Wig hair style

Wig hair style DEFAULT


Head accessory that mimics hair

For other uses, see Wig (disambiguation).

A wig is a head or hair accessory made from human hair, animal hair, or synthetic fiber.[1] The word wig is short for periwig,[2] which makes its earliest known appearance in the English language in William Shakespeare's The Two Gentlemen of Verona. Some people wear wigs to disguise baldness; a wig may be used as a less intrusive and less expensive alternative to medical therapies for restoring hair or for a religious reason.


Ancient use[edit]

In Egyptian society men and women commonly had clean shaven or close cropped hair and often wore wigs.[3][4] The ancient Egyptians created the wig to shield shaved, hairless heads from the sun. They also wore the wigs on top of their hair using beeswax and resin to keep the wigs in place. Wealthy Egyptians would wear elaborate wigs and scented head cones of animal fat on top of their wigs.[3] Other ancient cultures, including the Assyrians,[5]Phoenicians, Jews in ancient Israel,[6]Greeks and Romans, also used wigs as an everyday fashion.

In China, the popularization of the wig started in the Spring and Autumn period.[7][citation needed]

In Japan, the upper classes started wearing wigs before the Nara period.[citation needed]

In Korea, gache were popular among women during the Goryeo dynasty until they were banned in the late 18th century.[citation needed]

16th and 17th centuries[edit]

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the use of wigs fell into disuse in the West for a thousand years until they were revived in the 16th century as a means of compensating for hair loss or improving one's personal appearance.[8] They also served a practical purpose: the unhygienic conditions of the time meant that hair attracted head lice, a problem that could be much reduced if natural hair were shaved and replaced with a more easily de-loused artificial hairpiece.[9] Fur hoods were also used in a similar preventive fashion.

Royal patronage was crucial to the revival of the wig.[10] Queen Elizabeth I of England famously wore a red wig, tightly and elaborately curled in a "Roman" style, while among men King Louis XIII of France (1601–1643) started to pioneer wig-wearing in 1624 when he had prematurely begun to bald.[11] This fashion was largely promoted by his son and successor Louis XIV of France (1638–1715), which contributed to its spread in European and European-influenced countries.

Perukes or periwigs for men were introduced into the English-speaking world with other French styles when Charles II was restored to the throne in 1660, following a lengthy exile in France. These wigs were shoulder-length or longer, imitating the long hair that had become fashionable among men since the 1620s. Their use soon became popular in the English court. The London diarist Samuel Pepys recorded the day in 1665 that a barber had shaved his head and that he tried on his new periwig for the first time, but in a year of plague he was uneasy about wearing it:[12]

3rd September 1665: Up, and put on my coloured silk suit, very fine, and my new periwig, bought a good while since, but darst not wear it because the plague was in Westminster when I bought it. And it is a wonder what will be the fashion after the plague is done as to periwigs, for nobody will dare to buy any haire for fear of the infection? That it had been cut off the heads of people dead of the plague.

Wigs were not without other drawbacks, as Pepys noted on March 27, 1663:

I did go to the Swan; and there sent for Jervas my old periwig-maker and he did bring me a periwig; but it was full of nits, so as I was troubled to see it (it being his old fault) and did send him to make it clean.

With wigs virtually obligatory garb for men with social rank, wigmakers gained considerable prestige. A wigmakers' guild was established in France in 1665, a development soon copied elsewhere in Europe. Their job was a skilled one as 17th century wigs were extraordinarily elaborate, covering the back and shoulders and flowing down the chest; not surprisingly, they were also extremely heavy and often uncomfortable to wear. Such wigs were expensive to produce. The best examples were made from natural human hair. The hair of horses and goats was often used as a cheaper alternative.[13]

Examples of wigs in the 16th and 17th century

  • Korean traditional wig (Gache)

18th century[edit]

Wig 1780–1800
Wig, 1780–1800. Wigs that had the back hair enclosed in a bag were called bag wigs.[14]

In the 18th century, men's wigs were powdered to give them their distinctive white or off-white color.[15] Women in the 18th century did not wear wigs, but wore a coiffure supplemented by artificial hair or hair from other sources. Women mainly powdered their hair grey, or blue-ish grey, and from the 1770s onwards never bright white like men. Wig powder was made from finely ground starch that was scented with orange flower, lavender, or orris root. Wig powder was occasionally colored violet, blue, pink or yellow, but was most often off-white.[16]

Powdered wigs (men) and powdered natural hair with supplemental hairpieces (women) became essential for full dress occasions and continued in use until almost the end of the 18th century. The elaborate form of wigs worn at the coronation of George III in 1761 was lampooned by William Hogarth in his engraving Five Orders of Periwigs. Powdering wigs and extensions was messy and inconvenient, and the development of the naturally white or off-white powderless wig (made of horsehair) for men made the retention of wigs in everyday court dress a practical possibility. By the 1780s, young men were setting a fashion trend by lightly powdering their natural hair, as women had already done from the 1770s onwards. After 1790, both wigs and powder were reserved for older, more conservative men, and were in use by ladies being presented at court. After 1790, English women seldom powdered their hair.

