Schnauzer time

Schnauzer time DEFAULT

Miniature Schnauzer Birth

This article titled Miniature Schnauzer birth is an overview in preparing for the delivery of Schnauzer puppies. Information on the gestation period (the time in which a fetus develops) to whelping (caring for newborn puppies) will be highlighted along with our Schnauzer Growth Rate Chart.

A Miniature Schnauzer will carry her puppies somewhere between 56 to 66 days before giving birth to them... ie around 2 months. On average its between 61-63 days. The first 2 weeks of pregnancy, there will be very little or no outward signs that your dog is pregnant. At this point, the changes are occurring internally within the uterus. But soon thereafter, your Schnauzer's nipples will become larger, turn darker, and there will be some noticeable hair loss around the breasts.

Around three weeks into her pregnancy, the little thumps of heartbeats can be heard by using a stethoscope. If you do not own a stethoscope ask your veterinarian if you can listen to the heartbeats during your next visit in which he/she will also perform an ultrasound to verify litter size. This would be a good time to begin preparing a whelping box or a whelping pen at home.

Schnauzer Birth, Litter of Puppies

The whelping box should be placed in an area of your home that is quiet, secluded, warm and draft-free. The whelping box (or birthing box) provides your female dog a safe place to deliver her pups. You will want to be sure an introduce your Miniature Schnauzer to the boxed area several days before her due date so she can adjust to it. The pen should be large enough to fit your Miniature Schnauzer comfortably when she is stretched out and the sides should be tall enough to contain an active litter of puppies ~ around 6 inches.

A few days before your Schnauzer gives birth, she will start to build her nest and you may notice her nipples are leaking a bit from the milk production. Another indicator that pups are on the way will be your Schnauzer's lack of interest in her food. This usually happens about 24-48 hours before delivery. About 12 hours before delivery the mother's temperature will drop below its normal 101 degrees to 98 degrees. Take her to her box, get her comfortable, and keep a close eye on her.

Whelping Box for Schnauzer and her Puppies

whelping box

A whelping box (also called a nesting box or whelping pen) is designed to protect puppies during birth and early life by keeping them safely contained and protected. Prepare or purchase a box with an extension (like the one in this photo) that provides a separate area for the puppies to roam and eliminate. This makes potty training a breeze later on as the puppies are now learning from their mother not to eliminate in the top half of the pen (their sleeping area of the nest).

The sides of the box are designed to be high enough to safely contain the puppies, yet low enough to allow the Schnauzer mother to enter and leave the box comfortably. The bottom of the box (where the puppies play and eliminate) should be lined with specially designed whelping pads, pee pads, disposable diapers, or layers of newspaper to absorb fluids and provide cushion.

Puppy Delivery

Your Schnauzer will probably begin panting and howling before the delivery of puppies. She will lay down on her side and begin having contractions.  Now's a good time to call your veterinarian and make him aware puppies are arriving soon. Having the vet clinic on-notice is comforting even if you don't end up needing any assistance.

Most puppies usually emerge from the birth canal nose first, although it is not uncommon to see hind feet first during a delivery. The mother will lick the puppy to open the amniotic sac so the puppy can breathe. If for some reason she does not do this fairly quickly, you will need to intervene. She will then clean the puppy entirely and chew off the umbilical cord.

Puppies should begin suckling immediately after being cleaned up. The puppies receive antibodies from the colostrum in the mother's milk. This will help them fight disease and infection, while their own immune system matures. In the video below, the breeder rubs and dries the puppy to help give it a kick-start. She suctions out any fluid and mucous so the puppy is able to nurse right away. Enjoy this Miniature Schnauzer birth!

Puppy nursing bottle kits are designed to properly care for orphaned, rejected or bottle-fed baby animals. It's a good idea to have a kit on hand in case bottle-feeding is necessary.

Kits with pure gum rubber nipples help simulate the milking action of mother's nipples. Most kits like the one shown include: One bottle with twist-off cap, two to three rubber nipples and a bottle cleaning brush.

