Town of Hempstead
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Founded in 1643, the Village of Hempstead is one of the oldest towns in New York state.
The Town of Hempstead occupys the southwestern portion of Nassau County, New York. Twenty-two incorporated villages are entirely or partially within the Town of Hempstead. There is also a village of Hempstead located within the town. The Town of Hempstead is 191.3 square miles, 71.4 square miles of which is water.
The town of Hempstead was founded in 1644, and named after Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England, the birthplace of town founder John Carman. During the American Revolution, the supporters of the Crown, the Tories, and American sympathizers, the Yankees, caused a split between Hempstead and North Hempstead. In 1899, when Queens County was split to become part of New York City and form Nassau County, some portions of Hempstead were absorbed by Queens.
Hempstead's total combined population, according to the 2010 census, is 759,757. If the town were to be incorporated as a city, it would be the second largest in the state behind New York City and ahead of Buffalo. The estimated median household income of the town is $84,362. Hempstead Lake State Park, Valley Stream State Park and Jones Beach State Park are all located within the Town of Hempstead. Jones Beach is considered the most popular beach on the east coast of the United States. Lufthansa and Swiss International Air Lines have their United States headquarters in East Meadow. Hofstra University, New York University and Nassau Community College all have campuses in the Town of Hempstead.
Villages in the Town of Hempstead: (Note: Click on a Town for Events, News & Business Info...)
History and Background of Hempstead:
Hempstead was first settled in 1644 post establishing the treaty between English colonists, John Carmen and Robert Fordham, and the Lenape Indians in 1643. These settlers were from the English colony of Connecticut, a patent was generated by the government of New Netherland after these settlers had bought the land from local citizens. The town was first called Heemstede, named by the Dutch after a local town/castle. In 1664, the settlement was owned by the new Province of New York and adopted by the Duke’s laws.
Hempstead was then known as “Old Blue”, as a result of the new blue laws. Once the American Revolution hit, the loyalists from the south caused a separation in 1784. The split the town into “North Hempstead” and “South Hempstead.” Fast forward to the 1898 incorporation of the Borough of Queens as part of New York City, the 1899 split of Queens County created Nassau County.
According to a Newsday survey of the Town of Hempstead is Long Island’s 47th largest single employer with a total of 1,974 employees. Located within the town lines are Lufthansa and Swiss International Air Lines, headquartered in East Meadow, New York.
Town of Hempstead boosts three beautiful state parks:
- Hempstead Lake State Park: is a 737-acre state park located in West Hempstead. The park includes picnic tables with pavilions, tennis courts, playgrounds, playing fields, recreation programs, hiking, biking, fishing, ice skating, skiing, and a boat launch. The biggest attraction to this park is Hempstead Lake
- Valley Stream State Park: is a 97-acre state park located within Valley Stream in Nassau County. It features a reservoir for the Ridgewood Reservoir. Valley Stream State Park is a day-use facility offering a nature trail, cross-country skiing, a playground, playing fields, horseshoe, volleyball, basketball courts, picnic areas, and fireplaces!
- Jones Beach State Park: Located within the hamlet of Wantagh, the park is 6.5 miles in length, and is well known of its beaches, boasting six million visitors every year. It is not uncommon for weddings and other big events to happen at this venue! It is a popular destination for wedding and engagement photo shoots as well. Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater is an outdoor concert venue stretching across a 2-mile radius and boardwalk. Jones beach is named after Major Thomas Jones, a major in the Queens County militia from the 1600s. The park was established during Robert Moses’ administration as President of the Long Island State Park Commission. Jones beach is vacant of housing developments and private club and is solely open for the general public. The park was officially opened to the public on August 4th, 1929 along with the causeway that gave cars access to the mainland of the island. The causeway was the first section of Wantagh State Parkway.
Points of Interest:
- Hofstra University:Hofstra is a private, non-profit university located in Hempstead, New York. It is Long Island’s largest private college and was born in 1935 as an extension of New York University (NYU). The college was founded as a commuter institution and coeducational with day and evening classes. The first class was administered on September 23rd, 1935. Hofstra offers classes and degrees 13 different areas ranging from Liberal arts and nursing.
- Roosevelt Field Mall: A shopping mall located within Garden City and is the largest shopping mall in the state of New York! It is the most successful mall in the state and spreads across 263 stores including Bloomingdales, JCPenney, Macy’s, Nordstrom, and Dick’s Sporting Goods.