In 1795, the British government levied a tax on hair powder of one guinea per year. This tax effectively caused the demise of both the fashion for wigs and powder. Granville Leveson-Gower, in Paris during the winter of 1796, at the height of the ThermidorianDirectory, noted "The word citoyen seemed but very little in use, and hair powder being very common, the appearance of the people was less democratic than in England."[17]

Among women in the French court of Versailles in the mid-to-late 18th century, large, elaborate and often themed wigs (such as the stereotypical "boat poufs") were in vogue. These combed-up hair extensions were often very heavy, weighted down with pomades, powders, and other ornamentation. In the late 18th century these coiffures (along with many other indulgences in court life) became symbolic of the decadence of the French nobility, and for that reason quickly became out of fashion from the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789.

During the 18th century, men's wigs became smaller and more formal with several professions adopting them as part of their official costumes. This tradition survives in a few legal systems. They are routinely worn in various countries of the Commonwealth. Until 1823, bishops of the Church of England and Church of Ireland wore ceremonial wigs. The wigs worn by barristers are in the style favoured in the late eighteenth century. Judges' wigs, in everyday use as court dress, are short like barristers' wigs (although in a slightly different style), but for ceremonial occasions judges and also senior barristers (QCs) wear full-bottomed wigs.[18]

Examples of 18th century wigs

19th and 20th centuries[edit]

The wearing of wigs as a symbol of social status was largely abandoned in the newly created United States and France by the start of the 19th century. In the United States, only four presidents, from John Adams to James Monroe, wore curly powdered wigs tied in a queue according to the old-fashioned style of the 18th century, though Thomas Jefferson did not always wear a wig, but only wore a wig when he was Ambassador to France with his long red hair implied to be short until his terms as secretary of state, vice president, and president, in which he powdered his long hair.[19] Unlike them, the first president, George Washington, never wore a wig; instead, he powdered, curled and tied in a queue his own long hair.[20]

Women's wigs developed in a somewhat different way. They were worn from the 18th century onwards, although at first only surreptitiously. Full wigs in the 19th and early 20th century were not fashionable. They were often worn by old ladies who had lost their hair.[citation needed] In the film Mr. Skeffington (1944), Bette Davis's character has to wear a wig after a bout of diphtheria, which is a moment of pathos and a symbol of her frailty.[citation needed]

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century hairdressers in England and France did a brisk business supplying postiches, or pre-made small wiglets, curls, and false buns to be incorporated into the hairstyle. The use of postiches did not diminish even as women's hair grew shorter in the decade between 1910 and 1920, but they seem to have gone out of fashion during the 1920s.[21] In the 1960s a new type of synthetic wig was developed using a modacrylic fiber which made wigs more affordable. Reid-Meredith was a pioneer in the sales of these types of wigs.[22]

Presidents of the United States in powdered wigs

21st century[edit]

It has been reported from time to time that for global human hair trade, women from the ASEAN region are being exploited.[23] Hair from this region has a significant commercial value in the international market.[24] Particularly in India, the women are forced by their husbands into selling their hair,[25] and slum children were being tricked into "having their heads shaved in exchange for toys".[26]

Military wigs[edit]

From the late 17th to early 19th centuries, European armies wore uniforms more or less imitating the civilian fashions of the time, but with militarized additions. As part of that uniform, officers wore wigs more suited to the drawing rooms of Europe than its battlefields. The late 17th century saw officers wearing full-bottomed natural-coloured wigs, but the civilian change to shorter, powdered styles with pigtails in the early 18th century saw officers adopting similar styles. The elaborate, oversized court-styles of the late 18th century were not followed by armies in the field however, as they were impractical to withstand the rigours of military life and simpler wigs were worn.

While officers normally wore their own hair short under a powdered wig, the rank and file of the infantry was not afforded such luxury. Instead of wigs, the men grew their hair long and according to the prevailing fashion in a nation's army, hair was either allowed to grow long with simple modeling, as in the French army of the 1740s, or else was elaborately coiffured as in Prussian and British armies. In the case of British soldiers of the 1740s, contemporary artwork suggests that they cut their hair short, which was not the case. Instead, the men used tallow or other fat to grease the hair, which was then fashioned into pigtails and tied back into the scalp hair to give the impression of short hair.[27] It was then liberally dusted with powdered chalk to give the impression of a powdered wig. Later in the century, hair was likewise tied back, greased and powdered, but false hair pigtails were adopted, kept in a tubular queue and tied back with ribbons to the soldier's own hair. The overall effect was that of a wig with a long tail and bow. The Prussian army took personal hairstyles to an extreme during the time of Frederick the Great, each soldier commonly having a long pigtail hanging down the back nearly to waist level.

By contrast, in the 1780s Russian General Potemkin abhorred the tight uniforms and uncomfortable wigs and powdered coiffures worn by his soldiers and instigated a complete revision of both. Along with comfortable, practical, well-fitting uniforms, his reforms introduced neat, natural hairstyles for all, with no wigs, powder and grease, or hair-tying evident.

Formal military hairstyles lasted until beyond the end of the 18th century and it was the French Revolution which spelled the end of wigs and powdered, greased hairstyles in modern, Western armies. Powdered hair and pigtails made a brief return during Napoleon's reign, being worn by infantry of his Foot Grenadiers and Foot Chasseurs of the Old Guard and the Horse Grenadiers of the Guard.


Main article: Merkin

A merkin is a pubic wig often worn as a decorative item or for theatrical and fashion purposes. They are sometimes viewed as erotic and some designs are meant for entertainment or as a form of comedy.