"Knowledge Share"... If you found this page on a Miniature Schnauzer Birth helpful and informative, please share it with your dog-loving friends by clicking on one of the share links (like facebook, twitter, and google +1) located at the top right or bottom of this

Go from Miniature Schnauzer Birth to About the Miniature Schnauzer on Schnauzers Rule

Go from Miniature Schnauzer Birth to Miniature Schnauzer Breeders

Related Topics:
★ Miniature Schnauzer Puppies
★ Miniature Schnauzers For Sale
★ Miniature Schnauzer Stories



Custom Search

Miniature Schnauzers Rule

Miniature Schnauzer

What can you expect from a Mini Schnauzer?

  • Highly intelligent, playful, and energetic
  • Vigilant watchdog with a ready bark
  • Hypoallergenic coat that sheds very little
  • Friendly and eager to please
  • Docile and devoted
  • Small, but sturdy

But also keep in mind these other possible traits:

  • Can be snappy when nervous
  • Standoffish toward strangers
  • Does not tolerate harsh reprimands or negative-reinforcement training
  • Easily bored and will find her own fun
  • Likely to attack other small animals, including cats
  • Likes to dig

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed InfoShe is highly spirited, active, and affectionate. With confident, patient leadership, Schnauzers make for fun-loving and attentive family members.

The Miniature Schnauzer originated in Germany during the 19th century as a small farm dog able to rid her family’s property of vermin. Mini Schnauzers are clever and comedic, but can be mischievous. They are highly social and thrive on close and frequent interaction with their families. The Mini Schnauzer is spunky and playful, but can also be reliable, loyal, and sensitive. The breed is highly trainable and does well in both country and city environments. Wih a natural ability to learn and a constant desire to chase, Minis are well suited for dog sports such as agility, earth dog trials, and flyball. The Miniature Schnauzer is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 14 years.

Your Miniature Schnauzer's Health

We know that because you care so much about your dog, you want to take good care of her. That is why we have summarized the health concerns we will be discussing with you over the life of your Mini Schnauzer. By knowing about health concerns specific to Miniature Schnauzers, we can tailor a preventive health plan to watch for and hopefully prevent some predictable risks.

Many diseases and health conditions are genetic, meaning they are related to your pet’s breed. There is a general consensus among canine genetic researchers and veterinary practitioners that the conditions we’ve described herein have a significant rate of incidence and/or impact in this breed. That does not mean your dog will have these problems; it just means that she is more at risk than other dogs. We will describe the most common issues seen in Miniature Schnauzers to give you an idea of what may come up in her future. Of course, we can’t cover every possibility here, so always check with us if you notice any unusual signs or symptoms.

This guide contains general health information important to all canines as well as the most important genetic predispositions for Miniature Schnauzers. This information helps you and us together plan for your pet’s unique medical needs. At the end of the article, we have also included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Mini Schnauzer looking and feeling her best. You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel better knowing that we’re taking the best possible care of your pal.

General Health Information for your Miniature Schnauzer

Dental Disease

Dental disease is the most common chronic problem in pets, affecting 80% of all dogs by age two. Unfortunately, your Miniature Schnauzer is more likely than other dogs to have problems with her teeth. Dental disease starts with tartar build-up on the teeth and progresses to infection of the gums and roots of the teeth. If we don’t prevent or treat dental disease, your buddy may lose her teeth and be in danger of damage to her kidneys, liver, heart, and joints. In fact, your Miniature Schnauzer's life span may even be cut short by one to three years! We’ll clean your dog’s teeth regularly and let you know what you can do at home to keep those pearly whites clean.

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed Info Infections

Miniature Schnauzers are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvo, rabies, and distemper. Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on her age, the diseases we see in our area, and other factors.


Obesity can be a significant health problem in Miniature Schnauzers. It is a serious disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, back pain, and heart disease. Though it’s tempting to give your pal food when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “love her to death” with leftover people food and doggie treats. Instead, give her a hug, brush her fur or teeth, play a game with her, or perhaps take her for a walk. She’ll feel better, and so will you!


