million.[]


In July , PC Gamer listed Minecraft as the fourth-best game to play at work.[] In December of that year, Good Game selected Minecraft as their choice for Best Downloadable Game of ,[]Gamasutra named it the eighth best game of the year as well as the eighth best indie game of the year,[][] and Rock, Paper, Shotgun named it the "game of the year".[]Indie DB awarded the game the Indie of the Year award as chosen by voters, in addition to two out of five Editor's Choice awards for Most Innovative and Best Singleplayer Indie.[] It was also awarded Game of the Year by PC Gamer UK.[] The game was nominated for the Seumas McNally Grand Prize, Technical Excellence, and Excellence in Design awards at the March Independent Games Festival and won the Grand Prize and the community-voted Audience Award.[][] At Game Developers Choice Awards , Minecraft won awards in the categories for Best Debut Game, Best Downloadable Game and Innovation Award, winning every award for which it was nominated.[][] It also won GameCity's video game arts award.[] On 5 May , Minecraft was selected as one of the 80 games that would be displayed at the Smithsonian American Art Museum as part of The Art of Video Games exhibit that opened on 16 March [][] At the Spike Video Game Awards, Minecraft won the award for Best Independent Game and was nominated in the Best PC Game category.[][] In , at the British Academy Video Games Awards, Minecraft was nominated in the GAME Award of category and Persson received The Special Award.[] In , Minecraft XBLA was awarded a Golden Joystick Award in the Best Downloadable Game category,[] and a TIGA Games Industry Award in the Best Arcade Game category.[] In it was nominated as the family game of the year at the British Academy Video Games Awards.[] Minecraft Console Edition won the award for TIGA Game Of The Year in [] In , the game placed 6th on USgamer's The 15 Best Games Since list.[] In , Minecraft placed 6th on Time's The 50 Best Video Games of All Time list.[]

Minecraft was nominated for the Kids' Choice Awards for Favorite App, but lost to Temple Run.[] It was nominated for the Kids' Choice Awards for Favorite Video Game, but lost to Just Dance .[] The game later won the award for the Most Addicting Game at the Kids' Choice Awards.[] In addition, the Java Edition was nominated for "Favorite Video Game" at the Kids' Choice Awards,[][] while the game itself won the "Still Playing" award at the Golden Joystick Awards,[] as well as the "Favorite Video Game" award at the Kids' Choice Awards.[]

Cultural impact

Main article: Minecraft (franchise)

In September , The Guardian classified Minecraft as the best video game of (the first two decades of) the 21st century,[] and in November Polygon called the game the "most important game of the decade" in its s "decade in review".[] In December , Forbes gave Minecraft a special mention in a list of the best video games of the s, stating that the game is "without a doubt one of the most important games of the last ten years."[] In June , Minecraft was inducted into the World Video Game Hall of Fame.[]

Minecraft is recognized as one of the first successful games to use an early access model to draw in sales prior to its full release version to help fund development.[] As Minecraft helped to bolster indie game development in the early s, it also helped to popularize the use of the early access model in indie game development.[]

Social media sites such as YouTube, Facebook, and Reddit played a significant role in popularizing Minecraft.[] Research conducted by the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School of Communication showed that one-third of Minecraft players learned about the game via Internet videos.[] In , Minecraft-related videos began to gain influence on YouTube, often made by commentators. The videos usually contain screen-capture footage of the game and voice-overs.[] Common coverage in the videos includes creations made by players, walkthroughs of various tasks, and parodies of works in popular culture. By May , over four million Minecraft-related YouTube videos had been uploaded.[] Some popular commentators have received employment at Machinima, a gaming video company that owns a highly watched entertainment channel on YouTube.[]The Yogscast is a British company that regularly produces Minecraft videos; their YouTube channel has attained billions of views, and their panel at MineCon had the highest attendance.[][] Other well known YouTube personnel include Jordan Maron, who has created many Minecraftparodies, including "Minecraft Style", a parody of the internationally successful single "Gangnam Style" by South Korean rapper Psy.[] In , YouTube again popularized Minecraft.[]

"Herobrine" is an urban legend associated with Minecraft, who first appeared as a single image on 4chan's /v/ board. According to rumors, Herobrine appears in players' worlds and builds strange constructions.[] However, Mojang has confirmed that Herobrine has never existed in Minecraft, and there are no plans to add Herobrine.[]

Minecraft has been referenced by other video games, such as Torchlight II, Borderlands 2, Choplifter HD, Super Meat Boy, The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, The Binding of Isaac, The Stanley Parable, FTL: Faster Than Light,[][] and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, the lattermost of which features a downloadable character and stage based on Minecraft.[] It was also referenced by electronic music artist deadmau5 in his performances.[] A simulation of the game was featured in Lady Gaga's "G.U.Y." music video.[] The game is also referenced heavily in "Informative Murder Porn", the second episode of the seventeenth season of the animated television series South Park.[] "Luca$", the seventeenth episode of the 25th season of the animated sitcom The Simpsons, and "Minecraft is for Everyone" by Starbomb was inspired by Minecraft.[][]

Due to the rapid development of Minecraft, many individual versions of the game have been lost to time. A community group named Omniarchive aims to archive these lost versions and have successfully found many of them.[]


The possible applications of Minecraft have been discussed extensively, especially in the fields of computer-aided design and education. In a panel at MineCon , a Swedish developer discussed the possibility of using the game to redesign public buildings and parks, stating that rendering using Minecraft was much more user-friendly for the community, making it easier to envision the functionality of new buildings and parks.[] In , a member of the Human Dynamics group at the MIT Media Lab, Cody Sumter, said: "Notch hasn't just built a game. He's tricked 40 million people into learning to use a CAD program." Various software has been developed to allow virtual designs to be printed using professional 3D printers or personal printers such as MakerBot and RepRap.[]

In September , Mojang began the Block By Block project in cooperation with UN Habitat to create real-world environments in Minecraft.[] The project allows young people who live in those environments to participate in designing the changes they would like to see. Using Minecraft, the community has helped reconstruct the areas of concern, and citizens are invited to enter the Minecraft servers and modify their own neighborhood. Carl Manneh, Mojang's managing director, called the game "the perfect tool to facilitate this process", adding "The three-year partnership will support UN-Habitat's Sustainable Urban Development Network to upgrade public spaces by " Mojang signed Minecraft building community, FyreUK, to help render the environments into Minecraft. The first pilot project began in Kibera, one of Nairobi's informal settlements, and is in the planning phase. The Block By Block project is based on an earlier initiative started in October , Mina Kvarter (My Block), which gave young people in Swedish communities a tool to visualize how they wanted to change their part of town. According to Manneh, the project was a helpful way to visualize urban planning ideas without necessarily having a training in architecture. The ideas presented by the citizens were a template for political decisions.[]

In , Stuart Duncan, known online as AutismFather, started a server for autistic children and their families, called Autcraft.[] The server was created because the public servers had many bullies and trolls that made the autistic kids angry and feel hurt.[] It was constantly monitored to help players and prevent bullying.[] The server had a whitelist that only allowed approved players, of which there are 8, players worldwide in [] The server had a unique ranking system based on the attributes of the player, offering titles such as "Player of the Week" and "Caught Being Awesome".[] The server was called "one of the best places on the Internet" and was a subject of a research paper.[][]

In April , the Danish Geodata Agency generated all of Denmark in fullscale in Minecraft based on their own geodata.[] This is possible because Denmark is one of the flattest countries with the highest point at metres (&#;ft) (ranking as the country with the 30th smallest elevation span), where the limit in default Minecraft is around metres (&#;ft) above in-game sea level.[][]

Taking advantage of the game's accessibility where other websites are censored, the non-governmental organizationReporters Without Borders have used an open Minecraft server to create the Uncensored Library, a repository within the game of journalism by authors from countries (including Egypt, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam) who have been censored and arrested, such as Jamal Khashoggi.[] The neoclassical virtual building was created over about hours by an international team of 24 people.[]

Despite its unpredictable nature, Minecraft has also become a popular game for speedrunning, where players time themselves from being dropped into a new world generated by a random seed to reaching "The End". While some speedrunners seek to get the fastest time possible and relying on luck of the seed to optimize conditions, others look to repeat this process consistently as to maintain a comparatively fast average completion time across all runs.[]


Minecraft has also been used in educational settings.[] In , an educational organization named MinecraftEdu was formed with the goal of introducing Minecraft into schools. The group works with Mojang to make the game affordable and accessible to schools. The version of Minecraft through MinecraftEDU includes unique features to allow teachers to monitor the students' progress within the virtual world, such as receiving screenshots from students to show completion of a lesson.[] In September , MinecraftEdu said that approximately , students around the world have access to Minecraft through the company.[] A wide variety of educational activities involving the game have been developed to teach students various subjects, including history, language arts and science. For an example, one teacher built a world consisting of various historical landmarks for students to learn and explore.[] Another teacher created a large-scale representation of an animal cell within Minecraft that student could explore and learn how the cell functions work.[]Great Ormond Street Hospital has been recreated in Minecraft, and it proposed that patients can use it to virtually explore the hospital before they actually visit.[] Minecraft may also prove as an innovation in Computer Aided Design (CAD).[] Minecraft offers an outlet of collaboration in design and could have an impact on the industry.[]

With the introduction of redstone blocks to represent electrical circuits, users have been able to build functional virtual computers within Minecraft.[] Such virtual creations include a working hard drive,[] an 8-bit virtual computer,[] and emulators for the Atari (including one by YouTube personality SethBling)[][] and Game Boy Advance.[] In at least one instance, a mod has been created to use this feature to teach younger players how to program within a language set by the virtual computer within a Minecraft world.[]

In September , the British Museum in London announced plans to recreate its building along with all exhibits in Minecraft in conjunction with members of the public.[] Microsoft and non-profit had teamed up to offer Minecraft-based games, puzzles, and tutorials aimed to help teach children how to program; by March , Microsoft and reported that more than 85 million children have used their tutorials.[]


After the release of Minecraft, some video games were released with various similarities with Minecraft, and some were called "clones" of the game. Examples include Ace of Spades, CastleMiner, CraftWorld, FortressCraft, Terraria, and Total Miner.[] David Frampton, designer of The Blockheads, reported that one failure of his 2D game was the "low resolution pixel art" that too closely resembled the art in Minecraft which resulted in "some resistance" from fans.[] A homebrew adaptation of the alpha version of Minecraft for the Nintendo DS, titled DScraft, has been released; it has been noted for its similarity to the original game considering the technical limitations of the system.[]

In response to Microsoft's acquisition of Mojang and their Minecraft IP, various developers announced further clone titles developed specifically for Nintendo's consoles, as they were the only major platforms to not officially receive Minecraft at the time.[] These clone titles include UCraft (Nexis Games),[]Cube Life: Island Survival (Cypronia),[]Discovery (Noowanda),[]Battleminer (Wobbly Tooth Games),[]Cube Creator 3D (Big John Games),[] and Stone Shire (Finger Gun Games).[] Despite this the fears were unfounded with official Minecraft releases on Nintendo consoles eventually resuming.[][][12] Persson made a similar game, Minicraft, for a Ludum Dare competition in []


Main article: Minecon

Minecon is an official fan convention dedicated to Minecraft annually. The first one was held in November at the Mandalay Bay Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas.[] The event included the official launch of Minecraft; keynote speeches, including one by Persson; building and costume contests; Minecraft-themed breakout classes; exhibits by leading gaming and Minecraft-related companies; commemorative merchandise; and autograph and picture times with Mojang employees and well-known contributors from the Minecraft community.[]


  1. ^Minecraft was first publicly available on 17 May ,[15] and was fully released on 18 November
  2. ^Ports to consoles developed by 4J Studios;[16] New Nintendo 3DS port developed by Other Ocean Interactive[17]
  3. ^PC/Java, Android, iOS, Wii U, Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo Switch
  4. ^Xbox , Xbox One, Windows Phone, Windows 10 Edition
  5. ^PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita
  6. ^
  7. ^–present
  8. ^Samuel Åberg, Gareth Coker, and Lena Raine have also contributed since release.
  9. ^In a blog post,[26] Persson explains:
    let me clarify some things about the "infinite" maps: They're not infinite, but there's no hard limit either. It'll just get buggier and buggier the further out you are. Terrain is generated, saved and loaded, and (kind of) rendered in chunks of {\displaystyle 16*16*} blocks. These chunks have an offset value that is a 32 bitinteger roughly in the range negative two billion to positive two billion. If you go outside that range (about 25% of the distance from where you are now to the sun), loading and saving chunks will start overwriting old chunks. At a 16/th of that distance, things that use integers for block positions, such as using items and pathfinding, will start overflowing and acting weird.
    Those are the two "hard" limits.
  10. ^Only becomes hostile when attacked or directly looked at.


