Ios security 99

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Apple announced on Monday at its annual Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) that its upcoming iOS 15 update will give iPhone users even more insight and control over their own data. Among other updates, you’ll soon be able to see who your apps are sharing your data with; you’ll be able to stop trackers from detecting if and when you open emails; and you’ll be able to keep your internet activity moreprivate. This is good news for you, but not great news for the data brokers that use your data to make money.

To illustrate just how seriously Apple takes its users’ privacy, Apple’s senior vice president of software engineering, Craig Federighi, introduced the privacy portion of the WWDC keynote by leaving the brightly lit virtual stage from which he was introducing other new iOS products and jumping into a secret, darkened virtual room.

“Privacy is a fundamental human right,” Federighi began.

Apple

Some of Apple’s new privacy features will cost extra

But Apple users may have to pay to fully exercise that right: Two of the new features are only available for iCloud subscribers (prices range from 99 cents to $ a month, depending on how much storage you use), who will soon be enrolled in “iCloud+.” Here’s what “+” gets you:

  • Private Relay, which is Apple’s version of a virtual private network (VPN). When you use Safari, your traffic is encrypted and routed through two relays, which means no one can intercept it and no one can see where you’re going or where you’re coming from, including Apple, your internet service provider, or the website you’re visiting.
  • Hide My Email, which will let you generate a fake email address for the many websites that now force you to enter one just to use or read them, or make you sign up for accounts to do things like get a vaccination appointment. Those emails will then go to your real email inbox, but the website won’t know your real email address. But there are some limitations: From Apple’s demonstration, it only appears to work when you use Safari, Mail, and with your iCloud email address.

VPNs already cost money — it’s quite a range, but depending on which service you use and what plan you buy, you could pay $ a month or you could pay $ (there are free ones, but buyer beware) — so Apple isn’t doing anything that the industry isn’t doing already. That industry, by the way, might be in for some pain now that Apple has joined it. If you already have an iCloud — sorry, “iCloud+” — account, you’re getting something at no extra cost that you would have had to pay for otherwise.

Apple has said that it considers privacy and security to be part of the value of its devices — and it has repeatedly called that privacy a “human right” — but in these cases, that human right is going to cost a little more.

but most of them are still free

And now, the privacy improvements you won’t have to pay more for.

First up is one that will surely upset newsletter providers, because it will prevent them from tracking how many and which of their subscribers are opening their emails. Oh, you didn’t know that newsletters are tracking when and if you read them? Welcome to the world of pixels. You see, newsletters (and anyone who sends an email using an email tracker) embed tiny pixel-sized images in emails. When you open an email, you automatically download the images in it, and then the sender knows which email addresses opened the email, how often they opened it, when they opened it, and even the IP address that opened it.

This is all useful information for newsletter operators who want to know how many subscribers are actually opening their product or other details about them. But it can be abused, too. It’s not just newsletters that use this feature. So now, Apple’s Mail app will have Mail Privacy Protection, which will hide all of that information from email senders — including those poor newsletters and their prized open rates. Unlike someother Big Tech companies, Apple doesn’t appear to be getting into the newsletter game, so it has no need for these pixels. (If you don’t use Mail or don’t want to wait for iOS 15, there are still ways to block these trackers that you can turn on right now.)

And if you liked iOS 14’s App Tracking Transparency and Privacy Nutrition Labels, then you’re going to love iOS 15’s App Privacy Report. This will be a new section in your device’s privacy settings, telling you how often and when your apps use your permissions (things like accessing your location, camera, and microphone). It’s a lot like what Google introduced in Android 12 last month, which was one of the few features that wasn’t something Apple had done earlier.

But App Privacy Report goes even further than Android’s privacy dashboard. It also says which domains your apps are contacting while you use them. This will finally give the average user a way to see who else their apps are sharing their data with, though it doesn’t do anything to stop that sharing from happening in the first place. So, it’s not so good for control (although who knows what iOS 16 will bring), but it is great for transparency.

Apple

If you don’t have an iCloud(+) subscription and don’t want to or can’t pay for one, you’ll still have a free Safari privacy update that hides your IP address from trackers on websites you visit, thus making it harder for trackers to identify you as you go your merry way browsing the internet.

Finally, Siri is also getting more private. Apple’s voice assistant will now do all speech recognition processing on your device, rather than sending your audio to an Apple server for processing. That means Apple won’t have access to those recordings, which is a privacy issue for pretty much every major smart assistant out there. But that doesn’t mean that what you request stays on your device — just that the sound of you requesting it does.

Apple didn’t say when iOS 15 will roll out, or if all of these features will be present whenever it is released. Going by previous years, it’ll roll out in September, although that doesn’t mean everything announced today will come then, too. We had to wait seven months between iOS 14’s release and iOS with App Tracking Transparency. But they will come, and they will cause more disruption in the tracking industry when they do.

Sours: https://www.vox.com/recode//6/7//apple-iosprivacy-icloud

Apple Warns of 3 iOS Zero-Day Security Vulnerabilities Exploited in the Wild

iOS Zero-Day Security Vulnerabilities

Apple on Tuesday released updates for iOS, iPadOS, and tvOS with fixes for three security vulnerabilities that it says may have been actively exploited in the wild.

Reported by an anonymous researcher, the three zero-dayflaws &#; CVE, CVE, and CVE &#; could have allowed an attacker to elevate privileges and achieve remote code execution.

The iPhone maker did not disclose how widespread the attack was or reveal the identities of the attackers actively exploiting them.

Automatic GitHub Backups

While the privilege escalation bug in the kernel (CVE) was noted as a race condition that could cause a malicious application to elevate its privileges, the other two shortcomings &#; dubbed a "logic issue" &#; were discovered in the WebKit browser engine (CVE and CVE), permitting an attacker to achieve arbitrary code execution inside Safari.

Apple said the race condition and the WebKit flaws were addressed with improved locking and restrictions, respectively.

While exact details of the exploit leveraging the flaws are unlikely to be made public until the patches have been widely applied, it wouldn't be a surprise if they were chained together to carry out watering hole attacks against potential targets.

Such an attack would involve delivering the malicious code simply by visiting a compromised website that then takes advantage of the aforementioned vulnerabilities to escalate its privileges and run arbitrary commands to take control of the device.

Prevent Data Breaches

The updates are now available for iPhone 6s and later, iPad Air 2 and later, iPad mini 4 and later, and iPod touch (7th generation), as well as Apple TV 4K and Apple TV HD.

News of the latest zero-days comes after the company resolved three actively exploited vulnerabilities in November and a separate zero-day bug in iOS that was disclosed as used in a cyberespionage campaign targeting Al Jazeera journalists last year.


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Sours: https://thehackernews.com//01/apple-warns-ofios-zero-day-security.html
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 cybersecurity

With iOS , Apple has released a critical update for your iPhone that looks to patch a flaw that the Pegasus spyware exploited.

The spyware can be remotely installed on a target's iPhone or iPad, granting the person or organization who installed it full access to the device and all the data it holds -- without the owner taking any action. That includes text messages, emails and even recording phone calls. Pegasus was originally designed, and is marketed by its creator the NSO Group, to monitor criminals and terrorists.

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While's there probably little chance a government entity would install Pegasus on your iPhone to monitor your activities, if you are curious, there's a free tool that allows you to check your iPhone or iPad with a few clicks. To be clear, the odds of your iPhone or iPad being infected by the Pegasus Spyware are low. That said, if you want peace of mind -- just in case -- here's what you need to do, along with installing the iOS update.

Now playing:Watch this: We go hands-on with Apple's new $99 MagSafe Battery Pack

Download and install iMazing's app on your Mac or PC

iMazing recently updated its desktop app to include Amnesty International's Mobile Verification Toolkit, which was built to detect signs of Pegasus on a device and isn't charging users for access to the feature. 

Download iMazing for your computer from the company's website. Don't worry about buying the app: You can run the full spyware test using just the free trial.

Install iMazing and open it. When prompted, select the free trial. 

how-to-run-imazing-spyware-tool

How to run the Pegasus Spyware scan on your iPhone or iPad

With iMazing installed and running, connect your iPhone or iPad to the computer. You may have to enter the Lock Screen code on your device to approve the connection before proceeding (something to keep in mind if your iPhone or iPad isn't showing up in iMazing). 

Next, scroll down through the action options on the right-hand side of iMazing until you locate Detect Spyware; click it. 

A new window will open, guiding you through the process. The tool works by creating a local backup of your device (so you'll need to make sure you have enough storage space for the backup), and then analyzing that backup. It's an automated task, so you don't have to stick around to monitor it once you click start. 

iMazing suggests leaving all of the default settings in place as you click through each screen. There are configuration options built into the tool for advanced users, but for most of us (including myself), the default configuration settings will get the job done. 

After going through the basic configuration, you'll need to accept a license for the tool and then click the Start Analysis button. 

Once the process starts, make sure you leave your iPhone or iPad connected until it's finished. I ran the test on my iPhone 12 Pro and it took around 30 minutes to create the backup and another five minutes for it to be analyzed. After the backup was created, I did have to enter my account password to allow iMazing to begin analyzing the file. Because of that, I recommend starting the tool and checking on it after a while. 

Once iMazing begins analyzing your device's backup, it'll show you its progress by displaying each individual app it's checking, starting with iMessage. The app is using a database of known "malicious email addresses, links, process names and file names"

When iMazing finishes, you'll see an alert with the results. In my case, my iPhone 12 Pro showed no signs of infection and had 0 warnings. 

The alert also includes two buttons to open or reveal the report. I looked through my report, and it contained a bunch of random links that meant nothing to me. 

imazing-spyware-check-results.png

What to do if the iMazing app says your device has signs of an infection

First of all, don't panic. It could be a false positive. If this happens, iMazing asks that you send the report (click Reveal Report to go directly to the file) to its customer support team for further analysis. The company does suggest, however, that if you or a family member are active in a "politically sensitive context" and have a positive report to immediately remove your SIM card and turn off your iPhone or iPad.

If your phone is not infected, you still want to install the latest update on your iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch and Mac, which addresses the vulnerability.

For more security tips, double-check these settings. For added privacy, go through these steps.

Sours: https://www.cnet.com/tech/mobile/new-iphone-security-patch-in-ioshow-to-scan-for-pegasus-spyware-on-your-phone/
Behind the Scenes of iOS Security

About the security content of iOS

Released January 22,

AppleKeyStore

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A sandboxed process may be able to circumvent sandbox restrictions

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved validation.

