This article is about the Arabic given name. For the Islamic perspective of Jesus, see Jesus in Islam.
Isa (Arabic: عِيسَى, romanized: ʿīsá) is a classical Arabic name and a translation of Jesus. The name Isa is the name for Jesus in the Quran. However, it is not the only translation; it is most commonly associated with Jesus as depicted in Islam, and thus, commonly used by Muslims.
The English form of the name "Jesus" is derived from the Latin Iēsus, which in turn comes from the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iēsoûs). The Greek is a Hellenized form of the Hebrew name Yēšua (ישוע), which is in turn a shortened form of Hebrew Yehōšua (יהושע) or "Joshua" in English. Aramaic (Classical Syriac) and East Syriac, which are ancestral to West Syriac, render the pronunciation of the same letters as ܝܫܘܥ ishoʕ (išoʕ) /iʃoʕ/. The Aramaic Bible (c. 200 AD) or the Peshitta preserve this same spelling. The Encyclopedia of the Qur'an by Brill Publishers quotes scholarship that notes that the Greek name Iesous, Ἰησοῦς (Iēsoûs), also is known to have represented many different Biblical Hebrew names (which causes issues when seeking to find what Jesus' original Hebrew name would have been from the Greek) "Josephus used the Greek name lesous to denote three people mentioned in the Bible whose Hebrew names were not Yeshua', Y'hoshua' or Y'hoshua'. They were Saul's son Yishwi (Anglicized as 'Ishvi' in the RSV of I Samuel 14:49), the Levite Abishua' (mentioned in I Chronicles 6:4, etc.) and Yishwah the son of Asher (Anglicized as 'Ishva' in the RSV of Genesis 46:17). ... Josephus furnishes important evidence for the wide variety of Hebrew names represented in Greek by Iesous."
Also, the classical theologians Clement of Alexandria and Cyril of Jerusalem both stated that the Greek name Iesous was allegedly Jesus' original name.
There is a major discrepancy between the Hebrew/Aramaic and Muslim Arabic forms of this name, since the Hebrew form of this name has the voiced pharyngeal ʿAyin ע or ʿAyn ع consonant at the end of the name (as does Christian Arabic يسوعyasūʿ), while the Muslim Arabic form عيسىʿīsā has the ʿAyn at the beginning of the name.it is also similar in the vowels to an Aramaic version of Jesus, viz. Eeshoʿ (Aramaic forms of the name, however, still have the voiced pharyngeal `Ayn consonant at the end of the name). [Other Aramaic pronunciations of the same name include yeshuuʕ (ʕ is IPA ayin). Vowels in Semitic languages are somewhat fluid between dialects while consonants are structurally more stable. The vowels in an Anglicized quote "Eesho`" by themselves are insignificant for this discussion since "i" and "e" and short "a" can interchange between dialects, and "u" and "o" can also interchange between dialects. The dominant consonsonantal discrepancy remains, between Aramaic yeshuuʕ [consonantal y-sh-w-ʕ] and Arabic ʕiisa [consonantal ʕ-y-s-alef].]
Scholars have been puzzled by the use of ʿĪsā in the Qur'an since Christians in Arabia used yasūʿ before and after Islam, itself derived from the Syriac form Yēshūaʿ by a phonetic change. The Encyclopedia of the Qur'an by Brill Publishers states this has also come about because many Western scholars have held a "conviction that Jesus' authentic Hebrew name is Yeshua'" and because of this they often "have been puzzled by the Qur'an's reference to him as 'Isa". Brill's Encyclopedia of the Qur'an further states "It is not certain that Jesus' original name was Yeshua'" However, the early Syriac/Aramaic form of the name Yeshua, the etymological link with 'salvation' (note the Hebrew consonantal root y-sh-`) in Matthew 1:21, all of the correspondences of Ἰησοῦς in the Greek OT and Second Temple Jewish writings, and the common attestation of Yeshua among 1st century Jewish names have led to a consensus among scholars of the gospels that Yeshua was "Jesus"'s original name. "Esau" (and derivatives with `ayin as a first letter) is not a realistic possibility. With all this in mind, some scholars have proposed a number of explanations. James A. Bellamy of the University of Michigan suggested that the quranic name is a corruption of Masīḥ itself derived from yasūʿ, suggesting that this resulted from a copyist error and an attempt to conceal the Arabic verb sāʿa/yasūʿu which has obscene connotations, though no evidence has been found to support this claim.