  1. ^"Minecraft". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 15 October Retrieved 21 October
  2. ^"Minecraft – Pocket Edition – Android". IGN. Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 21 October
  3. ^"Minecraft: Pocket Edition". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 21 October
  4. ^Brown, Mark (22 March ). "Minecraft for Xbox release date announced, amongst others". Wired UK. Archived from the original on 18 December Retrieved 22 October
  5. ^"Minecraft Raspberry Pi". Mojang. Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 27 March
  6. ^"Amazon's first Fire TV games include in-house titles and Minecraft (update: video)". Engadget. Retrieved 25 September
  7. ^ abPitcher, Jenna (3 September ). "Minecraft PS4 Edition Release Date Confirmed". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 3 October
  8. ^"Minecraft for Xbox One to launch on Friday". CNET. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 13 October
  9. ^"Minecraft: PS Vita Edition Release Date Revealed for North America". IGN. 10 October Archived from the original on 12 October Retrieved 13 October
  10. ^"Minecraft Comes to Windows Phones". Mojang. 17 July Archived from the original on 30 December
  11. ^"Announcing Minecraft Windows 10 Edition Beta". Archived from the original on 9 July
  12. ^ abMakuch, Eddie (7 December ). "Minecraft Wii U Confirmed, Coming Very Soon". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 8 December
  13. ^Jones, Owen (19 December ). " – Apple TV Edition released!". Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 30 December
  14. ^ abPereira, Chris (13 September ). "New 3DS Version Of Minecraft Announced, Release Date Set For Today". GameSpot. Retrieved 13 September
  15. ^
  16. ^Sarkar, Samit (6 November ). "Microsoft officially owns Minecraft and developer Mojang now". Polygon. Retrieved 19 March
  17. ^"Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition". Retrieved 3 February
  18. ^"Minecraft Reached Million Monthly Users And Generated Over $ Million To Date". GameSpot. Retrieved 9 September
  19. ^ abcdGallegos, Anthony (23 November ). "Minecraft Review&#;— PC Review at IGN". IGN. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 18 December
  20. ^Meer, Alec (30 March ). "Minecraft:Wolves, Achievements, Mods, Merch". Rock Paper Shotgun. Archived from the original on 2 April Retrieved 26 March
  21. ^"Advancements in Minecraft". Retrieved 11 August
  22. ^Purchese, Robert (23 November ). "Minecraft launch patch notes". Eurogamer. Eurogamer Network. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 2 January
  23. ^Ashdown, Jeremy (11 November ). "This is Minecraft". IGN. Archived from the original on 27 January Retrieved 2 January
  24. ^Walton, Mark (25 November ). "Minecraft In Education: How Video Games Are Teaching Kids". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 10 October Retrieved 15 December
  25. ^Tito, Greg (4 October ). "Player Creates Working Computer in Minecraft". The Escapist. Alloy Digital. Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 4 January
  26. ^ abc
  27. ^Bergensten, Jens (23 February ). "A Short Demystification of the 'Map Seed'". Mojang. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 6 October
  28. ^ abcdeMiller-Watt, Josh. "Minecraft beginner's guide". GamesRadar. Future plc. Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 24 October
  29. ^


Explore infinite worlds and build everything from the simplest of homes to the grandest of castles. Play in creative mode with unlimited resources or mine deep into the world in survival mode, crafting weapons and armor to fend off dangerous mobs. Create, explore and survive alone or with friends on mobile devices or Windows

Marketplace - Discover the latest community creations in the marketplace! Get unique maps, skins, and texture packs from your favorite creators.

Slash commands - Tweak how the game plays: you can give items away, summon mobs, change the time of day, and more.

Add-Ons - Customize your experience even further with free Add-Ons! If you're more tech-inclined, you can modify data-driven behaviors in the game to create new resource packs.

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This article is about full versions. For development versions, see Java Edition version history/Development versions. For future updates, see Planned versions&#;§&#;Java Editions. For other uses, see Version history.

Ambox banner content.svg
This page would benefit from the addition of more images.&#;

Please remove this notice once you've added suitable images to the article.
The specific instructions are: A file like File:List of Java Edition snapshots.png, but including all official Java Edition release types (combat tests, remaining joke versions, full versions, prereleases, release candidates, and the Beta, Alpha, Infdev, Indev and Classic development phases)

Java Edition has been in constant development since mid-May What is now known as pre-Classic refers to the early unreleased versions of Minecraft during the week from May 10 to May 16, The next phase, what was later called Classic, lasted from May 17 to November 10, Indev, short for "in development", lasted from December 23, , to February 23, Infdev, short for "infinite development", lasted from February 27 to June 30, Alpha lasted from June 30 to December 3, , and Beta lasted from December 20, , all the way through to November 11, The official release of Minecraft (Java Edition) came on November 18, , at MINECON , and further updates have been released ever since, the most recent update being update

Full release[]

The full release stage of Minecraft: Java Edition's development started on November 18, , and has continued until the present day. At this point of development, the game was considered "complete", having both an "ending" and being ready for ratings and reviews. The game's price also increased from what it was in Beta, but users who previously bought the game were not charged extra.




Update Version Development release Full release
Nether Update (Guide)
January 13, January 15,
October 15, November 2,
September 7, September 10,
July 1, August 11,
June 24,
February 5, June 23,


Update Version Development release Full release
Buzzy Bees (Guide) January 14, January 21,
December 12, December 17,
August 22, December 10,


Update Version Development release Full release
Village & Pillage (Guide) July 3, July 19,
June 3, June 24,
May 16, May 27,
May 7, May 13,
October 24, April 23,


Update Version Development release Full release
Update Aquatic (Guide) October 16, October 22,
July 25, August 22,
October 25, July 18,






Update Version Development release Full release
Bountiful Update (Guide) December 9,
July 27, July 28,
June 5,
May 25,
May 22,
April 17,
February 20,
December 18, February 19,
October 15, November 24,
January 9, September 2,


Update Version Development release Full release
The Update that Changed the World (Guide) June 3, June 26,
April 14,
April 11,
April 9,
April 3,
February 26,
November 21, December 10,
September 5, October 25,


Update Version Development release Full release
Horse Update (Guide) September 13, September 19,
July 8,
April 18, July 1,



Update Version Development release Full release
Pretty Scary Update (Guide) December 28, January 9,
December 7, December 20,
November 16, November 19,
November 1, November 14,
August 9, October 25,


Update Version Development release Full release
(Guide) August 16,
April 12, August 1,


Update Version Development release Full release
(Guide) March 30, April 4,
March 22,
March 2,
March 1,
January 19,


Update Version Development release Full release
(Guide) November 24, January 12,


Update Version Development release Full release
Adventure Update(Part 2) (Guide)
(Server only)
November 24,
September 22, November 18,


&#;Available in the launcher.
&#;Unavailable in the launcher, but archived elsewhere.

The Beta development phase started on December 20, and ended on November 18, The main goals of this development stage were a larger focus on polishing gameplay, additional content, and stability.[1] The game's price also increased from what it was in Alpha, but users who previously bought the game were not charged extra.

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []

Beta []


&#;Available in the launcher.
&#;Unavailable in the launcher, but archived elsewhere.
&#;Missing pre-reupload.
&#;Not archived. Video/image or The Word of Notch proof exists.

The Alpha development phase started on June 29, , and ended on December 20, This version also limited the gamemode to Survival, but saw a re-release of multiplayer. At this time, Notch began developing the game full time, causing much more frequent updates. These were also the first versions which had to be purchased, though the price increased in later stages.

Alpha []

Update Version Release date
Halloween Update
Alpha vDecember 3,
Alpha vDecember 1,
Alpha v_01November 30,
Alpha v_05
Alpha v_04November 26,
Alpha v_02November 25,
Alpha v_01November 24,
Alpha v
Alpha vNovember 10,
Alpha v_01November 5,
Alpha v
Alpha v_02October 31,
Alpha v_01
Alpha v (Halloween Update)October 30,

Alpha []

Alpha []

Update Version Release date
Alpha (Guide) Alpha v_04August 23,
Alpha v_03
Alpha v_02August 20,
Alpha v_01
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 8)
Alpha v_02August 13,
Alpha v_01August 12,
Alpha v
Alpha v (First SMP version)August 3,
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 7)July 30,
Alpha v_01July 29,
Alpha vJuly 28,
Alpha vJuly 26,
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 6)July 23,
Alpha vJuly 22,
Alpha vJuly 21,
Alpha v_01July 20,
Alpha v
Alpha vJuly 19,
Alpha v_03July 17,
Alpha v_02
Alpha v_01
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 5)July 16,
Alpha v_01July 14,
Alpha vJuly 13,
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 4)July 8,
Alpha vJuly 6,
Alpha v_02
Alpha v_01
Alpha v
Alpha v_01July 2,
Alpha v (Seecret Friday 3)
Alpha v (shown as Infdev in game)June 30,


&#;Available in the launcher.
&#;Unavailable in the launcher, but archived elsewhere.
&#;Unavailable from launcher; no unedited version archived.
&#;Not archived. Video/image or The Word of Notch proof exists.

Main articles: Java Edition Infdev, Minecraft Infdev and Java Edition guides/Infdev releases

The Infdev development phase started on February 27, and ended on June 30, During this stage, Minecraft was only available in single-player Survival mode and versions were unnumbered under the name Minecraft Infdev. At this point, Notch rewrote the game code to allow mostly "infinite" terrain.


&#;Unavailable in the launcher, but archived elsewhere.
&#;Missing pre-reupload.
&#;Not archived. Video/image or The Word of Notch proof exists.

Main articles: Java Edition Indev and Java Edition guides/Indev releases

The Indev development phase started on December 23, , and ended on February 27, It was the successor to the previous Survival Test and continued expanding the survival aspects of the game, making it a lot more like the current gameplay. Versions in this stage were either unnumbered or used the same number.