All kinds of worms and bugs can invade your Mini Schnauzer's body, inside and out. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears. Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms can get into her system in a number of ways: drinking unclean water, walking on contaminated soil, or being bitten by an infected mosquito. Some of these parasites can be transmitted to you or a family member and are a serious concern for everyone. For your canine friend, these parasites can cause pain, discomfort, and even death, so it’s important that we test for them on a regular basis. Your Central Texas Veterinary Specialty & Emergency Hospital team will also recommend preventive medication as necessary to keep her healthy.

Spay or Neuter

One of the best things you can do for your Mini Schnauzer is to have her spayed (neutered for males). In females, this means we surgically remove the ovaries and usually the uterus, and in males, it means we surgically remove the testicles. Spaying or neutering decreases the likelihood of certain types of cancers and eliminates the possibility of your pet becoming pregnant or fathering unwanted puppies. Performing this surgery also gives us a chance, while your pet is under anesthesia, to identify and address some of the diseases your dog is likely to develop. For example, if your pet needs hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extracted, this would be a good time—it’s more convenient for you and easier on your friend too. Routine blood testing prior to surgery also helps us to identify and take precautions against common problems that increase anesthetic or surgical risk. Don’t worry; we’ll discuss the specific problems we will be looking for when the time arrives.

Genetic Predispositions for Miniature Schnauzers


Diabetes mellitus is a fairly common disease in dogs. Any breed can be affected, but Mini Schnauzers have an above average incidence. Dogs with diabetes are unable to regulate the metabolism of sugars in their bodies and require daily insulin injections. Diabetes is a serious condition and one that is important to diagnose and treat as early as possible. Symptoms include increased eating, drinking, and urination, along with weight loss. If he shows signs, we will conduct lab tests to determine if he has this condition and discuss treatment options with you. Treatment requires a serious commitment of time and resources. Well-regulated diabetic dogs today have the same life expectancy as other canines.

Liver Problems

Your Mini Schnauzer is more likely than other dogs to have a liver disorder called portosystemic shunt (PSS). Some of the blood supply that should go to the liver goes around it instead, depriving the liver of the blood flow it needs to grow and function properly. If your friend has PSS, his liver cannot remove toxins from his bloodstream effectively. To check for this problem, we’ll conduct a liver function test in addition to a standard pre-anesthetic panel every time he undergoes anesthesia. If he develops symptoms such as stunted growth or seizures, we’ll test his blood and possibly conduct an ultrasound scan of his liver. Surgery may be needed, but in some cases, we can treat with a special diet and medication.

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed InfoHyperadrenocorticism (Cushing's)

Cushing's Disease is a malfunction of the adrenal glands that causes them to produce too much steroid hormone. This is a common problem in dogs, and your Schnauzer is more likely than other dogs to be affected. The condition usually develops slowly, and the early signs are easily missed. Symptoms include drinking and urinating more than normal, increased appetite, and reduced activity level followed later by a potbelly, thin skin, and hair loss. Treatment usually includes oral medications and requires close coordination with us to ensure correct dosing.

Bleeding Disorders

There are several types of inherited bleeding disorders that occur in dogs. They range in severity from very mild to very severe. Many times a pet seems normal until a serious injury occurs or surgery is performed, and then severe bleeding can result. Mini Schnauzers are particularly prone to some relatively rare diseases of the blood.

  • Hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia occur when the immune system goes haywire and starts attacking the pet’s own red blood cells or platelets. If the immune system destroys red blood cells, your dog quickly becomes anemic, weak, and lethargic. His gums will look whitish or yellow instead of a normal bright pink color. If the immune system destroys platelets, his blood won’t clot properly and he’ll have bruises or abnormal bleeding. We’ll perform diagnostic testing for blood clotting to check for these problems before we perform any surgeries. To slow or stop the immune system’s destruction of cells, we’ll prescribe steroids and other immune-suppressive drugs. Sometimes an emergency transfusion of red blood cells or platelets is needed.
  • Von Willebrand’s disease is a blood clotting disorder frequently found in Mini Schnauzers. We’ll conduct diagnostic testing for blood clotting times or a specific DNA blood test for Von Willebrand’s disease and other similar disorders to check for this problem before we perform surgery.