CVE Brandon Azad

Bluetooth

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: An attacker in a privileged network position may be able to execute arbitrary code

Description: An out-of-bounds read was addressed with improved input validation.

CVE an anonymous researcher

Core Media

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to elevate privileges

Description: An out-of-bounds read was addressed with improved bounds checking.

CVE Fluoroacetate working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

CVE Fluoroacetate working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

CoreAnimation

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to read restricted memory

Description: An out-of-bounds read was addressed with improved bounds checking.

CVE Zhuo Liang of Qihoo Nirvan Team

CoreAnimation

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to break out of its sandbox

Description: A memory initialization issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Proteas, Shrek_wzw and Zhuo Liang of Qihoo Nirvan Team

FaceTime

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A remote attacker may be able to initiate a FaceTime call causing arbitrary code execution

Description: A buffer overflow issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE natashenka of Google Project Zero

IOKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to break out of its sandbox

Description: A type confusion issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Ian Beer of Google Project Zero

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to elevate privileges

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved validation.

CVE Brandon Azad of Google Project Zero, Qixun Zhao of Qihoo Vulcan Team

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to execute arbitrary code with kernel privileges

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved input validation.

CVE Ned Williamson of Google

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may cause unexpected changes in memory shared between processes

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved lock state checking.

CVE Ian Beer of Google Project Zero

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: An application may be able to execute arbitrary code with kernel privileges

Description: A buffer overflow was addressed with improved bounds checking.

CVE Ian Beer of Google Project Zero

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to determine kernel memory layout

Description: An out-of-bounds read issue existed that led to the disclosure of kernel memory. This was addressed with improved input validation.

CVE Brandon Azad of Google Project Zero

Kernel

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may cause unexpected changes in memory shared between processes

Description: A memory initialization issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Jann Horn of Google Project Zero

Keyboard

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Password autofill may fill in passwords after they were manually cleared

Description: An issue existed with autofill resuming after it was canceled.  The issue was addressed with improved state management.

CVE Sergey Pershenkov

libxpc

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A malicious application may be able to execute arbitrary code with kernel privileges

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved input validation.

CVE Ian Beer of Google Project Zero

Natural Language Processing

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing a maliciously crafted message may lead to a denial of service

Description: A denial of service issue was addressed with improved validation.

CVE Authier Thomas

Safari Reader

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to a cross site scripting attack

Description: A cross-site scripting issue existed in Safari. This issue was addressed with improved URL validation.

CVE Ryan Pickren (ryanpickren.com)

SQLite

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: A maliciously crafted SQL query may lead to arbitrary code execution

Description: Multiple memory corruption issues were addressed with improved input validation.

CVE Tencent Blade Team

CVE Tencent Blade Team

CVE Tencent Blade Team

WebKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to arbitrary code execution

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Qixun Zhao of Qihoo Vulcan Team

CVE G. Geshev from MWR Labs working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

CVE G. Geshev from MWR Labs working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

WebKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to universal cross site scripting

Description: A logic issue was addressed with improved validation.

CVE Ryan Pickren (ryanpickren.com)

WebKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to arbitrary code execution

Description: A type confusion issue was addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Lokihardt of Google Project Zero

WebKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to arbitrary code execution

Description: Multiple memory corruption issues were addressed with improved memory handling.

CVE Mike Zhang from The Pangu team, Wen Xu of SSLab at Georgia Tech

CVE Fluoroacetate working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

CVE Fluoroacetate working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative, Proteas, Shrek_wzw, and Zhuo Liang of Qihoo Nirvan Team

CVE Apple

Entry updated February 15,

WebKit

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may disclose sensitive user information

Description: A logic issue was addressed with improved state management.

CVE James Lee (@Windowsrcer) of S2SWWW.com

Entry added April 3, , updated September 11,

WebRTC

Available for: iPhone 5s and later, iPad Air and later, and iPod touch 6th generation

Impact: Processing maliciously crafted web content may lead to arbitrary code execution

Description: A memory corruption issue was addressed with improved state management.

CVE Georgi Geshev (@munmap), Fabi Beterke (@pwnfl4k3s), and Rob Miller (@trotmaster99) of MWR Labs (@mwrlabs) working with Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative

Sours: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT

Security 99 ios

Announcing the iOS/iPadOS Security Configuration Framework

As mobile usage becomes more prevalent, so does the need to protect your work or school data on those devices. In March , we introduced the App Protection Policy Data Protection Framework to help organizations determine which Intune app protection policy settings they should deploy to protect work or school account data within the apps.

 

In June , we expanded the framework by including recommendations for enrolled Android Enterprise devices by introducing the Android Enterprise Security Configuration Framework to manage device compliance and device restriction settings.

 

Today, I am happy to announce that we’re expanding the framework to also include recommendations for enrolled iOS/iPadOS devices. iOS/iPadOS supports several enrollment scenarios, two of which are covered as part of this framework:

When configuring device compliance and configuration policies, the number of various settings and options enable organizations to tailor protection to their specific needs. Due to this flexibility, it may not be obvious which permutation of policy settings is required to implement a complete scenario. To help organizations prioritize client endpoint hardening, Microsoft has introduced a new taxonomy for security configurations in Windows 10, and Intune is leveraging a similar taxonomy for its iOS/iPadOS security configuration framework.

 

The iOS/iPadOS security configuration framework is organized into several distinct configuration scenarios, providing guidance for personally owned and supervised devices.

 

For personally owned devices:

  • Basic security (Level 1) – Microsoft recommends this configuration as the minimum security configuration for personal devices where users access work or school data. This is done by enforcing password policies, device lock characteristics, and disabling certain device functions (e.g., untrusted certificates).
  • Enhanced security (Level 2) – Microsoft recommends this configuration for devices where users access sensitive or confidential information. This configuration enacts data sharing controls. This configuration is applicable to most mobile users accessing work or school data on a device.
  • High security (Level 3) – Microsoft recommends this configuration for devices used by specific users or groups who are uniquely high risk (users who handle highly sensitive data where unauthorized disclosure causes considerable material loss to the organization). This configuration enacts stronger password policies, disables certain device functions, and enforces additional data transfer restrictions.

For supervised devices:

  • Basic security (Level 1) – Microsoft recommends this configuration as the minimum security configuration for supervised devices where users access work or school data. This is done by enforcing password policies, device lock characteristics, and disabling certain device functions (e.g., untrusted certificates).
  • Enhanced security (Level 2) – Microsoft recommends this configuration for devices where users access sensitive or confidential information. This configuration enacts data sharing controls and blocks access to USB devices. This configuration is applicable to most mobile users accessing work or school data on a device.
  • High security (Level 3) – Microsoft recommends this configuration for devices used by specific users or groups who are uniquely high risk (users who handle highly sensitive data where unauthorized disclosure causes considerable material loss to the organization). This configuration enacts stronger password policies, disables certain device functions, enforces additional data transfer restrictions, and requires apps to be installed through Apple’s volume purchase program.

To see the specific recommendations for each configuration level, review the iOS/iPadOS Security Configuration Framework. 

 

As with any framework, settings within a corresponding level may need to be adjusted based on the needs of the organization as security must evaluate the threat environment, risk appetite, and impact to usability. 

 

We hope this framework helps you when evaluating what iOS/iPadOS settings to deploy in your environment. As always, if you have questions, please let us know.

 


Principal Program Manager
Customer Experience Engineering

Sours: https://techcommunity.microsoft.com/t5/intune-customer-success/announcing-the-ios-ipados-security-configuration-framework/ba-p/
I switched to iPhone - This is what I found out.

List of available trusted root certificates in iOS 12, macOS , watchOS 5, and tvOS 12