Josef Horovitz on the other hand holds that the quranic form is meant to parallel Mūsā (Moses). Similar pairs are also frequently found in the Quran as well which supports this theory. For example, compare Ismā‘īl and Ibrāhīm (Ishmael and Abraham) or Jālūt and Tālūt (Goliath and Saul). It is thus possible that the Arabs referred to him as Yasaʿ, but the Quran reversed the letters so as to parallel Mūsā.
Another explanation given is that in ancient Mesopotamia divine names were written in one way and pronounced in another. Thus it is possible for borrowed words to have their consonants reversed. Another explanation is that Muhammad adopted Isa from the polemical Jewish form Esau. However, there is no evidence that the Jews have ever used Esau to refer to Jesus, and if Muhammad had unwittingly adopted a pejorative form his many Christian acquaintances would have corrected him. A fourth explanation is that prior to the rise of Islam, Christian Arabs had already adopted this form from Syriac. According to the Encyclopaedia of the Qurʼān, "Arabic often employs an initial 'ayn in words borrowed from Aramaic or Syriac and the dropping of the final Hebrew 'ayin is evidenced in the form Yisho of the 'koktiirkish' Manichaean fragments from Turfan." This is supported by Macúch with an example in classical Mandaic, a variety of Eastern Aramaic (hence closely related to Syriac) used as liturgical language by the Mandaean community of southern Mesopotamia, where the name for Jesus is rendered ʿ-š-u (ࡏࡔࡅ), though the pharyngeal ('ayin) is pronounced like a regular long i ("Īshu"). Also the name Yeshu (ישו in Hebrew and Aramaic) lacking the final 'ayin is also used to refer to Jesus in the Jewish work the Toledot Yeshu, and scholar David Flusser presents evidence Yeshu was also a name itself rather than claims it was meant to supposedly be an acronym to insult Jesus. The Brill Encyclopedia of the Qur'an notes scholar Anis al-Assiouty as noting the fact that "In the Talmud, however, he (Jesus) is called Yeshu." Scholar David Flusser and other scholars like Adolf Neubauer, Hugh J. Schonfield, and Joachim Jeremias also further argued that the name or pronunciation Yeshu (ישו in Hebrew and Aramaic) could also be "the Galilean pronunciation" of Yeshua' that came about because of an inability to pronounce the 'ayin in the Galilee region where Jesus came from. Scholar Alphonse Mingana writes there may have been a monastery named ʿĪsāniyya in the territory of the Christian Ghassanid Arabs in southern Syria as early as 571 CE.
Christoph Luxenberg's The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran equates the quranic name with Hebrew Jesse. However, neither Yeshu nor Jesse begins with a pharyngeal consonant in their original Hebrew forms.
The earliest archaeological evidence of an Arabic name for Jesus is a Jordanian inscription. Enno Littman (1950) states: "Mr. G. Lankaster Harding, Chief Curator of Antiquities Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan, kindly sent me copies of a little more than five hundred Thamudic inscriptions. [...] It is the inscription [Harding No. 476] that interests us here. [...] Below the circle there are four letters: a y, a sh, a ʿ, and again a y." He also states: "These letters are so placed that they can be read from right to left or from left to right y-sh-ʿ, probably pronounced Yashaʿ, and this name is the same as Yashuaʿ, the Hebrew form of the name of Christ." An archaic Arabic root for 'Salvation' exists in Yatha, which may have later formed this name: y-sh-ʿ. The lack of a Waw is still unexplained. Also, the closer correspondence with another name ישעיה [y'sha'yá, "Isaiah" in English] needs explanation or discussion before this inscription can be entertained as an Arabic "Jesus".
ʿĪsā is used as well by several Christian groups in Muslim countries. A 14th-century Persian translation of Matthew, one of the earliest surviving Persian manuscripts of the scripture, uses ʿĪsā. Later translations in other languages also follow suit. Some modern Evangelical translations also use Isa, such as David Owen's Life of Christ (Arabic 1987).
Nicolas Notovitch's 1894 book Life of Saint Issa claims that during his unknown years, Jesus (īśa meaning 'the Lord' in Sanskrit) left Galilee for India and studied with Buddhists and Hindus there before returning to Judea.