Current usage[edit]

Official use[edit]

In Britain, most Commonwealth nations, and the Republic of Ireland special wigs are also worn by barristers, judges, and certain parliamentary and municipal or civic officials as a symbol of the office. Hong Kong barristers and judges continue to wear wigs as part of court dress as a legacy of the court system from the time of British rule. In July 2007, judges in New South Wales, Australia, voted to discontinue the wearing of wigs in the NSW Court of Appeal.[28] New Zealand lawyers and judges have ceased to wear wigs except for ceremonial occasions, such as when newly-qualified lawyers are called to the bar. In Canada lawyers and judges do not wear wigs.


A number of celebrities, including Donna Summer, Dolly Parton, Sia Furler, Nicki Minaj, Katy Perry, Melanie Martinez, Lady Gaga, Diana Ross & The Supremes, Tina Turner and Raquel Welch, popularized wigs. Cher has worn all kinds of wigs in the last 40 years, from blonde to black, and curly to straight. They may also be worn for fun as part of fancy dress (costume wearing), when they can be of outlandish color or made from tinsel. They are quite common at Halloween, when "rubber wigs" (solid bald cap-like hats, shaped like hair), are sold at some stores.

Wigs are used in film, theater, and television. In the Japanese film and television genre Jidaigeki, wigs are used extensively to alter appearance to reflect the Edo period when most stories take place. Only a few actors starring in big-budgeted films and television series will grow their hair so that it may be cut to the appropriate hair style, and forgo using a wig.


In the theater, especially on Broadway, wigs are used to give a performer a fixed character. Nearly all women and many men do so not only for character design, but also to cover their microphone packs. Often the microphone pack goes on the actor's head, mainly to efficiently facilitate quick changes.

An actor not wearing a wig needs to change their look every time they go on stage. The wig helps solidify the character's design; natural hair is different day to day.[29][30]



Jewish law requires married women to cover their hair for reasons of tzniut (Hebrew: "modesty or privacy"). Some Orthodox Jewish women wear wigs, known as sheitels, for this purpose. Wigs of those who practice Haredi Judaism and Hasidic Judaism often are made from human hair. In Modern Orthodox Judaism, women will usually wear a hat or other covering, sometimes exposing the bottom of their hair.

One rabbi has declared that long wigs are inappropriate.[31] Another said that it is preferable for a married Jewish woman to expose her hair than to don a wig, for the wig actually increases attraction in the public domain and encourages the notion that Halakha is both irrational and intellectually dishonest.[32] Still another rabbi, who also spoke strongly against the wearing of wigs, said specifically, "You must go with a hat or kerchief on your head", but did not permit leaving hair "exposed".[33]

Most Orthodox women cover their hair,[34] whether with wigs, hats or scarves. The rejection by some rabbis of wigs is not recent, but began "in the 1600s, when French women began wearing wigs to cover their hair. Rabbis rejected this practice, both because it resembled the contemporary non-Jewish style and because it was immodest, in their eyes, for a woman to sport a beautiful head of hair, even if it was a wig."[35]

Other options include:

  • wearing a covered wig, called a shpitzel
  • a covering, typically cloth, called a tichel
  • another non-hair (and looser) head covering, called a snood
  • a short wig mostly covered by a Tichel, but with (wig) "hair" showing on the forehead, sometimes also showing from the back, called a frisette [fr]

Other uses[edit]


Wigs are worn by some people on a daily or occasional basis in everyday life. This is sometimes done for reasons of convenience, since wigs can be styled ahead of time. They are also worn by individuals who are experiencing hair loss due to medical reasons (most commonly cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy, or those who are suffering from alopecia areata).

Some men who crossdress as women wear wigs in different styles to make their hair seem more feminine.

Image gallery[edit]

Examples of contemporary wigs

  • Colourful wigs for costume parties

  • An assortment of wigs in display cabinet

  • Japanese wig for traditional hairstyle


In the 18th and 19th centuries, wig makers were called perruquiers.[36]

There are two methods of attaching hair to wigs. The first and oldest is to weave the root ends of the hair onto a stretch of three silk threads to form a sort of fringe called a "weft". The wefts are then sewn to a foundation made of net or other material.[37] In modern times, the wefts can also be made (a warp is the vertical thread of a weave, the weft is the horizontal thread) with a specially adapted sewing machine, reducing the amount of hand labour involved. In the 19th century another method came into use. A small hook called a "ventilating needle" or "knotting needle", similar to the tambour hooks used for decorating fabric with chain-stitch embroidery at that period, is used to knot a few strands of hair at a time directly to a suitable foundation material. This newer method produces a lighter and more natural looking wig. High quality custom wigs, and those used for film and theatrical productions are usually done this way. It is also possible to combine the two techniques, using weft for the main part of the wig and ventilating hair at the edges and partings to give a fine finish.


Making custom wigs starts with measuring the subject's head. The natural hair is arranged in flat curls against the head as the various measurements are taken. It is often helpful to make a pattern from layers of transparent adhesive tape applied over a piece of plastic wrap, on which the natural hairline can be traced accurately. These measurements are then transferred to the "block", a wooden or cork-stuffed canvas form the same size and shape as the client's head.[38][39]


Depending on the style of the wig, a foundation is made of net or other material, different sizes and textures of mesh being used for different parts of the wig. The edges and other places might be trimmed and reinforced with a narrow ribbon called "galloon". Sometimes flesh colored silk or synthetic material is applied where it will show through the hair at crown and partings, and small bones or elastic are inserted to make the wig fit securely. Theatrical, and some fine custom wigs, have a fine, flesh colored net called "hair lace" at the front which is very inconspicuous in wear and allows the hair to look as if it is coming directly from the skin underneath. These are usually referred to as "lace front wigs".[40]

Hair preparation[edit]

Trimmed human hair that is partly bleached.