&#;Available in the launcher.
&#;Unavailable in the launcher, but archived elsewhere.
&#;Missing pre-reupload.
&#;Unavailable from launcher; no unedited version archived.
&#;Not archived. Video/image or The Word of Notch proof exists.
&#;Not archived. IRC chat log/changelog proof exists.

Main articles: Java Edition Classic and Java Edition guides/Classic releases

Classic was the first long development phase of the game, in which it was constantly improved and updated over several months. It occurred between May 16 and December 23, The original game mode was Creative, but on September 1, development began for Survival mode under the name Survival Test.

Late Classic[]

Main article: Late Classic

  1. ↑Reuploaded version of Creative.

Survival Test[]

Main article: Survival Test

Multiplayer Test[]

Main article: Multiplayer Test

Client version Release date Server version
a_01July 11,
a_05June 29,
a_01June 23,
a_02June 20,
a_02June 19, ?
a_02June 14,
aJune 10,
a_02June 7,
a_03June 4,
a (Multiplayer Test 8)
a (Multiplayer Test 7)
a (Multiplayer Test 6)
a (Multiplayer Test 5)June 3,
a (Multiplayer Test 4)
a (Multiplayer Test 3)
a (Multiplayer Test 2)
a (Multiplayer Test 1)May 31,

Early Classic[]

Main article: Early Classic

VersionRelease date
a_08May 28,
a_03May 27,
a_03May 22,
August 6, [note 1]
aMay 22,
August 6, [note 2]
a_03May 19/20,
a_02May 19,
aMay 17,
August 6, [note 3]
  1. ↑Recompilation date; the launcher version of a_03 has a compilation date. It has identical gameplay to a, but the files are different.
  2. ↑Recompilation date; the launcher version of a may be different from the actually released version of a.
  3. ↑Recompilation date: the launcher version is different compared to the original release but gameplay is unchanged.

Private test builds[]


Main articles: Java Edition pre-Classic and Java Edition guides/Pre-Classic releases

&#;Available in the launcher.
&#;Not archived. Video/image or The Word of Notch proof exists.
&#;Not archived. IRC chat log/changelog proof exists.

Pre-Classic was the initial development phase of Minecraft, in which the very basic mechanics and elements of the game were developed, tested and improved over the period of less than a week—from May 10–16, It was not originally released to the public, but some versions are now playable via the launcher.


How to update Minecraft to latest version

Minecraft updates: The latest Java and Bedrock patch notes

By Philip Palmer

What's new in the latest Minecraft updates for both the Java and Bedrock editions.

Want to find out what's coming in the latest Minecraft update? These content drops add all sorts of mobs and materials to the game, but they also implement those all-important bug fixes and quality-of-life changes. Minecraft patch notes are a great resource for finding out exactly what these changes are and what new features are coming in each new update.

There are two versions of Minecraft that often receive updates at different times. Minecraft Java Edition is the original standalone PC version and is usually the first to get updated. Bedrock is the newer version made for Windows 10, consoles, and mobile devices, and the most crucial difference is that this version isn't open to modding, but does support crossplay.

If this is your first visit, you've stumbled across our running catalogue of what's new in both versions of Minecraft. You can read about Minecraft Java updates on this page including version , or head straight to the second page for Minecraft Bedrock patch notes.

Page 1: Minecraft Java patch notes
Page 2:
Minecraft bedrock patch notes

Upcoming: Caves & Cliffs Part 2

Minecraft's next major content release is the second half of their major Caves & Cliffs update. This time, bug changes will be coming to (you guessed it) the game's caves and cliffs. It was originally planned as part of update , but Mojang decided to split the update into two parts. The first part released on June 8 while the second part of the update arrives later this year. 

The Minecraft update is when caves will get their own new biomes like the lovely Lush Caves and the much spookier Deep Dark biome where the new Warden mob lives. The experimental snapshots have also revealed new mountain-based biomes such as the Stony Peaks, the Snowy Slopes, and the Mountainous Meadow.

Minecraft Java Update: Caves & Cliffs Part 1


  • Blue axolotls can now only be obtained through breeding
  • Non-screaming goats now have a rare chance to produce a screaming goat when bred
  • Status effects on goats now also apply when the goat is jumping or ramming
  • Raised the drop rate for copper ingots from Drowned to 11% + 2% per level of looting
  • Powder snow now fills cauldrons 2 times faster than before (still pretty slowly, though!)
  • Zombies, Zombie Villagers, Husks and Drowned will no longer pick up glow ink sacs


  • Added Dripstone Block and Pointed Dripstone
  • Added Block of Amethyst, Budding Amethyst, Amethyst Cluster, and Amethyst Bud
  • Added Block of Raw Iron, Copper, and Gold
  • Added Candles
  • Added Copper
  • Added Deepslate
  • Added Glow Lichen
  • Added Lava Cauldron
  • Added Lightning Rod
  • Added Lush Caves Block
  • Added Powder Snow
  • Added Raw Copper, Raw Iron, and Raw Gold items
  • Added the Axolotl
  • Added the Glow Squid
  • Added the Goat
  • Added Spyglass
  • Added Tinted Glass
  • A Shulker hitting a Shulker with a Shulker Bullet can make a new Shulker
  • Additions to Wandering Trader and Mason trades
  • Bundles and Shulker Box items will drop their contents when destroyed
  • Changed Infested Block destroy times
  • Changes to Shipwreck and Mineshaft loot
  • Dirt Paths (formerly Grass Path) can now be made by using a Shovel on Dirt, Podzol, Mycelium, or Coarse Dirt (as well as Grass)
  • Drowned now has a chance of dropping a Copper Ingot, and they no longer drop Gold Ingots
  • Experience Orbs now sometimes merge when in large quantities to improve performance. This does not change the rate at which the player can absorb them, it simply limits the amount of separate orbs floating around in the world. Orbs that merge will gain the lifetime of the most recently created one.
  • Holding down the space bar now increases the scroll speed in the credits
  • Minecarts and Rails work in water
  • Particles now appear when Pistons break blocks
  • Reordered some blocks in the Building Blocks Tab in the Creative Menu
  • Reordered the Redstone Tab in the Creative Menu
  • Simple Firework Rockets with one Gunpowder can now be crafted using the recipe book


Added an alternative solid black background color for the Mojang Studios loading screen, toggleable with the “Monochrome Logo” accessibility option


  • Added “Whatever Floats Your Goat!” for floating in a boat with a Goat
  • Added “Wax on” for applying Honeycomb to a Copper block
  • Added “Wax off” for scraping wax off a Copper block
  • Added “The Cutest Predator” for catching an Axolotl in a Bucket
  • Added “The Healing Power of Friendship!” for teaming up with an Axolotl and winning a fight
  • Added “Glow and Behold” for making a Sign glow
  • Added “Light as a Rabbit” for walking on Powder Snow with Leather Boots
  • Added “Surge Protector!” for having a lightning strike a Lightning Rod near a Villager without setting the area on fire
  • Added “Is It a Bird?” for looking at a Parrot through a Spyglass
  • Added “Is It a Balloon?” for looking at a Ghast through a Spyglass
  • Added “Is It a Plane?” for looking at the Ender Dragon through a Spyglass

Amethyst Blocks

  • Amethyst comes in block form inside the Geodes in two ways: Block of Amethyst and Budding Amethyst
  • All types of Amethyst blocks (Clusters included) create beautiful sounds when you walk on them, break them, place them, or hit them with a projectile – go make some music!

Amethyst Clusters

  • Amethyst Clusters grow from Budding Amethyst, which can be found inside Amethyst Geodes
  • Clusters have four growth stages: Small Amethyst Bud, Medium Amethyst Bud, Large Amethyst Bud, and Amethyst Cluster
  • Clusters can only grow when they are placed on Budding Amethyst blocks
  • Fully-grown Amethyst Clusters drop four Amethyst Shards (or more with Fortune) when mined with a Pickaxe, and drop two Amethyst Shards when broken by hand, Piston, or other means
  • Clusters can be Silk Touched at any stage

Amethyst Geodes

  • These huge geodes can be found anywhere underground in the Overworld
  • Amethyst Geodes have an outer layer of a new stone called Smooth Basalt
  • Amethyst Geodes have a second layer of another new block called Calcite
  • Amethyst Geodes have an inner layer of various Amethyst blocks

Amethyst Shards

  • Amethyst Clusters drop two Amethyst Shards when broken by hand, Piston, or other means
  • Amethyst Clusters drop four Amethyst Shards when mined with a Pickaxe (or more with Fortune)


  • Amphibious!
  • Axolotls spawn in underground water that is in total darkness with Stone, Granite, Diorite, Andesite, Tuff, or Deepslate below
  • Axolotls love tropical fish! Bucket of Tropical Fish can be used to breed Axolotls.
  • Axolotls will swim around with you if you’re holding a Bucket of Tropical Fish in either hand
  • When a player kills a mob that the Axolotl was attacking or being attacked by, the Axolotl will show its appreciation by granting the player temporary Regeneration and removing any Mining Fatigue effects
  • If the player has more than 2 minutes of Regeneration effect left already, the axolotl will not grant additional regeneration
  • You can pick up your Axolotl in a Water Bucket and carry it around just like a Salmon or a Cod!
  • Axolotls will always chase after and attack Squids, Glow Squids, Tropical Fish, Cod, Salmon, Pufferfish, Drowned, Guardians, and Elder Guardians
  • Axolotls do not like being out of water, and will dry up and begin taking damage if they are out of water for longer than 5 minutes
  • An Axolotl will not dry up as long as they are in water or rain
  • Sometimes when an Axolotl takes damage while inside water, it will pretend to be dead so that it stops being attacked
  • There are four common varieties and one rare variety (blue) of Axolotl
  • Axolotls spawn in underground water sources that are in total darkness and above natural stone blocks
  • Axolotls now have a two-minute cooldown after hunting non-hostile targets: Squids, Glow Squids, Tropical Fish, Cod, Salmon, and Pufferfish
  • Axolotls will prioritize targeting hostile mobs over hunting

Bone Meal

  • A crinkly, crunchy sound plays when Bone Meal is used

Budding Amethyst

  • On any side of a Budding Amethyst block where there is air or a water source block, a Small Amethyst Bud will eventually grow
  • Amethyst Buds can only grow when attached to Budding Amethyst, and will grow until they become Amethyst Clusters

Building Blocks Tab

  • All ores have been reordered to be in the same location in the creative inventory
  • Compact forms of raw and refined underground materials have been reordered


  • Candles come in all sixteen colors and one uncolored variant
  • Up to four Candles can be placed in one block
  • Waterloggable! (But you cannot light them underwater, silly)
  • Wish anybody a happy birthday with a Cake with a Candle!
  • Candles can only be placed if there is a solid surface below but will remain even if the surface below is removed


  • Cauldrons can now be filled with Lava and Powder Snow Buckets!
  • Cauldrons filled with lava give off a Redstone signal with Strength 3 when used with a comparator