- Isa Alptekin (1901–1995), Uyghur political leader
- Isa Boletini (1864–1916), Albanian nationalist
- Isa Mustafa (born 1951), Kosovar politician
- İsa Çelebi (died 1406), Ottoman prince
- Isa Gambar (born 1957), Azerbaijani politician
- Isa Guha (born 1985), English female cricketer
- Isa-Beg Ishaković Hranić, 15th-century Ottoman general
- Isa beg Isabegović, one of the largest landowners of the 19th century Bosnian aristocracy
- İsa Kaykun (born 1988), Turkish footballer
- Isa Kelemechi (ca. 13th century), Syrian Nestorian Christian scientist and diplomat
- Ma Qixi (1857–1914), Chinese Muslim Xidaotang leader, also known as Ersa (Isa)
- Isa ibn al-Shaykh al-Shaybani (died 882/3), Arab tribal leader
- Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa (1931–1999), Emir of Bahrain
- Isa Tengblad (born 1998), Swedish singer
- Abu 'Isa, Isaac ben Jacob al-Isfahani, Jewish prophet
- ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Asṭurlābī, Arab astronomer
- ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Kahhal, Arab ophthalmologist
- Daoud Isa (1878–1950), Palestinian journalist
- Dolkun Isa, Uyghur activist
- Facundo Isa (born 1993), Argentine rugby player
- Isabegović, Isajbegović or Isabegzade, Bosnian noble family after Isa-bey Ishaković Hranić
- Ismail Isa (born 1989), Bulgarian footballer
- Qazi Faez Isa (born 1959), justice at the Supreme Court of Pakistan
- Aguila Saleh Issa (born 1944), Libyan jurist and politician
- Salman Isa (born 1977), Bahraini footballer
- Darrell Issa (born 1953), American politician of Lebanese heritage
- ^ ab"CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Name of Jesus Christ".
- ^ abcde"Full text of "maosoua"".
- ^ abcEncyclopaedia of the Qurʼān Volume 3 General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (Georgetown University, Washington DC). Brill Academic, 2003, pp. 8-10
- ^Beaumont 2005, pp. 175
- ^Jeffery, Arthur; Böwering, Gerhard; McAuliffe, Jane (2008). The Foreign Vocabulary of the Quran. Woods Press. p. 220. ISBN .
- ^ abReynolds 2007, pp. 235
- ^Anawati, G. C. (May 1998), "ʿIsā", in Lewis, B.; Pellat, C.; Vandonzel, E. (eds.), Encyclopaedia of Islam, 4, Brill Academic Pub, p. 81, ISBN
- ^Reynolds 2007, pp. 236
- ^Macuch, Rudolf (1 September 1965). Handbook of Classical and Modern Mandaic (1st ed.). De Gruyter. p. 649. ISBN .
- ^Flusser, David (1989). Jewish sources in early Christianity. English translation by John Glucker. Tel Aviv: MOD Books. ISBN . OCLC 24082669.
- ^fol. 84b of the Brit. Mus. Syr. MS. Add., 14, 602
- ^"Jesus in a Pre-Islamic Arabic Inscription", Muslim World, (1950, vol. xi) p. 16.]
- ^Cooper, William. An Archaic Dictionary. Bagster, 1876, p. 623.
- ^"Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture". LOC. Retrieved July 14, 2012.
- ^Ivor Mark Beaumont Christology in Dialogue with Muslims: A Critical Analysis of Christian Presentations of Christ for Muslims from the Ninth and Twentieth Centuries. Oxford: Regnum Books International, 2005 - Page 175 "language is used in the translation in an unprecedented way.3 For example, the use of the quranic name Isa for Jesus in The Life of Christ is a startling innovation for Christian Arabic writing, where the ancient Syriac Yasu'a is normally found.[Correction: the ancient Syriac was Yeshu`, the form Yasu'a (sic) is an Arabic modification of the Syriac name.]
- ^Virchand R. Gandhi (translator) (2003) . The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN .
Girl Names of Jesus theme
Jesus names for baby girls, with 16 entries. Jesus names are rather popular as baby girl names. Their usage peaked in 1914 with 9.699% of baby girls being given Jesus names. Within the top 1000 baby names then, there were 7 Jesus names. The names have slipped in popularity since then, and are currently of moderate use. In 2018, their total usage was only 1.065% with 9 Jesus names listed among the top 1000. Among all Jesus names, Elizabeth (English, Greek, and Hebrew) was the most widely used, with a ranking of #13 and a usage of 0.4611%.