Natural hair, either human or from an animal such as a goat or yak, must be carefully sorted so that the direction of growth is maintained, root to root, and point to point. Because of the scale-like structure of the cuticle of a hair shaft, if some hairs get turned the wrong way, they will ride backwards against their neighbors and cause tangles and matting. The highest quality of hair has never been bleached or colored, and has been carefully sorted to ensure the direction is correct. This process is called "turning". For less expensive wigs, this labour-intensive sorting process is substituted by "processing" the hair. It is treated with a strong base solution which partially dissolves the cuticle leaving the strands smooth. It is then bleached and dyed to the required shade and given a synthetic resin finish which partially restores the strength and luster of the now damaged hair. Synthetic fiber, of course, is simply manufactured in the required colors, and has no direction.

The wigmaker will choose the type, length and colors of hair required by the design of the wig and blend them by pulling the hair through the upright teeth of a brush-like tool called a "hackle" which also removes tangles and any short or broken strands. The hair is placed on one of a pair of short-bristled brushes called "drawing brushes" with the root ends extending over one edge; the edge facing the wigmaker (or properly called, boardworker), and the second brush is pressed down on top of it so that a few strands can be withdrawn at a time, leaving the rest undisturbed.[40]

Adding the hair[edit]

Weft structured wigs can have the wefts sewn to the foundation by hand, while it is on the block or, as is common with mass-produced wigs, sewn to a ready-made base by skilled sewing machine operators. Ventilated (hand knotted) wigs have the hair knotted directly to the foundation, a few strands at a time while the foundation is fastened to the block. With the hair folded over the finger, the wigmaker pulls a loop of hair under the mesh, and then moves the hook forward to catch both sides of the loop. The ends are pulled through the loop and the knot is tightened for a "single knot", or a second loop is pulled through the first before finishing for a "double knot". Typically, the bulkier but more secure double knot is used over the majority of the wig and the less obvious single knot at the edges and parting areas. A skilled wigmaker will consider the number of strands of hair used and the direction of each knot to give the most natural effect possible.[41]

It takes generally six heads of hair to make a full human hair wig.[citation needed]


At this point, the hair on the wig is all the same length. The wig must be styled into the desired form in much the same manner as a regular stylist.[39]


The subject's natural hair is again knotted tightly against the head and the wig is applied. Any remaining superfluous wiglace is trimmed away. Hairpins can be used to secure the lace to the hair and occasionally, skin-safe adhesives are used to adhere the wig against bald skin and to better hide any exposed lace. Finishing touches are done to the hair styling to achieve the desired effect.[39]

Types of human hair wigs[edit]

There are two basic kinds of hair wigs: The traditional machine stitched weft wig and the hand tied lace wig.[42] The machine stitched wigs are still the most widely worn wigs today. The hair is sewn on a stretch weft material and come with back straps for adjusting to various head sizes. These wigs are typically pre-styled and lack any kind of realistic expectations.

Lace wigs are quickly becoming one of the most sought-after wigs among wig wearers. The illusion of hair growing from the scalp is the feature that makes this wig the best of the best when it comes to wearing fake hair. These wigs are made with a French or Swiss lace material base. They are made as a full lace[43] or partial lace front[44] with a stretch weft back. Each hair strand is individually stitched into a lace material which creates the natural look of hair at the base. This is where the term "hand tied" originates.

Hair type is the distinguishing factor in human hair wigs. Four main types of hair are used in manufacturing: Chinese or "Malaysian", Indian, Indonesian or "Brazilian", and Caucasian or "European". The majority of human hair wigs are made of Chinese or Indian hair, while European hair is considered the most expensive and rare, as most donors are from Russia or Northern Europe, where there is a smaller portion of hair donors to the market.

Remy human hair is considered to be the best quality of human hair because the cuticles are kept intact and not stripped away;[45] "strands retain their scaled natural outer cuticle."[46] The preserved cuticles are also aligned in a unidirectional manner, which decreases tangling and matting. Also, the hair is carefully separated after collecting from the donor to ensure all the cuticles are of the same length.[47]

Notable wig designers[edit]

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wigs.