- Town of Oyster Bay
- Town of North Hempstead
Tax bills are issued twice a year, once in January for the General Tax Bill, and once in October for the School Tax Bill. You can view the 2021-2022 payment schedule on the graphic to the right:
Although school taxes are collected by the Town's Receiver of Taxes, payments are forwarded to your local school district and, if applicable, a local library district. Hempstead Town plays no role in setting the school tax rate and does not benefit from these payments. Your local board of education, which is independently elected, and over which the Town has no control, establishes your school budget. For more information about your school taxes, contact your local school district.
Payment by credit card will incur a service fee of 2.3% with a minimum of $1.50 for all cards. Payment by electronic check will incur a service fee of $0.90. The fee for personal Visa Debit transactions is $3.95. These fees are not paid to the Town of Hempstead, they are paid to eGov Strategies for processing the transaction. The Town of Hempstead does not profit from this service fee.
Please note: Only the current, open tax year can be paid. Once a tax levy is closed, payments should be made to the Nassau County Treasurer. Please contact the Nassau County Treasurer's Office to pay past taxes and open tax liens.
|Oct 1, 2021||First Half 2021-2022 School Tax due. Payable without penalty to 11/10/2021.|
|Nov 1, 2021||First Half 2021-2022 School Tax AutoPay transaction process date.|
|Nov 10, 2021||Last day to pay First Half 2021-2022 School Tax without penalty.|
|Jan 1, 2022||First Half 2022 General Tax due. Payable without penalty to 02/10/22.|
|Feb 1, 2022||First Half 2022 General Tax AutoPay transaction process date.|
|Feb 10, 2022||Last day to pay First Half 2022 General Tax without penalty.|
|Apr 1, 2022||Second Half 2021-2022 School Tax due. Payable without penalty to 05/10/22.|
|Apr 29, 2022||Second Half 2021-2022 School Tax AutoPay transaction process date.|
|May 10, 2022||Last day to pay Second Half 2021-2022 School Tax without penalty.|
|May 31, 2022||Last day to pay Second Half 2021-2022 School Taxes at the Receiver of Taxes Office. School Tax Levy Closed.|
|Jul 1, 2022||Second Half 2022 General Tax due. Payable without penalty to 08/10/22.|
|Aug 1, 2022||Second Half 2022 General Tax AutoPay transaction process date.|
|Aug 10, 2022||Last day to pay Second Half 2022 General tax without penalty.|
|Aug 31, 2022||Last day to pay 2022 General Taxes at the Receiver of Taxes Office. General Levy Closed.|
Hempstead town of
Hempstead, New York
For the village located within this town, see Hempstead (village), New York.
Town in New York, United States
Hempstead, New York
|Town of Hempstead|
Atlantic Beach view, downtown Hempstead, Uniondale skyline, Wantagh Park
Location of Hempstead in Nassau County (right), and location of Nassau County in the State of New York (left)
Location in the State of New YorkShow map of Long Island
Location in the United StatesShow map of New York
Hempstead (the United States)Show map of the United States
|Coordinates: 40°42′17″N73°37′02″W / 40.70472°N 73.61722°W / 40.70472; -73.61722Coordinates: 40°42′17″N73°37′02″W / 40.70472°N 73.61722°W / 40.70472; -73.61722|
|County||Nassau County, New York|
|• Type||Town council|
|• Town supervisor||Don Clavin (R)|
|• Town council|
|• Total||191.77 sq mi (496.68 km2)|
|• Land||118.68 sq mi (307.39 km2)|
|• Water||73.08 sq mi (189.29 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||6,490.91/sq mi (2,506.16/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns in Nassau County in the U.S. state of New York. It occupies the southwestern part of the county, on the western half of Long Island. Twenty-two incorporated villages (one of which is named Hempstead) are completely or partially within the town. The town's combined population was 759,757 at the 2010 census, which is the majority of the population of the county and by far the largest of any town in New York. In 2019, its combined population increased to an estimated 759,793 according to the American Community Survey.
If Hempstead were to be incorporated as a city, it would be the second-largest city in New York, behind New York City; it is more than three times the size of Buffalo, which has long been the state's second-largest city. It would be the 18th-largest city in the country, behind Indianapolis, Indiana and ahead of Seattle, Washington. Hempstead is thus the most populous municipality in the New York metropolitan area outside New York City.