Copper Blocks

  • Craft nine Copper Ingots into a Copper Block
  • Craft Cut Copper, Cut Copper Stairs, and Cut Copper Slabs
  • The Stonecutter can be used to craft the different Copper Block variants
  • Use Honeycomb to craft Waxed Copper Blocks
  • Right-click with Honeycomb on Copper Blocks to wax them
  • Use Honeycomb in a Dispenser to wax Copper Blocks

Copper Ore

  • Copper Ore can be found in ore blobs across the Overworld, similar to Iron and Coal (this is not the final generation for Copper…)
  • Smelt Copper Ore to get a Copper Ingot
  • Copper Ore drops Raw Copper


  • Deepslate can be found in the deepest parts of the underground, and is slightly tougher to mine than normal Stone
  • Deepslate will drop Cobbled Deepslate, similar to how Stone drops Cobblestone
  • You can still obtain Deepslate with Silk Touch
  • Like Cobblestone, Cobbled Deepslate can be used to craft basic tools, Furnaces and Brewing Stands
  • You can also craft the following blocks with Deepslate:
  • Cobbled Deepslate Slab
  • Cobbled Deepslate Stairs
  • Cobbled Deepslate Wall
  • Polished Deepslate
  • Polished Deepslate Slab
  • Polished Deepslate Stairs
  • Polished Deepslate Wall
  • Deepslate Bricks
  • Deepslate Brick Slab
  • Deepslate Brick Stairs
  • Deepslate Brick Wall
  • Deepslate Tiles
  • Deepslate Tile Slab
  • Deepslate Tile Stairs
  • Deepslate Tile Wall
  • Chiseled Deepslate
  • Cracked Deepslate Bricks
  • Cracked Deepslate Tiles
  • There is also an Infested variant of Deepslate found in the underground
  • Cobbled Deepslate can be smelted into Deepslate

Deepslate Ores

  • When ore is generated in the same place as Deepslate, Deepslate variants of that ore are now generated instead
  • Twice as tough to mine as normal ores

Dripstone Block

  • Decorative block
  • Can be crafted with four Pointed Dripstone

Pointed Dripstone

  • Forms a stalactite if placed on the ceiling or a stalagmite if placed on the floor
  • Can be combined to form longer stalactites & stalagmites
  • Stalactites and stalagmites merge if the tips are next to each other unless you press shift while placing
  • Stalagmites will break if they’re not attached to something below
  • Landing or jumping on a stalagmite hurts! They are sharp
  • Stalactites fall down if not attached to something above
  • Being hit by a falling stalactite hurts! They are sharp
  • Stalactites drip water (or lava if there is lava above the ceiling)
  • A stalactite with a water source above the ceiling will gradually fill a cauldron below with water
  • A stalactite with a lava source above the ceiling will fill a cauldron below with lava after a while
  • Thrown Tridents break Pointed Dripstone

Dripstone Growth

  • If a stalactite is hanging from a Dripstone Block with a water source above, it will slowly grow both the stalactite from above and a stalagmite from below
  • Growth speed is random but very slow, a single growth step can take several Minecraft days
  • A stalactite will only grow up to seven blocks long
  • A stalactite will only cause stalagmite growth if the floor or stalagmite below is within 10 blocks
  • If the stalactite tip is inside water it won’t drip, and therefore won’t trigger any growth
  • If the stalagmite tip is inside water it won’t receive drops, and therefore won’t be grown by a dripping stalactite. Same thing if there is any fluid between the two tips.
  • A stalagmite or stalactite will never grow into a fluid

Glow Lichen

  • A dim light source that generates in caves
  • Use Shears to pick it up
  • Use Bone Meal to spread it along block surfaces

Glow Squid

  • Glow Squids are well-lit and can be seen from far distances
  • When killed, Glow Squids drop Glow Ink Sacs
  • Glow Ink Sacs can be used on Signs to make the text super visible, even at night. Works with colors!
  • Craft a Glow Item Frame by combining a Glow Ink Sac with an Item Frame in a Crafting Table. Any item in a Glow Item Frame is perfectly illuminated, even at night.
  • Use an Ink Sac on a Sign to remove the glow effect
  • Axolotls will attack any Glow Squids they see, so… be careful
  • Glow Squids spawn in underground water that is in total darkness with Stone, Granite, Diorite, Andesite, Tuff, or Deepslate below


  • Goats spawn in mountains
  • Goats can scale the sides of mountains with their incredible jumps
  • Goats can be tempted and bred using Wheat
  • Goats are another source of Milk!
  • Goats will ram anything that moves… also Armor Stands
  • Two in every goats have something very loud to tell you!
  • Goats will avoid walking on Powder Snow
  • Screaming Goats will use their ram attack more often than other Goats will
  • Mobs rammed by Goats do not retaliate

Infested Blocks

  • Infested Blocks are no longer instantly destroyed, and instead, have half the destroy time of their non-infested counterpart

Lightning Rod

  • A Lightning Rod is crafted from three Copper Ingots
  • Keeps your builds safe (well, as long as the closest area around the Lightning Rod is fireproof) during thunderstorms!
  • The Lightning Rod will protect an area of 8 * 16 blocks around it from the, sometimes devastating, lightning strikes!
  • Lightning Rods give off a Redstone signal when struck by lightning

Lush Caves Blocks

  • Added Moss
  • Added Dripleaves
  • Added Rooted Dirt and Hanging Roots
  • Added Spore Blossoms (currently only available in the Creative inventory)
  • Added Cave Vines and Glow Berries
  • Added Azalea Bushes

Azalea Bushes

  • Added Azalea Bushes as well as Flowering Azaela Bushes
  • Bees see Flowering Azalea (and Flowering Azalea Leaves) as flowers
  • Bonemeal Azalea or Flowering Azalea to get an Azalea Tree

Cave Vines & Glow Berries

  • Cave Vines grow down from the ceiling, like Weeping Vines
  • When they grow they have a chance of producing Glow Berries
  • Glow Berries are a natural light source as well as a food source
  • Foxes eat Glow Berries
  • Use Glow Berries to plant new Cave Vines
  • Bonemealing a Cave Vine will create Glow Berries

Drip Leaves

  • Small Dripleaf needs moisture, so it grows on Clay or underwater
  • The facing direction of Small Dripleaf blocks is determined by which direction the player is facing when placing it
  • The Wandering Trader will sometimes sell Small Dripleaf plants
  • Small Dripleaf grows into Big Dripleaf when bonemealed
  • Big Dripleaf grows taller when bonemealed
  • If you stand on a Big Dripleaf, it will tilt after a while, and you will fall off
  • A tilted Big Dripleaf will tilt up again after a while
  • A Big Dripleaf will tilt when hit by a projectile
  • A Redstone powered Big Dripleaf will not tilt (except when hit by a projectile)


  • Two new decorative blocks: Moss Block and Moss Carpet
  • Moss Carpet can be crafted from Moss Blocks
  • Moss Blocks can be crafted with Cobblestone or Stone Bricks to make the mossy versions of those blocks


  • Added Rooted Dirt and Hanging Roots – decorative blocks that will appear in the upcoming Lush Caves biome
  • Bonemealing Rooted Dirt grows Hanging Roots underneath
  • Tilling Rooted Dirt with a Hoe will convert it into Dirt, and pop out a Hanging Roots item.

Spore Blossoms

  • A beautiful large flower placed on ceilings
  • Particles drip from it and will appear in the air around it

Minecarts and Rails In Water

  • All Rails can be waterlogged (works with a Dispenser & Water Bucket too)
  • Flowing water doesn’t break Rails
  • Minecarts can pass through water, but get slowed down more than usual


  • Copper will oxidize over time
  • There are four stages: Copper, Exposed Copper, Weathered Copper, and Oxidized Copper
  • It takes Minecraft days (in loaded chunks) for a Copper Block to oxidize one stage
  • Waxed Copper Blocks will not oxidize
  • You can wax any oxidation stage – how lovely, that means you can keep that pretty Weathered Copper Block in its weathered stage forever!
  • A lightning strike hitting Copper will clean its oxidation
  • Waxed Copper Blocks can be crafted into nine Copper Ingots
  • Axes can scrape off wax and oxidation from Copper Blocks

Powder Snow

  • Powder Snow is a trap block that causes any entity that walks into it to sink in it
  • You can pick up and place Powder Snow with a Bucket
  • Wear Leather Boots to prevent yourself from sinking into Powder Snow blocks
  • Leave a Cauldron outside in falling snow and it will fill with Powder Snow
  • Entities on fire now get extinguished when they collide with Powder Snow. The Powder Snow block is also destroyed
  • Skeletons now convert to Strays when frozen
  • Powder Snow is pushable by Pistons and Sticky Pistons
  • Rabbits, Endermites, Silverfish, and Foxes can walk on top of Powder Snow without falling in


  • Standing in Powder Snow will slowly freeze an entity
  • Once frozen, freeze damage is done every few seconds to the frozen entity
  • Wearing any piece of Leather Armor prevents freezing entirely
  • Added a freezeDamage game rule that allows players to toggle whether Powder Snow causes freeze damage or not
  • Strays, Polar Bears, and Snow Golems are immune to freezing
  • Mobs that are fully frozen will shake
  • Mobs that enjoy the heat (Blazes, Magma Cubes, and Striders) take increased freeze damage

Redstone Tab

  • The Redstone Tab has been reordered to prioritize highly-used blocks
  • Redstone items/blocks have been grouped and ordered in the following way:
  • Essentials
  • Unique activators
  • Miscellaneous
  • Common activators
  • Openables
  • Slime Blocks and Honey Blocks have been moved to the Redstone tab

Smeltable Ore Drops

  • Ores that are smeltable now drop raw item forms of the ore instead of the ore block, and these can be smelted just like before
  • This is to prevent cluttering the inventory, and have consistency with Fortune on all ores
  • Just like other ore materials, you can craft a compact version with raw ore items in order to save inventory space

Smooth Basalt

  • Smelt Basalt to obtain Smooth Basalt


  • You can use a Spyglass to see faraway things
  • Pretend to be a sea captain, or catch your neighbor in the act as they dye your Sheep lime green
  • The Spyglass is crafted from two Copper Ingots and one Amethyst Shard

Tinted Glass

  • Tinted Glass is a type of glass that does not allow light to pass through
  • Tinted Glass is crafted by putting a Glass Block in the middle of four Amethyst Shards
  • Tinted Glass can be obtained without Silk Touch; it does not shatter like normal glass

Trade & Loot Tables

  • Added the following trades to Mason:
  • Will sell 4 Dripstone Blocks for 1 Emerald
  • Added the following trades to Wandering Trader:
  • Will sell 2 Pointed Dripstones for 1 Emerald
  • Will sell 2 Rooted Dirt for 1 Emerald
  • Will sell 2 Moss Blocks for 1 Emerald
  • Moss Blocks can be found in Shipwreck Chests
  • Glow Berries can be found in Mineshaft Chest Minecarts


  • A new type of stone that can be found in blobs between y0 and y16

Underground Structure Changes

  • Strongholds are mostly encased in Stone
  • Mineshaft corridors are supported by log pillars below or Chains above when needed
  • Cobwebs don’t generate fully floating in the air


  • Sky color now varies smoothly when moving between different biomes
  • Ores without unique shapes have been given new textures for accessibility reasons, so that each ore is distinguishable by shape alone
  • Emerald Ore and Lapis Ore have had some small touch-ups
  • Being the most iconic ore, Diamond Ore texture is staying the same to keep that classic feel maintained
  • Blackstone, Polished Blackstone Bricks, and Cracked Polished Blackstone Bricks have had some minor touch-ups
  • Clock and Compass textures have been updated

World Generation

  • Dripstone clusters can be found rarely in normal caves
  • Deepslate blobs can be found from Y0 to y16

Minecraft Java update


Social Interactions Screen

A new screen available in Multiplayer which shows a list of all players on a server so you can hide chat from any player.