  1. ^"How is a Wig Made?".
  2. ^1600s, shortened form of the word Periwig"Define Wig at Dictionary.com".
  3. ^ abcWallenfels, Ronald (2000). The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students, Volume 2. Scribner. p. 145. ISBN .
  4. ^Fletcher, Joann; Salamone, Filippo (2016). "An Ancient Egyptian Wig: Construction and Reconstruction". Internet Archaeology (42). doi:10.11141/ia.42.6.3.
  5. ^"Dumuzid and Jectin-ana". Etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk. December 19, 2006. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  6. ^Mishna tractate Sabbath Chapter 6 Mishna 5
  7. ^Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2015). World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence. Routledge. pp. 119, 120, 121. ISBN .
  8. ^"Fashion: The history of the wig: On a wig and a prayer". January 17, 1999.
  9. ^"Perukes, Pomade, and Powder: Hair Care in the 1700s".
  10. ^"A Brief History of the Wig".
  11. ^marcelgomessweden. "Louis XIII « The Beautiful Times". Thebeautifultimes.wordpress.com. Retrieved March 16, 2013.
  12. ^Samuel Pepys; Henry Benjamin Wheatley (1895). The Diary of Samuel Pepys (Volume 9, Page 60).
  13. ^Chaudhary, Amit (July 10, 2018). "History of Hair Wigs - Why It is in Trend Today - Artificial Heads of Hair". Planetofhaircloning.com.
  14. ^McDowall, Carolyn. "Adventures in Hair for 18th Century Gentlemen". The Culture Concept Circle. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  15. ^"When Did Men Stop Wearing Wigs?".
  16. ^"Hair Powder Tax".
  17. ^Noted in Janet Gleeson, Privilege and Scandal: The Remarkable Life of Harriet Spencer, Sister of Georgiana 2006:178.
  18. ^"Judiciary.gov.uk". Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  19. ^Whitcomb, John; Whitcomb, Claire. Real Life at the White House: Two Hundred Years of Daily Life at America's Most Famous Residence. Psychology Press. Retrieved April 20, 2010.
  20. ^"Frequently Asked Questions: Did George Washington wear a wig?". The Papers of George Washington. University of Virginia. Archived from the original on November 20, 2005. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  21. ^Emile Long, Hairstyles and Fashion: A Hairdresser's History of Paris, 1910–1920, edited with an introduction by Steven Zdatny, Berg (Oxford International Publishers Ltd), 1999 ISBN 1-85973-222-4
  22. ^"Expert Says Korean Labor Problems Knock Wig Market Askew". Associated Press. August 3, 1988. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  23. ^"ASEAN: Multi-billion hair industry exploits women by buying hair at very low prices | Business & Human Rights Resource Centre". www.business-humanrights.org. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  24. ^"Human hair trade is exploiting ASEAN women". The ASEAN Post. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  25. ^McDougall, Dan (June 24, 2006). "Trade in hair forces India's children to pay the price". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  26. ^Khaleeli, Homa (October 28, 2012). "The hair trade's dirty secret". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  27. ^"Pigtails, Queues, and Campaign Wigs of Revolutionary War Soldiers".
  28. ^"Woolly headed? Not this verdict". The Sydney Morning Herald. August 2, 2007.
  29. ^American Theatre Wing (October 28, 2013). "Theatrical Wig Maker". YouTube. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  30. ^American Theatre Wing (October 10, 2018). "Working in the Theatre: Wigs". YouTube. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  31. ^"Rabbi Says Long Wigs Are Not Proper Head Coverings". Crownheights.info. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
  32. ^"Are Wigs Kosher? Interview with Machon Shilo's Rabbi David Bar-Hayim", Torah Nation, YouTube, February 6, 2016, retrieved March 23, 2017
  33. ^Ari Galahar (September 6, 2010). "Rabbi Yosef comes out against wig-wearing". Ynetnews.
  34. ^Frimet Foldberger (August 4, 2014). "Taxonomy of the Sheitel". The Forward.
  35. ^Alieza Salzberg. "Hair Coverings for Married Women".
  36. ^"Perruquier's Shop, England, 18th century. Illustration of maker of perukes or wigs".
  37. ^Huaixiang, Han (June 20, 2014). Costume Craftwork on a Budget. Burlington, MA: Focal Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN . Retrieved November 21, 2014.
  38. ^"The Art and Craft of Hairdressing", Wolters.
  39. ^ abc"Wigs". How It's Made. Season 6. Episode 6–06. Discovery Channel Canada.
  40. ^ ab"The Art and Craft of Hairdressing" Wolters
  41. ^"The Art and Craft of Hairdressing" ed. N.E.B. Wolters, The New Era Publishing Company, Ltd. London, 1963
  42. ^"The History of Lace Front Wigs and Wigs in General".
  43. ^"Whole Lace Wigs - Full Lace Wigs". Divatress. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  44. ^"Examples of Lace Front Human Hair Wigs". www.lilyhair.com. Retrieved March 4, 2020.
  45. ^"Hair Extension Thefts on the Rise". The New York Times. May 16, 2011.
  46. ^Crystal Martin (May 15, 2019). "We Made Gray Hair Even Prettier With Pastels". The New York Times.
  47. ^Lauren Lipton (February 27, 2013). "Her Crowning Glory in a Box". The New York Times.
  48. ^"Peter Swords King". IMDb. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  49. ^"Peter Owen". IMDb. Retrieved August 29, 2014.

Further reading[edit]

Look up wig in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wig

Wigs are definitely having a moment right now and, NGL, I’m not sure why it hasn't happen sooner. Think about it: Wigs are so damn versatile. Depending on the type of wig you choose, you can cut it, curl it, or color it so that it fits your vibe. Plus, they’re a great protective style option—wigs cover your natural hair from any potential damage, while still giving you the freedom to experiment with all types of looks. But before you go in on your wig, a few ground rules need to be established. That's why I reached out to Brittany Johnson, hairstylist and senior content manager for Mayvenn Hair, to run us through exactly how to style a wig without ruining your hair.

This content is imported from {embed-name}. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

What’s the difference between a synthetic hair wig and a human hair wig?

According to Johnson, human hair wigs are more expensive but they look (and feel) more realistic, they're safe for heat styling, and if you take care of them right, they'll last you at least a year. Synthetic wigs look less natural and you usually can't heat style them (more on that below), but they're way more wallet-friendly and need less upkeep than human hair wigs, says Johnson.

This content is imported from Instagram. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

Can you style a synthetic wig?

