Synonyms are words that have the same, or almost the same, meaning as another word. You can say an “easy task” or a “simple task” because easy and simple are synonyms. You can say Hong Kong is a “large city” or a “metropolis” because city and metropolis are synonyms.
However, it is important to remember that not all pairs of words in the English language are so easily interchangeable. The slight but important differences in meaning between synonyms can make a big difference in your writing. For example, the words boring and insipid may have similar meanings, but the subtle differences between the two will affect the message your writing conveys. The word insipid evokes a scholarly and perhaps more pretentious message than boring.
The English language is full of pairs of words that have subtle distinctions between them. All writers, professionals and beginners alike, face the challenge of choosing the most appropriate synonym to best convey their ideas. When you pay particular attention to synonyms in your writing, it comes across to your reader. The sentences become much more clear and rich in meaning.
Writing at Work
Any writing you do at work involves a careful choice of words. For example, if you are writing an e-mail to your employer regarding your earnings, you can use the word pay, salary, or hourly wage. There are also other synonyms to choose from. Just keep in mind that the word you choose will have an effect on the reader, so you want to choose wisely to get the desired effect.
Examples of Antonyms: Types of Opposite Words
Antonyms are words that have contrasting, or opposite, meanings. Like so much of the English language, “antonym” is rooted in the Greek language. The Greek word anti means opposite, while onym means name. Opposite name – that makes sense!
Since the English language is so complex, people may disagree about which words truly have opposite meanings. With the examples of antonyms listed below, we try to clear that up and offer some tactics for choosing the most appropriate word every time.
Types of Antonyms
You may be interested to know that there are three different kinds of antonyms. Let’s take a look at each one:
Complementary: Complementary antonyms have no middle ground. Examples include:
- boy — girl, off — on, night — day, entrance — exit, exterior — interior, true — false, dead — alive, push — pull, pass — fail
Relational: These are similar to complementary antonyms, except that both must exist for them to be antonyms of each other. Check out these examples:
- above — below, doctor — patient, husband — wife, servant — master, borrow — lend, give — receive, predator — prey, buy — sell, instructor — pupil
Graded: These antonyms deal with levels of comparison and they can be two words on a scale. Many are relative terms, which can be interpreted differently by different people. Examples include:
- young — elderly, hard — easy, happy — wistful, wise — foolish, fat — slim, warm — cool, early — late, fast — slow, dark — pale
Add a Prefix to Create an Antonym
Sometimes, you don’t need to search for another word entirely. It’s possible to create an antonym simply by adding a prefix to the word.
Some examples of antonyms created by adding the prefix dis- are:
- Agree → disagree
- Appear → disappear
- Belief → disbelief
- Honest → dishonest
Adding the prefix in- can make the following opposites:
- Tolerant → intolerant
- Decent → indecent
- Discreet → indiscreet
- Excusable → inexcusable
Using the prefix mis- create antonyms like:
- Behave → misbehave
- Interpret → misinterpret
- Lead → mislead
- Trust → mistrust
Examples of antonyms made by adding the prefix un- are:
- Likely → unlikely
- Able → unable
- Fortunate → unfortunate
- Forgiving → unforgiving
By adding the prefix non- you can make these antonyms:
- Entity → nonentity
- Conformist → nonconformist
- Payment → nonpayment
- Sense → nonsense
Synonyms and Antonyms
A synonym is basically the opposite of an antonym. It is a word that means the same, or almost the same, as another word. They help us avoid repetition in our speech and writing and expand our vocabulary. Synonyms and antonyms are used every day by teachers, students, writers, editors, poets, and songwriters to add variety to writing.
Use Your Thesaurus
If you still haven’t found find the perfect antonym, a thesaurus can be your best friend. Make use of YourDictionary’s Thesaurus. This reference tool will offer you a plethora of related words, plus you can see the word used in a sentence, and any related articles to the term.
If you’re just introducing this concept to the little ones in your life, watch their knowledge and understanding blossom with this First Grade Synonyms and Anonyms Worksheet.
Synonyms and Antonyms for ESL
Learning synonyms and antonyms helps build vocabulary. English learners can use the charts below to begin learning how to use this technique. Teachers can print out the charts as examples for students to follow.
To begin with, here are definitions:
A word or phrase that means that same, or nearly the same as another word or phrase.
big - large
heavy - weighty
thin - slim
A word or phrase that means the opposite or nearly the opposite of another word or phrase.
tall - short
thick - thin
difficult - easy
One excellent technique for improving your vocabulary is to learn synonyms and antonyms together. You can create a chart listing both synonyms and antonyms including example sentences to help you memorize new vocabulary. Synonyms and antonyms can be learned in categories such as adjectives, adverbs, and adverbs. It's good to begin building vocabulary by learning categories of English synonyms and antonyms. To get you started, here are a number of synonyms and antonyms arranged into categories for beginning to advanced level English learners.