Heart Disease

Miniature Schnauzers are prone to multiple types of heart disease, which can occur both early and later in life. We’ll listen for heart murmurs and abnormal heart rhythms when we examine your pet. When indicated, we’ll perform an annual heart health check, which may include X-rays, an ECG, or an echocardiogram, depending on your dog’s risk factors. Early detection of heart disease often allows us to treat with medication that can prolong your pet’s life for many years. Veterinary dental care and weight control also go a long way in preventing heart disease.

  • Heart failure is a leading cause of death among Miniature Schnauzers in their golden years. Most heart disease in dogs is caused by the weakening or slow deformity of heart valves such that they no longer close tightly; blood then leaks back around these weakened valves, straining the heart. Pets with heart valve disease (sometimes called mitral valve disease) have a heart murmur. If your dog has a heart murmur or outward signs suggesting heart problems, we’ll perform testing to determine the severity of the disease. The same tests will need to be repeated at least every year to monitor the condition. If heart valve disease is diagnosed early, we may be able to prescribe medications that could prolong your pet’s life for many years. Veterinary dental care and fatty acid supplementation can also help prevent heart disease, and weight control can help diminish symptoms.
  • Sick sinus syndrome is a condition in which the sinus node, the part of the body’s electrical system that signals the heart to beat, doesn’t function properly. If your Schnauzer has this condition, he will have a very low heart rate and may faint with exercise. Mild cases can be treated with medication though if his symptoms are more severe, more advanced care may be needed. We’ll perform an ECG test of the electrical activity of his heart each year and before he undergoes anesthesia to provide the best care for your friend.
  • Mini Schnauzers are susceptible to a condition called patent ductus arteriosus, or PDA, in which a small vessel that carries blood between two parts of the heart does not close as it should shortly after birth. This results in too much blood being carried to the lungs, causing fluid build-up and strain on the heart. Outward signs may be mild or severe, including coughing, fatigue during exercise, weight loss, shortness of breath, and weakness in the hind limbs. We listen for a specific type of heart murmur to diagnose this problem during your pet’s examinations. If your pal has this condition, we may recommend surgery to close the problematic vessel.

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed Info Bladder or Kidney Stones

There are a few different types of stones that can form in the kidney or in the bladder, and Mini Schnauzers are more likely to develop them than other breeds. We’ll periodically test his urine for telltale signs indicating the presence of kidney and bladder stones, which in addition are very painful! If your buddy has blood in his urine, can’t urinate, or is straining to urinate, it is a medical emergency. Call us immediately!

Kidney Disease

Glomerulonephropathy is an inherited disease that slowly damages your Mini Schnauzer’s kidneys, causing them to fail, often at an early age. Because damaged kidneys leak protein, we may be able to diagnose this disease by annually testing your pet’s urine for excessive protein. Early detection leads to a happier pet and an easier, more affordable treatment plan. We may also recommend a special diet as part of his therapy.

Digestive Disorders

Several inherited conditions can cause recurring vomiting, diarrhea, or weight loss in your Mini Schnauzer. These conditions include pancreatic or intestinal disease, food sensitivities, and food allergies. Some of these problems may begin very early in life. To help prevent these conditions, feed only a high-quality pet food (we can help you choose the right diet) and, most importantly, avoid snacks and table food. Treats that are high in fat, sodium, or artificial ingredients (like people food) are particularly bad for your buddy’s digestion.

  • The esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach through downward contractions. If the esophagus isn’t contracting properly, food may remain in the esophagus, stretching it to “mega” size. If your Schnauzer is affected, he may throw up tube-shaped portions of undigested food. Special feeding postures, dietary modifications, and medications may be needed to manage this problem. Unfortunately, dogs with megaesophagus commonly inhale bits of food while eating and can develop severe pneumonia. If you notice any unusual eating behaviors or vomiting after eating, be sure to let us know. A quick, painless x-ray can help us determine if your pet has this condition.
  • Some dogs, like your Mini Schnauzer, are prone to developing pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas. Because the pancreas produces insulin as well as digestive enzymes, symptoms of pancreatitis include vomiting, diarrhea, belly pain, fever, lethargy, and dehydration. This is a very serious disease—pancreatitis can be fatal, or it can lead to long term health problems like diabetes. It’s also quite painful! Most cases require hospitalization for intensive care, pain management, and fluid support. Please call us at (512) 892-9038 or call an emergency clinic if your pet develops these symptoms.
  • Most commonly seen in small and toy breeds like your Mini Schnauzer, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, or HGE, is a serious and sometimes fatal disease in dogs that is characterized by bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and severe dehydration. Extensive treatment may be necessary for dogs suffering from hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, and some dogs may not survive the disease, particularly if they are not promptly treated. There are many causes of gastrointestinal disease in dogs, but any dog with these symptoms should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible.