  • Opens with a configurable key binding, by default P
  • Which players are hidden resets when you disconnect from a server

Blocked players

  • When logging in with a Microsoft account, players blocked in your account are now also blocked in the game, and account restrictions are now respected
  • Chat from blocked players is always hidden
  • Realms invites from blocked players are hidden

Bugs Fixes

  • MC - Netherite leggings are textured weirdly
  • MC - WorldGen Deadlock
  • MC - Divide by zero error in the Ender Dragon entity class can cause a server crash and infinite velocity
  • MC - Cursor in Social Interactions & Recipe Book & Anvil menu doesn’t blink

Minecraft Java update

Bugs fixed:

  • Piglins, piglin brutes, hoglins and zoglins have trouble pathfinding to the player when attacking.
  • Giving an item and a gold ingot to a baby piglin and killing it duplicates the item.

Minecraft Java update Piglin Brutes and more

Minecraft Java's first big update following this year's Nether Update adds a few Nether-related features and more accessibility options. The start of the show is the brand new mob, the so-tough-it-doesn't-need armor Piglin Brute. It's big, mean, and carries an axe. Hey Mojang, why can't we carry axes?

New features


  • Distortion effects such as nausea and the Nether portal overlay can now be reduced
  • At lower values, the nausea effect is replaced with a green overlay as an alternative visualization
  • Field of view effects, shown after speed modifiers are applied, can now be reduced

Chat delay

  • Chat delay has been added to the Chat Settings screen
  • Pressing F3+D now clears the pending chat messages

Bastion remnants

  • Tweaked the Bastion Remnant chest loot
  • Chests in Bastion Remnants are now more likely to be positioned on top of gilded blackstone


  • Brewing stands can now be crafted with blackstone
  • Lanterns and Soul Lanterns can now be waterlogged
  • Crimson and warped fungus can now be placed on mycelium
  • Chains can now be placed in all orientations
  • Dripstone blocks can be crafted from four pointed dripstone


  • Tools are now sorted based on material in the creative inventory
  • Totems of undying now give the fire resistance status effect for 40 seconds when activated


  • Endermen will no longer place their held block onto bedrock blocks
  • Zoglins can now be leashed
  • When a Zombified Piglin is spawned riding a Strider, it will now be holding a Warped Fungus on a Stick


  • Added Piglin Brutes!
  • Piglins now become angry with players who open or destroy a Chest Minecart
  • Tweaked bartering loot

Piglin Brutes

  • Piglin Brutes are stronger versions of Piglins that live in bastions and protect the treasures there
  • Unlike the their cowardly and greedy counterparts, the Piglin Brutes cannot be distracted by gold and aren’t afraid of anything
  • Piglin Brutes attack players on sight, no matter how they are dressed
  • Piglin Brutes wield axes and don’t need any armor, because they’re just that tough

Respawn block positions

  • Modified how respawn positions are chosen for beds and respawn anchors
  • Respawn anchors will prioritize cardinal directions over corners
  • Beds will prioritize the side of the bed the player entered from and then spaces circling around the foot of the bed up to the head of the bed
  • Respawning players will now face the block that they respawned at
  • Placing players onto dangerous blocks is now avoided when possible


  • Villagers now emit green particles when joining a village, setting a home bed, or acquiring a job site / profession
  • Villagers now lose their job sites when changing dimension

For the full patch notes that covers smaller technical changes, check out the official changelog on the Minecraft website.

Minecraft Java update: The Nether Update

If you want a more skim-able version of changes, check out our dedicated page to the Minecraft Nether Update for a high-level look at what's new and changed. For the nitty gritty, here are Mojang's official patch notes for the release.

After you catch up on what all the news blocks are called, you may also want some help figuring out how to get Blackstone, how to get Netherite, and how to craft Respawn Anchors. 

Nether Update Features List

  • Added Basalt Deltas biome to the Nether
  • Added Crimson Forest biome to the Nether
  • Added Hoglins
  • Added Netherite
  • Added Piglins
  • Added ruined portals
  • Added Soulsand Valley biome to the Nether
  • Added Striders
  • Added Warped Forest biome to the Nether
  • Added Zoglins
  • Added a new disableChat command line option – when used, receiving and sending online chat is disabled
  • Added a new disableMultiplayer command line option – when used, the Multiplayer button is disabled
  • Added bastion remnants
  • Added new Game Mode Switcher debug menu
  • Added new Nether blocks
  • Added the Soul Speed enchantment
  • Added the lodestone
  • Added the respawn anchor that allows you to set your respawn point in the Nether. Use while holding glowstone to charge to a maximum of four charges – each respawn use one charge
    • You can charge the respawn anchor using a dispenser
  • You can charge the respawn anchor using a dispenser
  • Added the target block
  • Basalt is formed when lava flows over soul soil next to blue ice
  • Bell blocks will now ring when hit by any projectile
  • Bells can now be hung from the underside of more blocks
  • Compasses can now be enchanted with Curse of Vanishing
  • Endermen can now pick up some of the new Nether blocks
  • Endermen will no longer pick up Netherrack
  • Entities now get pushed by flowing lava
  • Farmer Villagers can now compost seeds
  • Fish now despawn when further than 64 blocks away from the closest player
  • Huge fungi will now only grow on its matching type of nylium
  • Knockback resistance is now a scale instead of a probability
  • Lily pads are now considered junk fishing loot rather than treasure
  • Patrols no longer spawn when the player is close to a village
  • TNT and campfires will now ignite when hit by any burning projectile
  • The General statistics list is now alphabetically sorted
  • Updated logos for Mojang Studios and Minecraft
  • Villagers can now spawn iron golems regardless of their profession status or latest working time
  • Walls do not have gaps anymore when stacked vertically
  • Walls will now connect to even more things, such as iron bars, panes, pressure plates, banners, and even pickles
  • When a Villager is struck by lightning, the witch it is converted to will no longer despawn
  • When fishing, treasure loot can now only be obtained by fishing in open waters

New Nether Biomes

Basalt Deltas
Remnants of volcanic eruptions, this biome sports a high concentration of basalt columns and lava deltas. Walking through it, you will be surrounded by flowing flakes of white ash. Magma cubes finally have their own home and spawn very frequently here. A new block, blackstone, can be found here in large patches.

Crimson Forest
Crimson nylium carpets the cave floor with all kinds of strange new vegetation. Crimson nylium can be bonemealed to get more of this strange new vegetation. Huge crimson fungi make up the "trees" of this forest, with Shroomlights lighting up the forest floor. Nether wart blocks can be cleared quickly using a hoe. Weeping vines grow from the cave ceilings and fungi. Hoglins wander these forests. Crimson spores swirl through the air.

Soulsand Valley
An open space made mostly of soul sand and soul soil. Basalt pillars span from floor to ceiling. Fossil remains of unknown creatures from the past litter the valley. Ash falls through the air. A light blue glow envelopes the valley. Beware of skeletons here.

Warped Forest
Warped nylium carpets the cave floor with all kinds of strange new vegetation. Warped nylium can be bonemealed to get more of the strange new vegetation. Huge warped fungi make up the "trees" of this forest, with Shroomlights lighting up the forest floor. Warped wart blocks can be cleared quickly using a hoe. A dark blue fog covers the forest. Warped spores swirl through the air. The Warped Forests are strange, but also the least hostile place in the Nether.

New Nether Mobs


  • Hoglins are big aggressive beasts that live in crimson forests in the Nether
  • They attack players on sight. Be careful – they can easily knock you off a ledge!
  • Hoglins drop pork and sometimes leather, but not willingly
  • You can breed Hoglins by feeding them crimson fungi. Do so at your own risk
  • Hoglins get hunted by Piglins sometimes, but they don't go down without a fight
  • Despite this, Hoglins and Piglins aren't enemies – more like an ecosystem
  • Baby Hoglins like to pretend they are tough – but don't worry, they're more bark than bite
  • Want to keep Hoglins off your back? Pro tip: Hoglins hate the smell of warped fungi
  • Hoglins that somehow end up in the Overworld become Zoglins fairly quickly – but who would ever bring a Hoglin to the Overworld?


  • Zoglins are zombified Hoglins – the result of bringing a Hoglin into the Overworld
  • Unlike Hoglins, they can't be bred or fed, and they don't care about warped fungus
  • Beware – these beasts are raving mad and attack just about everything they see!


  • Piglins are an aggressive civilization that lives in the Nether
  • They mostly hang around in Crimson Forests, but you might find some in the Nether Wastes too
  • They think of players as target practice and will attack on sight
  • However, if you dress appropriately, they will see you as a respectable figure. Or tolerable at least
  • Piglins are suspicious of strangers. If they see you opening a chest or other container, they will assume that you're stealing and will treat you accordingly
  • If Piglins hear you break a chest or a block of gold (or similar), they will also assume you are stealing
  • Piglins LOVE gold and get very distracted by gold items
  • Gold ingots are currency to Piglins. Throw ingots at them, or right-click them with an ingot, to barter for various goods
  • Piglins sometimes get hungry and hunt Hoglins for food. Or they try at least. They results vary.
  • Piglins prefer to hunt and fight in groups. When a fight is happening, everyone wants in
  • Piglins that somehow end up in the Overworld become zombified fairly quickly
  • Piglins are creeped out by soul fire and Zombified Piglins, and will avoid them if possible
  • Wither skeletons and Withers are historic enemies of the Piglins and will be attacked on sight
  • Baby Piglins are not as dangerous, but they can be mischievous, so watch your back
    • and they like to play with Baby Hoglins
  • and they like to play with Baby Hoglins
  • Added a Piglin banner pattern that can be found in bastion remnants

Zombified Piglin

  • Zombie Pigmen are now known as Zombified Piglins, and they now have ears. Well, at least one ear
  • Zombified Piglins no longer attack innocent bystanders (unless you enable gamerule universalAnger)
  • Zombified Piglins stop being angry if the targeted player dies nearby (unless you disable gamerule forgiveDeadPlayers)
  • Zombified Piglins continuously spread to other Zombified Piglins, as long as they see their target


  • Strides on top of the surface of lava
  • Can be saddled, but has a will of its own
  • Really likes the smell of warped fungi – might even be convinced to follow it

