Primitive christmas paintings

Primitive christmas paintings DEFAULT

In one word, Ree Drummond's Christmas décor style could be best summed up as "personal," and that's true of DIY Christmas gift ideas, too. "Ornaments should never be purchased in bundles," she says. "The ones on my tree are a mix of crafted childhood ornaments and sweet, sentimental ornaments we've been gifted through the years. Some of them are dented, some are chipped and some are definitely broken, but I'm a sucker for a tree that isn't too sparkly and shiny."

Whether you live in the suburbs or a city apartment, you can achieve that same meaningful, down-home look and transform your surroundings into a woodsy wonderland for the holidays. And we're here to help with a list of our favorite handmade rustic Christmas decorations. In our opinion, your best bet is to try to create a cozy atmosphere—one that invites you to curl up in a blanket and enjoy all the beautiful DIY Christmas decorations and Christmas tree decorations. Think: mini trees draped in plaid fabric, sweet signs made from vintage-worn wood, and gathered pine cones, winter greens, and branches. Even your ornaments will carry rustic flair. Don't forget about DIY outdoor Christmas decorations, too! So pour yourself a mug of hot cocoa and settle in! It's time to get crafting for a homespun holiday season.

Sours: https://www.thepioneerwoman.com/home-lifestyle/crafts-diy/g33535167/rustic-christmas-decor/

Give one example used by the artist in this piece for each of the following principles:

Who is the artist of the piece above brainly. Name the popular term for serigraphy. This piece is by german artist anselm keifer, and is entitled, heath of the brandenburg march. Just about all art begins with lines, leading to the artist incorporating other visual elements.

A she wanted each word to be read on its own. 1)name the art piece above, its location, and the technique the artist used to create it. The piece above is called the portuguese by george braque , braque used zigzag lines as his.

B she wanted the eyes to start at the top, and then move to the bottom of the page she wanted people to see the words as less important than the face. The figures move diagonally to create a triangular composition. Balance, harmony, proportion, and movement.

In the piece above, what did the artist create through the use of arbitrary colors and unrefined brushwork? He mostly relied on lines to create this art piece. Who is the artist of the piece above?

Name the artist of the painting above. Cornaro chapel, a funerary chapel. 2)what is serigraphy and what is it primarily used for?

Has the artist in the piece above entitled, canyon, used all seven principles of design? Answer will vary but may include the following: The artist has used balance, harmony, variety, proportion, movement, and emphasis.

What was the artist’s intended purpose for the piece above? What artist created the image above? In this piece entitled modern painting with clef, by roy lichtenstein, which visual element of art was most used by the artist c.

Over and above critical thinking, installation art fosters a dialogue between viewers. The poses of the women and the intense lighting used in the scene. Name the artist of the painting above.

Describe the image, including how the gender of the artist influenced the piece. When the artist created this piece of art, she chose to place the words vertically. This artist is famous for his structural use of color and brushwork that appeals to the intellect, and a solidity of composition enhanced by a fluid a … pplication of pigment that delights the senses.

To totally and completely end racism c. The big picture offers an approachable and accessible overview of contemporary art since the millennium, through just 10 works by 10 artists. There is no texture, medium, or detail that is not intentional in a piece of installation work.

To persuade the whites to change their beliefs b. He wanted to create a piece that was rough and would convey a message of anguish. While the themes are not always immediately apparent, the artist is deliberate in every aspect of the piece.

The artist chose to use a mixed media of oil, acrylic, and shellac, which he painted onto burlap. Describe the image, including how the gender of the artist influenced the piece. Among other things, abueva is known as the father of modern philippine sculpture.he is credited for shaping the art of sculpture in his country.

Why would she make this choice? What common themes are present in spanish baroque art? Who was the artist of the piece above clearly inspired by?

In order to keep the theme of things coming and going, what was the artist's order regarding the above piece? Even though the piece does have other visual elements in their rawest form, matisse chose to not develop these, rather he worked on the lines. How does the artist create tension in the piece above?

The artist said that no maintenance should be done on the piece. What can be observed about this piece and the technique used? Examples will vary, but may include the.

Who was the artist of the piece above clearly inspired by? In this piece entitled modern painting with clef , roy lichtenstein , which visual element of art was most used by the artist weegy: Based on the information from the lecture, which artist created the earthwork piece below?

What does the image above depict? The café is a quirky wonderland of kidlat’s imagination, featuring wooden bridges, bright blue fish ponds, paintings and native sculptures surrounded by a healthy array of plants. This art piece is called study of a woman's back, by henri matisse.

How does the artist create movement in the painting above?

Sours: https://fc413d835af53e7400b98c3b6a0f7d62.s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/who-is-the-artist-of-the-piece-above-brainly.html
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Vintage Bear Cookie Jars