There are three types of seizures in dogs: reactive, secondary, and primary. Reactive seizures are caused by the brain's reaction to a metabolic problem like low blood sugar, organ failure, or a toxin. Secondary seizures are the result of a brain tumor, stroke, or trauma. If no other cause can be found, the disease is called primary or idiopathic epilepsy. This problem is often an inherited condition, and Miniature Schnauzers are commonly afflicted. If your friend is prone to seizures, episodes will usually begin between six months and three years of age. An initial diagnostic workup may help find the cause. Lifelong medication is usually necessary to help keep seizures under control with periodic blood testing required to monitor side effects and efficacy. If your dog has a seizure, carefully prevent him from injuring himself, but don't try to control his mouth or tongue. It won't help him, and he may bite you accidentally! Note the length of the seizure, and call us or an emergency hospital.


In humans, allergies to pollen, mold, or dust make people sneeze. In dogs, rather than sneezing, allergies make their skin itchy. We call this skin allergy “atopy”, and Mini Schnauzers often have it. The feet, belly, folds of the skin, and ears are most commonly affected. Symptoms typically start between the ages of one and three and can get worse every year. Licking the paws, rubbing the face, and frequent ear infections are the most common signs of allergies. The good news is that there are many treatment options available for these conditions.

Eye Problems

Not many things have as dramatic an impact on your dog's quality of life as the proper functioning of his eyes. Unfortunately, Miniature Schnauzers can inherit or develop a number of different eye conditions, some of which may cause blindness if not treated right away, and most of which can be extremely painful! We will evaluate his eyes at every examination to look for any signs for concern.

Taking Care of Your Miniature Schnauzer at Home

Miniature Schnauzer Dog Breed InfoMuch of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense, just like it is for people. Watch her diet, make sure she gets plenty of exercise, regularly brush her teeth and coat, and call us or a pet emergency hospital when something seems unusual (see “What to Watch For” below). Be sure to adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we recommend for her. This is when we’ll give her the necessary “check-ups” and test for diseases and conditions that are common in Mini Schnauzers. Another very important step in caring for your pet is signing up for pet health insurance. There will certainly be medical tests and procedures she will need throughout her life and pet health insurance will help you cover those costs.

Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise

Build her routine care into your schedule to help your Mini Schnauzer live longer, stay healthier, and be happier during her lifetime. We cannot overemphasize the importance of a proper diet and exercise routine.

  • Supervise your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms as necessary. This will keep her out of trouble and away from objects she shouldn’t put in her mouth.
  • Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly. Twice a year professional grooming will also help maintain her wiry double coat.
  • Miniature Schnauzers often have serious problems with their teeth, so you’ll need to brush them at least three times a week!
  • Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Don’t worry—we’ll show you how!
  • She's a smart dog with lots of energy, so keep her mind and body active, or she'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.
  • She has a strong chase instinct, so she needs to be leash walked and a fenced yard is a must.
  • She is well suited to apartment life as long as she is given daily walks and frequent play sessions.
  • Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t give her people food.
  • Feed a high-quality diet appropriate for her age.
  • Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.

What to Watch For

Any abnormal symptom could be a sign of serious disease, or it could just be a minor or temporary problem. The important thing is to be able to tell when to seek veterinary help and how urgently. Many diseases cause dogs to have a characteristic combination of symptoms, which together can be a clear signal that your Miniature Schnauzer needs help.