Certificate nameIssued byTypeKey sizeSig algSerial numberExpiresEV policyFingerprint (SHA)AAA Certificate Services AAA Certificate Services RSA  bits SHA-1 01  Dec 31,  Not EV D7 A7 A0 FB 5D 7E 27 31 D7 71 E9 48 4E BC DE F7 1D 5F 0C 3E 0A 29 48 78 2B C8 3E E0 EA 69 9E F4 AC RAIZ FNMT-RCM AC RAIZ FNMT-RCM RSA  bits SHA 5D 93 8D 30 67 36 C8 06 1D 1A C7 54 84 69 07  Jan 1,  Not EV EB C5 57 0C 29 01 8C 4D 67 B1 AA 12 7B AF 12 F7 03 B4 61 1E BC 17 B7 DA B5 57 38 94 17 9B 93 FA Actalis Authentication Root CA Actalis Authentication Root CA RSA  bits SHA 57 0A 11 97 42 C4 E3 CC  Sep 22,   55 92 60 84 EC 96 3A 64 B9 6E 2A BE 01 CE 0B A8 6A 64 FB FE BC C7 AA B5 AF C1 55 B3 7F D7 60 66 AddTrust Class 1 CA Root AddTrust Class 1 CA Root RSA  bits SHA-1 01  May 30,  Not EV 8C 72 09 27 9A C0 4E 27 5E 16 D0 7F D3 B7 75 E8 01 54 B5 96 80 46 E3 1F 52 DD 25 76 63 24 E9 A7 AddTrust External CA Root AddTrust External CA Root RSA  bits SHA-1 01  May 30,    68 7F A4 51 38 22 78 FF F0 C8 B1 1F 8D 43 D5 76 67 1C 6E B2 BC EA B4 13 FB 83 D9 65 D0 6D 2F F2 Admin-Root-CA Admin-Root-CA RSA  bits SHA-1 3B F3 81 D0  Nov 10,  Not EV A3 1F 09 30 53 BD 12 C1 F5 C3 C6 EF D4 98 02 3F D2 91 4D 77 58 D0 5D 69 8C E0 84 B5 06 26 E0 E5 AffirmTrust Commercial AffirmTrust Commercial RSA  bits SHA 77 77 06 27 26 A9 B1 7C  Dec 31,   03 76 AB 1D 54 C5 F9 80 3C E4 B2 E2 01 A0 EE 7E EF 7B 57 B6 36 E8 A9 3C 9B 8D 48 60 C9 6F 5F A7 AffirmTrust Networking AffirmTrust Networking RSA  bits SHA-1 7C 4F 04 39 1C D4 99 2D  Dec 31,   0A 81 EC 5A 92 97 77 F1 45 90 4A F3 8D 5D 50 9F 66 B5 E2 C5 8F CD B5 31 05 8B 0E 17 F3 F0 B4 1B AffirmTrust Premium ECC AffirmTrust Premium ECC ECDSA  bits SHA 74 97 25 8A C7 3F 7A 54  Dec 31,   BD 71 FD F6 DA 97 E4 CF 62 D1 64 7A DD 25 81 B0 7D 79 AD F8 39 7E B4 EC BA 9C 5E 84 88 82 14 23 AffirmTrust Premium AffirmTrust Premium RSA  bits SHA 6D 8C 14 46 B1 A6 0A EE  Dec 31,   70 A7 3F 7F 37 6B 60 07 42 48 90 45 34 B1 14 82 D5 BF 0E 69 8E CC 49 8D F5 25 77 EB F2 E9 3B 9A Amazon Root CA 1 Amazon Root CA 1 RSA  bits SHA 06 6C 9F CF 99 BF 8C 0A 39 E2 F0 78 8A 43 E6 96 36 5B CA  Jan 17,   8E CD E6 88 4F 3D 87 B1 12 5B A3 1A C3 FC B1 3D 70 16 DE 7F 57 CC 90 4F E1 CB 97 C6 AE 98 19 6E Amazon Root CA 2 Amazon Root CA 2 RSA  bits SHA 06 6C 9F D2 96 35 86 9F 0A 0F E5 86 78 F8 5B 26 BB 8A 37  May 26,   1B A5 B2 AA 8C 65 40 1A 82 96 01 18 F8 0B EC 4F 62 30 4D 83 CE C4 71 3A 19 C3 9C 01 1E A4 6D B4 Amazon Root CA 3 Amazon Root CA 3 ECDSA  bits SHA 06 6C 9F D5 74 97 36 66 3F 3B 0B 9A D9 E8 9E 76 03 F2 4A  May 26,   18 CE 6C FE 7B F1 4E 60 B2 E3 47 B8 DF E8 68 CB 31 D0 2E BB 3A DA 27 15 69 F5 03 43 B4 6D B3 A4 Amazon Root CA 4 Amazon Root CA 4 ECDSA  bits SHA 06 6C 9F D7 C1 BB 10 4C 29 43 E5 71 7B 7B 2C C8 1A C1 0E  May 26,   E3 5D 28 41 9E D0 20 25 CF A6 90 38 CD 62 39 62 45 8D A5 C6 95 FB DE A3 C2 2B 0B FB 25 89 70 92 ANF Global Root CA ANF Global Root CA RSA  bits SHA 01 3F 2F 31 77 E6  Jun 5,   E3 26 8F 61 06 BA 8B 66 5A 1A 96 2D DE A1 45 9D 2A 46 97 2F 1F 24 40 32 9B 39 0B 89 57 49 AD 45 Apple Root CA - G2 Apple Root CA - G2 RSA  bits SHA 01 E0 E5 B5 83 67 A3 E0  Apr 30,  Not EV C2 B9 B0 42 DD 57 83 0E 7D 11 7D AC 55 AC 8A E1 94 07 D3 8E 41 D8 8F 32 15 BC 3A 89 04 44 A0 50 Apple Root CA - G3 Apple Root CA - G3 ECDSA  bits SHA 2D C5 FC 88 D2 C5 4B 95  Apr 30,  Not EV 63 34 3A BF B8 9A 6A 03 EB B5 7E 9B 3F 5F A7 BE 7C 4F 5C 75 6F 30 17 B3 A8 C4 88 C3 65 3E 91 79 Apple Root CA Apple Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 02  Feb 9,  Not EV B0 B1 73 0E CB C7 FF 45 05 14 2C 49 F1 29 5E 6E DA 6B CA ED 7E 2C 68 C5 BE 91 B5 A1 10 01 F0 24 Apple Root Certificate Authority Apple Root Certificate Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 01  Feb 10,  Not EV 0D 83 B6 11 B6 48 A1 A7 5E B8 55 84 00 79 53 75 CA D9 2E 26 4E D8 E9 D7 A7 57 C1 F5 EE 2B B2 2D ApplicationCA2 Root ApplicationCA2 Root RSA  bits SHA 31 32 35 33 37 32 38 32 38 32 38  Mar 12,  Not EV 12 6B F0 1C 10 94 D2 F0 CA 2E 35 23 80 B3 C7 24 29 45 46 CC C6 55 97 BE F7 F1 2D 8A 17 1F 19 84 Atos TrustedRoot  Atos TrustedRoot  RSA  bits SHA 5C 33 CB 62 2C 5F B3 32  Dec 31,  Not EV F3 56 BE A2 44 B7 A9 1E B3 5D 53 CA 9A D7 86 4A CE 01 8E 2D 35 D5 F8 F9 6D DF 68 A6 F4 1A A4 74 Autoridad de Certificacion Firmaprofesional CIF A Autoridad de Certificacion Firmaprofesional CIF A RSA  bits SHA-1 53 EC 3B EE FB B2 48 5F  Dec 31,   04 04 80 28 BF 1F 28 64 D4 8F 9A D4 D8 32 94 36 6A 82 88 56 55 3F 3B 14 30 3F 90 14 7F 5D 40 EF Autoridad de Certificacion Raiz del Estado Venezolano Autoridad de Certificacion Raiz del Estado Venezolano RSA  bits SHA 01  Dec 17,  Not EV 0E D3 FF AB 6C 14 9C 8B 4E 71 05 8E 86 68 D4 29 AB FD A6 81 C2 FF F5 08 20 76 41 F0 D7 51 A3 E5 Baltimore CyberTrust Root Baltimore CyberTrust Root RSA  bits SHA-1 02 00 00 B9  May 12,   16 AF 57 A9 F6 76 B0 AB 12 60 95 AA 5E BA DE F2 2A B3 11 19 D6 44 AC 95 CD 4B 93 DB F3 F2 6A EB Belgium Root CA2 Belgium Root CA2 RSA  bits SHA-1 2A FF BE 9F A2 F0 E9 87  Dec 15,  Not EV 9F 97 44 46 3B E1 37 14 75 4E 1A 3B EC F9 8C 08 CC 20 5E 4A B3 20 28 F4 E2 83 0C 4A 1B 27 75 B8 Buypass Class 2 Root CA Buypass Class 2 Root CA RSA  bits SHA 02  Oct 26,  Not EV 9A 11 40 25 19 7C 5B B9 5D 94 E6 3D 55 CD 43 79 08 47 B6 46 B2 3C DF 11 AD A4 A0 0E FF 15 FB 48 Buypass Class 3 Root CA Buypass Class 3 Root CA RSA  bits SHA 02  Oct 26,   ED F7 EB BC A2 7A 2A 38 4D 38 7B 7D 40 10 C6 66 E2 ED B4 84 3E 4C 29 B4 AE 1D 5B 93 32 E6 B2 4D CA Disig Root R1 CA Disig Root R1 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 C3 03 9A EE 50 90 6E 28  Jul 19,  Not EV F9 6F 23 F4 C3 E7 9C 07 7A 46 98 8D 5A F5 90 06 76 A0 F0 39 CB 64 5D D1 75 49 B2 16 C8 24 40 CE CA Disig Root R2 CA Disig Root R2 RSA  bits SHA 00 92 B8 88 DB B0 8A C1 63  Jul 19,  Not EV E2 3D 4A 03 6D 7B 70 E9 F5 95 B1 42 20 79 D2 B9 1E DF BB 1F B6 51 A0 63 3E AA 8A 9D C5 F8 07 03 Certigna Certigna RSA  bits SHA-1 00 FE DC E3 01 0F C9 48 FF  Jun 29,   E3 B6 A2 DB 2E D7 CE 48 84 2F 7A C5 32 41 C7 B7 1D 54 14 4B FB 40 C1 1F 3F 1D 0B 42 F5 EE A1 2D Certinomis - Autorité Racine Certinomis - Autorité Racine RSA  bits SHA-1 01  Sep 17,  Not EV FC BF E2 88 62 06 F7 2B 27 59 3C 8B 07 02 97 E1 2D 76 9E D1 0E D7 93 07 05 A8 09 8E FF C1 4D 17 Certinomis - Root CA Certinomis - Root CA RSA  bits SHA 01  Oct 21,  Not EV 2A 99 F5 BC 11 74 B7 3C BB 1D 62 08 84 E0 1C 34 E5 1C CB 39 78 DA 12 5F 0E 33 26 88 83 BF 41 58 Certplus Root CA G1 Certplus Root CA G1 RSA  bits SHA 11 20 55 83 E4 2D 3E 54 56 85 2D 83 37 B7 2C DC 46 11  Jan 15,   15 2A 40 2B FC DF 2C D5 48 05 4D 22 75 B3 9C 7F CA 3E C0 97 80 78 B0 F0 EA 76 E5 61 A6 C7 43 3E Certplus Root CA G2 Certplus Root CA G2 ECDSA  bits SHA 11 20 D9 91 CE AE A3 E8 C5 E7 FF E9 02 AF CF 73 BC 55  Jan 15,   6C C0 50 41 E6 44 5E 74 69 6C 4C FB C9 F8 0F 54 3B 7E AB BB 44 B4 CE 6F 78 7C 6A 99 71 C4 2F 17 certSIGN ROOT CA certSIGN ROOT CA RSA  bits SHA-1 20 06 05 16 70 02  Jul 4,  Not EV EA A9 62 C4 FA 4A 6B AF EB E4 15 19 6D 35 1C CD 88 8D 4F 53 F3 FA 8A E6 D7 C4 66 A9 4E 60 42 BB Certum CA Certum CA RSA  bits SHA-1 01 00 20  Jun 11,   D8 E0 FE BC 1D B2 E3 8D 00 94 0F 37 D2 7D 41 34 4D 99 3E 73 4B 99 D5 65 6D 97 78 D4 D8 14 36 24 Certum Trusted Network CA 2 Certum Trusted Network CA 2 RSA  bits SHA 21 D6 D0 4A 4F 25 0F C9 32 37 FC AA 5E 12 8D E9  Oct 6,   B6 76 F2 ED DA E8 77 5C D3 6C B0 F6 3C D1 D4 60 39 61 F4 9E 62 65 BA 01 3A 2F 03 07 B6 D0 B8 04 Certum Trusted Network CA Certum Trusted Network CA RSA  bits SHA-1 04 44 C0  Dec 31,   5C 58 46 8D 55 F5 8E 49 7E 74 39 82 D2 B5 00 10 B6 D1 65 37 4A CF 83 A7 D4 A3 2D B7 68 C4 40 8E CFCA EV ROOT CFCA EV ROOT RSA  bits SHA 18 4A CC D6  Dec 31,   5C C3 D7 8E 4E 1D 5E 45 54 7A 04 E6 87 3E 64 F9 0C F9 53 6D 1C