Brown Color TheoryIn color theory. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers. When shopping for a cookie jar, you should look for one that is easy to wash if you plan to store food in it, rather than simply use it for decoration. Just a bit of the black cold paint is missing off his nose. Fred Flintstone Cookie Jar. Vintage McCoy Cookie jar house. Category: Ceramics and Porcelains. Vintage piece from an estate sale. One sold in late 2018 for $250 in an auction. Kitchener / Waterloo 17/08/2021. " Pottery jar stands approximately 13 inches tall. Welcome to the Cookie Jar Store. Shipped with USPS Priority Mail. Measures 8. Buy top selling products like OXO Good Grips® POP Snack and Cookie Jars and Table Art Classics 3-Tier Stacked Glass Candy/Cookie Jar. more ads by this user. This vintage style tin cookie jar ($17) is chic yet classic, with beveled detailing and a typewriter-style label. SEAN68 loves this. It features a raised loveable brown bear along with a yellow bee hive with little brown bees and green trees. Seller 100% positive. Vintage piece from an estate sale. Listed for sale is a Tan Bear Cookie jar. A writer for the Boston Globe sums up Isabel and her marriage by saying: these Andersons? they were idle rich, born to money and accustomed to privilege--but they were interesting people who left us something. 25 by 12 inches. Large 13-1/2 Planters 4 Corners Peanut Clear Glass Jar With Lid. 5"W x 7"H x 6. Thousands of new images every day Completely Free to Use High-quality videos and images from Pexels. The key to the mystery was the lot number(405), found a couple other versions of this one, only one very similar as they are hand made. Discover bear t-shirts that match your style and taste in the Zazzle t-shirt Marketplace. Vintage Ceramic Barrel Cookie Jar, 1960's Treasure Craft 9 1/2” H. If you do buy it. Smokey bear cookie jar vintage 1950s. Condition is Used. It would look great with any kitchen decor, and we love the stylish metal handle for quick cookie access. Feb 3, 2016 - Better Than the Average Bear! Hey BooBoo! How about gettin' some of those picinic baskets? Here is a great collectible cookie jar for the collector. Vintage Tan Bear Cookie Jar $22 $0 Size OS sizeChart. Brown Color TheoryIn color theory. Broadway, Stanley, Wis. Stenciled marks were used on stoneware jars, churns, and jugs, etc. 80 shipping. Designs By JuJu has thousands of machine embroidery digital designs such as Applique designs, fonts, holiday designs, free designs, seasonal designs, and Redwork designs available for instant download. This one is in excellent, dare I say, perfect condition. Vintage McCoy Cookie jar house. California originals brown ceramic bear necktie cookie jar. post id: 7343033339. Brookie's Cookie Jar. We are happy to offer a series of auctions including antiques, collectibles, glassware, crockware, and so much more f. Originating in Fresno California, we are a company that firmly believes in using only natural whole ingredients in every single one of our original. Your cookie jar collection isn't complete with this amazing jar! This jar would look absolutely amazing in your personal collection, I know it would. Gilner was out of Culver city Ca. One sold in late 2018 for $250 in an auction. Vintage Bear Cookie Jar. This minimalist teddy bear cookie jar features a matted, sandy ceramic finish with a glossy interior. No chips or crackson cookie jar or the lid. 99; Jack Skellington Nightmare Before Christmas Collector Cookie Jar $ 299. CALL or text only: JJ 4o6, 26o, zero zero 67, Cash only pls. The vintage cookie jar "Smiley Chef Rabbit" is a Brush cookie jar and if yours has the mark W25 which was associated with Twin Winton who design several jars for Brush, then it sounds like you have one too. Pictures from Arwin Neil Baichoo, nabil boukala, and Sixteen Miles Out on Unsplash. VintasticCo. Cookie Jar-1950s Vintage Cookie Jar-Made in USA-1950's Cookie Jar-Coffee Pot Cookie Jar-American Bisque Cookie Jar-Cookie Jar with Lid. (Hibbing) Antique cookie jar in shape of bear, no chips but paint worn in a couple spots, good shape. Cream colored with remnants of blue and red paint. Explore new and retired china, crystal, silver, and collectible patterns, plus estate jewelry, tableware accessories, home décor, and more. They killed R2-D2 and he's full of deliciousness!Wonder woman. Vintage Collectible Cookie Jar Decorated with Cookies - Walnut Handle on Lid. Ok, Ive solved the mystery. The hand painted jar features an adorable panda bear with a flower finial topped green bamboo hat lid. Best Offer. Average Rating: ( 4. Vintage Estate Costume Jewelry, Antique Hen on a Nest, Vintage Fenton Compote, Vintage Fenton Candle Holders, Antique Skeleton Keys, Clarinet, Small Cast Iron Avon Sculpture, Fenton Drapery Vase, New Pioneer Woman Utensil Holder, Mickey Mouse Clock, Walt Disney World Frame, New Stainless Steel Insulated UK Tumbler, UK Tervis Stainless Steel Insulated Tumbler, Vintage Novelty. Just a bit of the black cold paint is missing off his nose. Vintage Tan Bear Cookie Jar $22 $0 Size OS sizeChart. 0 Boyd Bears Trinket Box~ Thanksgiving Gather Together with Treasure Bear. Cookie Jars, Primitives, Posters, Paintings & Prints. Jan 15, 2013 - Paddington Bear Limited Edition Cookie Jar. RELATED ITEMS Add to Cart The item has been added. Cookie jars not only look great on the kitchen counter, they can also be used to store baked goods or other kitchen necessities. 80 shipping. or Best Offer. 72oz Earthenware Mountain Retreat 3-D Bear Cookie Jar Brown - Certified International. Great collectors. Laura's Dollhouses & Collectibles. Cookie Jar. These 13-inch round, glass, Lazy Susan Turntables are ideal for entertaining and can be used as a decorative table centerpiece, cake plate, or server for appetizers, and hors d'oeuvres. Bid Live on Lot 91 in the Two Day Auction Of Collectables, Antiques, Furniture, Vintage Items etc Auction from Ashley Waller Auctioneers. Cookie Jar-kokoelmat. Vintage Cookie Jar - Teddy Bear - $22 (Bigfork) < image 1 of 2 > condition: excellent. Free Shipping on Everything* at Overstock - Your Online Kitchen Storage Store! Get 5% in rewards with Club O!. Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in Philippines. This vintage style tin cookie jar ($17) is chic yet classic, with beveled detailing and a typewriter-style label. LARGE SANTA CLAUS COOKIE JAR CHRISTMAS TREE PRESENTS HOLIDAY WINTER CENTERPIECE. Jar is 11 1/2" high and 7 1/2" wide. This is made in Japan and is 11" tall x 8. COOKIE JAR. Ceramic Cookie Jar with some Original Cold Paint. KMwares 10 OZ 3-Pack Decorative Teddy Bear Shaped Clear Glass Jar with lids for Cookie/Candy/Wish Star Storage, DIY Crafts Bottle, Kids Room/Party/Office Decoration. Fitz and Floyd. A writer for the Boston Globe sums up Isabel and her marriage by saying: these Andersons? they were idle rich, born to money and accustomed to privilege--but they were interesting people who left us something. Marked on the bottom 'Hanna Barbera Productions - 1961 USA'. Vintage Smokey The Bear Cookie Jar - $20 (Ottumwa) Vintage Smokey The Bear Cookie Jar. Cookie Jars Complete Cookie Jar List The values stated in this guide are to be used only as a guide. DII Vintage, Retro, Farmhouse Chic Mason Jar Inspired Ceramic Kitchen Canister, Cookie Jar With Airtight Lid For Food Storage, Store Cookies, Crackers, Chips and More - Aqua Average Rating: ( 0. This cookie jar was made by the American Bisque Company of Wellsville, WV from a mold by Ludiwici. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: 7375610283. Vintage Cookie Jar - Teddy Bear - $22 (Bigfork) < image 1 of 2 > condition: excellent. proshopper. Shop retropine's closet or find the perfect look from millions of stylists. Bear & Beehive cookie jar. Follow us on our Facebook page for daily clues to find out which cookie jar contains the gift card! Winner will be given their gift card when they pick up their winning items during our regular load out hours. Condensed Tile View Full View. ratings, based on 380 reviews. The following list is comprised of McCoy Cookie Jars dating from the Late 30's to Present day. Vintage Pooh Bear Cookie Jar. I am selling this for a local artist that has been in the area for many years and has asked me to help sell the last of the items she has available. Founded in 1976, Cinar (pronounced "seh-NAR") was originally a film distribution company that distributed international/foreign films from the 1970s to the early 1980s from offices in New York City. This minimalist teddy bear cookie jar features a matted, sandy ceramic finish with a glossy interior. Collector quality McCoy Bear and Beehive cookie jar. Everything Vintage and Muppety Fozzie Bear cookie jar, produced by Treasure Craft in 1995. Lot #165 - Vintage Rooster S&P, Canister Set, Bear Cookie Jar and More. Height: 12". Winnipeg, MB R2W 1N7. Cookie Jar stocks a huge range of design-led gifts, toys and collectables sourced from all over the globe, shipped to your door for only $4. Vintage Bear Cookie Jar. Description: Vintage Brown Bear Cookie Jar On the bottom in reverse lettering is "F. Both of these locations have an abundance of attractions for visitors to enjoy. US$10 1 bid. Quick view. Clean sf home. SATURDAY JANUARY 16 SALE TIME 9:00 AM Lucy's Lunch & Restrooms Selling will be well cared for antiques & collectibles from various estates ! GLASSWARE & DINNERWARE - Large collection of. Gilner was out of Culver city Ca. Toy Soldier Christmas Tree Canister Cookie Jar. Watch for signs. John Deere Tractor By Gibson Riding Dog On Back. QR Code Link to This Post. Stenciled marks were used on stoneware jars, churns, and jugs, etc. Sonoma Sprinkling Can Cookie Jar. Picture Information. Original vintage Metlox roller skating bear cookie jar. Vintage Turnabout Bear Cookie Jar, 1940s, Girl and Boy, 12. Vintage Twin Winton 12" Teddy Bear Cookie Jar (pink paws & blue bow) ChristyLouVintage 5 out of 5 stars (122) $ 25. or Best Offer. (Hibbing) Antique cookie jar in shape of bear, no chips but paint worn in a couple spots, good shape. Big ole art, primitives, and collectibles auction. 