Hofstra University's main campus is located in Hempstead.
The town was first settled around 1644 following the establishment of a treaty between English colonists, John Carman and Robert Fordham, and the Lenape Indians in 1643. Although the settlers were from the English colony of Connecticut, a patent was issued by the government of New Netherland after the settlers had purchased land from the local natives. This transaction is depicted in a mural in the Hempstead Village Hall, reproduced from a poster commemorating the 300th anniversary of Hempstead Village.
In local Dutch-language documents of the 1640s and later, the town was invariably called Heemstede, and several of Hempstead's original 50 patentees were Dutch, suggesting that Hempstead was named after the Dutch town and/or castle Heemstede, which are near the cities of Haarlem and Amsterdam. However, the authorities possibly had Dutchified a name given by co-founder John Carman, who was born in 1606 in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England, on land owned by his ancestors since the 13th century.
In 1664, the settlement under the new Province of New York adopted the Duke's Laws, austere statutes that became the basis upon which the laws of many colonies were to be founded. For a time, Hempstead became known as "Old Blue", as a result of the "Blue Laws".
During the American Revolution, the Loyalists in the south and the American sympathizers in the north caused a split in 1784 into "North Hempstead" and "South Hempstead". With the 1898 incorporation of the Borough of Queens as part of the city of New York, and the 1899 split of Queens County to create Nassau County, some southwestern portions of the Town of Hempstead seceded from the town and became part of the Borough of Queens.
Richard Hewlett, who was born in Hempstead, served as a Lieutenant Colonel with the British Army under General Oliver De Lancey in the American Revolution. Afterward, Hewlett departed the United States with other Loyalists and settled in the newly created Province of New Brunswick in what later became Canada. A settlement there was named Hampstead, in Queen's County next to Long Island in the Saint John River.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 191.3 square miles (495.5 km2). 120.0 square miles (310.7 km2) of it is land and 71.4 square miles (184.8 km2) of it (37.30%) is water.
The western town line is the border of Queens County in New York City. Its northern border, with the town of North Hempstead and the town of Oyster Bay, is along the main line of the Long Island Rail Road and along Old Country Road in Garden City heading east towards the Wantagh Parkway. Its eastern border, also with the town of Oyster Bay, runs parallel to (and several hundred feet west of) Route 107. To the south is the Atlantic Ocean, off of Atlantic Beach, Lido Beach, Point Lookout, and Jones Beach, as well as the city of Long Beach.
The most popular beach on the east coast of the United States, Jones Beach State Park is located in Hempstead. The beach is a popular destination for Long Islanders and residents of New York. The beach itself receives about six million visitors a year.
The town of Hempstead contains 22 villages and 38 hamlets:
In addition, there are a few areas that are not part of any incorporated village or census-designated place:
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2019 American Community Survey determined the population of the town of Hempstead was 759,793. The racial and ethnic makeup of the town was 54.0% non-Hispanic white, 17.4% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 6.2% Asian, 3.7% multiracial, and 20.9% Hispanic or Latin American of any race.
Of the population, there were 244,203 households and there was an owner-occupied housing rate of 80.8%. The average household size was 3.10 and the population was made of 22.7% foreign-born residents. In 2019, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the median value of an owner-occupied housing unit was $455,700 and the median gross rent of rented units at $1,678. Residents of the town had a combined median household income of $111,072 and per capita of $44,958. Of the population in 2019, 6.0% lived at or below the poverty line.
As of the census of 2010, there were 759,757 people, 246,828 households, and 193,513 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,301.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,433.0/km2). There were 252,286 housing units at an average density of 2,103.0 per square mile (812.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 59.9% White, 16.5% Black, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic and Latin Americans of any race were 17.4% of the population.
There were 246,828 households, out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.41.
In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $84,362, and the median income for a family was $96,080. Males had a median income of $50,818 versus $36,334 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,153. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
Lufthansa United States, other including Lufthansa Group airlines, had its headquarters in East Meadow, beginning in the 1970s, after it moved from Park Avenue in Manhattan, in order to save money. In 2019, the office had 206 employees; that year the headquarters moved to Uniondale.
At one time Swiss International Air Lines operated its United States office at 776 RexCorp Plaza in the EAB Plaza in Uniondale. The airline moved from 41 Pinelawn Road in Melville, Suffolk County around 2002.