CC 2E F8 00 F3 55 C4 C5 FD 70 FD Chambers of Commerce Root -  Chambers of Commerce Root -  RSA  bits SHA-1 00 A3 DA 42 7E A4 B1 AE DA  Jul 31,   06 3E 4A FA C4 91 DF D3 32 F3 08 9B 85 42 E9 46 17 D8 93 D7 FE 94 4E 10 A7 93 7E E2 9D 96 93 C0 Chambers of Commerce Root Chambers of Commerce Root RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Sep 30,  Not EV 0C 25 8A 12 A5 67 4A EF 25 F2 8B A7 DC FA EC EE A3 48 E5 41 E6 F5 CC 4E E6 3B 71 B3 61 60 6A C3 Cisco Root CA  Cisco Root CA  RSA  bits SHA-1 5F F8 7B 28 2B 54 DC 8D 42 A3 15 B5 68 C9 AD FF  May 14,  Not EV 83 27 BC 8C 9D 69 94 7B 3D E3 C2 75 11 53 72 67 F5 9C 21 B9 FA 7B 61 3F AF BC CD 53 B7 02 40 00 Class 2 Primary CA Class 2 Primary CA RSA  bits SHA-1 00 85 BD 4B F3 D8 DA E3 69 F6 94 D7 5F C3 A5 44 23  Jul 6,   0F 99 3C 8A EF 97 BA AF 56 87 14 0E D5 9A D1 82 1B B4 AF AC F0 AA 9A 58 B5 D5 7A 33 8A 3A FB CB COMODO Certification Authority COMODO Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 4E 81 2D 8A 82 65 E0 0B 02 EE 3E 35 02 46 E5 3D  Dec 31,   0C 2C D6 3D F7 80 6F A3 99 ED E8 09 11 6B 57 5B F8 79 89 F0 65 18 F9 80 8C 86 05 03 17 8B AF 66 COMODO ECC Certification Authority COMODO ECC Certification Authority ECDSA  bits SHA 1F 47 AF AA 62 00 70 50 54 4C 01 9E 9B 63 99 2A  Jan 18,   17 93 92 7A 06 14 54 97 89 AD CE 2F 8F 34 F7 F0 B6 6D 0F 3A E3 A3 B8 4D 21 EC 15 DB BA 4F AD C7 COMODO RSA Certification Authority COMODO RSA Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 4C AA F9 CA DB 63 6F E0 1F F7 4E D8 5B 03 86 9D  Jan 18,   52 F0 E1 C4 E5 8E C6 29 29 1B 60 31 7F 07 46 71 B8 5D 7E A8 0D 5B 07 27 34 63 53 4B 32 B4 02 34 ComSign CA ComSign CA RSA  bits SHA-1 14 13 96 83 14 55 8C EA 7B 63 E5 FC 34 87 77 44  Mar 19,  Not EV AE 44 57 B4 0D 9E DA 96 67 7B 0D 3C 92 D5 7B 51 77 AB D7 AC 10 37 95 83 56 D1 E0 94 51 8B E5 F2 ComSign Global Root CA ComSign Global Root CA RSA  bits SHA 00 8F 61 71 15 BA 79 58 17 8C 7D 11 3A AC D6 DB AE  Jul 16,  Not EV 26 05 87 5A FC C1 76 B2 D6 6D D6 6A 99 5D 7F 8D 5E BB 86 CE 12 0D 0E 7E 9E 7C 6E F2 94 A2 7D 4C ComSign Secured CA ComSign Secured CA RSA  bits SHA-1 00 C7 28 47 09 B3 B8 6C 45 8C 1D FA 24 F5 36 4E E9  Mar 16,  Not EV 50 79 41 C7 44 60 A0 B4 70 86 22 0D 4E 99 32 57 2A B5 D1 B5 BB CB 89 80 AB 1C B1 76 51 A8 44 D2 D-TRUST Root CA 3  D-TRUST Root CA 3  RSA  bits SHA 0F DD AC  Sep 20,  Not EV A1 A8 6D 04 12 1E B8 7F 02 7C 66 F5 33 03 C2 8E 57 39 F9 43 FC 84 B3 8A D6 AF 00 90 35 DD 94 57 D-TRUST Root Class 3 CA 2  D-TRUST Root Class 3 CA 2  RSA  bits SHA 09 83 F3  Nov 5,  Not EV 49 E7 A4 42 AC F0 EA 62 87 05 00 54 B5 25 64 B6 50 E4 F4 9E 42 E3 48 D6 AA 38 E0 39 E9 57 B1 C1 D-TRUST Root Class 3 CA 2 EV  D-TRUST Root Class 3 CA 2 EV  RSA  bits SHA 09 83 F4  Nov 5,   EE C5 49 6B 98 8C E9 86 25 B9 34 09 2E EC 29 08 BE D0 B0 F3 16 C2 D4 73 0C 84 EA F1 F3 D3 48 81 Deutsche Telekom Root CA 2 Deutsche Telekom Root CA 2 RSA  bits SHA-1 26  Jul 9,  Not EV B6 19 1A 50 D0 C3 97 7F 7D A9 9B CD AA C8 6A 22 7D AE B9 67 9E C7 0B A3 B0 C9 D9 22 71 C1 70 D3 DigiCert Assured ID Root CA DigiCert Assured ID Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 0C E7 E0 E5 17 D8 46 FE 8F E5 60 FC 1B F0 30 39  Nov 10,  Not EV 3E 90 99 B5 01 5E 8F 48 6C 00 BC EA 9D 11 1E E7 21 FA BA 35 5A 89 BC F1 DF 69 56 1E 3D C6 32 5C DigiCert Assured ID Root G2 DigiCert Assured ID Root G2 RSA  bits SHA 0B 93 1C 3A D6 39 67 EA 67 23 BF C3 AF 9A F4 4B  Jan 15,   7D 05 EB B6 82 33 9F 8C 94 51 EE 09 4E EB FE FA 79 53 A1 14 ED B2 F4 49 49 45 2F AB 7D 2F C1 85 DigiCert Assured ID Root G3 DigiCert Assured ID Root G3 ECDSA  bits SHA 0B A1 5A FA 1D DF A0 B5 49 44 AF CD 24 A0 6C EC  Jan 15,   7E 37 CB 8B 4C 47 09 0C AB 36 55 1B A6 F4 5D B8 40 68 0F BA 16 6A 95 2D B1 00 71 7F 43 05 3F C2 DigiCert Global Root CA DigiCert Global Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 08 3B E0 56 90 42 46 B1 A1 75 6A C9 59 91 C7 4A  Nov 10,  Not EV 43 48 A0 E9 44 4C 78 CB 26 5E 05 8D 5E 89 44 B4 D8 4F 96 62 BD 26 DB 25 7F 89 34 A4 43 C7 01 61 DigiCert Global Root G2 DigiCert Global Root G2 RSA  bits SHA 03 3A F1 E6 A7 11 A9 A0 BB 28 64 B1 1D 09 FA E5  Jan 15,   CB 3C CB B7 60 31 E5 E0 13 8F 8D D3 9A 23 F9 DE 47 FF C3 5E 43 C1 14 4C EA 27 D4 6A 5A B1 CB 5F DigiCert Global Root G3 DigiCert Global Root G3 ECDSA  bits SHA 05 55 56 BC F2 5E A4 35 35 C3 A4 0F D5 AB 45 72  Jan 15,   31 AD 66 48 F8 10 41 38 C7 38 F3 9E A4 32 01 33 39 3E 3A 18 CC 02 29 6E F9 7C 2A C9 EF 67 31 D0 DigiCert High Assurance EV Root CA DigiCert High Assurance EV Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 02 AC 5C 26 6A 0B 40 9B 8F 0B 79 F2 AE 46 25 77  Nov 10,    74 31 E5 F4 C3 C1 CE 46 90 77 4F 0B 61 E0 54 40 88 3B A9 A0 1E D0 0B A6 AB D7 80 6E D3 B1 18 CF DigiCert Trusted Root G4 DigiCert Trusted Root G4 RSA  bits SHA 05 9B 1B 57 9E 8E 21 32 E2 39 07 BD A7 77 75 5C  Jan 15,   55 2F 7B DC F1 A7 AF 9E 6C E6 72 01 7F 4F 12 AB F7 72 40 C7 8E 76 1A C2 03 D1 D9 D2 0A C8 99 88 DST Root CA X3 DST Root CA X3 RSA  bits SHA-1 44 AF B0 80 D6 A3 27 BA 89 30 39 86 2E F8 40 6B  Sep 30,  Not EV 06 87 26 03 31 A7 24 03 D9 09 F1 05 E6 9B CF 0D 32 E1 BD 24 93 FF C6 D9 20 6D 11 BC D6 77 07 39 DST Root CA X4 DST Root CA X4 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 D0 1E 46 50 00 00 29 8C 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 02  Sep 13,  Not EV 9A 73 92 9A 50 0F 1A 0B F4 9D CB 04 6E 80 39 16 96 96 55 73 45 E9 F8 13 F1 0F F9 38 0D B2 26 95 E-Tugra Certification Authority E-Tugra Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 6A 68 3E 9C 51 9B CB 53  Mar 3,   B0 BF D5 2B B0 D7 D9 BD 92 BF 5D 4D C1 3D A2 55 C0 2C 54 2F 37 83 65 EA 89 39 11 F5 5E 55 F2 3C Echoworx Root CA2 Echoworx Root CA2 RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Oct 7,  Not EV 66 39 D1 3C AB 85 DF 1A D9 A2 3C 44 3B 3A 60 90 1E 2B 13 8D 45 6F A7 11 83 57 81 08 88 4E C6 BF EE Certification Centre Root CA EE Certification Centre Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 54 80 F9 A0 73 ED 3F 00 4C CA 89 D8 E3 71 E6 4A  Dec 17,  Not EV 3E 84 BA 43 42 90 85 16 E7 75 73 C0 99 2F 09 79 CA 08 4E 46 85 68 1F F1 95 CC BA 8A 22 9B 8A 76 Entrust Root Certification Authority - EC1 Entrust Root Certification Authority - EC1 ECDSA  bits SHA 00 A6 8B 79 29 00 00 00 00 50 D0 91 F9  Dec 18,   02 ED 0E B2 8C 14 DA 45 16 5C 56 67 91 70 0D 64 51 D7 FB 56 F0 B2 AB 1D 3B 8E B0 70 E5 6E DF F5 Entrust Root Certification Authority - G2 Entrust Root Certification Authority - G2 RSA  bits SHA 4A 53 8C 28  Dec 7,   43 DF 57 74 B0 3E 7F EF 5F E4 0D 93 1A 7B ED F1 BB 2E 6B 42 73 8C 4E 6D 38 41 10 3D 3A A7 F3 39 Entrust Root Certification Authority Entrust Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 45 6B 50 54  Nov 27,   73 C1 76 43 4F 1B C6 D5 AD F4 5B 0E 76 E7 27 28 7C 8D E5 76 16 C1 E6 E6 14 1A 2B 2C BC 7D 8E 4C Entrust.net Certification Authority () Entrust.net Certification Authority () RSA  bits SHA-1 38 63 B9 66  Dec 24,  Not EV D1 C3 39 EA 27 84 EB 87 0F 93 4F C5 63 4E 4A A9 AD 55 05 01 64 01 F2 64 65 D3 7A 57 46 63 35 9F Entrust.net Certification Authority () Entrust.net Certification Authority () RSA  bits SHA-1 38 63 DE F8  Jul 24,   6D C4 71 72 E0 1C BC B0 BF 62 58 0D 89 5F E2 B8 AC 9A D4 F8 73 80 1E 0C 10 B9 C8 37 D2 1E B1 77 ePKI Root Certification Authority ePKI Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 15 C8 BD 65 47 5C AF B8 97 00 5E E4 06 D2 BC 9D  Dec 20,  Not EV C0 A6 F4 DC 63 A2 4B FD CF 54 EF 2A 6A 08 2A 0A 72 DE 35 80 3E 2F F5 FF 52 7A E5 D8 72 06 DF D5 GeoTrust Global CA GeoTrust Global CA RSA  bits SHA-1 02 34 56  May 21,  Not EV FF 85 6A 2D 25 1D CD 88 D3 66 56 F4 50 12 67 98 CF AB AA DE 40 79 9C 72 2D E4 D2 B5 DB 36 A7 3A GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G2 GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G2 ECDSA  bits SHA 3C B2 F4 48 0A 00 E2 FE EB 24 3B 5E 60 3E C3 6B  Jan 18,   5E DB 7A C4 3B 82 A0 6A 87 61 E8 D7 BE 49 79 EB F2 61 1F 7D D7 9B F9 1C 1C 6B 56 6A 21 9E D7 66 GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G3 GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority - G3 RSA  bits SHA 15 AC 6E 94 19 B2 79 4B 41 F6 27 A9 C3 18 0F 1F  Dec 1,   B4 78 B8 12 25 0D F8 78 63 5C 2A A7 EC 7D 15 5E AA 62 5E E8 29 16 E2 CD 29 43 61 88 6C D1 FB D4 GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority GeoTrust Primary Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 18 AC B5 6A FD 69 B6 15 3A 63 6C AF DA FA C4 A1  Jul 16,   37 D5 10 06 C5 12 EA AB 62 64 21 F1 EC 8C 92 01 3F C5 F8 2A E9 8E E5 33 EB 46 19 B8 DE B4 D0 6C Global Chambersign Root -  Global Chambersign Root -  RSA  bits SHA-1 00 C9 CD D3 E9 D5 7D 23 CE  Jul 31,   13 63 35 43 93 34 A7 69 80 16 A0 D3 24 DE 72 28 4E 07 9D 7B 52 20 BB 8F BD 74 78 16 EE BE BA CA Global Chambersign Root Global Chambersign Root RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Sep 30,  Not EV EF 3C B4 17 FC 8E BF 6F 97 87 6C 9E 4E CE 39 DE 1E A5 FE 64 91 41 D1 02 8B 7D 11 C0 B2 29 8C ED GlobalSign Root CA GlobalSign Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 04 00 00 00 00 01 15 4B 5A C3 94  Jan 28,  Not EV EB D4 10 40 E4 BB 3E C7 42 C9 E3 81 D3 1E F2 A4 1A 48 B6 68 5C 96 E7 CE F3 C1 DF 6C D4 33 1C 99 GlobalSign GlobalSign ECDSA  bits SHA 2A 38 A4 1C 96 0A 04 DE 42 B2 28 A5 0B E8 34 98 02  Jan 19,  Not EV BE C9 49 11 C2 95 56 76 DB 6C 0A 55 09 86 D7 6E 3B A0 05 66 7C 44 2C 97 62 B4 FB B7 73 DE 22 8C GlobalSign GlobalSign ECDSA  bits SHA 60 59 49 E0 26 2E BB 55 F9 0A 77 8A 71 F9 4A D8 6C  Jan 19,  Not EV 17 9F BC 14 8A 3D D0 0F D2 4E A1 34 58 CC 43 BF A7 F5 9C 81 82 D7 83 A5 13 F6 EB EC 10 0C 89 24 GlobalSign GlobalSign RSA  bits SHA-1 04 00 00 00 00 01 0F 86 26 E6 0D  Dec 15,   CA 42 DD 41 74 5F D0 B8 1E B9 02 36 2C F9 D8 BF 71 9D A1 BD 1B 1E FC 94 6F 5B 4C 99 F4 2C 1B 9E GlobalSign GlobalSign RSA  bits SHA 04 00 00 00 00 01 21 58 53 08 A2  Mar 18,   CB B5 22 D7 B7 F1 27 AD 6A 01 13 86 5B DF 1C D4 10 2E 7D 07 59 AF 63 5A 7C F4 72 0D C9 63 C5 3B Go Daddy Class 2 Certification Authority Go Daddy Class 2 Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Jun 29,   C3 84 6B F2 4B 9E 93 CA 64 27 4C 0E C6 7C 1E CC 5E 02 4F FC AC D2 D7 40 19 35 0E 81 FE 54 6A E4 Go Daddy Root Certificate Authority - G2 Go Daddy Root Certificate Authority - G2 RSA  bits SHA 00  Dec 31,   45 14 0B 32 47 EB 9C C8 C5 B4 F0 D7 B5 30 91 F7 32 92 08 9E 6E 5A 63 E2 74 9D D3 AC A9 19 8E DA Government Root Certification Authority Government Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 00 B6 4B 88 07 E2 23 EE C8 5C 12 AD A6 0E 06 A1 F2  Dec 31,  Not EV 70 B9 22 BF DA 0E 3F 4A 34 2E 4E E2 2D 57 9A E5 98 D0 71 CC 5E C9 C3 0F 12 36 80 34 03 88 AE A5 Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions ECC RootCA  Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions ECC RootCA  ECDSA  bits SHA 00  Jun 30,  Not EV 44 B5 45 AA 8A 25 E6 5A 73 CA 15 DC 27 FC 36 D2 4C 1C B9 95 3A 06 65 39 B1 15 82 DC 48 7B 48 33 Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions RootCA  Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions RootCA  RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Dec 1,  Not EV BC 10 4F 15 A4 8B E7 09 DC A5 42 A7 E1 D4 B9 DF 6F 05 45 27 E8 02 EA A9 2D 59 54 44 25 8A FE 71 Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions RootCA  Hellenic Academic and Research Institutions RootCA  RSA  bits SHA 00  Jun 30,  Not EV A0 40 92 9A 02 CE 53 B4 AC F4 F2 FF C6 98 1C E4 49 6F 75 5E 6D 45 FE 0B 2A 69 2B CD 52 52 3F 36 Hongkong Post Root CA 1 Hongkong Post Root CA 1 RSA  bits SHA-1 03 E8  May 15,  Not EV F9 E6 7D 33 6C 51 00 2A C0 54 C6 32 02 2D 66 DD A2 E7 E3 FF F1 0A D0 61 ED 31 D8 BB B4 10 CF B2 I.CA - Qualified Certification Authority, 09/ I.CA - Qualified Certification Authority, 09/ RSA  bits SHA 00 A0 37 A0  Sep 1,  Not EV C0 C0 5A 8D 8D A5 5E AF 27 AA 9B 91 0B 0A 6E F0 D8 BB DE D3 46 92 8D B8 72 E1 82 C2 07 3E 98 02 IdenTrust Commercial Root CA 1 IdenTrust Commercial Root CA 1 RSA  bits SHA 0A 01 42 80 00 00 01 45 23 C8 44 B5 00 00 00 02  Jan 16,  Not EV 5D 56 49 9B E4 D2 E0 8B CF CA D0 8A 3E 38 72 3D 50 50 3B DE 70 69 48 E4 2F 55 60 30 19 E5 28 AE IdenTrust Public Sector Root CA 1 IdenTrust Public Sector Root CA 1 RSA  bits SHA 0A 01 42 80 00 00 01 45 23 CF 46 7C 00 00 00 02  Jan 16,  Not EV 30 D0 89 5A 9A 44 8A 26 20 91 63 55 22 D1 F5 20 10 B5 86 7A CA E1 2C 78 EF 95 8F D4 F4 38 9F 2F ISRG Root X1 ISRG Root X1 RSA  bits SHA 00 82 10 CF B0 D2 40 E3 59 44 63 E0 BB 63 82 8B 00  Jun 4,  Not EV 96 BC EC 06 26 49 76 F3 74 60 77 9A CF 28 C5 A7 CF E8 A3 C0 AA E1 1A 8F FC EE 05 C0 BD DF 08 C6 Izenpe.com Izenpe.com RSA  bits SHA-1 06 E8 46 27 2F 1F 0A 8F D1 84 5C E3 69 F6 D5  Dec 13,    23 80 42 03 CA 45 D8 CD E7 16 B8 C1 3B F3 B4 48 45 7F A0 6C C1 02 50 99 7F A0 14 58 31 7C 41 E5 Izenpe.com Izenpe.com RSA  bits SHA 00 B0 B7 5A 16 48 5F BF E1 CB F5 8B D7 19 E6 7D  Dec 13,  Not EV 25 30 CC 8E 98 32 15 02 BA D9 6F 9B 1F BA 1B 09 9E 2D 29 9E 0F 45 48 BB 91 4F 36 3B C0 D4 53 1F KISA RootCA 1 KISA RootCA 1 RSA  bits SHA-1 04  Aug 24,  Not EV 6F DB 3F 76 C8 B8 01 A7 53 38 D8 A5 0A 7C 02 87 9F 61 98 B5 7E 59 4D 31 8D 38 32 90 0F ED CD 79 Microsec e-Szigno Root CA  Microsec e-Szigno Root CA  RSA  bits SHA 00 C2 7E 43 04 4E 47 3F 19  Dec 30,  Not EV 3C 5F 81 FE A5 FA B8 2C 64 BF A2 EA EC AF CD E8 E0 77 FC 86 20 A7 CA E5 37 16 3D F3 6E DB F3 78 NetLock Arany (Class Gold) Főtanúsítvány NetLock Arany (Class Gold) Főtanúsítvány RSA  bits SHA 49 41 2C E4 00 10  Dec 6,  Not EV 6C 61 DA C3 A2 DE F0 31 50 6B E0 36 D2 A6 FE 40 19 94 FB D1 3D F9 C8 D4 66 59 92 74 C4 46 EC 98 Network Solutions Certificate Authority Network Solutions Certificate Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 57 CB 33 6F C2 5C 16 E6 47 16 17 E3 90 31 68 E0  Dec 31,   15 F0 BA 00 A3 AC 7A F3 AC 88 4C 07 2B 10 11 A0 77 BD 77 C0 97 F4 01 64 B2 F8 59 8A BD 83 86 0C OISTE WISeKey Global Root GA CA OISTE WISeKey Global Root GA CA RSA  bits SHA-1 41 3D 72 C7 F4 6B 1F 81 43 7D F1 D2 28 54 DF 9A  Dec 11,  Not EV 41 C9 23 86 6A B4 CA D6 B7 AD 57 80 81 58 2E 02 07 97 A6 CB DF 4F FF 78 CE 83 96 B3 89 37 D7 F5 OISTE WISeKey Global Root GB CA OISTE WISeKey Global Root GB CA RSA  bits SHA 76 B1 20 52 74 F0 85 87 46 B3 F8 23 1A F6 C2 C0  Dec 1,   6B 9C 08 E8 6E B0 F7 67 CF AD 65 CD 98 B6 21 49 E5 49 4A 67 F5 84 5E 7B D1 ED 01 9F 27 B8 6B D6 OpenTrust Root CA G1 OpenTrust Root CA G1 RSA  bits SHA 11 20 B3 90 55 39 7D 7F 36 6D 64 C2 A7 9F 6B 63 8E 67  Jan 15,   56 C7 71 28 D9 8C 18 D9 1B 4C FD FF BC 25 EE 91 03 D4 75 8E A2 AB AD 82 6A 90 F3 45 7D 46 0E B4 OpenTrust Root CA G2 OpenTrust Root CA G2 RSA  bits SHA 11 20 A1 69 1B BF BD B9 BD 52 96 8F 23 E8 48 BF 26 11  Jan 15,   27 99 58 29 FE 6A 75 15 C1 BF E8 48 F9 C4 76 1D B1 6C 22 59 29 25 7B F4 0D 08 94 F2 9E A8 BA F2 OpenTrust Root CA G3 OpenTrust Root CA G3 ECDSA  bits SHA 11 20 E6 F8 4C FC 24 B0 BE 05 40 AC DA 83 1B 34 60 3F  Jan 15,   B7 C3 62 31 70 6E 81 07 8C 36 7C B8 96 19 8F 1E 32 08 DD 92 69 49 DD 8F 57 09 A4 10 F7 5B 62 92 QuoVadis Root CA 1 G3 QuoVadis Root CA 1 G3 RSA  bits SHA 78 58 5F 2E AD 2C 19 4B E3 37 07 35 34 13 28 B5 96 D4 65 93  Jan 12,  Not EV 8A 86 6F D1 B2 76 B5 7E 57 8E 92 1C 65 82 8A 2B ED 58 E9 F2 F2 88 05 41 34 B7 F1 F4 BF C9 CC 74 QuoVadis Root CA 2 G3 QuoVadis Root CA 2 G3 RSA  bits SHA 44 57 34 24 5B 81 89 9B 35 F2 CE B8 2B 3B 5B A7 26 F0 75 28  Jan 12,   8F E4 FB 0A F9 3A 4D 0D 67 DB 0B EB B2 3E 