Office Calls

Give us a call for an appointment if you notice any of these types of signs:

  • Change in appetite or water consumption
  • Tartar build-up, bad breath, red gums, or broken teeth
  • Itchy skin (scratching, chewing, or licking); hair loss
  • Lethargy, mental dullness, or excessive sleeping
  • Fearfulness, aggression, or other behavioral changes
  • Increased hunger and thirst, weight loss
  • Slow or stunted growth; sometimes seizes after eating
  • Drinks and urinates more, eats more; potbelly, poor haircoat
  • On-going vomiting, weight loss, and/or diarrhea


Seek medical care immediately if you notice any of these types of signs:

  • Scratching or shaking the head, tender ears, or ear discharge
  • Inability or straining to urinate; discolored urine
  • Cloudiness, redness, itching, or any other abnormality involving the eyes
  • Gums that are a color other than bright pink
  • Coughing, exercise intolerance, rapid breathing at rest
  • Any abnormal shaking, trembling, or excessive involuntary tremors
  1. Pocono fat camp
  2. Ar 15 concealment furniture
  3. Close range ar warzone
  4. Boe wow

Schnauzer (Miniature)

Miniature Schnauzers are living proof that good things really do come in small packages. Being a terrier breed, they like to rule the roost and be the centre of attention. They are full of loveable attitude and get absolute joy from running and playing outside with their favourite humans. These loveable larrikans enjoy getting up to mischief and have the intelligence to open cupboard doors to find food, favourite toys, or a tasty pair of new shoes.

Schnauzer (Miniature)



As a miniature, this breed is small, sturdy and squarely built. The distinctive Schnauzer beard and wiry coat can vary betyween black, black and sliver, salt and pepper, and occasionally, white. Adult Miniature Schnauzers grow to roughly 30 cm  and typically weigh between 5 and 9 kg.

Loving them back

Schnauzers are keen particpants in agility training. So offering a regular variety of these activities will keep their mind and body active to help keep mischievous behaviour at bay. Anyone who devotes quality time with a Schnauzer will be richly rewarded with an unconditional bond of friendship. Active families and first time dog owners can't go wrong with these cheeky little furballs.

My Miniature Schnauzer from 3 Weeks to 2 Years old - So Cute! Med School vlogs

Miniature Schnauzer

life span
breed size
good with
  • children
  • seniors
  • dogs
  • families
  • outgoing
  • playful
  • friendly
shedding amount
exercise needs
energy level
barking level
drool amount
breed group
coat length/texture
  • bicolor
  • flecked / ticked / speckled
other traits
  • hypoallergenic
  • easy to train
  • requires lots of grooming
  • tolerates being alone
  • high prey drive
  • high potential for weight gain
  • apartment-friendly
  • cold weather tolerant
  • hot weather tolerant
  • good for first-time pet owners

Originally bred as ratters, the miniature schnauzer has a heart and a hunter's spirit that belies his tiny size. As the breed has moved off the farm and into people's homes, miniature schnauzers have grown to be one of the most popular breeds in the world, consistently ranking among the top 20 most popular dogs in the U.S., the U.K., and Germany. This is a result of their off-the-chart intelligence, their small stature, and their friendly, engaging appearance. And while no dog is completely allergen-proof, miniature schnauzers have the added benefit of being considered "hypoallergenic" dogs, making them ideal for families for whom pet dander and heavy shedding are a concern.

But all that greatness comes with a trade-off. Miniature schnauzers, while friendly, loyal, and eager to please, also need constant mental stimulation. The dogs are so smart that if they aren't given daily challenges, they'll grow bored and start making their own—often disruptive—fun. 


Schnauzers, in general, are some of the most easily recognizable breeds on the planet. Miniature schnauzers don't disappoint in that regard, exhibiting the customary boxy body shape and medium-to-long wire-haired coat.

gray miniature schnauzer standing in grass

Bred to rid German farms of vermin, miniature schnauzers have a high prey drive. Keep your pup on a leash or in a fenced-in yard so he doesn't bolt after a passing squirrel.

| Credit: Feverstockphoto / Getty

Their heads and snouts are squarish, with ears that naturally fold over just above the top of the head, but that are often cropped in show dogs to stand in upright points. (Though this is controversial; according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, cropping a dog's ears is almost always done for cosmetic reasons and has no proven health benefits).