AnnaGod was gracious, God has shown ... used predominantly in Czech, English, ... diminutive of Anastasia ...
Annunziataannunciation ... used mostly in German and Italian ... of Italian origin ... a Roman Catholic name that is ...
Belénhouse of bread ... of Spanish origin ... used mainly in English and Spanish ... not in the top 1000 names ...
Bethanyhouse of figs, daughter of Yahweh, ... language of origin is Hebrew and it is ... familiar form of Bethan ...
CandelariaCandlemas ... origin, as well as its use, is in the Spanish ... first name is from the Spanish name for the ...
ElizabethGod is perfection, God is my oath ... has its origins in the Hebrew language ... was #8 in rank then ...
Gezanareference to the incarnation of ... of Spanish origin ... not frequently used as a baby girl ...
Hopehope, enclosed valley ... has its origins in the English language and ... often associated with the Christian ...
JaneYahweh is gracious, Yahweh is merciful ... has its origins in the Hebrew language and ... form of Jean ...
Marisof the sea, child of the moon, sea of bitterness, rebelliousness, wished-for child, to swell, calf, gentleness, wife, beloved of Amun, pregnant mother, star of the sea ...
Marthalady ... of Aramaic origin ... used mainly in the English, German, Greek, ... an all-time favorite ...
Marysea of bitterness, rebelliousness, ... of Hebrew origin and it is used mainly in ... a classic favorite ...
Salomepeace ... language of origin is Hebrew ... predominantly used in English, French, and ...
Talithalittle girl, maiden ... of Aramaic origin ... used mainly in English and German ...
Tiffanymanifestation of god ... of Old Greek origin ... used mainly in English and German ... an all-time favorite ...
Veronicabearer of victory, true image, bearer of victory ... of Old Greek origin, and it is used ... form of Berenice ...
For female jesus name
Christian Girl Baby Names with meanings. List of Girl names for Christian babies. Choose a Christian name from this list of Girl baby names.
Christian Girl Names with Meanings • Girl Baby Names from Bible
The list given below shows christian girl baby names. To customise your search, use the Search Box at the bottom of this page.
Showing 1 to 100 of 4088 Christian Girl names. Click to short list names and share with friends.
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|Aaliyah||High exalted, to ascend|
|Aamanda||One who is much loved|
|Aamani||One who is peaceful / one with wishes and dreams|
|Aamber||Resembling the jewel ; a warm honey color|
|Aamiya||Nectar ; delight amlan unfading ; ever bright|
|Aana||A woman graced with god|
|Aanya||A woman graced with god|
|Aaria||A beautiful melody|
|Aariana||Resembling silver / one who is holy|
|Aarianna||Resembling silver / one who is holy|
|Aariel||A lion of god|
|Aarielle||A lion of god|
|Aasia||Resurrection / the rising sun ; in the koran|
|Aava||Bird/ from the water|
|Aayla||From the oak tree|
|Abbigale||The source of a father|
|Abeetha||It is a name that means gazelle|
|Abiah||In Hebrew, it means 'My Father is Lord'|
|Abigail||In Hebrew, it means 'Gives joy, my father rejoices'.|
|Abiya||Hebrew form of Abijah meaning "Yahweh is my father"|
|Abrianna||Mother of many nations|
|Acacia||The wood of the acacia tree was used to build the tabernacle|
|Accacia||The wood of the acacia tree was used to build the tabernacle|
|Achazia||The lord holds|
|Adah||A form of ada|
|Adalia||Just, noble one|
|Adallyn||Of the nobility ; serene ; of good humor|
|Adalyn||Of the nobility ; serene ; of good humor|
|Adalynn||Of the nobility ; serene ; of good humor|
|ALSO READ: Bible Girl Names|
|Adamina||Daughter of the earth|
|Adda||Ornament ; beautiful addition to the family|
|Addalyn||Of the nobility ; serene ; of good humor|
|Addalynn||Of the nobility ; serene ; of good humor|
|Addeline||Noble kind , adorned|
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Scroll down to view alphabetic listing of Christian Girl Baby Names. Choose the perfect name for your baby Girl. Free Christian Baby Girl names database to help you find the most perfect name for your baby girl. A-Z list of girl baby names and name meanings.
Go through the database of popular Christian baby boy names and popular Christian name for girls along with their meaning, origin and popularity.