00 shipping + AU $55. Title: Vintage Ceramic Turnabout Bear Cookie Jar - Girl and Boy Bear - Head Turns - White Bears with Red Highlights - Boy Bear with Blue Eyes - Girl Bear with Black Eyes and Eye Lashes - Embossed: Patent Applied, Turnabout, The 4 in 1, USA, Price: $75 USD, Category: Dolls:Doll Repair:Parts:Doll And Bear Eyes, Shop: Annapolis Remembers Art and Glass, Description: Vintage Ceramic Turnabout Bear. A vintage Bear Cookie Jar has a couple of chips where the head sits down on shown in the pictures provided but they are covered when the head is on. Here is a general idea of the items in this auction: Primitive kitchen & furniture, tiny trinkets, ephemera, oil paintings and prints, vintage posters, jewelry, old seed advertising piece, Zane Gray books, framed needlepoint, leather motorcycle saddlebags, Shawnee, McCoy & Redwing Cookie. Do you like this video? Play Sound. This glass cookie jar makes for a fantastic addition to your pantry. Description: VINTAGE Coco Brown Teddy bear cookie jar 11" in excellent condition look in pictures for more information. Clean sf home. Broadway, Stanley, Wis. 75 shipping. Mary Ann Kalaha Estate 9/16 Auction. Set of 3 clear glass wavy jars with cork…. or Best Offer. previous price AU $88. Vintage Pooh Bear Cookie Jar. Vintage BEAR In Blue Sweater Holding Duck Goose Ceramic Cookie Jar. They went out of business in 1958 went there plant burned. Gilner Brown Bear Cookie Jar. departments. Add to Favorites. post id: 7343033339. Coca Cola Victorian Style Cookie Jar. 00 + shipping. The trio depicts two sitting teddy bears with their hands reaching into their own cookie jars and a single jar with a very full teddy bear saying “I’m Stuffed. (3) Vintage Monkey, Lion, and Hot Air Ballon Cookie Jars LOT 2187 (2) Frog Cookie Jars LOT 2188 (2) Vintage Lady Duck & Cat with Yellow Hat Cookie Jars LOT 2190 (3) “Cookies” cookie jars LOT 2191 (2) Vintage Pot O’ Cookies & Ice Cream Sandwich Cookie Jars > >>. Vintage Pooh Bear Cookie Jar. Description: Vintage 70s Metlox Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Beige/tan smiling teddy bear wearing dark red burgundy bow Circa 1970s Metlox Pottery of California Marked Metlox USA on bottom (It is blurred and hard to read and I wasn't able to capture it in the photos) Measures approx. Did you find what you were looking for? yes no. 10 watching. It is approximately 10 in. 4 days Left. 3 out of 5 stars. Dinnerware Replacements. Has some cracks and crazing. Vintage McCoy Cookie jar house. US$10 1 bid. com covers United States, United Kingdom and Canada. 200+ Cookie Jar Collection Enid OK McCoy, Fitz and Floyd, Holiday, Vintage, Twin Winton Online Only Auction Starts ending Tuesday March 12th 6PM Pick Up Location: 7645 W Purdue Enid OK Pick Up Dates: March 13-14th 3-6PM These collections are all out of an estate in Enid OK. Excellent condition and no known damage or flaws shown. - When exiting off of Hwy. This cookie jar is in good used condition. Robertson's started using Golliwog as their mascot in the early 1900s and he remained a very popular mascot. I have the complete set for sale all in their original boxes shown in the last 2 pictures. Vintage Voltan Leather Boots. Laura's Dollhouses & Collectibles. Great collectors. Excellent vintage set of three 60s foam Christmas gingerbread men ornaments are each 5 1/4" x 3 3/8" and are marked Made in Japan. This auction is for a Vintage American Bisque ABCo Turnabout 2- Sided Bear Cookie Jar that is in Great Vintage Condition. #21, Barrel Shape, Shape like Dutch Boy cookie jar, Produced in 1945 hey #22, Bear, Cookie in vest. Status Closed. Unavailable. or Best Offer. A vintage Bear Cookie Jar has a couple of chips where the head sits down on shown in the pictures provided but they are covered when the head is on. Pink Pig Chef Cookie Jar. Cookie Jar Entertainment was a Canadian entertainment company founded in 1976 as Cinar. It was released in spring 2006 at an initial Disney Auctions price: of $85. free shipping. A classic Bialosky Bear and with a recipe for Teddy Bear Cookies only a Bear would love ! In great shape except a noticeable micro crack in the lid, lid still works great. 1950(maybe late 40s). 99; Jack Skellington Nightmare Before Christmas Collector Cookie Jar $ 299. Condition: Excellent. Vintage unknown maker. They killed R2-D2 and he's full of deliciousness!Wonder woman. Clippers, NERF Gun, Plantronics Sound Innovation Headset, Yellow Pot Holder, Coffee Travel Cup w/ Lid, Wade Tea Figurine, Painted Cookie Jar, Vintage Black & White Framed Postcard, Bag of Seashells, Santa's Workbench Collection Antique Store, Flower Figurine, Pair of Candle Sticks, Mini Tea Cup & Saucer, Little Bavaria Grammar School Figurine #470002, Native Beauty Collector's. February 2021. page 1 of 3. Bear sports a white collar and Pink scarf. 4 items in stock. John Deere Tractor By Gibson Riding Dog On Back. New Arc International Laminar Quadro Fridge Jug Glass With Lid 110cl 1 Water Jar. Massive retirement auction of antiques & collectibles. Sarge Cookie Jar. Has some cracks and crazing. Like Us on Facebook. Abingdon Jack O Lantern (Pumpkin) Collector Cookie Jar $ 439. or Best Offer. California originals brown ceramic bear necktie cookie jar. It does not contain lead or cadmium. Excellent vintage set of three 60s foam Christmas gingerbread men ornaments are each 5 1/4" x 3 3/8" and are marked Made in Japan. Measures 8. Vintage Bear Cookie Jar. Planters Running Mr. net Omniware Simsbury Collection of, Cookie Jar ", Our extra large canister, Features of this great jar are stands11"Tall x 7¾"Wide (at bottom) x Super soft best quality vintage whiskey leather cuff bracelet. DII Vintage, Retro, Farmhouse Chic Mason Jar Inspired Ceramic Kitchen Canister, Cookie Jar With Airtight Lid For Food Storage, Store Cookies, Crackers, Chips and More - Aqua Average Rating: ( 0. 99; Napco Carousel Collector Cookie Jar $ 139. Vintage Royal Seasons Christmas Holiday Teddy bear ceramic cookie jar. Mint Chips Vintage Home Goods. The Pioneer Woman Holiday Charlie Cookie Jar, 1. I can see something that looks like it might be a number on the bottom when I move it around under a bright light, but not sure. Monet näistä oppaista tarjoavat värikuvia ja -valokuvia. Pualski estate with vintage items including pom aluminum Christmas tree, 2 color wheels, other vintage Christmas, primitives crocks, lightening rods with balls, model airplane kits, old toys including farm toys, tin dollhouses with furniture, Fisher. The best GIFs are on GIPHY. • Dishwasher s…. 25 by 12 inches. Vintage Pooh Bear Cookie Jar. by Gracie Oaks. The bottom of the jar is marked, "McCoy. Ranger Smiling Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Used English Cap. Much of the pottery produced after 1938 has the "McCoy" mark. Cookie jar Teddy Bear Japanese vintage Brown red 9. The Emmett Kelly jar made by Stanton Arts is the most valuable of the Coca-Cola jars, followed by the two McCoy made jars, a jug, and a large Coca-Cola can. 99; Jack Skellington Nightmare Before Christmas Collector Cookie Jar $ 299. MICKEY WITH RED WHITE AND BLUE JUKE BOX COOKIE JAR: MICKEY IN YELLOW CAR VINTAGE COOKIE JAR: MICKEY PLAYING PIANO FOR MINNIE COOKIE JAR : Made by Disney "Walt Disney Profcutions" copyright Sears, Roebuck and Co. Please contact if interested and have a look at my. Jan 15, 2013 - Paddington Bear Limited Edition Cookie Jar. No Id markings. Grin and bear it. 00 shipping. Listed for sale is a Tan Bear Cookie jar. 72oz Earthenware Mountain Retreat 3-D Bear Cookie Jar Brown - Certified International. Incised "Japan" mark to underside. Lonovel Vintage Ceramic Cookies Jars,Retro Bird and Flower Design,Large Kitchen Organization Storage Canister with Airtight Lid,Seal Canister for Food Storage,Store Cookies,Biscuits,Dessert etc,Beige. Bear Large Jar Sconce. View details. This Oreo cookie ceramic, hand painted panda cookie jar features an Oreo panda bear that has lots to smile about. safn-8188 $34. Top Rated Seller. or Best Offer. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. 2 2 reviews. In very good condition. Whether home-baked or store-bought, your favorite cookies, and your kitchen will benefit from the vibrant finish and chic beveled detailing, classic cookie jar label, and vibrant evident in this Tin Cookie Jar. Condensed Tile View Full View. 10 watching. to Preview these items call our office to set appointment. The Bear has a mar on the bottom of her right foot where it appears a dot of paint has rubbed of. 99 FREE shipping. Vintage Heritage Mint Ltd. Item is PreOwned in good condition Small bearly visible chip shown in pic. 12 24 48 60 72 84 All. Cheap Storage Bottles & Jars, Buy Quality Home & Garden Directly from China Suppliers:WSHYUFEI 3pcs cookie jar candy coffee suger tea storage By continuing to use AliExpress you accept our use of cookies (view more on our Privacy Policy). 80 shipping. Designs By JuJu has thousands of machine embroidery digital designs such as Applique designs, fonts, holiday designs, free designs, seasonal designs, and Redwork designs available for instant download. Combined orders welcome to save on shipping!. The Silk Purse has closed it's doors in it's Zionsville, Indiana location. departments. Set of 3 clear glass wavy jars with cork…. Vintage Mccoy Upside Down Panda Bear Cookie Jar Handstand #210 TLC. Brown teddy bear cookie jar. 90 shipping + AU $36. Touch device users, explore by touch or with. Pinocchio Cookie Jar. No chips or crackson cookie jar or the lid. Welcome to the Cookie Jar Store. 00 shipping. Fitz and Floyd. Add To Cart. Shop cookie jars at Chairish, the design lover's marketplace for the best vintage and used furniture, decor and art. Jan 15, 2013 - Paddington Bear Limited Edition Cookie Jar. by Gracie Oaks. Watch for signs. We had a cookie jar when I was growing up, but it was never used, because cookies never lasted long enough to be stored. (11-762) 1 Mint Unfolded Sheet 70 - 2ct James Webster US Postage STamps. California originals brown ceramic bear necktie cookie jar. Vintage American Bisque Bear Honey Bee Corner Cookie Jar. safn-8188 $34. These cookies are perfect to ship to loved ones too. Bidding history (11 bids) Lot #2019. Black Bear Buffalo Plaid Jar - CLEARANCE. "Who took the cookie from the cookie jar? Panda took the cookie from the cookie jar…" This song introduces a really fun kids game you can play anywhere, anytime. Each Cookie Jar is listed by year, not by "Number". prev Lot # 131 next Sold Winning Bid: $ 6. " There is a glazed chip on the top of the lower portion of the two-piece jar, which is presumably that way from the factory. Vintage Brown Bear Cookie Jar from Certified Estate Specialists up for Sale at Auction Ninja! Item number: 1839, Winning Bid $12. Lodge - Cabin - Bear Magnolias Palm Tree Pineapple Roosters Rose Decor Strawberry Sunflower Blue Willow Hummingbirds. 80 shipping + AU $53. Can be washed gently. Tell a friend Ask a question. 