37 C7 1B F3 25 DC BC DD 24 0E A0 4D AF 58 B4 7E 18 40 QuoVadis Root CA 2 QuoVadis Root CA 2 RSA  bits SHA-1 05 09  Nov 24,   85 A0 DD 7D D7 20 AD B7 FF 05 F8 3D 54 2B 20 9D C7 FF 45 28 F7 D6 77 B1 83 89 FE A5 E5 C4 9E 86 QuoVadis Root CA 3 G3 QuoVadis Root CA 3 G3 RSA  bits SHA 2E F5 9B 02 28 A7 DB 7A FF D5 A3 A9 EE BD 03 A0 CF 12 6A 1D  Jan 12,  Not EV 88 EF 81 DE 20 2E B0 18 45 2E 43 F8 64 72 5C EA 5F BD 1F C2 D9 D2 05 73 07 09 C5 D8 B8 69 0F 46 QuoVadis Root CA 3 QuoVadis Root CA 3 RSA  bits SHA-1 05 C6  Nov 24,  Not EV 18 F1 FC 7F 20 5D F8 AD DD EB 7F E0 07 DD 57 E3 AF 37 5A 9C 4D 8D 73 54 6B F4 F1 FE D1 E1 8D 35 QuoVadis Root Certification Authority QuoVadis Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 3A B6 50 8B  Mar 17,   A4 5E DE 3B BB F0 9C 8A E1 5C 72 EF C0 72 68 D6 93 A2 1C 99 6F D5 1E 67 CA 07 94 60 FD 6D 88 73 Secure Global CA Secure Global CA RSA  bits SHA-1 07 56 22 A4 E8 D4 8A 89 4D F4 13 C8 F0 F8 EA A5  Dec 31,   42 00 F5 04 3A C8 59 0E BB 52 7D 20 9E D1 50 30 29 FB CB D4 1C A1 B5 06 EC 27 F1 5A DE 7D AC 69 SecureTrust CA SecureTrust CA RSA  bits SHA-1 0C F0 8E 5C 08 16 A5 AD 42 7F F0 EB 27 18 59 D0  Dec 31,   F1 C1 B5 0A E5 A2 0D D8 03 0E C9 F6 BC 24 82 3D D3 67 B5 25 57 59 B4 E7 1B 61 FC E9 F7 37 5D 73 Security Communication EV RootCA1 Security Communication EV RootCA1 RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Jun 6,   A2 2D BA 68 1E 97 37 6E 2D 39 7D 72 8A AE 3A 9B 62 96 B9 FD BA 60 BC 2E 11 F6 47 F2 C6 75 FB 37 Security Communication RootCA1 Security Communication RootCA1 RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Sep 30,   E7 5E 72 ED 9F 56 0E EC 6E B4 80 00 73 A4 3F C3 AD 19 19 5A 39 22 82 01 78 95 97 4A 99 02 6B 6C Security Communication RootCA2 Security Communication RootCA2 RSA  bits SHA 00  May 29,   51 3B 2C EC B8 10 D4 CD E5 DD 85 39 1A DF C6 C2 DD 60 D8 7B B7 36 D2 B5 21 48 4A A4 7A 0E BE F6 Sonera Class2 CA Sonera Class2 CA RSA  bits SHA-1 1D  Apr 6,  Not EV 79 08 B4 03 14 C1 38 10 0B 51 8D 07 35 80 7F FB FC F8 51 8A 00 95 33 71 05 BA 38 6B 15 3D D9 27 SSL.com EV Root Certification Authority ECC SSL.com EV Root Certification Authority ECC ECDSA  bits SHA 2C 29 9C 5B 16 ED 05 95  Feb 12,   22 A2 C1 F7 BD ED 70 4C C1 E7 01 B5 F4 08 C3 10 88 0F E9 56 B5 DE 2A 4A 44 F9 9C 87 3A 25 A7 C8 SSL.com EV Root Certification Authority RSA R2 SSL.com EV Root Certification Authority RSA R2 RSA  bits SHA 56 B6 29 CD 34 BC 78 F6  May 30,   2E 7B F1 6C C2 24 85 A7 BB E2 AA 86 96 75 07 61 B0 AE 39 BE 3B 2F E9 D0 CC 6D 4E F7 34 91 42 5C SSL.com Root Certification Authority ECC SSL.com Root Certification Authority ECC ECDSA  bits SHA 75 E6 DF CB C1 68 5B A8  Feb 12,  Not EV 34 17 BB 06 CC 60 07 DA 1B 96 1C 92 0B 8A B4 CE 3F AD 82 0E 4A A3 0B 9A CB C4 A7 4E BD CE BC 65 SSL.com Root Certification Authority RSA SSL.com Root Certification Authority RSA RSA  bits SHA 7B 2C 9B D3 16 80 32 99  Feb 12,  Not EV 85 66 6A 56 2E E0 BE 5C E9 25 C1 D8 89 0A 6F 76 A8 7E C1 6D 4D 7D 5F 29 EA 74 19 CF 20 12 3B 69 Staat der Nederlanden EV Root CA Staat der Nederlanden EV Root CA RSA  bits SHA 00 98 96 8D  Dec 8,   4D 24 91 41 4C FE 95 67 46 EC 4C EF A6 CF 6F 72 E2 8A 13 29 43 2F 9D 8A 90 7A C4 CB 5D AD C1 5A Staat der Nederlanden Root CA - G2 Staat der Nederlanden Root CA - G2 RSA  bits SHA 00 98 96 8C  Mar 25,  Not EV 66 8C 83 94 7D A6 3B 72 4B EC E1 74 3C 31 A0 E6 AE D0 DB 8E C5 B3 1B E3 77 BB 78 4F 91 B6 71 6F Staat der Nederlanden Root CA - G3 Staat der Nederlanden Root CA - G3 RSA  bits SHA 00 98 A2 39  Nov 13,  Not EV 3C 4F B0 B9 5A B8 B3 00 32 F4 32 B8 6F 53 5F E1 72 C1 85 D0 FD 39 86 58 37 CF 36 18 7F A6 F4 28 Starfield Class 2 Certification Authority Starfield Class 2 Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 00  Jun 29,   14 65 FA 20 53 97 B8 76 FA A6 F0 A9 95 8E 55 90 E4 0F CC 7F AA 4F B7 C2 C8 67 75 21 FB 5F B6 58 Starfield Root Certificate Authority - G2 Starfield Root Certificate Authority - G2 RSA  bits SHA 00  Dec 31,   2C E1 CB 0B F9 D2 F9 E1 02 99 3F BE 21 51 52 C3 B2 DD 0C AB DE 1C 68 E5 31 9B 83 91 54 DB B7 F5 Starfield Services Root Certificate Authority - G2 Starfield Services Root Certificate Authority - G2 RSA  bits SHA 00  Dec 31,   56 8D 69 05 A2 C8 87 08 A4 B3 02 51 90 ED CF ED B1 97 4A 60 6A 13 C6 E5 29 0F CB 2A E6 3E DA B5 StartCom Certification Authority G2 StartCom Certification Authority G2 RSA  bits SHA 3B  Dec 31,    C7 BA 65 67 DE 93 A7 98 AE 1F AA 79 1E 71 2D 37 8F AE 1F 93 C4 39 7F EA 44 1B B7 CB E6 FD 59 95 StartCom Certification Authority StartCom Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 01  Sep 17,    C7 66 A9 BE F2 D4 07 1C 86 3A 31 AA 49 20 E8 13 B2 D1 98 60 8C B7 B7 CF E2 11 43 B8 36 DF 09 EA StartCom Certification Authority StartCom Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 2D  Sep 17,    E1 78 90 EE 09 A3 FB F4 F4 8B 9C 41 4A 17 D6 37 B7 A5 06 47 E9 BC 75 23 22 72 7F CC 17 42 A9 11 Swisscom Root CA 1 Swisscom Root CA 1 RSA  bits SHA-1 5C 0B 85 5C 0B E7 59 41 DF 57 CC 3F 7F 9D A8 36  Aug 18,  Not EV 21 DB 20 12 36 60 BB 2E D4 18 20 5D A1 1E E7 A8 5A 65 E2 BC 6E 55 B5 AF 7E 78 99 C8 A2 66 D9 2E Swisscom Root CA 2 Swisscom Root CA 2 RSA  bits SHA 1E 9E 28 E8 48 F2 E5 EF C3 7C 4A 1E 5A 18 67 B6  Jun 25,  Not EV F0 9B 12 2C 71 14 F4 A0 9B D4 EA 4F 4A 99 D5 58 B4 6E 4C 25 CD 81 14 0D 29 C0 56 13 91 4C 38 41 Swisscom Root EV CA 2 Swisscom Root EV CA 2 RSA  bits SHA 00 F2 FA 64 E2 74 63 D3 8D FD 10 1D 04 1F 76 CA 58  Jun 25,   D9 5F EA 3C A4 EE DC E7 4C D7 6E 75 FC 6D 1F F6 2C 44 1F 0F A8 BC 77 F0 34 B1 9E 5D B2 58 01 5D SwissSign Gold CA - G2 SwissSign Gold CA - G2 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 BB 40 1C 43 F5 5E 4F B0  Oct 25,   62 DD 0B E9 B9 F5 0A 16 3E A0 F8 E7 5C 05 3B 1E CA 57 EA 55 C8 68 8F 64 7C 68 81 F2 C8 35 7B 95 SwissSign Gold Root CA - G3 SwissSign Gold Root CA - G3 RSA  bits SHA 00 DE C4 F2 44 F3 1D A6 FC  Aug 4,   7A F6 EA 9F 75 3A 1E 70 9B D6 4D 0B EB 86 7C 11 E8 C2 95 A5 6E 24 A6 E0 47 14 59 DC CD AA 15 58 SwissSign Platinum CA - G2 SwissSign Platinum CA - G2 RSA  bits SHA-1 4E B2 00 67 0C 03 5D 4F  Oct 25,  Not EV 3B 22 2E 56 67 11 E9 92 30 0D C0 B1 5A B9 47 3D AF DE F8 C8 4D 0C EF 7D 33 17 B4 C1 82 1D 14 36 SwissSign Platinum Root CA - G3 SwissSign Platinum Root CA - G3 RSA  bits SHA 22 3F A9 17 20 DE 81 94  Aug 4,  Not EV 59 B3 82 9F 1F F4 43 34 49 58 FA E8 BF F6 21 B6 84 C8 48 CF BF 7E AD 6B 63 A6 CA 50 F2 79 4F 89 SwissSign Silver CA - G2 SwissSign Silver CA - G2 RSA  bits SHA-1 4F 1B D4 2F 54 BB 2F 4B  Oct 25,  Not EV BE 6C 4D A2 BB B9 BA 59 B6 F3 93 97 68 37 42 46 C3 C0 05 99 3F A9 8F 02 0D 1D ED BE D4 8A 81 D5 SwissSign Silver Root CA - G3 SwissSign Silver Root CA - G3 RSA  bits SHA 00 AA 88 B0 5A 0B B1 76 9B  Aug 4,  Not EV 1E 49 AC 5D C6 9E 86 D0 56 5D A2 C1 30 5C 41 93 30 B0 B7 81 BF EC 50 E5 4A 1B 35 AF 7F DD D5 01 Symantec Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 Symantec Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 ECDSA  bits SHA 21 6E 33 A5 CB D3 88 A4 6F 29 07 B4 27 3C C4 D8  Jan 18,  Not EV 36 3F 3C 84 9E AB 03 B0 A2 A0 F6 36 D7 B8 6D 04 D3 AC 7F CF E2 6A 0A 91 21 AB 97 95 F6 E1 76 DF Symantec Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 Symantec Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 RSA  bits SHA 24 32 75 F2 1D 2F D2 09 33 F7 B4 6A CA D0 F3 98  Dec 1,  Not EV 9D 19 0B 2E 31 45 66 68 5B E8 A8 89 E2 7A A8 C7 D7 AE 1D 8A AD DB A3 C1 EC F9 D2 48 63 CD 34 B9 Symantec Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 Symantec Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 ECDSA  bits SHA 34 17 65 12 40 3B B7 56 80 2D 80 CB 79 55 A6 1E  Jan 18,  Not EV FE 86 3D 08 22 FE 7A 23 53 FA 48 4D 59 