Eh, it’s a bit complicated—you want to read the wig manufacturer’s label before bringing a flat iron or curling wand near your synthetic wig, says Johnson. The thing is, sometimes wigs are marketed as synthetic, but they’re actually made up of a blend of human and synthetic hair, meaning they can be styled with low heat. Typically though, Johnson says a full synthetic wig isn’t something that you can style with hot tools. They usually come in preset looks that are set into the synthetic fibers of the wig, so creating a different look without ruining the wig is super difficult, she adds.

With human hair wigs, you’ve got way more options when it comes to styling your hair, says Johnson. Remember: You should treat these wigs like you would your own hair. This means spritzing on a heat-protectant spray all over before using any hot tools. Johnson also recommends removing your wig while you sleep and placing it on a wig head (or laying it flat in a silk or satin bag) to keep your style intact for longer, while also limiting your use of heat.

Ouai Memory Mist Heat Protectant


Tresemme Keratin Smooth Heat Protection Shine Spray


Drybar Hot Toddy Heat Protectant Mist


Chi 44 Iron Guard Thermal Protection Spray


Is there anything you should do to your wig before styling it?

TBH, prepping your human hair wig isn’t all that different from getting your own hair ready for styling. First, you want to make sure that your wig is fully detangled, says Johnson. Use a detangling brush to smooth out any knots and tangles. Pro tip: Start from the ends and move your way up while brushing. This’ll make sure that you don’t end up with tons of breakage.

Next you'll apply a light leave-in conditioner (to increase moisture levels) and a heat protectant spray (to protect your wig from heat damage). If you want to use as few products as possible, Johnson recommends looking for a two-in-one product that’ll hydrate and protect. If your wig is wavy or curly, Johnson suggests using a curl-enhancing leave-in product, then either letting the product air-dry or using a blow-dryer and diffuser on low heat. This’ll help you get some well-defined texture.

What tools and products should you use to style a wig?

Any and all hot tools are fair game if you’re dealing with a human hair wig. But, as Johnson says, you want to try to avoid constantly heat-styling your wigs, since excess heat can lead to potential damage. Same goes for wash day—Johnson suggests skipping the blow-dry and air-drying your wig whenever you can.

Johnson also recommendsavoiding products with silicones (especially when it comes to cleansing) to prevent buildup (which, for the record, can make it harder for the hair to hold on to moisture, leaving your wig looking and feeling hella dry). That said, if there’s silicone in your favorite gel or styling product (you know, that one you're just not willing to give up), Johnson says you can use a clarifying shampoo, followed by a deep-conditioning treatment, to bring your wig back to life.

Silicone-free must-haves for your wig

Shampoo Shampoo - Rosemary Mint Shampoo - 8.5 fl. 8.50 Ounce rosemary mint 8.5 Fl Oz



Briogeo Don't Despair, Repair! Super Moisture Conditioner


Pacifica Higher Hold Vegan Collagen Hairspray


Carol's Daughter Black Vanilla Hair Sheen




Can you create an updo look on a wig?

Yes, but it depends on what wig you have, says Johnson.There are four types of wigs: ready-to-wear, lace front, 360 lace, and full lace. Johnson recommends getting a 360 lace wig or a full lace wig if you want the ability to create a true updo. “The entire hairline on these wig units are fully customizable,” she says.

With a 360 lace wig, there’s lace around the full perimeter of the wig, plus a wig cap that’s placed in the center. The lace blends right in with your scalp, so you’re able to throw your hair up into a ponytail or a bun. Johnson says they typically go from $150 to over $400, depending on where you buy the wig from, the type of hair, and the length.

A full lace wig is exactly what it sounds like—the base of the wig is made up of lace, says Johnson. You literally have all the options when it comes to styling full lace wigs—because the lace mimics the look of your scalp, you don’t have to worry about the tracks underneath showing, which means you can wear it any way your heart desires. P.S. though: They can get expensive, costing anywhere from $200 to well over $600.

If you don’t care about rocking a high pony or a messy bun, Johnson recommends opting for a lace front wig instead of a ready-to-wear wig. A lace front wig is more expensive than a ready-to-wear wig (they range from $150 to over $400, while ready-to-wear wigs range from $50 to $200) but because lace front wigs have a 4x4 inch lace closure in the front of the piece, they give you more styling options.

The four types of wigs

This Ready-to-Wear Wig

Sooola Body Wave Wig With Bangs



This Lace-Front Wig

Mayvenn Lace Front Wig


This 360 Lace Wig

Mayvenn 360 Wig


This Full Lace Wig

Arabella Hair Full Lace Wig


The final word

Even though a human hair wig will be more $$$ than a synthetic wig, it’s for sure worth it if you want to have some fun styling the unit. A wig gives you the freedom to switch up your look without putting stress on your real hair or without actually committing to a style. Just keep in mind that even though it isn’t your actual hair, you still want to treat it with love (aka always using heat protectant, detangling gently, that kind of thing) if you want it to look shiny and stay healthy.

Need some style inspo for your wig? Look no further:

1. These loose waves

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2. This top-knot look

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3. These beachy waves

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4. These double-buns

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5. These hair accessories

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Ama KwartengAma Kwarteng was previously the associate beauty editor at Cosmopolitan.