75 shipping. Vintage Cookie Jar - Teddy Bear - $22 (Bigfork) < image 1 of 2 > condition: excellent. Description: Vintage POLAR BEAR Cookie Jar Holiday Winter Christmas Ceramic 9 in high & 6 inches wide approximately Like new White with red scarf Similar to the Coca Cola Bears. The cookie jar depicts a Sleeping Brown Honey Bear wrapped around a honey pot or honey jar that is shaped like a bee hive. The hand painted jar features an adorable panda bear with a flower finial topped green bamboo hat lid. Teddy Bear Eating a Cookie - Metlox Pottery Cookie Jar - Kitchenware - Storage Jar - 1970 - Collectable - Food Storage - Baking - Vintage. Bear Large Jar Sconce. Find GIFs with the latest and newest hashtags! Search, discover and share your favorite Cookie Jar GIFs. Bob's Gasoline Cookie Jars (#159606) 06/03/2021 6:00 AM CDT - 07/01/2021 8:25 PM CDT CLOSED!. lakegrammie, 8 years ago. Detail : Krestline Bread Box Speko Chicago Tea Sugar Flour Vintage Retro Metal MCM Price : $ 24. Cookie Jar Toons (also known as This Is for Kids) was a daily and weekend children's programming block on the This TV digital broadcast network when that network was partially owned by Weigel Broadcasting. Founded in 1976, Cinar (pronounced "seh-NAR") was originally a film distribution company that distributed international/foreign films from the 1970s to the early 1980s from offices in New York City. Add To Bundle. 95 shipping. 00 shipping + AU $55. VintasticCo. com covers United States, United Kingdom and Canada. T his mark is not as common. Coco Dowley Vintage Pink Pig Cookie Jar Red White Blue Scarf Bib & Bow. Real Home Sock Monkey Cookie Jar Very Cute. theglassjunkie. Vintage McCoy Colorful Yellow Cookie Truck Cookie Jar Bottom. Many Canadians also use this term. Watch for signs. Meanwhile, on eBay, $24. post id: 7343033339. Cookie Jar Toons (also known as This Is for Kids) was a daily and weekend children's programming block on the This TV digital broadcast network when that network was partially owned by Weigel Broadcasting. Choose board. Look at the photos for more information and description. More Info Vintage, Antiques; Description. 29, go south 1 block. Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in Philippines. Shop Home's Vintage Tan Red Size OS Food Storage at a discounted price at Poshmark. 00 shipping + AU $55. Was: Previous Price. 50 shipping. departments. Black Bear Buffalo Plaid Jar - CLEARANCE. Sunflowershutterco. Ernie From The Muppets Cookie Jar 973 (Signed) Vintage Original. We keep all postage receipts in the unlikely event that a package gets lost or damaged in transit. Dinnerware Replacements. Lonovel Vintage Ceramic Cookies Jars,Retro Bird and Flower Design,Large Kitchen Organization Storage Canister with Airtight Lid,Seal Canister for Food Storage,Store Cookies,Biscuits,Dessert etc,Beige. Vintage Metlox Poppytrail Ceramic Blue Sweater Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in USA. The lid to the cookie jar that the panda is eating from can be found on his head. Timbers Market Place Auction - LIVE AUCTION ONLY Andrews Auction Service LOCATED: Timbers Market Place, 613 S. or Best Offer. Add To Bundle. Free Shipping on Everything* at Overstock - Your Online Kitchen Storage Store! Get 5% in rewards with Club O!. Found4UGifts. Up for auction is a Vintage Avon Ceramic Teddy Bear Cookie Jar. Vintage McCoy 143 USA Cookie Jar Sleeping Bear With Honey Pot & Bees Vintage McCoy. The following list is comprised of McCoy Cookie Jars dating from the Late 30's to Present day. Wiki researchers have been writing reviews of the latest cookie jars since 2017. 09 5% off 5% off previous price £15. VINTAGE MCCOY BEAR Cookie Jar - 1940s - White Bear with Bow Tie - Hard To Find - £18. Crated from glazed stoneware, our Bear Cookie Jar is a cute addition to any kitchen counter. Choose board. hey #23, Turkey, Hand decorated in white or brown. 5" and is 6" wide 9. Used cookie jars, especially ones with minor defects from wear, can be found for $20 or less. 00 shipping + AU $55. Vintage Turnabout Bear Cookie Jar, 1940s, Girl and Boy, 12. View details. The bottom of the cookie jar is marked 143 USA. Excellent condition and no known damage or flaws shown. Here is a general idea of the items in this auction: Primitive kitchen & furniture, tiny trinkets, ephemera, oil paintings and prints, vintage posters, jewelry, old seed advertising piece, Zane Gray books, framed needlepoint, leather motorcycle saddlebags, Shawnee, McCoy & Redwing Cookie. With reviews from 37 Zazzle customers, you'll easily find quality bear t-shirts designed with love and creativity. Vintage McCoy 143 USA Cookie Jar Sleeping Bear With Honey Pot & Bees Vintage McCoy. Seller 100% positive. Black Bear Buffalo Plaid Jar - CLEARANCE. , Produced in 1946 hey #26, Dutch Boy/Dutch Girl, barrel shape. There is one cookie jar on this auction that contains a $25 gift card to Quik Trip! Whoever wins the cookie jar will get the free gift card. Vintage BEAR In Blue Sweater Holding Duck Goose Ceramic Cookie Jar. Cookie Jar. CUTE: 1950's Yellow Teddy Bear by Treasure Craft in perfect condition, no chips. Broadway, Stanley, Wis. Keräilijäoppaat. 6 Unique Cookie Jars. Sarge Cookie Jar. The bear is brown with a pale yellow snout and rosy cheeks. This cookie jar is in good used condition. Listed for sale is a Tan Bear Cookie jar. Please contact if interested and have a look at my. Add to Favorites Vintage Metlox Poppytrail Ceramic Blue Sweater Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in USA Found4UGifts 5 out of 5 stars (84. Bear & Beehive cookie jar. Smokey Bear Cookie Jar Vintage ? In Kitchen > Cookie Jars > Show & Tell. Fun Animal Shape Cookie Jars for Sale!. The following list is comprised of McCoy Cookie Jars dating from the Late 30's to Present day. or Best Offer. Add To Cart. It may include other ingredients such as raisins, oats, chocolate chips, nuts, etc. 5"W x 7"H x 6. safn-8188 $34. Cookie Jar Toons (also known as This Is for Kids) was a daily and weekend children's programming block on the This TV digital broadcast network when that network was partially owned by Weigel Broadcasting. Vintage Ceramic Barrel Cookie Jar, 1960's Treasure Craft 9 1/2” H. If you are interested in the fleur de lis style, do check out our post:. Condensed Tile View Full View. Torrid Dark Wash Jeggings with Zippers size 16. Width: 7 1/2". 11 inches tall Excellent condition. Bear Kraft Inc. This glass cookie jar makes for a fantastic addition to your pantry. The bottom of the cookie jar is marked 143 USA. Big Sky Carver. Vintage 1945 Nelson McCoy Pottery Bear Ceramic Cookie Jar. Vintage Napcoware Ceramic Woven Basket With Desserts Cookie Jar. About the Cookie Jar Line. Free 2-Day Shipping. Touch device users, explore by touch or with. - APPLE THEMED KITCHEN DECOR FROM J. Vintage piece from an estate sale. Quick view. Ernie From The Muppets Cookie Jar 973 (Signed) Vintage Original. Jar is 11 1/2" high and 7 1/2" wide. The trio depicts two sitting teddy bears with their hands reaching into their own cookie jars and a single jar with a very full teddy bear saying “I’m Stuffed. You don't see this one around too often. Antiques, Vintage Collectibles and Decorative Gifts. Brush Smiling Rabbit Cookie Jar Both of these beautiful vintage cookie jars will be on display with details and available for purchase at Muggsey & Mae ! Posted in American Bisque , Brush Pottery , Cookie Jars Tagged 1950's , Antiques , bear , Brush , Brush Pottery Co. Very large, great capacity, larger that average cookie jar. Fast delivery, full service customer support. Here is a general idea of the items in this auction: Primitive kitchen & furniture, tiny trinkets, ephemera, oil paintings and prints, vintage posters, jewelry, old seed advertising piece, Zane Gray books, framed needlepoint, leather motorcycle saddlebags, Shawnee, McCoy & Redwing Cookie. Royal Ware Cookie Jar Vintage Retro 1940's Teddy Bear Holding Cookie. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Vintage Bear Cookie Jar at the best online prices at eBay! Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Vintage Bear Cookie Jar at the best online prices at eBay! Canisters & Jars. Brown Color TheoryIn color theory. Bidding history (11 bids) Lot #2019. Line State Antiques. Vintage 1992 Benchmark Christmas Holiday Teddy Bear Ceramic Cookie Jar. Brown teddy bear cookie jar. Coco Dowley Vintage Pink Pig Cookie Jar Red White Blue Scarf Bib & Bow. Dinnerware Replacements. Great details to include large bag on Santa's back full of presents, lantern in left hand, Christmas tree in right hand, teddy bear peaking out of toy bag with candy cane. Ok, Ive solved the mystery. Shop for cookie jars at Bed Bath & Beyond. Posted 2 years ago 210 notes. Handmade Pottery Cookie Jar - $65 (Bozeman) Handmade Pottery Jar with Grizzly Bear on LID. Gilner was out of Culver city Ca. It looks a bit bright and cloudy at this point, but bear with me! You then have to let it set for 24 hours before you bake it in the oven for 40 minutes at 375. com currently does not have any sponsors for you. From United States. 5" and is 6" wide 9. Currently, the best cookie jar is the Anchor Hocking Montana. click for details. Vintage Heritage Mint Ltd. The bear is white in color and features painted details of eyes, nose, mouth, feet, and finger nails. Meanwhile, on eBay, $24. Single Page. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Many companies made them and collectors search for cookie jars either by design or by maker’s name. or Best Offer. 50 Original Price $34. View details. 29, go south 1 block. You'll find glass ornaments, resins & more. 200+ Cookie Jar Collection Enid OK McCoy, Fitz and Floyd, Holiday, Vintage, Twin Winton Online Only Auction Starts ending Tuesday March 12th 6PM Pick Up Location: 7645 W Purdue Enid OK Pick Up Dates: March 13-14th 3-6PM These collections are all out of an estate in Enid OK. SATURDAY JANUARY 16 SALE TIME 9:00 AM Lucy's Lunch & Restrooms Selling will be well cared for antiques & collectibles from various estates ! GLASSWARE & DINNERWARE - Large collection of. All the girls will want one of these! It's the perfect little something and makes a big statement! A purse with two (2) Bird & Bear gourmet cookies tied with a pretty grosgrain ribbon. Preview Date/Time: Tuesday August 3rd Call Ryan for Appt. Organic Greek Premium Potency Hemp Gummy Bears, Omega 3-6 and Natural Vitamins. Condensed Tile View Full View. Although An Illustrated Value Guide to Cookie Jars by Ermagene Westfall was originally published in 1983, it was updated in 2003 and includes the market prices of that year. Feb 3, 2016 - Better Than the Average Bear! Hey BooBoo! How about gettin' some of those picinic baskets? Here is a great collectible cookie jar for the collector. Cookie Jarsin ihmeellinen maailma Mark & Ellen Supnick. Smokey bear cookie jar vintage 1950s. Fred Flintstone Cookie Jar. Welcome to the McCoy Pottery Online's Cookie Jar Index. Certified International. Very large, great capacity, larger that average cookie jar. Some sort of monster with an affinity for. Unavailable. This auction is for a Vintage American Bisque ABCo Turnabout 2- Sided Bear Cookie Jar that is in Great Vintage Condition. Cute cookie jars make such fun gift ideas for anyone's kitchen, including yours! I love finding the most fun and unique ceramic cookie jars for sale! Let's bake some cookies first! Cute Bear Cookie Jar. This Cherry Blossoms 8" Cookie Jar was handmade and hand decorated in Boleslawiec, Poland by skilled artisans according to old traditional methods. 