Miniature schnauzer coats grow quickly and will naturally produce a shaggy look due to the wiry nature of their hair, but the customary cut for schnauzers is to keep the fur short on their bodies and heads and longer on the feet, belly, and snouts. Colors include solid black, salt and pepper, black and silver, and the controversial (as in, not allowed by the American Kennel Club) solid white.


Miniature schnauzers bring a lot to the table, but they can be a handful for the unsuspecting or ill-prepared owner. They are an incredibly loyal breed and once you have their trust, expect to be followed closely wherever you go, whatever you do. This is not the kind of dog that'll sit and watch you from the couch or allow you to shower in peace. If you own a miniature schnauzer, you have two modes in life: Not Home or Sharing Personal Space.

Due to their loyalty, they make exceptional—one might even say needlessly exuberant—furry home alarm systems. You will know when strangers are at the door. Or walking by on the street. Or when a car door slams. Or maybe even when the wind blows.

"They can be a little yappy," says Dennis Riordan, DVM, of Riordan Pet Hospital in Des Moines, Iowa. "Some people will find them not great for apartment living because they bark aimlessly sometimes."

Once a new person enters the house, however, they are smart enough dogs to master cues from their owners. And once you've made it clear that someone is welcome, they usually become quick to welcome them with doggy kisses and wagging tails. 

miniature schnauzer sitting in their owners lap looking at the camera

These pups aren't keen on personal space. When you own a miniature schnauzer, you can expect him to be in your lap or at your feet at all times.

| Credit: Cavan Images / Getty

Miniature schnauzers have a lot of energy to go along with all those smarts, so they'll need exercise daily. Time in the backyard or at the dog park is nice, but they'll really appreciate some kind of game or job to focus on. This can be as simple as playing fetch or going for a jog with you, but can (and often does) include agility, rally, and digging competitions.

They are incredibly, stupendously easy to train, and love learning new tricks and skills. Keeping your miniature schnauzer mentally stimulated will be an important task, because these brilliant little guys will get headstrong and willful if they are allowed to get bored and start looking for their own entertainment.

Remember the miniature schnauzer was born to be a little hunter, and that ratting instinct is still in him. He has a very high prey drive, and you can absolutely expect to find the occasional dead mouse, bunny, or chipmunk on your doorstep if you let him outside off a leash.

Living Needs 

How much do you like your neighbors? That's going to be the only question that needs to be answered if you decide to bring a miniature schnauzer into your apartment lifestyle. They are adaptable enough little dogs to be more than happy in an apartment, so long as their minds are kept occupied and they get plenty of time with you. But that tendency to bark is strong, and you can expect to be alerted to noises you never even knew existed before. If your apartment has thin walls or easily annoyed neighbors, you might want to consider a different breed.

But Pam Nichols, DVM and president of the American Animal Hospital Association, says miniature schnauzer parents don't need to accept all that barking. 

"They can be trained easily to not bark," she says. "They are smart and loving; they are independent [but] still want to please. The short answer is you get whatever you tolerate."

That consideration aside, well-socialized miniature schnauzers are extremely affable living companions. They do equally well in both colder and warmer climates, they can be very happy in households with other dogs, and they get along great in houses with children and seniors. Smaller children should be supervised closely with miniature schnauzers, just like with any breed, and be taught how to properly interact with animals. Cats are an iffy proposition due to the miniature schnauzer's prey drive, but if they are socialized with cats as puppies, they are smart enough to learn to see cats as roommates, not provisions.

Miniature schnauzers bring a lot to the table, but they can be a handful for the unsuspecting or ill-prepared owner. They are an incredibly loyal breed and once you have their trust, expect to be followed closely wherever you go, whatever you do. This is not the kind of dog that'll sit and watch you from the couch or allow you to shower in peace.

gray miniature schnauzer standing on a tree stump

Credit: Scott Matthews / Getty


A miniature schnauzer's hair is very easy to maintain, which is good because he needs grooming fairly often. Their wiry double coat is extremely low-shedding, making the miniature schnauzer "hypoallergenic" and great for some households where dander reactions are a worry. However, their coat also grows very quickly, meaning monthly grooming sessions are probably in your future.