Nether Update new blocks

  • Added crying obsidian. It's sad and cries purple energy
  • Added basalt. Craft it 2x2 or use a stone cutter to create clean and shiny polished basalt!
  • Added blackstone, along with its variants: regular, polished, and polished brick
    • Blackstone can be used to craft furnaces and stone tools
  • Blackstone can be used to craft furnaces and stone tools
  • Blackstone can be used to craft furnaces and stone tools
  • Added gilded blackstone – blackstone which has been imbued with gold and has a chance of dropping gold nuggets when broken
  • Added chiseled Nether bricks, cracked Nether bricks, and quartz bricks
  • Added two new non-flammable wood-like blocks: crimson stems and warped stems
  • Added crimson and warped hyphae – all-sided "stem" blocks, including stripped variations
  • Added new ground surface blocks: crimson nylium and warped nylium
  • Added new vegetation: Nether sprouts, crimson roots, and warped roots
  • Added two types of fungi: crimson and warped. Try using bone meal to grow them!
    • You can place crimson and warped roots and fungi into pots
  • You can place crimson and warped roots and fungi into pots
  • You can place crimson and warped roots and fungi into pots
  • Added warped wart blocks
  • Added weeping vines that grow from the bottom of a block downwards
  • Added twisting vines that grow upwards
  • Added a new natural light source block: Shroomlights
  • Added soul soil. Whenever fire burns on soul soil, it burns with a blue flame
    • Soul soil and soul sand can be used to craft soul torches, which in turn can be crafted into soul lanterns
    • The Wither can now be summoned using soul soil as base
  • Soul soil and soul sand can be used to craft soul torches, which in turn can be crafted into soul lanterns
  • The Wither can now be summoned using soul soil as base
  • Soul soil and soul sand can be used to craft soul torches, which in turn can be crafted into soul lanterns
  • The Wither can now be summoned using soul soil as base
  • Added soul campfires. Warm your buns with the heat of one thousand souls!
  • Added chain blocks
  • Added Lodestone. Crafted from a Netherite ingot and chiseled stone bricks
  • Use a compass on a lodestone to create a lodestone compass, which will point to that lodestone


  • Mine ancient debris in the lower depths of the Nether. At your own risk though. No insurance coverage for that
  • Combine four Netherite scrap with four gold ingots in a crafting table to make a Netherite ingot
  • Refine it into Netherite scrap in a furnace or blast furnace
  • Use a smithing table to fuse the Netherite ingot with your diamond weapon, tool, or armor
  • Netherite items float in lava – just so you don't lose all your gear after that unplanned lava bath
  • Netherite items have higher enchantment value than diamond (but not as high as gold)
  • Netherite tools work faster and last longer than diamond
  • Netherite weapons do more damage than diamond
  • Netherite armor have higher toughness and durability than diamond
  • Netherite armor gives you knockback resistance, so you barely get knocked back at all when hit by arrows and such
  • Netherite blocks can be used as the base of a beacon and Netherite ingots can be used as the fuel for a beacon.

Soul Speed

  • Shine your boots of choice with this soul-sucking enchantment to speed around on soul sand and soul soil
  • However, there's a downside: enchantments will slowly degrade your boots each soul block you walk on
  • Can only be obtained by bartering with those pesky Piglins

Bastion Remnants

  • Added four separate bastion remnant types: bridge, Hoglin stable, housing units, and treasure room
  • You can find these sizable structures in all Nether biomes, except the treacherous ash-dusted regions of Basalt Deltas
  • Explore, loot, and conquer a bastion remnant to call it your home – but beware! Piglins don't take kindly to intruders stealing their possessions

Ruined Portals

  • They can be found in any Overworld or Nether biome
  • Some are hidden underground, under the sea, or buried in sand

Nether Update mob anger rules

Forgive Dead Players

  • If this gamerule is disabled, then angered mobs will stay angry even if the targeted player dies
  • If both forgiveDeadPlayers and universalAnger are enabled, an angered neutral mob will stop being angry when their target dies. They won't seek any new targets after that
  • Notable exception: Angered Zombified Piglins continuously spread anger. So even if one Zombified Piglin stops being angry because its target died, other angered Zombified Piglins nearby are likely to make it angry again. The only way to stop the anger is if none of the angered Zombified Piglins see a player for a while

Neutral Mob Anger
Updated anger management for most neutral mobs (polar bear, wolf, bee, Enderman, Piglin, Zombified Piglin).

  • When hurt by a player, the neutral mob will target that player and try to kill it
  • The mob will stay angry until the player is dead or out of sight for a while
  • Anger is persistent, so a player can't escape by temporarily logging out or switching dimension
  • If a targeted player dies near the angered mob, it will stop being angry (unless forgiveDeadPlayers is disabled)
  • Neutral mobs also get angry at other mobs who hurt them. However, that anger is not persistent
  • Angered neutral mobs will only attack the offending player, not innocent bystanders
    • Notable exception: If a beehive or nest is broken, the bees will be angry at all nearby players
  • Notable exception: If a beehive or nest is broken, the bees will be angry at all nearby players
  • Notable exception: If a beehive or nest is broken, the bees will be angry at all nearby players
  • Some mobs spread anger (wolf, Zombified Piglin, Piglin, bee). If a player attacks one, all nearby mobs of the same type will get angry at that player

Universal Anger
Universal anger is basically guilt by association. A neutral mob attacked by players will be angry at players in general, regardless of who attacked them.

  • A neutral mob attacked by a player will target the nearest player, even if that player wasn't the attacker
  • Every time the neutral mob is hit by a player it will update its attack target to the nearest player
  • Players can use this to make neutral mobs attack other players. Who would ever do something that devious?
  • Universal anger does not apply when a neutral mob is attacked by another mob - only when it is attacked by a player
  • Universal anger is persistent. The angered mob will stay angry even if the player logs out and logs in, or jumps through a portal and back
  • Mobs that spread anger will also spread universal anger. So if a player attacks a Zombified Piglin, all other Zombified Piglins within sight will be universally angry and attack their nearest player
  • An angered neutral mob will stop being angry if it can't see any eligible target for a while

Nether Update advancements

  •  unlocks when hitting the bullseye of a target block from at least 30 meters away
  •  unlocks when obtaining ancient debris
  •  unlocks when obtaining full Netherite armor
  •  unlocks when using a compass on a lodestone
  •  unlocks when obtaining crying obsidian
  •  unlocks when setting a respawn anchor to the maximum
  •  unlocks when riding a Strider with a fungus on a stick
  •  unlocks when visiting all biomes in the Nether
  •  unlocks when entering a bastion
  •  unlocks when looting a chest in a bastion
  •  unlocks when distracting an angry Piglin with gold


  • Added "Line Spacing" chat and accessibility option
  • Added "Chat Delay" accessibility option

Nether Update feature changes


  • Piglins and Hoglins are now required for  and 
  •  is now awarded for obtaining a Netherite hoe
  • Obtaining blackstone now also counts for the  advancement
  • Breeding Striders now counts for  and is now required for 

Mob Changes

  • Reduced the maximum distance a bee can wander away from its home hive to ~22 blocks
  • Farmers can now put excess seeds in the composter to create bone meal
    • Bone meal is used by the farmers to grow crops
  • Bone meal is used by the farmers to grow crops
  • Farmers share excess wheat to other farmers, so more farmers can make bread
  • Players can no longer mount another entity when the crouch key is held down
  • Added gamerule universalAnger (disabled by default), which makes angered neutral mobs attack any nearby player – not just the player that angered them. Works best if you disable forgiveDeadPlayers
  • Added gamerule forgiveDeadPlayers (enabled by default), which makes angered neutral mobs stop being angry when the targeted player dies nearby
  • Parrots imitate hostile mobs less often
  • Parrots do not randomly imitate hostile mobs when gamemode is on peaceful

Hoe Changes

  • Each tier has different speed at which hoes mine blocks they are effective against
  • Hoes can now be enchanted with the following enchantments: Efficiency, Fortune, Silk Touch
  • Those enchantments can now be provided through enchanting table
  • Hoes are now the appropriate tool for mining hay, targets, dried kelp blocks, leaves, Shroomlights, Nether wart blocks, warped wart blocks, sponges, and wet sponges.

Block Changes

  • Nether gold ore can now be found in the Nether – it drops a few gold nuggets and can be mined with any type of pickaxe
  • Bone meal can now be used to grow kelp, weeping vines, and twisting vines
  • Using bone meal on Netherrack can now spread nylium
  • Nether vegetation blocks (sprouts, roots, vines, fungus, wart and wart blocks) are now compostable
  • Nether sprouts can be harvested with shears
  • Food can now be placed on unlit campfires
  • Crimson fungi is now called crimson fungus
  • Warped fungi is now called warped fungus
  • Weeping vines are now climbable!

Redstone Changes

  • A dot of redstone will not power its surrounding blocks
  • A single redstone wire is now represented as a cross
  • A wire on top of a block, which is redirected from below, will now power the sides it is redirected to. E.g. a fence gate above the redirecting wire will be powered
  • Wires that redirect upwards to wires on non-conductive blocks used to only be redirected visually. Now, this redirection applies to their behavior as well
  • A wire that is redirected to go over a block will now always provide power to the block. This is most noticeable when the wire has signal strength 1
  • When right-clicking a single piece of redstone, it will toggle between a the cross and the dot
  • The target block now conducts redstone signals


  • Dispensers can now saddle pigs and horses
  • Dispensers can now put horse armor on horses
  • Dispensers can now put carpets on llamas
  • Dispensers can now put chests on llamas, donkeys and mules
  • Dispensers can now shear a Mooshroom
  • Dispensers can now shear snow golems

F3 + N Spectator Toggle

  • By default, using this key would return you to Creative after toggling from Spectator. It now will toggle back to the previous game mode you had
  • As an example, if you were in Survival, then toggled to Spectator and back, you would be set back to Survival

Game Mode Switcher

  • Hold F3 and tap F4 to open the menu
  • Tapping F4 will cycle the game mode, or you can use the mouse
  • Release F3 to apply
  • Your last game mode is remembered and will be the first selected option, so you can quickly toggle between two game modes with a single press of F3 + F4!

Creative Mode changes

  • You can now milk cows and Mooshrooms in creative mode
  • You can now get stew from Mooshrooms in creative mode
  • When using an empty bucket on water in creative mode, you now get a bucket of water. If you have a bucket of water in your inventory already, no additional water buckets will be added when you use your empty bucket on water


  • Ghasts sounds are now heard at shorter range
  • Updated block sounds for bone blocks, Netherrack, soul sand, Nether wart, Nether bricks, and quartz ore
  • New ambient sounds for the Nether biomes
  • New mood detection algorithm for cave sounds
  • Added a new music disc titled "Pigstep" by Lena Raine, which can only be found in bastion remnants

Target Block

  • The closer you hit to the center, the larger the redstone signal
  • Test your skills with a variety of projectiles, including eggs, snowballs, tridents, and more
  • You will need one hay block and four redstone for this recipe

Villager workstation logic

  • Villagers no longer try to work at the same workstation
  • The most experienced nearby villager for the profession corresponding to the workstation you add will get the workstation
  • Villagers now have to walk to and reach the workstation before they can acquire the profession and/or work there
  • Villagers can no longer claim workstations or professions during raids or night time
  • Villagers will check and make sure their workstation is valid at all times of day as long as they are within 16 blocks of their workstation

World Generation

  • The old Nether biome is now called Nether Wastes
  • Shipwrecks and ocean ruins are now a bit less common, so you get more excited when you find one!
  • Patches of blackstone and gravel now generate in all Nether biomes, and patches of soul sand now generate in Soul Sand Valleys

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

Patch has a bit more meat on the bones than We've got small changes to how bees bee-have when using a silk touch tool and extensive changes to hive spawn rates in certain biomes. Bees are still relatively rare, so get to hunting! See the official patch notes page here.