11 watching. This is same height, weight, and decoration as the McCoy and I do believe it is a genuine McCoy Pottery cookie jar. Open Tues 10-5:00 Wed 10-5:00 Thurs 10-5:00 Fri 10-5:00 Sat 10-2. Some sort of monster with an affinity for. Produced in 40's is in excellent condition for its age. Price: £39. great condition. We are a physical store with business hours of 11am-7pm EST(UTC-4) from. Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter. Marked on the bottom 'Hanna Barbera Productions - 1961 USA'. Cookie Jars. Add to Favorites. #21, Barrel Shape, Shape like Dutch Boy cookie jar, Produced in 1945 hey #22, Bear, Cookie in vest. We keep all postage receipts in the unlikely event that a package gets lost or damaged in transit. Make an offer. It is a light brown teddy bear wearing a red sweater with Avon on the front and holding a cookie. Pualski estate with vintage items including pom aluminum Christmas tree, 2 color wheels, other vintage Christmas, primitives crocks, lightening rods with balls, model airplane kits, old toys including farm toys, tin dollhouses with furniture, Fisher. Can be washed gently. FOR SALE! Vintage McCoy Bear Cookie Jar - 1940s - White Bear with Bow 373620160744. Unavailable. Certified International - Cookie Jars PersonalizationMall - Cookie Jars Generic - Cookie Jars Lenox - Cookie Jars Sean Raine Designs - Cookie Jars. Cookie Jars, Primitives, Posters, Paintings & Prints. This Oreo cookie ceramic, hand painted panda cookie jar features an Oreo panda bear that has lots to smile about. Just take a look at the imagination put into the bear t-shirts above, all of them starting from prices as low as $13. LARGE SANTA CLAUS COOKIE JAR CHRISTMAS TREE PRESENTS HOLIDAY WINTER CENTERPIECE. "Who took the cookie from the cookie jar? Panda took the cookie from the cookie jar…" This song introduces a really fun kids game you can play anywhere, anytime. See pix for details of the condition and sizes. Ceramic Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Pottery Vintage Biscuit Farmer Green Bow Trappers: Condition: Used. Red hat and blue jean pants. Stamped on the bottom with Turn About. Welcome to the Cookie Jar Store. Vintage ~ Cookie Jar ~ COOKIE BEAR Box 18. (3) Vintage Monkey, Lion, and Hot Air Ballon Cookie Jars LOT 2187 (2) Frog Cookie Jars LOT 2188 (2) Vintage Lady Duck & Cat with Yellow Hat Cookie Jars LOT 2190 (3) “Cookies” cookie jars LOT 2191 (2) Vintage Pot O’ Cookies & Ice Cream Sandwich Cookie Jars > >>. Vintage Smokey The Bear Cookie Jar - $20 (Ottumwa) Vintage Smokey The Bear Cookie Jar. Complete, exceptionally fine piece, with no chips, cracks or repairs. COOKIE JAR * VINTAGE McCOY * SLEEPING BEAR WITH HONEY POT & BEES $30 (downtown / civic / van ness) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. We are happy to offer a series of auctions including antiques, collectibles, glassware, crockware, and so much more f. Special thanks to Anne Trodella of Skinner, Inc who provided the images of the Turnabout Bear and the Hopalong Cassidy Cookie Corral. Carmina's Attic. Free standard shipping with $35 orders. Price: £39. do NOT contact me with unsolicited services or offers; post id: 7375610283. Vintage?(1) Coca Cola White Polar Bear Head Cookie Jar Lid Only5. 95; SHERIFF PIG RRPCO / ROBISON RANSBOTTOM COLLECTOR COOKIE JAR $ 129. They went out of business in 1958 went there plant burned. 5 out of 5 stars(98) $39. World Market Russian babushka cookie jar. Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in Philippines. RELATED ITEMS Add to Cart The item has been added. SATURDAY JANUARY 16 SALE TIME 9:00 AM Lucy's Lunch & Restrooms Selling will be well cared for antiques & collectibles from various estates ! GLASSWARE & DINNERWARE – Large collection of. It would look great with any kitchen decor, and we love the stylish metal handle for quick cookie access. In very good condition. 00; 6 Bid(s) View Bid History High Bidder: Mhorse1716 BlindSquirrelAuctions View Seller's Other Listings Contact Seller Payment Options Seller Accepts PayPal Payment Instructions Credit card online or cash at pick up site. Grizzly Bear is covered in a copper luster. Boyds Bear Collections Home > Boyds Bears For over thirty years, the Folks at Boyds have proudly carried on a tradition of making folks laugh or sigh with their unique plush and sculpted products created for yoday's adult gift buyer and collector alike. Entire head lifts off separation just below coat collar, revealing white slip porcelain glaze interior commodious for cookies. Meanwhile, on eBay, $24. From forgotten favorites like peppernuts and snowballs to classics like chocolate chip and spritz, you're going to want to bake every cookie on this list. Seller 100% positive. Vintage Metlox Poppytrail Ceramic Blue Sweater Teddy Bear Cookie Jar Made in USA. Fast delivery, full service customer support. COOKIE JAR * VINTAGE McCOY * SLEEPING BEAR WITH HONEY POT & BEES $30 (downtown / civic / van ness) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. It is not visible when the jar is closed, but on the underside of the lid a piece. Marked "Dansk" to its base. 29, go south 1 block. This dollhouse ceramic cookie jar really opens up, Won't this look cute in your miniature Christmas or bakery scene,Free Shipping and Returns,Free This dollhouse ceramic cookie jar really opens up, Type: : Cookware & Tableware: Room: : Kitchen or Dining Room, Handcrafted: Scene: : Bakery. Cookie jars with brightly painted designs or amusing figural shapes became popular in the mid-1930s. or Best Offer. The Teddy bear cookie jar is 14 ½ inches tall, 10 inches wide, and 8 ½ inches deep. Showing 1 to 50 of 509 lots. McCOY #143 Sleeping Bear COOKIE JAR, Vintage 1980s, Sleeping Bear Hugging Honey Pot Loondance 5 out of 5 stars (717) Sale Price $27. SFVEFVD Vintage Wrought Iron Coffee Sealed Cans Handy Suger Tea Food Storage Container Pots Cookie Packaging Case Sealing Jar. You can browse the Index, or click here for a page by page look at each cookie jar in order. , Produced in 1945 hey #25, Dutch Girl, round shape. Fast delivery, full service customer support. The bear is white in color and features painted details of eyes, nose, mouth, feet, and finger nails. 3,172 likes · 252 talking about this · 125 were here. Cookie Jars, Primitives, Posters, Paintings & Prints. Great collectors. Bidding history. They killed R2-D2 and he's full of deliciousness!Wonder woman. Vintage Estate Costume Jewelry, Antique Hen on a Nest, Vintage Fenton Compote, Vintage Fenton Candle Holders, Antique Skeleton Keys, Clarinet, Small Cast Iron Avon Sculpture, Fenton Drapery Vase, New Pioneer Woman Utensil Holder, Mickey Mouse Clock, Walt Disney World Frame, New Stainless Steel Insulated UK Tumbler, UK Tervis Stainless Steel Insulated Tumbler, Vintage Novelty. Welcome to the McCoy Pottery Online's Cookie Jar Index. Big ole art, primitives, and collectibles auction. Set of 3 clear glass wavy jars with cork lids & floral…. From United States. Top Rated Products. Bid Live on Lot 91 in the Two Day Auction Of Collectables, Antiques, Furniture, Vintage Items etc Auction from Ashley Waller Auctioneers. 5 out of 5 stars. Has some wear on the hat and it measures 11&1/2 inches tall, 5&1/2 inches long, and 5 inches wide. The Bear has a mar on the bottom of her right foot where it appears a dot of paint has rubbed of. Cookie Jar-1950s Vintage Cookie Jar-Made in USA-1950's Cookie Jar-Coffee Pot Cookie Jar-American Bisque Cookie Jar-Cookie Jar with Lid. About the Cookie Jar Line. Grizzly Bear is covered in a copper luster. Made of glazed ceramic, Very nice condition with no chips or cracks. I have had this packed away for over 20 years and it needs a new. Lodge - Cabin - Bear Magnolias Palm Tree Pineapple Roosters Rose Decor Strawberry Sunflower Blue Willow Hummingbirds. or Best Offer. Add To Bundle. Ceramic Vintage bear cookie jar. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for NIB Vintage Cracker Barrel Teddy Bear Santa Cookie Jar at the best online prices at eBay!. 3,172 likes · 252 talking about this · 125 were here. 6 Unique Cookie Jars. 4 days Left. Single Page. Fred Flintstone Cookie Jar. DecoArt Blog - Trends - Color trends 2021: Honey Brown - Sweet enough to eat, our color of the month for September is Honey Brown! This light brown has a golden hue that reminds us of honey straight from the jar, fresh-baked cookies, and cozy fall nights spent on the couch. Originating in Fresno California, we are a company that firmly believes in using only natural whole ingredients in every single one of our original. Just a bit of the black cold paint is missing off his nose. post id: 7343033339. 10 25 50 100. Highly collectible and very rare, made in the USA. 15 shipping. Add To Bundle. Choose board. free shipping. You'll find glass ornaments, resins & more. Fast shipping and buyer protection. CUTE: 1950's Yellow Teddy Bear by Treasure Craft in perfect condition, no chips. Here is a general idea of the items in this auction: Primitive kitchen & furniture, tiny trinkets, ephemera, oil paintings and prints, vintage posters, jewelry, old seed advertising piece, Zane Gray books, framed needlepoint, leather motorcycle saddlebags, Shawnee, McCoy & Redwing Cookie. 90 shipping + AU $36. PFALTZGRAFF COOKIE JAR 8” BY 11" VINTAGE STONEWARE MADE IN USA. Cherished Teddies Bear Cookie Jar Special Cuteness. This Polish stoneware is microwave, dishwasher, freezer, and oven safe up to 480°F. Laura's Dollhouses & Collectibles. Free 2-Day Shipping. Has some wear on the hat and it measures 11&1/2 inches tall, 5&1/2 inches long, and 5 inches wide. John Deere Tractor By Gibson Riding Dog On Back. Single Page. The mark was likely absorbed under the glaze. 00; 6 Bid(s) View Bid History High Bidder: Mhorse1716 BlindSquirrelAuctions View Seller's Other Listings Contact Seller Payment Options Seller Accepts PayPal Payment Instructions Credit card online or cash at pick up site. Vintage Mccoy Bear Cookie Jar. Collecting antique cookie jars is an enjoyable hobby for many people. the-old-cookie-jar-shop. Very collectible. Items up for bids include: Coins, Jewelry, Advertisement Items, Cast Iron, Hallmark, Stamps, Poke'mon, Dolls, Toys, & much more. Halloween Kitchen Worthy Monster Cookie Jar. Grin and bear it. Choose board. Top Rated Seller. From our kitchens to yours, all the tips, advice and recipes you need to make life more delicious, from everyday dinners and desserts to special occasion feasts. It looks a bit bright and cloudy at this point, but bear with me! You then have to let it set for 24 hours before you bake it in the oven for 40 minutes at 375. 5 out of 5 stars.