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When we think of the Bible, we think of wise and courageous men who were valiant leaders to their people and faithful servants to God. But there were many Biblical women who possessed equal strength, fearlessness, and intelligence (if not more), and whose actions and words have shaped history.
If you're looking for strong women role models to name your baby girl after, there is no better collection of ideas than the Holy Book. This comprehensive list includes the names of all biblical women in the Old and New Testament, as well as places and virtues that can be used as names.
Girl Names From the Bible
- Abigail: A father's joy. Described as intelligent and beautiful, Abigail was married to a man named Nabal who was ungrateful to King David. She tried to diffuse tension between the two men, and urged King David not to incite bloodshed, reminding him that God will reward him by giving him a lasting kingdom. For these words, she is regarded as a prophet. When Nabal died, she became David's second wife. (Samuel 25:3)
- Abihail: The father of strength. This unisex name refers to several people in the Bible, including the daughter of David's brother, Eliab. (2 Chronicles 11:18)
- Adah: An assembly. Adah is one of Lamech's wives and mother of Jabal and Jubal. (Genesis 4:19)
- Adina: Slender and dainty. The name was used by a solider in the Old Testament, but in modern Hebrew, it is actually a girl's name. (1 Chronicles 11:42)
- Anna: Hebrew for "grace." Anna is the only female prophetess in the New Testament, and was present when a young Jesus presented at the Temple (Luke 1:1-2:40).
- Ariel: The literal meaning is "lion of God," but in the Bible it is a name given to the city of Jerusalem and in that context, it means "victorious under God." (Ezra 8:16)
- Artemis: Whole or sound. Artemis was a hunting and wilderness goddess of the Ephesians. (Acts 19:24)
- Atarah: A crown. The word is mentioned several times in the Bible (1 Chronicles 2:26)
- Bathsheba: Daughter of an oath. Wife of King David and mother of King Solomon, the wise. David spied her taking a bath on her rooftop and sent her then husband to the front lines to be killed so he could take her as his wife. (Samuel 2:11)
- Bernice: A Greek name meaning "one who brings peace." Bernice was the daughter of King Herod Agrippa I and a sister of King Herod Agrippa II (Acts 25:13).
- Bethany: A village town record in the New Testament, and home to Lazarus. It is Hebrew for "house of song." (Matthew 21:17)
- Bekah: The word means "half a shekel" or a "part" or "division." (Exodus 38:26)
- Bethel:The house of God. A town in the south of Judah between Benjamin and Ephraim. (Genesis 12:8)
- Beulah: Married. Used in the Bible as another name for Jerusalem. (Isaiah 62:4)
- Bilhah: Who is old or confused. Rache's handmaid whom she gives to her husband Jacob to bear their family children. (Genesis 29:29)
- Calah: Favorable. An ancient city of Assyria that was once the empire's capital. (Genesis 10:11–12)
- Camon: Full of stalks. This was where Jair was buried. (Judges 10:5)
- Candace: Who possesses contrition. She was the queen of the Ethiopians. (Acts 8:27)
- Carmel: Harvest. A beautiful mountain range in Palestine. (Joshua 12:22)
- Chloe: Greek for "green herb." Chloe was a Christian woman living in Corinth who was an acquaintance of the apostle Paul. (1 Corinthians 1:11)
- Cilicia: Which rolls or overturns. An early Roman province and important political entity. (Acts 6:9)
- Claudia: lame. She was an early Christian woman. Many suspect that she is the wife of Pontius Pilate who goes by many names. (2 Timothy 4:21)
- Clement: Merciful. An early Christian working in Corinth. (Philippians 4:3)
- Cleophas: The whole glory. One of the men who encountered Jesus when he resurrected from the dead. (Luke 24:18)
- Damaris: A little woman. A woman who attended Paul's preaching in Athens and embraced Christianity. (Acts 17:34)
- Daniela: God my judge. Feminine form of Daniel, who was a prophet and author of Book of Daniel. (1 Chronicles 3:1)
- Deborah: Word. She was a prophetess and heroine who lead the Israelites when they were under attack by the Canaanites. (Judges 4:4)