  • Bees no longer anger when a nearby nest/hive is destroyed using a silk touch tool
  • Added doPatrolSpawning and doTraderSpawning game rules that control spawning of patrols and wandering traders, respectively
  • Added gui_light option in block models to allow controlling light when rendering model as item in GUI
  • Controls light when rendering block model inside slot. If set to side, model will be rendered like block. If set to front,  model is shaded like flat item
  • Any birch or oak sapling grown near a flower within 2 blocks distance on the same y-level has a 5% chance of having a bee nest
  • Bee Nests now have a 2% chance of spawning in Flower Forests
  • Bee Nests now have a % chance of spawning in Forest, Wooded Hills, Birch Forest, Tall Birch Forest, Birch Forest Hills, and Tall Birch Hills biomes
  • Fixed bugs

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

Patch is a simple little patch with mostly full of bug fixes. No new content, but important improvements nonetheless! Head here for the official patch page.

  • Optimized chunk rendering performance, especially for chunks with many different block states
  • Fixed an error spammed to the game's log files caused by custom spawner blocks spawning villagers
  • Improved network handling of invalid Biome ids
  • Fixed a crash in the Realms screen
  • Fixed bugs
  • Removed Herobrine

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

Minecraft Java adds something that not enough of our real world appreciates enough: bees! Minecraft bees live in bee nests that spawn in flowery biomes. They pollinate flowers and crops to help them grow better, fill nests and craftable hives with honey, and can captured and farmed.

For everything else bees can do and more in this update, check out the full patch notes. Here are the highlights:

  • Added Bees
  • Added Bee Nests and Hives
  • Added Honeycomb
  • Added some dispenser functionality
  • Minecraft: Java Edition now requires OpenGL
  • New function for loot tables called copy_state
  • Fixed bugs

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

Looking through the Minecraft update patch notes, minor adjustments and a variety of fixes dot the landscape. Adjustments to villager behavior, the new sieges, and some multiplayer settings changes are the highlights.

For access to the full patch notes including bugfixes, check here.

  • Fixed bugs.
  • Performance improvements.
  • Suspicious stew made from poppies now gives you night vision instead of speed.
  • Added /debug report for getting more detailed information.
  • Fixed a memory leak.
  • Removed camera pivot offset in first-person.
  • Improved chunk loading when traveling at high speed.
  • Fixed incorrect Pillager texture.
  • /reload and /forceload are now available to gamemasters.
  • function-permission-level is a new setting in that controls which commands functions have access to.
  • Villagers now stock more items.
  • Villagers will now remember their gossip after becoming a Zombie Villager .
  • Improved performance of Villager pathfinding.
  • Villagers can now work without also restocking at the same time.
  • Gossip about players who converted a zombie villager will now last longer.
  • The Player Activity button on the Realm screen has been removed.
  • Villagers now wait with restocking until they have trades that need restocking.
  • Village sieges no longer occur on mushroom islands.
  • Mobs will no longer try to pathfind their way through bamboo.
  • Pinged the human.

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

Check here for the full patch notes, including bugfixes

  • Items can now be repaired by crafting them together again.
  • Reverted the enchanting system to how it was before
  • Torches, lanterns and pressure plates can now be placed on glass panes and iron bars.
  • Lanterns can now be attached below iron bars and glass panes.
  • Saturation is no longer required for the "How did we get here?" advancement.
  • You can now turn off raids with '/gamerule disableRaids true'
  • Villagers that are panicking now have a bigger chance of spawning Iron Golems, assuming they can occasionally work and sleep
  • "Last slept" and "last worked" is now saved properly for Villagers
  • Farmers now spend more time farming when they are working
  • Farmers can now always give away food even if other villagers don't need it
  • Improved performance
  • Fixed bugs

Patrol Changes:

Minecraft Java update: patch notes

You can find the full patch notes, with bugfixes, over here.

  • All light will now be re-calculated the first time you open a world saved in a previous version
  • Errors encountered while loading regions now print more diagnostics to the log file
  • Fixed so parrots can spawn on grass blocks and not only on grass
  • Added server-side chunk count to debug screen
  • Modified raider spawning so they can only ever spawn in fully loaded chunks
  • Increased search radius for bell when starting a raid from 48 to 64 blocks
  • Fixed bugs

Minecraft Java Village & Pillage update: patch notes

Minecraft - Village & Pillage - patch notes

For the full listing, including technical changes and bug fixes, check here.

General Features Overview

  • Lots of accessibility improvements.
  • Added bamboo blocks into the game.
  • Added bamboo jungles in the world.
  • Added barrels.
  • Added the bell.
  • Added yummy sweet berries and sweet berry bushes to the game.
  • Added blast furnace.
  • Rewrote the book & quill editing to be more intuitive.
  • Added campfire.
  • Added cartography table.
  • Split cats and ocelots to their own creatures and updated cats with new features.
  • Added composter.
  • Added crossbows.
  • Added lots of new blocks.
  • Added lots of new decorative blocks.
  • Added fletching table.
  • Added new dyes and flowers.
  • Added some community suggestions.
  • Updated the credits list.
  • Added in-game buttons for reporting bugs or giving feedback.
  • Improvements to invisibility to allow it to correctly work in many cases where it didn't but you'd expect it to.
  • Added grindstone functionality.
  • Added 'Hero of the Village' effect.
  • Added leather horse armor.
  • Added lantern.
  • Added lectern.
  • Added loom.
  • Existing special banner patterns can now be crafted into a new item that is not consumed when used, Banner Patterns.
  • Added a new "Globe" banner pattern and item.
  • We're now using the new textures.
  • Added new noteblock sounds.
  • Added pandas.
  • Added foxes.
  • Added Illager patrols.
  • Added Pillagers.
  • Added Pillager outpost.
  • Added raids.
  • Added Ravager.
  • Added Wandering Trader.
  • Added scaffolding.
  • Rewrote the sign editing to be more intuitive.
  • Added smithing table.
  • Added smoker.
  • Added stonecutter.
  • Added suspicious stew.
  • Trading changes.
  • Villager changes.
  • Biome based architecture for villages.


  • There's a new Accessibility menu which provides a useful place for all of our accessibility features to be toggled.
  • When the narrator is turned on, buttons will be narrated on focus.
  • Most screens allow tab and shift+tab navigation through buttons, edit boxes and other UI elements.
  • Most lists allow up/down arrow keys to navigate through them.
  • We've added a new option for turning up the background of all transparent text elements, which should help make them more readable for some people.


  • Can be found in Jungles and the two new biomes: bamboo jungle and bamboo jungle hills.
  • Can grow to a max height of 12 to 16 blocks.
  • When sprinkled with bone meal, bamboo will grow with one or two bamboo blocks on the top.
  • When struck with a sword, bamboo will instantly break.
  • Two bamboo can be crafted into a single stick.
  • Can be used as fuel, with four bamboo required to smelt a single item.
  • Bamboo can be placed into flower pots.
  • Bamboo can also be found in shipwrecks and jungle temples.


  • Store things in them!
  • Rotate them!
  • Find them in villages!


  • Trade with certain villagers to obtain the bell
  • Use the bell to alert villagers of nearby danger
  • A villager will ring the bell to alert other villagers of an impending raid
  • Ringing bells reveals all nearby mobs that can appear in raids


  • Delicious!
  • Not very filling!
  • Plant your berries in the ground and look with your special eyes as they grow up into a strong, independent bush!

Berry Bush

  • Commonly found in taiga, taiga hills, and taiga mountains
  • Rarely found in snowy taiga and snowy taiga hills and snowy taiga mountains
  • You can stand inside them, but be careful, it will hurt to move
  • Has four stages of growth: sapling, no berries, some berries, full berries
  • Drops one or two berries in younger stage, then two or three in full growth stage
  • Supports bone meal!
  • Doesn't support silk touch!

Biome-based Architecture for Villages

  • Villages have recieved an updated look, with several new themes
  • The theme depends on the biome the village is in, taking both climate and to available resources into consideration
  • Uses the new mysterious jigsaw block for generation
  • Adds new structure files, quite many actually

Blast Furnace

  • A new furnace upgrade that allows for smelting ores and melting metals faster than the traditional furnace
  • Can be crafted via three smooth stone, one furnace, and five iron ingots
  • Added to world gen in some villager buildings


  • A decorative fireplace without fire spread
  • Cooks up to four foods, but slowly
  • Acts as a smoke signal you can see very (VERY!) far away when a hay bale is below (hint: think note blocks!)
  • Cosy light source
  • Can be lit/unlit

Cartography Table

  • New functional block that provides an easier and simpler way of cloning, extending, and locking of maps
  • New map functionality with cartography table
    • Map Locking: allows you to lock maps in the cartography table with a glass pane so that they can no longer be modified
  • Map Locking: allows you to lock maps in the cartography table with a glass pane so that they can no longer be modified
  • Fancy UI to more closely represent what the recipes actually do functionally
  • Crafted with two planks and two paper

Cat and Ocelot Split

  • Stray cats can be tamed
  • Tamed cats can give lovely (or less lovely) morning gifts to their owners
  • Ocelots can't be tamed, but might start trusting you if you feed them with fish
  • Phantoms are terribly scared of cats - how convenient!
  • Cat collars can now be dyed
  • Added several new cat skins!

Community Suggestions

  • Leaves now have a small chances to drop sticks
  • Chorus fruit flowers now break when shot by an arrow
  • Dead bushes can now be used as furnace fuel
  • Rabbit stew and beetroot soup have been changed to a shapeless recipe
  • Creepers will now drop records when killed by Stray in addition to skeletons
  • Dispensers with shears in them will now shear sheep that have wool in front of them
  • TNT and TNT minecart explosions now have % drop rate


  • Instead of eating your veggies you can make fertilizer from it!
  • Crafted with 3 planks and 4 fences


"To charge the crossbow, hold down the "Use" button. Once the crossbow string has been pulled all the way back, let go. Your crossbow is now loaded and ready to shoot with a single click of the "Use" button."

  • Shoots arrows with base power slightly stronger than the bow, but has less durability
  • Three unique enchantments
  • Fun, challenging advancements
  • New loading mechanics
  • Unique load animation


Three new enchantments for Crossbows.

Decorative Blocks

  • Changed all existing stone slabs to smooth stone slabs (same look, new name!)
  • Changed all existing signs to oak signs (same look, new name!)
  • Made smooth stone slabs craftable from smooth stone
  • Added spruce, birch, jungle, acacia and dark oak signs
  • You can now right click on signs with dyes to change the text colour
  • Added stone stairs and slabs
  • Added granite stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added polished granite stairs and slabs
  • Added diorite stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added polished diorite stairs and slabs
  • Added andesite stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added polished andesite stairs and slabs
  • Added sandstone walls
  • Added smooth red sandstone stairs and slabs
  • Added smooth quartz stairs and slabs
  • Added brick walls
  • Added stone brick walls
  • Added mossy stone brick stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added nether brick walls
  • Added end stone brick stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added prismarine walls
  • Added red sandstone walls
  • Added red nether brick stairs, slabs and walls
  • Added smooth sandstone stairs and slabs
  • Added mossy cobblestone stairs and slabs
  • Made smooth stone obtainable by smelting stone
  • Made smooth sandstone obtainable by smelting sandstone
  • Made smooth red sandstone obtainable by smelting red sandstone
  • Made smooth quartz obtainable by smelting quartz block
  • Changed the recipe of nether brick fence to four brick blocks and two brick items
  • Changed the recipe of signs to require all of the same wood type, not any wood type


  • Separated bone meal, ink sac, cocoa beans, and lapis lazuli into their own dyes
  • Unified all dye names (red, yellow, and green dyes no longer have special names)
  • Added new recipes to obtain coloured stained glass and coloured carpet

Fletching Table

  • Crafted with four planks and two flint
  • Villagers use it as a work site


  • Added cornflower, wither rose and lily of the valley
  • Be careful of the wither rose!