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Metropolitan Museum of Art

Museum in New York City

Not to be confused with Museum of Modern Art.

Coordinates: 40°46′46″N73°57′47″W / 40.77944°N 73.96306°W / 40.77944; -73.96306

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Logo.svg
Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met) - Central Park, NYC.jpg

Entrance facade

EstablishedApril 13, 1870; 151 years ago (April 13, 1870)[2][3][4]
Location1000 Fifth Avenue
New York City 10028
Coordinates40°46′46″N73°57′47″W / 40.7794°N 73.9631°W / 40.7794; -73.9631
Collection size2 million[1]
Visitors1,124,759 (2020)[5]
DirectorMax Hollein
Public transit accessSubway: "4" train"5" train"6" train"6" express train at 86th Street
"6" train"6" express train​ at 77th Street
Bus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M79, M86 SBS
Websitewww.metmuseum.org

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

U.S. National Historic Landmark

NYC Landmark

Built1874; 147 years ago (1874)
ArchitectRichard Morris Hunt; also Calvert Vaux; Jacob Wrey Mould
Architectural styleBeaux-Arts
NRHP reference No.86003556
Added to NRHPJanuary 29, 1972[8]
Designated NHLJune 24, 1986[9]
Designated NYCLJune 9, 1967 (exterior)[6]
November 19, 1977 (interior)[7]

The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City, colloquially "the Met",[a] is the largest art museum in the United States. Its permanent collection contains over two million works,[1] divided among 17 curatorial departments. The main building at 1000 Fifth Avenue, along the Museum Mile on the eastern edge of Central Park in Manhattan's Upper East Side, is by area one of the world's largest art galleries. A much smaller second location, The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park in Upper Manhattan, contains an extensive collection of art, architecture, and artifacts from medieval Europe.

The museum's permanent collection consists of works of art from classical antiquity and ancient Egypt, paintings, and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanian, Byzantine, and Islamic art. The museum is home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes, and accessories, as well as antique weapons and armor from around the world. Several notable interiors, ranging from 1st-century Rome through modern American design, are installed in its galleries.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in 1870 to bring art and art education to the American people. The Fifth Avenue building opened on February 20, 1872, at 681 Fifth Avenue. In 2020, it was closed for 202 days due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and attracted only 1,124,759 visitors. This was a drop of 83 percent from 2019, but the Met still ranked ninth on the list of most-visited art museums in the world.[10]

Collections[edit]

The Met's permanent collection is curated by seventeen separate departments, each with a specialized staff of curators and scholars, as well as six dedicated conservation departments and a Department of Scientific Research.[11] The permanent collection includes works of art from classical antiquity and ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures from nearly all the European masters, and an extensive collection of American and modern art. The Met maintains extensive holdings of African, Asian, Oceanian, Byzantine, and Islamic art.[12] The museum is also home to encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes and accessories, and antique weapons and armor from around the world.[13] A great number of period rooms, ranging from first-century Rome through modern American design, are permanently installed in the Met's galleries.[14] In addition to its permanent exhibitions, the Met organizes and hosts large traveling shows throughout the year.