24 E8 75 65 6D 3D C9 FB 58 77 1F 6F 61 6F 9D 57 1B C5 92 Symantec Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 Symantec Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 RSA  bits SHA 64 82 9E FC 37 1E 74 5D FC 97 FF 97 C8 B1 FF 41  Dec 1,  Not EV CB 62 7D 18 B5 8A D5 6D DE 33 1A 30 45 6B C6 5C 60 1A 4E 9B 18 DE DC EA 08 E7 DA AA 07 81 5F F0 Symantec Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 Symantec Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 ECDSA  bits SHA 4C 79 B5 9A 28 9C 76 31 64 F5 89 44 D0 91 02 DE  Dec 1,   53 DF DF A4 E2 97 FC FE 07 59 4E 8C 62 D5 B8 AB 06 B3 2C 75 49 F3 8A 16 30 94 FD 64 29 D5 DA 43 Symantec Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 Symantec Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G6 RSA  bits SHA 65 63 71 85 D3 6F 45 C6 8F 7F 31 F9 09 87 92 82  Dec 1,   B3 23 96 74 64 53 44 2F 35 3E 61 62 92 BB 20 BB AA 5D 23 B5 46 45 0F DB 9C 54 B8 38 61 67 D5 29 SZAFIR ROOT CA SZAFIR ROOT CA RSA  bits SHA-1 00 E6 09 FE 7A EA 00 68 8C E0 24 B4 ED 20 1B 1F EF 52 B4 44 D1  Dec 6,  Not EV FA BC F5 19 7C DD 7F 45 8A C3 38 32 D3 28 40 21 DB 24 25 FD 6B EA 7A 2E 69 B7 48 6E 8F 51 F9 CC T-TeleSec GlobalRoot Class 2 T-TeleSec GlobalRoot Class 2 RSA  bits SHA 01  Oct 1,   91 E2 F5 78 8D 58 10 EB A7 BA 58 73 7D E1 54 8A 8E CA CD 01 45 98 BC 0B 14 3E 04 1B 17 05 25 52 T-TeleSec GlobalRoot Class 3 T-TeleSec GlobalRoot Class 3 RSA  bits SHA 01  Oct 1,   FD 73 DA D3 1C 64 4F F1 B4 3B EF 0C CD DA 96 71 0B 9C D9 87 5E CA 7E 31 70 7A F3 E9 6D 52 2B BD TeliaSonera Root CA v1 TeliaSonera Root CA v1 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 95 BE 16 A0 F7 2E 46 F1 7B 39 82 72 FA 8B CD 96  Oct 18,  Not EV DD 69 36 FE 21 F8 F0 77 C1 23 A1 A5 21 C1 22 24 F7 22 55 B7 3E 03 A7 26 06 93 E8 A2 4B 0F A3 89 thawte Primary Root CA - G2 thawte Primary Root CA - G2 ECDSA  bits SHA 35 FC 26 5C D9 84 4F C9 3D 26 3D 57 9B AE D7 56  Jan 18,   A4 31 0D 50 AF 18 A6 44 71 90 37 2A 86 AF AF 8B 95 1F FB 43 1D 83 7F 1E 56 88 B4 59 71 ED 15 57 thawte Primary Root CA - G3 thawte Primary Root CA - G3 RSA  bits SHA 60 01 97 B7 46 A7 EA B4 B4 9A D6 4B 2F F7 90 FB  Dec 1,   4B 03 F4 58 07 AD 70 F2 1B FC 2C AE 71 C9 FD E4 60 4C 06 4C F5 FF B6 86 BA E5 DB AA D7 FD D3 4C thawte Primary Root CA thawte Primary Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 34 4E D5 57 20 D5 ED EC 49 F4 2F CE 37 DB 2B 6D  Jul 16,   8D 72 2F 81 A9 C1 13 C0 79 1D F1 36 A2 96 6D B2 6C 95 0A 97 1D B4 6B 41 99 F4 EA 54 B7 8B FB 9F TRUST OCES Primary CA TRUST OCES Primary CA RSA  bits SHA 4B 8E 60 03  Dec 3,  Not EV 92 D8 09 2E E7 7B C9 20 8F 08 97 DC 05 27 18 94 E6 3E F2 79 33 AE 53 7F B9 83 EE F0 EA E3 EE C8 Trustis FPS Root CA Trustis FPS Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 1B 1F AD B6 20 F9 24 D3 36 6B F7 C7 F1 8C A0 59  Jan 21,  Not EV C1 B4 82 99 AB A5 20 8F E9 63 0A CE 55 CA 68 A0 3E DA 5A 51 9C 88 02 A0 D3 A6 73 BE 8F 8E 55 7D TWCA Global Root CA TWCA Global Root CA RSA  bits SHA 0C BE  Dec 31,   59 76 90 07 F7 68 5D 0F CD 50 87 2F 9F 95 D5 75 5A 5B 2B 45 7D 81 F3 69 2B 61 0A 98 67 2F 0E 1B TWCA Root Certification Authority TWCA Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 01  Dec 31,   BF D8 8F E1 10 1C 41 AE 3E 80 1B F8 BE 56 35 0E E9 BA D1 A6 B9 BD 51 5E DC 5C 6D 5B 87 11 AC 44 UCA Global Root UCA Global Root RSA  bits SHA-1 08  Dec 31,  Not EV A1 F0 5C CB 80 C2 D7 10 EC 7D 47 9A BD CB B8 79 E5 8D 7E DB 71 49 FE 78 A8 78 84 E3 D0 BA D0 F9 UCA Root UCA Root RSA  bits SHA-1 09  Dec 31,  Not EV 93 E6 5E C7 62 F0 55 DC 71 8A 33 25 82 C4 1A 04 43 0D 72 E3 CB 87 E8 B8 97 B6 75 16 F0 D1 AA 39 USERTrust ECC Certification Authority USERTrust ECC Certification Authority ECDSA  bits SHA 5C 8B 99 C5 5A 94 C5 D2 71 56 DE CD 89 80 CC 26  Jan 18,   4F F4 60 D5 4B 9C 86 DA BF BC FC 57 12 E0 40 0D 2B ED 3F BC 4D 4F BD AA 86 E0 6A DC D2 A9 AD 7A USERTrust RSA Certification Authority USERTrust RSA Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 01 FD 6D 30 FC A3 CA 51 A8 1B BC 64 0E 35 03 2D  Jan 18,   E7 93 C9 B0 2F D8 AA 13 E2 1C 31 22 8A CC B0 81 19 64 3B 74 9C 89 89 64 B1 74 6D 46 C3 D4 CB D2 UTN - DATACorp SGC UTN - DATACorp SGC RSA  bits SHA-1 44 BE 0C 8B 50 00 21 B4 11 D3 2A 68 06 A9 AD 69  Jun 24,  Not EV 85 FB 2F 91 DD 12 27 5A 01 45 B6 36 53 4F 84 02 4A D6 8B 69 B8 EE 88 68 4F F7 11 37 58 05 B3 48 UTN-USERFirst-Client Authentication and Email UTN-USERFirst-Client Authentication and Email RSA  bits SHA-1 44 BE 0C 8B 50 00 24 B4 11 D3 36 25 25 67 C9 89  Jul 9,  Not EV 43 F2 57 41 2D 44 0D 62 74 76 97 4F 87 7D A8 F1 FC 24 44 56 5A 36 7A E6 0E DD C2 7A 41 25 31 AE UTN-USERFirst-Hardware UTN-USERFirst-Hardware RSA  bits SHA-1 44 BE 0C 8B 50 00 24 B4 11 D3 36 2A FE 65 0A FD  Jul 9,  Not EV 6E A5 47 41 D0 04 66 7E ED 1B 48 16 63 4A A3 A7 9E 6E 4B 96 95 0F 82 79 DA FC 8D 9B D8 81 21 37 UTN-USERFirst-Object UTN-USERFirst-Object RSA  bits SHA-1 44 BE 0C 8B 50 00 24 B4 11 D3 36 2D E0 B3 5F 1B  Jul 9,  Not EV 6F FF 78 E4 00 A7 0C 11 01 1C D8 59 77 C4 59 FB 5A F9 6A 3D F0 54 08 20 D0 F4 B8 60 78 75 E5 8F VeriSign Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 VeriSign Class 1 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 8B 5B 75 56 84 54 85 0B 00 CF AF 38 48 CE B1 A4  Jul 16,  Not EV CB B5 AF 18 5E 94 2A 24 02 F9 EA CB C0 ED 5B B8 76 EE A3 C1 22 36 23 D0 04 47 E4 F3 BA 55 4B 65 VeriSign Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 VeriSign Class 2 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 RSA  bits SHA-1 61 70 CB 49 8C 5F 98 45 29 E7 B0 A6 D9 50 5B 7A  Jul 16,  Not EV 92 A9 D9 83 3F E1 94 4D B3 66 E8 BF AE 7A 95 B6 48 0C 2D 6C 6C 2A 1B E6 5D 42 36 B6 08 FC A1 BB VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G3 RSA  bits SHA-1 00 9B 7E 06 49 A3 3E 62 B9 D5 EE 90 48 71 29 EF 57  Jul 16,  Not EV EB 04 CF 5E B1 F3 9A FA 76 2F 2B B1 20 F2 96 CB A5 20 C1 B9 7D B1 58 95 65 B8 1C B9 A1 7B 72 44 VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G4 ECDSA  bits SHA 2F 80 FE 23 8C 0E 22 0F 48 67 12 28 91 87 AC B3  Jan 18,   69 DD D7 EA 90 BB 57 C9 3E 13 5D C8 5E A6 FC D5 48 0B 60 32 39 BD C4 54 FC 75 8B 2A 26 CF 7F 79 VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G5 VeriSign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G5 RSA  bits SHA-1 18 DA D1 9E 26 7D E8 BB 4A 21 58 CD CC 6B 3B 4A  Jul 16,   9A CF AB 7E 43 C8 D8 80 D0 6B 26 2A 94 DE EE E4 B4 65 99 89 C3 D0 CA F1 9B AF 64 05 E4 1A B7 DF VeriSign Universal Root Certification Authority VeriSign Universal Root Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA 40 1A C4 64 21 B3 13 21 03 0E BB E4 12 1A C5 1D  Dec 1,   23 99 56 11 27 A5 71 25 DE 8C EF EA 61 0D DF 2F A0 78 B5 C8 06 7F 4E 82 82 90 BF B8 60 E8 4B 3C Visa eCommerce Root Visa eCommerce Root RSA  bits SHA-1 13 86 35 4D 1D 3F 06 F2 C1 F9 65 05 D5 90 1C 62  Jun 24,  Not EV 69 FA C9 BD 55 FB 0A C7 8D 53 BB EE 5C F1 D5 97 98 9F D0 AA AB 20 A2 51 51 BD F1 73 3E E7 D1 22 Visa Information Delivery Root CA Visa Information Delivery Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 5B 57 D7 A8 4C B0 AF D9 D3 6F 4B A0 31 B4 D6 E2  Jun 29,  Not EV C5 7A 3A CB E8 C0 6B A1 98 8A 83 48 5B F3 26 F2 44 87 75 37 98 49 DE 01 CA 43 57 1A F3 57 E7 4B VRK Gov. Root CA VRK Gov. Root CA RSA  bits SHA-1 01 86 A0  Dec 18,  Not EV F0 08 73 3E C5 00 DC 49 87 63 CC 92 64 C6 FC EA 40 EC 22 00 0E 92 7D 05 3C E9 C9 0B FA 04 6C B2 XRamp Global Certification Authority XRamp Global Certification Authority RSA  bits SHA-1 50 94 6C EC 18 EA D5 9C 4D D5 97 EF 75 8F A0 AD  Jan 1,   CE CD DC 90 50 99 D8 DA DF C5 B1 D2 09 B7 37 CB E2 C1 8C FB 2C 10 C0 FF 0B CF 0D 32 86 FC 1A A2 
Sours: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT

Now discussing:

Decrypted: Google finds a devastating iPhone security flaw, FireEye hack sends alarm bells ringing

In case you missed it: A ransomware attack saw patient data stolen from one of the largest U.S. fertility networks; the Supreme Court began hearing a case that may change how millions of Americans use computers and the internet; and lawmakers in Massachusetts have voted to ban police from using facial recognition across the state.

In this week&#;s Decrypted, we&#;re deep-diving into two stories beyond the headlines, including why the breach at cybersecurity giant FireEye has the cybersecurity industry in shock.


THE BIG PICTURE

Google researcher finds a major iPhone security bug, now fixed

What happens when you leave one of the best security researchers alone for six months? You get one of the most devastating vulnerabilities ever found in an iPhone — a bug so damaging that it can be exploited over-the-air and requires no interaction on the user&#;s part.

The AWDL bug under attack using a proof-of-concept exploit developed by a Google researcher. Image Credits: Ian Beer/Google Project Zero

The vulnerability was found in Apple Wireless Direct Link (AWDL), an important part of the iPhone&#;s software that among other things allows users to share files and photos over Wi-Fi through Apple&#;s AirDrop feature.

&#;AWDL is enabled by default, exposing a large and complex attack surface to everyone in radio proximity,&#; wrote Google&#;s Ian Beer in a tweet, who found the vulnerability in November and disclosed it to Apple, which pushed out a fix for iPhones and Macs in January.

But exploiting the bug allowed Beer to gain access to the underlying iPhone software using Wi-Fi to gain control of a vulnerable device — including the messages, emails and photos — as well as the camera and microphone — without alerting the user. Beer said that the bug could be exploited over &#;hundreds of meters or more,&#; depending on the hardware used to carry out the attack. But the good news is that there&#;s no evidence that malicious hackers have actively tried to exploit the bug.

News of the bug drew immediate attention, though Apple didn&#;t comment. NSA&#;s Rob Joyce said the bug find is &#;quite an accomplishment,&#; given that most iOS bugs require chaining multiple vulnerabilities together in order to get access to the underlying software.

FireEye hacked by a nation-state, but the aftermath is unclear

Sours: https://techcrunch.com//12/11/decrypted-google-finds-a-devastating-iphone-security-flaw-fireeye-hack-sends-alarm-bells-ringing/


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