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Sours: https://www.cosmopolitan.com/style-beauty/beauty/a35917183/how-to-style-wig/
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5 Fall Wig Trends You’ll Want To Try, Stat

There’s something about fall’s fresh, crisp air that evokes not only a change of season, but also maybe even a change in yourself. Right at the top of that autumn-ready list could be a go-to warm beverage and even a new ‘do. These new wig styles for fall 2021 can help satisfy that sudden urge to switch up your look, particularly with extensions that don’t require any commitment. (Even easier!)

We chatted with the pros to find out the hottest hairstyles and most anticipated fall looks. They can be achieved just with hair extensions—some even by yourself at home. Wigs have been a moment, but other hair enhancements are swooping in, too. Keep reading to learn more about the (faux) fall hair trends you’ll catch us rocking in the coming months.

Our mission at STYLECASTER is to bring style to the people, and we only feature products we think you’ll love as much as we do. Please note that if you purchase something by clicking on a link within this story, we may receive a small commission of the sale.

nadula hair wig


Rich-Colored Wigs With Bangs

If you’re in the mood to play around with color this fall, particularly shades of red, good news. Red hair is in the forecast, says Tamika Gibson, celebrity stylist and founder of Bold Hold products. Plus, she says, bangs are becoming popular again and can quickly transform a person’s vibe. “With a dark-colored wig in mahogany or red and a bang, a person can create a whole new look for the cooler months,” she says.

mayvenn straight wig


Sleek, Straight Sew-Ins

If you haven’t considered a sew-in weave since 2010, we get it. The style takes quite some time to achieve, and finding the perfect stylist to help can be like dating after a dry spell. However, sew-ins are a great protective style that you can wear for 4-to-6 weeks while your hair rests. Whether you opt for closure with your sew-in or prefer to go laceless with a leave-out, consider a sleek, straight sew-in for fall.

clip in extensions


Clip-In Extensions

Hairstylist Brittany Johnson, who works for Mayvenn, wants clip-in extensions to be on your radar for the fall. You can install them easily whenever you feel like it, making them great for those who prefer a temporary enhancement. But there are some things you need to know first.

“The best way to blend clip-ins with your natural hair depends on the texture of the clip-ins as well as how they’re manufactured,” explains Johnson. “Clip-Ins with a seamless weft are easier to blend at your root because they tend to lay flatter.”

If your clip-ins are straighter than your natural hair, you’ll either need to straighten your hair or curl your clip-ins, depending on your desired end result. “For curly hair with curly clip-ins, doing a twist or braid-out while your clip-ins are already installed is a great way to make both natural textures blend,” she adds. And be sure to wash your clip-ins after every second or third wear and to take them out when sleeping.

Crimped Hair

Much like many early-2000s fashion trends, Y2K-inspired hair is making a solid comeback. Next on the radar for fall is a resurgence of crimped hair. One celebrity fan of this style is none other than Queen Nicki Minaj. You can buy a crimped wig or extensions, or do the crimping yourself with a tool like the Revlon 3Barrel Ceramic Jumbo Hair Waver ($22.65 at Amazon). Don’t forget to add subtle baby hair to get all of the retro vibes out of this look. We like The Hair Diagram Bold Hold Lace Jelly to get the perfect swirls and swoops to enhance the style.

Short, Bold Cuts

Short hair, do care. If quarantine put your dreams of rocking a short wig on hold, Ngozi Opara, founder of Heat Free Hair, assures us that showing out this fall with a short haircut is something to add to your fall beauty bucket list.

“After [more than a] year of quarantine and now having to adjust to this new ‘normal,’ I think people are going to be excited to experience fall this year and show up and show out!” she says. “It’s the perfect time of year for edgy, short cuts, bobs and pixies.”

STYLECASTER | Ashley Benson Interview

Sours: https://stylecaster.com/beauty/new-wig-styles/
How to Use Hair Extensions - Partial Wig

Welcome to Lace Frontier, a monthly column in which we dive into the dynamic, ever-changing world of wigs, its relevance in our culture, and, of course, tips on how to get all your pieces looking right. Today, we start with the basics — the vocabulary you need to, at the very least, not make a fool of yourself when you head to the beauty supply shop. Read on to find out the basics of what kind of wigs are on the market, how much they cost, and how to properly care for them.

Wigs are having a major moment in the beauty industry. They’ve been a longtime staple for event-going celebrities looking to quickly change their hairstyle for the red carpet without damaging their own hair. But beyond the world of stardom (and perhaps your aunties), wigs have been gaining major steam on social media, where skilled hairstylists showcase their magic for the masses. Every other day, it seems, a stylist goes viral for flawlessly blending a unit to the point where it looks exactly like it could be the client’s own hair.

And just as there are many different ways to style a wig, there are many different kinds of wigs to style. Frontals, full-lace wigs, synthetic units — you've got options, baby. Whether you’re a naturalista who wants to switch it up without putting stress on your strands, or you’re simply looking for a change without the commitment, wigs are an incredibly versatile and convenient option to consider.

“People don’t like to put heat on [or color] their natural hair. With these wigs, [you can] change your hairstyle frequently without ruining the integrity of your natural hair," Kellon Deryck, hairstylist and the mastermind behind Cardi B’s half-up, half-down style at Coachella, explains. "So you get this flawless look without having to press out your edges or color your hair time after time.”

Sours: https://www.allure.com/story/wigs-beginners-guide

Hair style wig

Top 10+ Awesome Wig Hairstyles & Hair Ideas (2021)

Top 10+ Awesome Wig Hairstyles & Hair Ideas (2020)

Shopping for 360 wigs can be very exciting because there are so many different styles to choose from. Most 360 wigs come pre-styled which is great because you only need to put on the wig and you’re all set! Choosing a wig style will depend on the reason why you’re buying it in the first place. There are three main reasons why girls decide to wear a wig. The first is hair loss. Many different diseases can cause mild to severe hair loss which is very traumatic and unfortunate.