The current chairman of the board, Daniel Brodsky, was elected in 2011[15] and became chairman three years after director Philippe de Montebello retired at the end of 2008.[16][17]

On March 1, 2017, the BBC reported that Daniel Weiss, the Met's president and COO, would also temporarily act as CEO for the museum.[18][19] Following the departure of Thomas P. Campbell as the Met's director and CEO on June 30, 2017,[20] the search for a new director of the museum was assigned to the human resources firm Phillips Oppenheim to present a new candidate for the position "by the end of the fiscal year in June" of 2018.[21] The next director would report to Weiss as the current president of the museum.[22] In April 2018, Max Hollein was named director.[23]

Geographically designated collections[edit]

Ancient Near Eastern art[edit]

Beginning in the late 19th century, the Met started acquiring ancient art and artifacts from the Near East. From a few cuneiform tablets and seals, the museum's collection of Near Eastern art has grown to more than 7,000 pieces.[24] Representing a history of the region beginning in the Neolithic Period and encompassing the fall of the Sasanian Empire and the end of Late Antiquity, the collection includes works from the Sumerian, Hittite, Sasanian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Elamite cultures (among others), as well as an extensive collection of unique Bronze Age objects. The highlights of the collection include a set of monumental stone lamassu, or guardian figures, from the Northwest Palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II.[25]

Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas[edit]

Though the Met first acquired a group of Peruvian antiquities in 1882, the museum did not begin a concerted effort to collect works from Africa, Oceania, and the Americas until 1969, when American businessman and philanthropistNelson A. Rockefeller donated his more than 3,000-piece collection to the museum. Before Rockefeller's collection existed at the Met, Rockefeller founded The Museum of Primitive Art in New York City with the intentions of displaying these works, after the Met had previously shown disinterest in his art collection.[26] In 1968, the Met had agreed to a temporary exhibition of Rockefeller's work. However, the Met then requested to include the arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas in their personal collection and on permanent display.[26] The arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas opened to the public in 1982, under the title, "The Michael C. Rockefeller Wing."[27] This wing is named after Nelson Rockefeller's son, Michael Rockefeller, who died while collecting works in New Guinea.[28]

Today, the Met's collection contains more than 11,000 pieces from sub-Saharan Africa, the Pacific Islands, and the Americas and is housed in the 40,000-square-foot (4,000 m2) Rockefeller Wing on the south end of the museum.[29] The Wing exhibits Non-Western works of art created from 3,000 BCE – present, while at the same time displays a wide range of cultural histories.[27] This is considered to be the first time arts outside of the West were placed alongside Western art in a Western museum. Before then, the works of art from Africa, Oceania, and the Americas were considered art of the "primitives" or ethnographic objects.[30]

The Wing exhibits the arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas in an exhibition separated by geographical locations. The collection ranges from 40,000-year-old indigenous Australian rock paintings, to a group of 15-foot-tall (4.6 m) memorial poles carved by the Asmat people of New Guinea, to a priceless collection of ceremonial and personal objects from the NigerianCourt of Benin donated by Klaus Perls.[31] The range of materials represented in the Africa, Oceania, and Americas collection is undoubtedly the widest of any department at the Met, including everything from precious metals to porcupine quills.[citation needed] The Michael C. Rockefeller Wing's exhibition space is planned to be renovated between 2020 and 2023.[32]

Curator of African Art Susan Mullin Vogel reported of a famous Benin artefact gained by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in the year of 1972. The item was originally auctioned in April 1900 by a lieutenant named Augustus Pitt Rivers at the price of 37 Guineas.[33]

Asian art[edit]

The Met's Asian department holds a collection of Asian art, of more than 35,000 pieces,[34] that is arguably the most comprehensive in the US. The collection dates back almost to the founding of the museum: many of the philanthropists who made the earliest gifts to the museum included Asian art in their collections. Today, an entire wing of the museum is dedicated to the Asian collection, and spans 4,000 years of Asian art. Every known Asian civilization is represented in the Met's Asian department, and the pieces on display include every type of decorative art, from painting and printmaking to sculpture and metalworking. The department is well known for its comprehensive collection of Chinese calligraphy and painting, as well as for its Indian sculptures, Nepalese and Tibetan works, and the arts of Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia and Thailand. Three ancient religions of India—Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism—are well represented in these sculptures.[35] However, not only "art" and ritual objects are represented in the collection; many of the best-known pieces are functional objects. The Asian wing also contains a complete Ming Dynasty-style garden court, modeled on a courtyard in the Master of the Nets Garden in Suzhou. Maxwell K. Hearn has been the current department chairman of Asian Art since 2011.[36]

Egyptian art[edit]

Mummy, Metropolitan Museum of Art

Though the majority of the Met's initial holdings of Egyptian art came from private collections, items uncovered during the museum's own archeological excavations, carried out between 1906 and 1941, constitute almost half of the current collection. More than 26,000 separate pieces of Egyptian art from the Paleolithic era through the Ptolemaic era constitute the Met's Egyptian collection, and almost all of them are on display in the museum's massive wing of 40 Egyptian galleries.[37] Among the most valuable pieces in the Met's Egyptian collection are 13 wooden models (of the total 24 models found together, 12 models and 1 offering bearer figure is at the Met, while the remaining 10 models and 1 offering bearer figure are in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo), discovered in a tomb in the Southern Asasif in western Thebes in 1920. These models depict, in unparalleled detail, a cross-section of Egyptian life in the early Middle Kingdom: boats, gardens, and scenes of daily life are represented in miniature. William the Faience Hippopotamus is a miniature shown at right.

However, the popular centerpiece of the Egyptian Art department continues to be the Temple of Dendur. Dismantled by the Egyptian government to save it from rising waters caused by the building of the Aswan High Dam, the large sandstone temple was given to the United States in 1965 and assembled in the Met's Sackler Wing in 1978. Situated in a large room and partially surrounded by a reflecting pool and illuminated by a wall of windows opening onto Central Park, the Temple of Dendur has been one of the Met's most enduring attractions. The oldest items at the Met, a set of Archeulian flints from Deir el-Bahri which date from the Lower Paleolithic period (between 300,000 and 75,000 BCE), are part of the Egyptian collection. The first curator was Albert Lythgoe, who directed several Egyptian excavations for the Museum.[38] Since 2013 the curator has been Diana Craig Patch.[39]

In 2018, the museum built an exhibition around the golden-sheathed 1st-century BCE coffin of Nedjemankh, a high-ranking priest of the ram-headed god Heryshaf of Heracleopolis. Investigators determined that the artifact had been stolen in 2011 from Egypt, to which the museum has agreed to return it.[40]

European paintings[edit]

European paintings at the museum

The Met's collection of European paintings numbers around 1,700 pieces.[41] The current chairman of the European Paintings department is Keith Christiansen who has been at the museum since 1977.[42]

European sculpture and decorative arts[edit]

The European Sculpture and Decorative Arts collection is one of the largest departments at the Met, holding in excess of 50,000 separate pieces from the 15th through the early 20th centuries.[43] Although the collection is particularly concentrated in Renaissance sculpture—much of which can be seen in situ surrounded by contemporary furnishings and decoration—it also contains comprehensive holdings of furniture, jewelry, glass and ceramic pieces, tapestries, textiles, and timepieces and mathematical instruments. In addition to its outstanding collections of English and French furniture, visitors can enter dozens of completely furnished period rooms, transplanted in their entirety into the Met's galleries. The collection even includes an entire 16th-century patio from the Spanish castle of Vélez Blanco, reconstructed in a two-story gallery, and the intarsia studiolo from the ducal palace at Gubbio. Sculptural highlights of the sprawling department include Bernini's Bacchanal, a cast of Rodin'sThe Burghers of Calais, and several unique pieces by Houdon, including his Bust of Voltaire and his famous portrait of his daughter Sabine.[citation needed]

American Wing[edit]

The museum's collection of American art returned to view in new galleries on January 16, 2012. The new installation provides visitors with the history of American art from the 18th through the early 20th century. The new galleries encompasses 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) for the display of the museum's collection.[44] The curator in charge of the American Wing since September 2014 is Sylvia Yount.[45][46]

Greek and Roman art[edit]

The Met's collection of Greek and Roman art contains more than 17,000 objects.[47] The Greek and Roman collection dates back to the founding of the museum—in fact, the museum's first accessioned object was a Roman sarcophagus, still currently on display. Though the collection naturally concentrates on items from ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, these historical regions represent a wide range of cultures and artistic styles, from classic Greek black-figure and red-figure vases to carved Roman tunic pins.[citation needed]

Highlights of the collection include the monumental Amathus sarcophagus and a magnificently detailed Etruscan chariot known as the "Monteleone chariot". The collection also contains many pieces from far earlier than the Greek or Roman empires—among the most remarkable are a collection of early Cycladic sculptures from the mid-third millennium BCE, many so abstract as to seem almost modern. The Greek and Roman galleries also contain several large classical wall paintings and reliefs from different periods, including an entire reconstructed bedroom from a noble villa in Boscoreale, excavated after its entombment by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE. In 2007, the Met's Greek and Roman galleries were expanded to approximately 60,000 square feet (6,000 m2), allowing the majority of the collection to be on permanent display.[48]

The Met has a growing corpus of digital assets that expand access to the collection beyond the physical museum. The interactive Met map provides an initial view of the collection as it can be experienced in the physical museum. The Greek and Roman Art department page provides a department overview and links to collection highlights and digital assets. The Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History provides a one thousand year overview of Greek art from 1000 BCE to 1 CE. More than 33,000 Greek and Roman objects can be referenced in the Met Digital Collection via a search engine.