Aside from that, standard dog maintenance for their teeth, nails, and ears should be all you really have to worry about, as their wiry, naturally oily fur will keep itself relatively free of mats and burrs.

closeup of an owner holding a miniature schnauzer with its tongue out

Though no dog is truly hypoallergenic, the miniature schnauzer's wiry fur is a good choice for people allergic to puppers.

| Credit: Elsa Salinas / 500px / Getty

It's very important for owners to keep up on training, especially obedience. If a miniature schnauzer learns once that he can get away with something, it's a lesson he'll never forget, and you'll have a more difficult time keeping him well-behaved. Nichols, who owns a miniature schnauzer herself, says these pups are easy to train with positive reinforcement. With consistency (and a treat or two), miniature schnauzers are quick to learn basic cues like sit and stay, and even a party trick or two. 


By their nature, miniature schnauzers come with a relatively high body fat count. They also hoard calories like they're Beanie Babies from the 1990s, so you'll need to keep a close eye on how much they eat, limit between-meal treats, and ensure they are getting enough exercise every day to burn off what they take in. Otherwise, your pup can quickly become obese, Nichols says.

That propensity to retain body fat can also lead to issues such as hyperlipidemia, pancreatitis, and urinary stones. Cataracts can be a problem for the breed as well. While it's hereditary and not weight-induced, Riordan says diabetes also can be a problem for schnauzers, and it's something you will want to have your pup tested for early.

"Diabetes is different in dogs vs. humans," he says. "Dogs don't get diabetes because of weight or lifestyle or things associated with Type 2. Dogs are more like Type 1, which means that their insulin cells just burn out and stop producing. This is why a dog's diabetes can't be managed through diet. You have to give them insulin."

gray schnauzer puppy playing outside

Miniature schnauzer puppies need early socialization and training to grow into well-mannered dogs.

| Credit: Lunja / Getty

Another common ailment amongst schnauzers of any size is a condition called comedo syndrome, which causes small, pus-filled bumps to form along the dog's back. These bumps are not painful unless they break open and an infection occurs. There are a number of topical treatments available, and if left completely untreated, there are no drawbacks other than the cosmetic. Theoretically, comedo syndrome can occur in any breed, but it is so prevalent in schnauzers it is sometimes referred to as "schnauzer back."


The standard schnauzer has a lineage that's almost as old as Europe itself, with records stretching back to the 15th century, according to The Miniature Schnauzer Club. Sometime in the mid-to-late 19th century, German farmers began breeding the standard schnauzer with dogs like the miniature pinscher, affenpinscher, and miniature poodle to develop a dog with the size and hunter's temperament to go after rats, voles, and other nuisance animals around the farm. 

The first recorded use of the name miniature schnauzer came in 1888, with a small black dog named Findel. Four miniature schnauzers made their way to the U.S. in 1924, and the AKC recognized them two years later. It is said that virtually all purebred miniature schnauzers in the United States today can trace their lineage directly back to these four dogs.

Fun Facts

  • One of the most popular breeds in the world, miniature schnauzers have been owned by a remarkable list of famous folks, including Senator Bob and Elizabeth Dole, Mary Tyler Moore, Sugar Ray Leonard, and 50 Cent.
  • The name schnauzer is derived from the German word schnauze, which means snout or muzzle. An apt name for dogs intended to root for vermin!

Time schnauzer

Knowing that it is customary for the earthlings, like the Langians, to cover their bodies, I was sure that they understood: the needs of treatment are above customs and decency. When I asked them carefully about this, they answered me with pleasant smiles. Nevertheless, something strange was clearly going on with Iris.

Cutest Miniature Schnauzer brothers meeting for the 1st time

Otherwise, maniacs, as Dimon says, or men who are not indifferent to my beauties, as it is more convenient for me. To call them, would have been with us no less than on the first day. I would have done my best, believe me. And a couple of us also recognized, they were more attentive than my faithful. - I shouldnt have been without linen.

Now discussing:

Everything is on fire. Someone just shouts, someone asks for help. I quickly understand who needs to be helped, and who cannot be helped with anything. I get short orders, no unnecessary conversations. My group is those who already have little help.

374 375 376 377 378