Example Synonym and Antonym Charts
Adjectives: Beginning Level
Nouns: Beginning to Intermediate Levels
|big||large||small||He has a big house in California.|
She has a small apartment in Manhattan.
|difficult||hard||easy||The test was very difficult.|
I think riding a bike is easy.
|new||recent||used||I bought a recent book.|
She drives a used car.
|clean||tidy||dirty||He keeps his house tidy.|
The car is dirty and needs to be washed.
|safe||secure||dangerous||The money is secure in the bank.|
Walking through downtown at midnight is dangerous.
|friendly||outgoing||unfriendly||Tom is outgoing with everyone.|
There are many unfriendly people in this town.
|good||great||bad||That's a great idea!|
He's a bad tennis player.
|cheap||inexpensive||expensive||Homes are inexpensive at the moment.|
That car is very expensive.
|interesting||fascinating||boring||That's a fascinating story.|
That TV show is boring.
|quiet||still||noisy||It's nice and still in this room.|
The children are very noisy today.
The pupils are in their seats.
The teacher began the class.
The director hired three new people.
The employees are very happy with their jobs.
The ground here is very rich.
You need water to live.
It's daylight out. Get up!
I usually go to bed early at night.
What is your response?
She asked him a number of questions.
The start is at 8 am.
The end of the book is very good.
Tim is a male.
Jane is a woman.
I'd like to get a puppy.
The cat meowed so I let her in the house.
Let's eat some French cuisine tonight.
She had a drink after work.
The lad is waiting for you in the other room.
There are four girls in the class.
|fast||quickly||slowly||He drives very quickly.|
I slowly walked through the park.
|carefully||cautiously||carelessly||Tim walked cautiously through the room checking everything.|
Those who drive carelessly will probably have an accident.
|always||all the time||never||She eats lunch at her desk all the time.|
She never goes to the dentist.
|seriously||thoughtfully||thoughtlessly||He thoughtfully answered the question.|
She speaks about her private life thoughtlessly.
|colorfully||plainly||brightly||She painted the picture plainly.|
He brightly spoke about his adventures.
Here are some other ideas for learning synonyms and antonyms:
- Use vocabulary trees to help you organize synonyms and antonyms into categories such as things and places in the home, business-related vocabulary for work, etc.
- Build word form charts based on the synonyms and antonyms you are learning.
- Make synonym and antonym flash cards to quickly check your knowledge.
antonyms for one
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © by the Philip Lief Group.
TRY USING one
See how your sentence looks with different synonyms.
How to use one in a sentence
Practise gliding in the form of inflection, or slide, from one extreme of pitch to another.EXPRESSIVE VOICE CULTUREJESSIE ELDRIDGE SOUTHWICK
There was a rumor that Alessandro and his father had both died; but no one knew anything certainly.RAMONAHELEN HUNT JACKSON
Truth is a torch, but one of enormous size; so that we slink past it in rather a blinking fashion for fear it should burn us.PEARLS OF THOUGHTMATURIN M. BALLOU
Under the one-sixth they appear as slender, highly refractive fibers with double contour and, often, curled or split ends.A MANUAL OF CLINICAL DIAGNOSISJAMES CAMPBELL TODD
The afternoon was a lovely one—the day was a perfect example of the mellowest mood of autumn.CONFIDENCEHENRY JAMES
The country is well inhabited, for it contains fifty-one cities, near a hundred walled towns, and a great number of villages.GULLIVER'S TRAVELSJONATHAN SWIFT
WORDS RELATED TO ONE
aarticlenot any particular or certain one of a class or group
anybodynounone, some unspecified person or people
anyonenounone, some unspecified person
certainadjectivereferring to a specifically known amount
Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © by the Philip Lief Group.
One antonyms of
That's right, well done. Have you guys seen me like her. Five days ago, this woman was an invincible queen, and now look at her - with rapture my dick is swallowing under my dog. That's it, guys, look and learn how to correctly drive around obstinate human bitches. Fuck, take it deep.Complete Synonyms and Antonyms Class
Let's take a couple of minutes for this - and finally you can sit down in the place we have prepared and blissfully relax. Letting the stormy waters rush to the sea. When the first wave comes off, you suddenly feel like your warmed up sexuality is also ready to break out. If you have no one to make love to when the process is over, then now is the time to masturbate.
Meanwhile, at first only water came out, and now the main forces are on the way - the main moment of our.
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But tried not to show it. a little later, she began to swear at traffic jams. she shifted more and more from foot to foot, her eyes ran wildly, the first signs of panic began to appear. - Oh oh oh.