- Delilah: Amorous. She was Samson's mistress who cut his hair to weaken him and help the Philistines destroy the Israelites. (Judges 16:4-20)
- Diana: Latin for "luminous" or "perfect." Diana was the Greek goddess of childbirth and the moon. (Acts 19:27)
- Dinah: The only daughter of Jacob and Leah who is mentioned in the Bible. Her Hebrew name means "judgement". (Genesis 30:21)
- Dorcas: A female roe-deer. She was a disciple from Joppa. (Acts 9:36)
- Drusilla: Fruitful or dewy-eyed. Daughter of Herod Agrippa who died when Mount Vesuvius erupted. (Acts 24:24)
Biblical Inspired Names
- Eden/Edna: Pleasure or delight. The Garden where Adam and Eve resided. (Genesis 2:8)
- Elisha: "Salvation of God" in Latin (Luke 1:5)
- Elizabeth: God's oath. She was John the Baptist's mother and Mary's cousin. (Luke 1:5)
- Esther: A beautiful Jewish Queen who fasted and championed for the salvation of the Jewish people in the face of genocide (Esther 2:7)
- Eunice: Good victory. A Jewish woman who accepted Christianity. (2 Timothy 1:5)
- Eve/Eva: Adam's first wife and the first woman. She tempted Adam to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree. (Genesis 2:18)
- Fortunatus:Fortunate or lucky. A disciple of Paul who brought the first of his letters to the Corinthians.(1 Corinthians 16:17)
- Gabriela/Gabrielle: God is my strength. The messenger archangel who announced the birth of John the Baptist and of Jesus. (Daniel 9:21)
- Hadassah: Compassion. Queen Esther's Jewish name. (Esther 2:7)
- Hagar: Flight. She is the mother of Abraham's first-born son, Ishmael. (Genesis 16:1)
- Hannah: Favor or grace. One of the wives of Elkanah and mother of Samuel. (1 Samuel 1:2)
- Huldah: The world. She was an important prophetess. (2 Kings 22:14)
Christian Girl Names
- Jael: Mountain goat. A courageous woman who killed Sisera, a commander of the Canaanite army. (Judges 4:17)
- Jasper: Glittering. Jasper was mentioned as a stone that made up the walls of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem. (Exodus 28:20)
- Jemima: A little dove. She was Job's eldest daughter. (Job 42:14)
- Joanna: God is gracious. She was a woman who was healed by Jesus and later a devoted supporter of his mission. (Luke 8:3)
- Jochebed: Honorable. She was the mother of Moses. (Exodus 6:20)
- Jordan: To flow. The river where Jesus was baptized. (Genesis 13:10)
- Judith: Woman of Judea. A heroine who beheaded the Assyrian general, Holofernes. (Genesis 26:34)
- Julia: Curly haired. She was mentioned in the bible as someone Paul gave warm salutations to. (Romans 16:15)
- Kamon: His resurrection. The place were Jair was burried. (Judges 10:5)
- Kerioth: There were two cities mentioned in the Bible with this name. (Jeremiah 48:24)
- Keturah: Fragrance. She was Abraham's wife after the death of Sarah. She bored him 6 sons. (Genesis 25:1)
- Leah: Weary. She was one of Jacob's wives along with Rachel. (Genesis 29:16)
- Lillian/Lily: Pure beauty. A flower mentioned several times in the Bible and regarded for its beauty. (Song of Solomon 2:1)
- Lois: Desirable. Timothy's devout grandmother. (2 Timothy 1:5)
- Lydia: Standing pool. She was a seller of purple from the town of Thyatira and was one of the first documented converts to Christianity. (Acts 16:14)
- Magdalene: A person from Magdala. She is depicted in the Bible as a prostitute whom Jesus saved from stoning. She later became his follower. (Matthew. 27:56)
- Mara/Marah: Bitter. Naomi's other name. (Exodus 15:23)
- Martha: Provoking. She was Lazarus' sister. (Luke 10:38)
- Mary: Sea of bitterness. Mother of Jesus and wife of Joseph. (Matthew 1:16)
- Michelle: One who is like God. Archangel Michael commands God's army and conquered Satan. (1 Samuel 18:20)
- Miriam: Rebellion or sea of sorrow. She was Moses' and Aaron's sister and a prophetess. (Exodus 15:20)
- Mishael: Who asked for or lent. Uzziel's eldest son. (Exodus 6:22)
- Myra: To weep or pour out. One of the main towns in Lycia. (Acts 27:5)
- Naomi: Beautiful; agreeable. Ruth's mother-in-law. (Ruth 1:2)
- Neriah: Lamp of the Lord. Father of Mahseiah. It is a unisex name that can be used for girls or boys. (Jeremiah 32:12)
- Ophrah/Oprah: Dust; lead; a fawn. She was from the tribe of Moab and was the daughter-in-law of Naomi and Ruth's sister-in-law. (Judges 6:11)