Snapple was previously headquartered in East Meadow, prior to moving their corporate office. The office space is now currently occupied by the Epilepsy Foundation of Long Island.
Government and politics
The town is headed by Donald X. Clavin, Jr. (R) of Garden City. The responsibilities of the office include presiding over meetings of the Town Council and directing the legislative and administrative function of that body. The position also entails creating and implementing the town's budget. Kate Murray was the town's first female supervisor. One famous former supervisor was RepublicanAlfonse D'Amato, who later represented New York in the United States Senate from 1981 to 1999.
Prior to 1994, the town also had a Presiding Supervisor, who along with the Supervisor, sat on what was then Nassau County's main governmental body, the Board of Supervisors, along with the Supervisors of the towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and the independent cities of Long Beach—formerly a part of Hempstead Town until its incorporation as a separate municipality in 1922—and Glen Cove, which had been carved out of Oyster Bay Town in 1917. Typically, the Presiding Supervisor, besides chairing the weekly county Board of Supervisors meetings, acted as the senior official in the town government with the Supervisor in a more junior, subordinate role; a number of Supervisors moved up to Presiding Supervisor whenever that office became vacant, including, in succession during the 1970s, Ralph G. Caso and Francis T. Purcell, both of whom later went on to become the county executive, and then Al D'Amato, before he moved up to the Senate. Having the Presiding Supervisor on the county board along with the Supervisor gave Hempstead—by far the most populous of the county's three towns and two cities—the most clout on that body. However, in 1993–94, a federal judge ruled that the board's makeup violated the one-person, one-vote constitutional principle and also gave no representation to the country's growing minority population. As a result of that ruling, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a 19-member county legislature. Gregory P. Peterson served as the last Presiding Supervisor, as the position was abolished with the demise of the county board. The Current Tax Collector is Jeanine Driscoll.
The Town Council comprises six voting members, elected from a councilmanic district. Their primary function is to adopt the annual budget, adopting and amending the town code and the building zone ordinances, adopting all traffic regulations, and hearing applications for changes of zone and special exceptions to zoning codes.
As of 2020, the council members are:
- Dorothy L. Goosby (D-Hempstead Village)
- Thomas E. Muscarella (R-Garden City)
- Bruce A. Blakeman (R-Atlantic Beach)
- Anthony P. D'Esposito (R-Island Park)
- Chris Carini
- Dennis Dunne, Sr. (R-Levittown)
Other elected officials in the town include the clerk and the receiver of taxes. The clerk is responsible for issuing birth, marriage, and death certificates and is considered the town's record keeper. The clerk is currently Kate Murray (R). The Receiver of Taxes is Jeanine C. Driscoll (R). The Town of Hempstead formerly elected the offices of Constable, Overseer of the Poor, Town Assessor, Town Treasurer, Town Auditors, Superintendent of Highways, Overseer of the Public Cemetery, and Justices of the Peace. Most of these functions have been included in other governments or made non-elected.
State and federal representation
Hempstead is part of New York's 2nd, 4th and 5th Congressional Districts. District 2, represented by Peter T. King (R-Seaford), is the southern and eastern portions of the town, while District 4, formerly represented for nine terms by Carolyn McCarthy (D-Mineola) and since the beginning of 2015 by Kathleen Rice (D-Garden City), covers the northern and western portions of the town. Gregory Meeks represents District 5 which includes minority majority areas in the western portion of the Town like Elmont and North Valley Stream.
Hempstead is in parts of New York's 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Senatorial Districts. They are currently represented by Kevin Thomas (D), Anna Kaplan (D), John Brooks (D), and Todd Kaminsky (D), respectively.
Nine assembly districts are either within or partly within the town. They are Districts 12, 14–15, and 17–22. The assembly members are Joseph Saladino (R), Brian F. Curran (R), Michael Montesano (R), Thomas McKevitt (R), Earlene Hill Hooper (D), David G. McDonough (R), Melissa "Missy" Miller;(R), Edward Ra (R), and Michaelle Solages (D), respectively.
Hempstead has 12 county legislative districts either within or in part of the town. They are districts 1–8, 13–15, and 19. The legislators who represent those districts are:
- Kevan Abrahams
- Siela Bynoe
- Carrie Solages
- Denise Ford
- Debra Mule
- C. William Gaylor, III
- Howard Kopel
- Vincent Muscarella
- Thomas McKevitt
- Laura Schaefer
- John Ferretti, Jr.