  • Foxes come in two variants: red and snowy
  • Foxes are nocturnal
  • Foxes will hunt rabbits, chickens, and fish
  • Foxes are hunted by wolves and polar bears
  • Foxes are nimble and quick, so sneak up on them carefully!
  • Breed foxes with berries
  • If you breed two foxes, their offspring will trust you forever
  • Trusting foxes will defend you, but will still eat your chickens
  • Foxes like to eat any and every food item they find on the ground
  • You may find a fox exploring a nearby village at night


  • Moved inventory and crafting table repairing into the grindstone, this will be its new home
  • Has the ability to remove all non-curse enchantments from an item; for each enchant removed some XP is reimbursed

Hero of the Village

  • Hero of the Village effect causes the cost of trades with villagers to be reduced by a percentage and scales with level of the effect.
  • Hero of the Village additionally causes Villagers to occassionally toss items to you to thank you!

Horse Leather Armor

  • Added a new armour type for horses
  • Dye it in lots of different colours

Illager Patrols

  • Spawn in the world as a pack of five random illagers
  • Spawn in all variations of the Plains, Taiga, Deserts, Savanna
  • Scary-spooky new banner can be found a top the patrol leaders head


  • The lantern is a new light source
  • The lantern can be placed either hanging under a block or on top of a block
  • It gives slightly more light than the torch


  • Right-click an empty lectern to place book
  • Right-click a lectern with book to open
  • Current page is persistent and shared between all readers
  • Emits redstone pulses when page is changed
  • Use a comparator to get book reading progress


  • New and easier way of being able to apply patterns to banners, can still only apply six max patterns to a banner
  • Generic patterns now only require one dye in order to create patterns, instead of one to eight (depending on the pattern)
  • Special banner patterns (oxeye daisy, creeper skull, wither skeleton skull, enchanted golden apple) can now be crafted. These patterns don't consume the pattern item when used in the loom
  • Old pattern recipes in the crafting table for apply patterns to banners have been removed

New Blocks

  • Added barrel
  • Added smoker
  • Added blast furnace
  • Added cartography table
  • Added fletching table
  • Added grindstone
  • Added lectern
  • Added smithing table
  • Added stonecutter
  • Added village bell

New Textures

  • Renovated the old textures of Minecraft and polished them for a new beginning
  • If you're feeling nostalgic you can always enable the old "Programmer Art" textures in the resource pack menu


  • 5 new Noteblock sounds have been added: Iron Xylophone, Cow Bell, Didgeridoo, Bit, and Banjo
  • 1 previously existing, but unused, sound effect has now been made available: Pling
  • The new Noteblock sounds can be heard by using Iron Blocks, Soul Sand, Pumpkins, Emerald Blocks, Hay Blocks, or Glowstone


  • Pandas come in different types and personalities! 
  • Pandas love bamboo! They kinda like cake as well
  • Pandas can be bred, and the cubs can inherit traits through a special panda inheritance system
  • Pandas spawn naturally in the new bamboo forest biome
  • Pandas drop bamboo when killed.


  • A new type of illager that, well, pillages!
  • Pillagers wield a new weapon, the crossbow!

Pillager Outpost

  • As if finding pillager patrols out in the wild wasn't scary enough, keep an eye out during your explorations and you may just find one of their outposts
  • Can be found in any biome villages generates in
  • Takes advantage of the new mystery block, the jigsaw, for generation


  • If you find an illager wearing a banner on its head, be careful not to kill it!
  • If you do kill it, you might find yourself facing a 'Bad Omen'
  • If you find yourself with a bad omen buff, be especially careful not to walk into a village
  • If you do walk into a village with it? Best of luck!


  • A fearsome new foe who packs quite a wallop. Grab your sword and shield and prepare to get knocked around!

Rewrite of Book and Quill Editing

  • Movable cursor for free text editing
  • Selection support
  • Copy & paste
  • Keyboard and mouse handling
  • Improved page filling and line wrapping
  • Increased book length ( pages)

Rewrite of Sign Editing

  • Movable cursor for free text editing
  • Selection support
  • Copy & paste


  • Easily buildable
  • Easily destroyable
  • Easily climbable
  • Easily the best use of your Bamboo

Smithing Table

  • Crafted with 4 planks + 2 iron ingots
  • Villagers use it as a work site


  • New furnace upgrade that allows for the smelting of foods faster than the traditional furnace
  • Can be crafted via four Logs, and one furnace
  • Added to world gen in some villager buildings


  • New functional block that provides a simpler way to craft various stones (stairs, slabs, chiseled, and more)
  • Crafted with three stone + one iron ingot

Suspicious Stew

  • Found in buried ship treasure chests
  • Also craftable!
  • Whoever eats this stew will be imbued with an unknown effect for several seconds!
  • Whoever crafts the stew will know what effect they gave it

Trading Changes

  • Lots of new trades have been added
  • Villagers now level up in a new way
  • The trading UI is updated (WIP)
  • The trading prices now depend on your reputation and on demand
  • The villagers will restock up to two times per day (if they can work at their work station!)
  • Added visual trading; villagers will display the item they want to trade for your in-hand item

Villager Changes

  • Villagers and zombie villagers now have new fancy skins
  • Added mason profession
  • Cured zombie villagers retain their trades
  • Villagers now have a daily schedule. They will for example go to work and meet up at the village bell
  • Each villager will try to find their own bed and work station
  • Each profession has a specific block that works as a work station for them (e.g. lectern for the librarian and cauldron for the leatherworker)
  • Village detection is now based on beds, job sites, and meeting points instead of doors
  • Iron Golems will spawn when enough villagers meet

Wandering Trader

  • A mysterious trader that can be randomly found around
  • Provides various random trades from a variety of different biomes
  • Is escorted around by a few llama with some sweet new decorations! (Careful! They can be temperamental)

Current page: Minecraft Java update: latest patch notes

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Version current minecraft

"Update" redirects here. For other uses, see Update (disambiguation).

"Patch" redirects here. For the terrain feature, see Random patch.

This page links to the version history lists for different development stages and editions of Minecraft.

Java Edition[]

  • Version history
    • Pre-classic (May 10 – May 16, )
    • Classic (May 16 – November 10, )
    • Indev (December 23, – February 23, )
    • Infdev (February 27 – June 30, )
    • Alpha (June 30 – December 3, )
    • Beta (December 20, – November 11, )
    • Official Release, or Java Edition (November 18, – present)
  • Development versions (September 9, – present)

Bedrock Edition[]

New Nintendo 3DS Edition[]

Education Edition[]

Pi Edition[]

Minecraft Earth[]

Minecraft Dungeons[]

Minecraft Launcher[]

Legacy Console Edition[]

  • Version history
    • Xbox Edition (May 9, – March 19, )
    • PlayStation 3 Edition (December 17, – April 15, )
    • PlayStation 4 Edition (September 4, – September 9, )
    • Xbox One Edition (September 5, – December 3, )
    • PlayStation Vita Edition (October 14, – April 15, )
    • Wii U Edition (December 17, – March 19, )
    • Nintendo Switch Edition (May 11, – June 21, )
the lost minecraft version (alpha v1.1.1)

Minecraft Version History

Minecraft is available on most platforms including PS3, PS4, Xbox , Xbox One, Pocket Edition (PE), Java Edition (PC/Mac), Windows 10, Wii U, Nintendo Switch and Education Edition. Minecraft continues to release updates that add new blocks, items and mobs to the game. Find out what's new in your version of Minecraft.

Here is the version history for Minecraft on some of the more popular platforms.

Platform Version Status

Java Edition (PC/Mac) Platform

The PC/Mac platform (later renamed to the Java Edition in ) was the first released by Mojang for the Personal Computer (PC) and Mac. It has the most complete list of features which includes game commands and cheats that are not available on other platforms. It was the first version that allowed you to program command blocks to build intricate structures or perform complex tasks. The Java Edition typically receives new features before other platforms.

This edition is designed to be controlled primarily by keyboard and mouse.

Xbox vs Xbox One Platform

Minecraft for the Xbox was released in and was the first console version of the game. Due to the hardware limitations of the Xbox , worlds were restricted in size. The Xbox One platform was later released in The improved hardware of the Xbox One allowed worlds to be much larger in size.

The Xbox and Xbox One console editions have been designed to use the standard Xbox controllers rather than keyboard and mouse.

The available blocks, items and mobs within both the Xbox and Xbox One have basically caught up now to the Java Edition version.

PS3 vs PS4 Platform

In , Minecraft was released on the PS3 and was the second console version of the game. Due to the hardware limitations of the PS3, worlds were restricted in size. The PS4 platform was later released in The improved hardware of the PS4 allowed worlds to be much larger in size.

The PS3 and PS4 console editions have been designed to use the standard PS controllers.

The available blocks, items and mobs within both the PS3 and PS4 have basically caught up now to the Java Edition version.

Pocket Edition

Minecraft Pocket Edition (PE) version was the first version to be released for mobile devices. It was designed to take advantage of the touch interface on mobile devices. Initially, features were very limited. As new updates are released, additional items, blocks and mobs have been added.

Windows 10 Platform

The Windows 10 edition of Minecraft was released in and is now compatible with Pocket Edition and Xbox One allowing users to cross platform play.

Originally, Minecraft for Windows 10 had fewer features than the Java Edition as it had to remain compatible with the Windows 10 mobile devices. It is now basically caught up to the Java Edition version.

Wii U Edition

In , Minecraft was released on the Wii U. This version is designed to use the Wii U Gamepad and the Pro Controllers, however, with the Patch 4 release you could now play with the Wii Classic Controllers.

The available blocks, items and mobs have basically caught up now to the Java Edition version.

Nintendo Switch Edition

On May 11, , Minecraft was released on the Nintendo Switch. This version is designed to use the new Nintendo Switch Controllers.

The blocks, items and mobs available in this version of Minecraft are comparable to those in the other console editions such as PS, Xbox and Wii U.

Education Edition

In , an educational version of Minecraft was released called Minecraft Education Edition. It is available to teachers and students for classroom use.

This edition is designed to be controlled primarily by keyboard and mouse.

As of February 1, , the official version of Minecraft Education was released which comes with a full complement of blocks, items, mobs and game commands.

Final Thoughts

With each release, Minecraft is bringing all of the platforms to the same feature-set. If there isn't a block, item or mob in your version of Minecraft yet, chances are, it will be added very soon.


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Morning they had to sail away on her father's boat. They wouldn't have had time to harm her in the evening. At the appointed hour, she put aside her needlework and went to bed.

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