Wigs are lifesavers in this circumstance and give you that much-needed hair during the treatment. In this case, girls usually want to mimic their natural hair as closely as possible so they should choose a style that’s closest to the real one. The other reason why someone might want to start wearing a wig is that they find it easier to manage than their hair. Some hair types are just hard to style while wigs already come pre-styled and flawless.

If this is true for you, you might also want to look for a wig that resembles your natural strands and style. The last reason for buying a wig (read our guide here) is changing a hairstyle without having to wait for your hair to grow or use chemicals on it. If you like experimenting with your look, you can choose whichever style you like best and go for something completely different than your natural hair.

To help you choose the best 360 wig style for you, we have compiled a list of top 10 360 wig styles. You can see a lot of style variety here and find something that you like. This top ten list will make the wig shopping experience much easier because you’ll already know what kind of style you’re looking for.

#1 Curly Ombre Style

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

If you have never tried an ombre hairstyle, this is your chance. You can find 360 wigs that are pre-dyed with a mix of darker and lighter shades. Although you can dye human hair wigs yourself, it’s much safer and better to buy a wig that’s already been dyed.

Curls are a great option for a 360 wig because they create so much volume and make the ombre look even more interesting.

#2 Medium Length Curls With Bangs

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

Curls are one of those most popular wig styles because they’re so bouncy and create amazing amounts of volume and density. If you’re not into over-the-top length, this medium-sized hairstyle is just right. What is unique about it is the bangs which are a great choice when wearing a wig because you conceal the hairline and make the wig look even more realistic and cool.

#3 Lustrous Body Wave

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

The waves on this 360 wig are gorgeous! They are so full and create so much body and volume. We recommend this wig style for all women who want to look extra glamorous and special. What’s amazing is that this body wave will stay the same even after you wash the wig so you can forget about having to style your locks every day. The pop of purple color makes this style modern and trendy.

#4 Extra-long Curls

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

When choosing a 360 wig style, why not go for extra length? Growing this much hair would take years and you can get it instantly with a wig. Long, wavy tresses always attract attention so if you want to be in the center of attention, go for a similar style.

#5 Simple Medium-length Style

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

Some girls like their wigs to be simple and mimic their hair. This straight, medium-long style is great for achieving just that. The parting on the side makes the whole look more interesting but still subtle and great for everyday use. This kind of straight-cut hairstyle also goes great with bangs and looks pretty in all kinds of different shades.

#6 Bright Red Afro Curls

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

If you want to make a statement with your 360 wig, we recommend that you go for something like this. Afro curls create an amazing shape and body. The bouncy curls will make you stand out from the crowd and show your quirky personality. The fiery red color elevates this wig style, even more, making it trendy and cool.

#7 Medium-Length Curly Bob Cut

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

Bob cuts are very trendy at the moment, especially medium-length ones.  They shape the face nicely and look good on most people. This is a curly variation of a bob cut which is particularly interesting.

Usually, bob cuts are straight and curls just make everything more fun and youthful. Play with different partings – it will create a whole different style.

#8 Long And Sleek

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

Extra-long wig styles always look special and unique. Straight hair accentuates that length even more, although you can curl human hair wigs if you prefer to.

Color also plays a big role in wig styles so choose it wisely. Blonde and brown shades are great if you want to mimic the color of natural strands, but for something more trendy and out of the ordinary, go for red, ginger, grey, or violet.

#9 Wavy Blue Style

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

360 lace wigs are perfect for a big hair transformation. If you always wanted to try an unusual color, but don’t want to put your natural locks through the complicated and often damaging dyeing process, try colorful wig styles.

This wavy blue wig looks gorgeous and will make you the center of attention. Unusual hair colors are very trendy at the moment and many wig styles include them.

#10 Mermaid-like Wig Styles

Top 10 Hairstyles Using 360 Degree Wigs

360 wigs are perfect for experimenting with styles and colors. If you want to show off your personality and have a trendy look, go with extra-long, mermaid-like wig hairstyles. This wig has a stunning ombre going from dark to light pastel violet color, which is very popular at the moment, so why not try something different?

Sam Fisher

Sam has been working in beauty and health industries since early 2000s with some of the world’s most popular brands. You probably have some of these products at your home right now. With almost 20 years of experience, Sam has a deep understanding of hair extensions, wigs and all things beauty as well as nutrition, fitness, teas and topics of similar nature.

Sours: https://www.airyhair.com/blog/hairstyles-360-degree-wigs/amp/
VERY DETAILED Frontal Wig Install From START To FINISH - Ali Pearl Hair

Noticing that I was watching her, she lifted her nose to the top and disappeared between the shelves with groceries. She didn't seem to be wearing any underwear either, as the shorts were transparent enough not to notice. Black straight hair was loose and it seemed a little damp, apparently the girl had already plunged into the lake, and decided not to wear.

Underwear after a wet swimsuit, if she bathed in a swimsuit at all. Driving away these thoughts, I paid for the purchases, left the store and walked to Lena's house.

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Econ picked it up and threw it on the table. The crackle of tearing fabric deafened the entire room. - How long have I waited for this, - he threw everything off the table.

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