- Steven D. Rhoads
On September 12, 2016, the Town of Hempstead signed a Declaration of Cooperation with the Shomron Regional Council in the Israeli-controlled West Bank. This council represents 35 Israeli settlements in that region. Signing the pact was its proponent Councilmen Bruce Blakeman and Anthony D'Esposito and Supervisor Santino and Shomron leader Yossi Dagan.
See also: Law and Government of Nassau County
Though the town government is still controlled by the Republicans (and has been for almost the entire history of the party), town voters in recent years leaned Democratic in elections on the state and federal level. In presidential elections since 1996, the Democrat has won in Hempstead (Bill Clinton received 56% in 1996, Al Gore received 58% in 2000 and John Kerry got 53% in 2004). Democratic Senator Chuck Schumer won Hempstead by a large margin in 2004, and Democratic County Executive Thomas Suozzi won in 2001 and 2005. Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton won 49 percent of voters in 2016, while President Donald Trump won 42 percent of voters.
The Long Island Rail Road's Main Line runs through the northwestern part of the town with stations from Bellerose through Merillon Avenue in Garden City. The Hempstead Branch breaks away from the Main Line in Floral Park, and uses stations from Bellerose into Hempstead. The West Hempstead Branch runs from Valley Stream northeast to West Hempstead. Further south in the town, the Babylon Branch runs from the New York City Line into southern portions of the Town of Oyster Bay with stations between Valley Stream and Seaford. Also the Far Rockaway Branch branches off from Valley Stream and curves to the southwest from that station through Inwood before finally re-entering the city in the Rockaways. Just east of there, the Long Beach Branch breaks away at Lynbrook and runs southeast into Long Beach.
The Town of Hempstead is served primarily by Nassau Inter-County Express bus routes, though some MTA Bus Routes enter Nassau County from Queens. The City of Long Beach also has a separate bus service.
See also: List of county routes in Nassau County, New York
- ^"2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- ^"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- ^ ab"Hempstead town, Nassau County, New York". Retrieved September 17, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- ^ ab"2019 U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hempstead town, Nassau County, New York". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-03-18.
- ^J.A. Jacobs, The Colony of New Netherland: A Dutch Settlement in Seventeenth Century America, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pages 87, 268, 273-4
- ^ ab"History of The Village of Hempstead". The Incorporated Village of Hempstead. 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- ^"Town of Hempstead Map"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2 February 2017.
- ^Winsche, Richard (October 1, 1999). The History of Nassau County Community Place-Names. Interlaken, New York: Empire State Books. pp. 69–70. ISBN .
- ^"Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- ^"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^"Contact us". SWISS USA. Retrieved on January 29, 2011. "1640 Hempstead Turnpike East Meadow, NY"
- ^"Ticket copy request." Lufthansa. Retrieved on January 29, 2011. "1640 Hempstead Turnpike East Meadow, NY 11554."
- ^"East Meadow CDP, New York[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 29, 2011.
- ^Madore, James T. (2019-03-05). "Lufthansa moves Americas headquarters, seeks tax breaks". Newsday. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
- ^"Contact Us SWISS USA." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- ^Anastasi, Nick. "SwissAir USA HQ heads to market.(Swiss International Airlines moves to Uniondale)." Long Island Business News. June 7, 2002. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
- ^"." Snapple Beverage Corporation History. Retrieved on September 24, 2012.
- ^"Epilepsy Foundation to revamp former Snapple HQ". Long Island Business News. Retrieved on September 24, 2012.
- ^McQuiston, John T. (9 June 1994). "Judge Says He Will Create a Nassau Legislature on His Own if Supervisors Fail to Act" – via NYTimes.com.
- ^"Town of Hempstead".
- ^"County Legislature | Nassau County, NY - Official Website". www.nassaucountyny.gov. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- ^Colapietro, Diana "Town creates ‘sister’ relationship with Israeli region. Hempstead officials reaffirm their anti-BDS stance and support for the Jewish state" LI Herald September 14, 2016 http://www.liherald.com/stories/Town-creates-sister-relationship-with-Israeli-region,83694
- ^"In anti-BDS stand, Hempstead New York signs sister city pact with settler council" Jerusalem Posthttp://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Politics-And-Diplomacy/In-anti-BDS-stand-Hempstead-New-York-signs-sister-city-pact-with-settler-council-467880
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