- Paula: Small. Feminine version of Paul, an early Christian disciple of Christ.(Acts 13:9)
- Phoebe: Shining; pure. A trusted early Christian woman who delivered Paul's letters to the Romans. (Romans 16:1)
- Prisca/Priscilla: Ancient. Priscilla was married to Aquila, and together, they traveled with Paul to do missionary work. (Acts 18:2)
- Rachel: Sheep. Jacob's wife and mother of Jospeh and Benjamin. (Genesis 29:6)
- Rebecca: A quarrel appeased. Wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob and Esau. (Genesis 22:23)
- Rhoda: A rose. She was a slave woman who went to answer the door when Peter knocked. When she recognized Peter's voice, she went to tell others but they did not believe her. Still she insisted and demonstrated faith. (Acts 12:13)
- Ruth: Satisfied. Known for her kindness. She is the ancestor of King David. (Ruth 1:4)
- Sapphira: That relates or tells. Member of the early Christian church in Jerusalem (Acts 5:1)
- Sarah/Sarai/Serah: Princess of the multitude. Wife of Abraham and mother of Issac. (Genesis 17:15)
- Selah: A musical notation meaning "to pause." It is mentioned 71 times in the Book of Psalms. (Psalm 3:2)
- Sharon: A plain, flat area. It refers to the fertile land in Palestine with abundant roses and oak trees. (1 Chronicles 5:16)
- Sherah: Flesh or relationship. She is the daughter of Ephraim and has a town named after her: Uzzen-sherah. (1 Chronicles 7:24)
- Shiloh: The peaceful one. It is an ancient town and main center of worship for Israelites. Is is also the name of a figure mentioned during Jacob's benediction to his son Judah. (Joshua 18:8)
- Shiphrah: That does good. Shiphrah was one of two midwives who disobeyed Pharaoh's commands to kill the first-born children and instead delivered babies during the genocide. (Exodus 1:15)
- Susanna/Susannah: Lily. Susanna was a young woman in the Bible who was accosted by two elders while bathing in a garden. They blackmailed her into sex. When she refused, they accused her of meeting her lover there and was sent to be stoned to death, but her innocence was maintained by Daniel, the prophet. (Luke 8:3)
- Tabitha: Clear-sighted. A disciple from the town of Joppa who rose from the dead after Peter said a prayer for her. (Acts 9:36)
- Talitha: Little girl. It is an Aramaic first name. It is mentioned in the Bible when Jesus said, "Talitha cumi" or "Little girl, rise" to raise a young woman from the dead. (Mark 5:41)
- Tamar/Tamara Palm tree. When her husband Er died, she had children with his father in order to bear fruit for the family of Judah. (Genesis 38:6)
- Terah: Wanderer. Terah was father of Abraham. It can be used as a girl or boy name. (Numbers 33:27)
- Tirzah: Benevolent. Daughter of Zelophehad. (Numbers 26:33)
- Zemira: Song or vine. He was Becher's son, who was Benjamin's son. (1 Chronicles 7:8)
- Zilpah: Distillation from the mouth. She was Leah's handmaid and surrogate mother and gave birth to two of Leah's sons, Gad and Asher (Genesis 29:24)
- Zina: Abundance. Son of Shimei the Gershonite, but can be used as a girl's name. (1 Chronicles 23:10)
- Zipporah: Beauty; trumpet; mourning. Moses' wife.(Exodus 2:21)
Michael Duncan from Germany on December 11, 2019:
Wow, Sam, what a fantastic resource you have compiled here! For years I've read the scriptures and heard the names being used in every-day life without really grasping the depths of meaning behind each one. (I had no idea for example, that Martha actually meant that!)
Unlike the case today, names were given back then fundamentally because of the core meaning they carried and the fact that they represented an integral part of the individual's identity as well as their destiny.
Your piece brings out this reality vividly and effectively. Planning on checking out your other articles on related subjects and coming across more fascinating discoveries! This is well done. Thanks for sharing!
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Valya did not move. She hoped in her heart that someone would enter the classroom and she would be able to escape. But, obviously carried away, she did not notice that the doors of the classroom were firmly secured. - Come here, I said. - Kostya firmly grabbed her by the wrist and pulled strongly towards him.