Islamic art[edit]

The Metropolitan Museum owns one of the world's largest collection of works of art of the Islamic world. The collection also includes artifacts and works of art of cultural and secular origin from the time period indicated by the rise of Islam predominantly from the Near East and in contrast to the Ancient Near Eastern collections. The biggest number of miniatures from the "Shahnama" list prepared under the reign of Shah Tahmasp I, the most luxurious of all the existing Islamic manuscripts, also belongs to this museum. Other rarities include the works of Sultan Muhammad and his associates from the Tabriz school "The Sade Holiday", "Tahmiras kills divs", "Bijan and Manizhe", and many others.[49]

The Met's collection of Islamic art is not confined strictly to religious art, though a significant number of the objects in the Islamic collection were originally created for religious use or as decorative elements in mosques. Much of the 12,000 strong collection consists of secular items, including ceramics and textiles, from Islamic cultures ranging from Spain to North Africa to Central Asia.[50] The Islamic Art department's collection of miniature paintings from Iran and Mughal India are a highlight of the collection. Calligraphy both religious and secular is well represented in the Islamic Art department, from the official decrees of Suleiman the Magnificent to a number of Qur'an manuscripts reflecting different periods and styles of calligraphy. Modern calligraphic artists also used a word or phrase to convey a direct message, or they created compositions from the shapes of Arabic words. Others incorporated indecipherable cursive writing within the body of the work to evoke the illusion of writing.[51]

Islamic Arts galleries had been undergoing refurbishment since 2001 and were reopened on November 1, 2011, as the New Galleries for the Art of the Arab Lands, Turkey, Iran, Central Asia, and Later South Asia. Until that time, a narrow selection of items from the collection had been on temporary display throughout the museum. As with many other departments at the Met, the Islamic Art galleries contain many interior pieces, including the entire reconstructed Nur Al-Din Room from an early 18th-century house in Damascus. However, the museum has confirmed to the New York Post that it has withdrawn from public display all paintings depicting Muhammad and may not rehang those that were displayed in the Islamic gallery before the renovation.[52]

Non-geographically designated collections[edit]

Arms and Armor[edit]

Arms and armor, Middle Ages main hall

The Met's Department of Arms and Armor is one of the museum's most popular collections.[53] The distinctive "parade" of armored figures on horseback installed in the first-floor Arms and Armor gallery is one of the most recognizable images of the museum, which was organized in 1975 with the help of the Russian immigrant and arms and armors' scholar, Leonid Tarassuk (1925–90). The department's focus on "outstanding craftsmanship and decoration," including pieces intended solely for display, means that the collection is strongest in late medievalEuropean pieces and Japanese pieces from the 5th through 19th centuries. However, these are not the only cultures represented in Arms and Armor; the collection spans more geographic regions than almost any other department, including weapons and armor from dynastic Egypt, ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, the ancient Near East, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas, as well as American firearms (especially Colt firearms) from the 19th and 20th centuries. Among the collection's 14,000 objects[54] are many pieces made for and used by kings and princes, including armor belonging to Henry VIII of England, Henry II of France, and Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor.[citation needed]

Costume Institute[edit]

Main article: Anna Wintour Costume Center

Robe à la française 1740s, as seen in one of the exhibits at the Costume Institute

The Museum of Costume Art was founded by Aline Bernstein and Irene Lewisohn.[55] In 1946, with the financial support of the fashion industry, the Museum of Costume Art merged with The Metropolitan Museum of Art as The Costume Institute, and in 1959 became a curatorial department.[56] Today, its collection contains more than 35,000 costumes and accessories.[57] The Costume Institute used to have a permanent gallery space in what was known as the "Basement" area of the Met because it was downstairs at the bottom of the Met facility. However, due to the fragile nature of the items in the collection, the Costume Institute does not maintain a permanent installation. Instead, every year it holds two separate shows in the Met's galleries using costumes from its collection, with each show centering on a specific designer or theme. The Costume Institute is known for hosting the annual Met Gala and in the past has presented summer exhibitions such as Savage Beauty and China: Through the Looking Glass.[58][59][60]

In past years, Costume Institute shows organized around designers such as Cristóbal Balenciaga, Chanel, Yves Saint Laurent, and Gianni Versace; and style doyenne like Diana Vreeland, Mona von Bismarck, Babe Paley, Jayne Wrightsman, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Nan Kempner, and Iris Apfel have drawn significant crowds to the Met. The Costume Institute's annual Benefit Gala, co-chaired by Vogue editor-in-chief Anna Wintour, is an extremely popular, if exclusive, event in the fashion world; in 2007, the 700 available tickets started at $6,500 per person.[61] Exhibits displayed over the past decade in the Costume Institute include: Rock Style, in 1999, representing the style of more than 40 rock musicians, including Madonna, David Bowie, and the Beatles; Extreme Beauty: The Body Transformed, in 2001, which exposes the transforming ideas of physical beauty over time and the bodily contortion necessary to accommodate such ideals and fashion; The Chanel Exhibit, displayed in 2005, acknowledging the skilled work of designer Coco Chanel as one of the leading fashion names in history; Superheroes: Fashion and Fantasy, exhibited in 2008, suggesting the metaphorical vision of superheroes as ultimate fashion icons; the 2010 exhibit on the American Woman: Fashioning a National Identity, which exposes the revolutionary styles of the American woman from the years 1890 to 1940, and how such styles reflect the political and social sentiments of the time. The theme of the 2011 event was "Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty". Each of these exhibits explores fashion as a mirror of cultural values and offers a glimpse into historical styles, emphasizing their evolution into today's own fashion world. On January 14, 2014, the Met named the Costume Institute complex after Anna Wintour.[62] The curator is Andrew Bolton.[citation needed]

Drawings and prints[edit]

Though other departments contain significant numbers of drawings and prints, the Drawings and Prints department specifically concentrates on North American pieces and western European works produced after the Middle Ages. The first Old Master drawings, comprising 670 sheets, were presented as a single group in 1880 by Cornelius Vanderbilt II and in effect launched the department, though it was not formally constituted as a department until later. Other early donors to the department include Junius Spencer Morgan II who presented a broad range of material, but mainly dated from the 16th century, including two woodblocks and many prints by Albrecht Dürer in 1919. Currently, the Drawings and Prints collection contains more than 17,000 drawings, 1.5 million prints, and 12,000 illustrated books.[63] The great masters of European painting, who produced many more sketches and drawings than actual paintings, are extensively represented in the Drawing and Prints collection. The department's holdings contain major drawings by Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Rembrandt, as well as prints and etchings by Van Dyck, Dürer, and Degas among many others. The curator is Nadine Orenstein.[citation needed]

Robert Lehman Collection[edit]

On the death of banker Robert Lehman in 1969, his Foundation donated 2,600 works of art to the museum.[64] Housed in the "Robert Lehman Wing," the museum refers to the collection as "one of the most extraordinary private art collections ever assembled in the United States".[65] To emphasize the personal nature of the Robert Lehman Collection, the Met housed the collection in a special set of galleries which evoked the interior of Lehman's richly decorated townhouse at 7 West 54th Street. This intentional separation of the Collection as a "museum within the museum" met with mixed criticism and approval at the time, though the acquisition of the collection was seen as a coup for the Met.[66] Unlike other departments at the Met, the Robert Lehman collection does not concentrate on a specific style or period of art; rather, it reflects Lehman's personal interests. Lehman the collector concentrated heavily on paintings of the Italian Renaissance, particularly the Sienese school. Paintings in the collection include masterpieces by Botticelli and Domenico Veneziano, as well as works by a significant number of Spanish painters, El Greco and Goya among them. Lehman's collection of drawings by the Old Masters, featuring works by Rembrandt and Dürer, is particularly valuable for its breadth and quality.[67]Princeton University Press has documented the massive collection in a multi-volume book series published as The Robert Lehman Collection Catalogues.[citation needed]

Medieval art and the Cloisters[edit]

The Met's collection of medieval art consists of a comprehensive range of Western art from the 4th through the early 16th centuries, as well as Byzantine and pre-medieval European antiquities not included in the Ancient Greek and Roman collection. Like the Islamic collection, the Medieval collection contains a broad range of two- and three-dimensional art, with religious objects heavily represented. In total, the Medieval Art department's permanent collection numbers over 10,000 separate objects, divided between the main museum building on Fifth Avenue and The Cloisters.[68]

Main building[edit]

The medieval collection in the main Metropolitan building, centered on the first-floor medieval gallery, contains about 6,000 separate objects. While a great deal of European medieval art is on display in these galleries, most of the European pieces are concentrated at the Cloisters (see below). However, this allows the main galleries to display much of the Met's Byzantine art side by side with European pieces. The main gallery is host to a wide range of tapestries and church and funerary statuary, while side galleries display smaller works of precious metals and ivory, including reliquary pieces and secular items. The main gallery, with its high arched ceiling, also serves double duty as the annual site of the Met's elaborately decorated Christmas tree.[citation needed]

The Cloisters museum and gardens[edit]

Main article: The Cloisters

Interior of the Cloisters

The Cloisters was a principal project of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., a major benefactor of the Met. Located in Fort Tryon Park and completed in 1938, it is a separate building dedicated solely to medieval art. The Cloisters collection was originally that of a separate museum, assembled by George Grey Barnard and acquired in toto by Rockefeller in 1925 as a gift to the Met.[69]

The Cloisters are so named on account of the five medieval French cloisters whose salvaged structures were incorporated into the modern building, and the five thousand objects at the Cloisters are strictly limited to medieval European works.[70] The collection features items of outstanding beauty and historical importance; including the Belles Heures of Jean de France, Duc de Berry illustrated by the Limbourg Brothers in 1409,[71] the Romanesque altar cross known as the "Cloisters Cross" or "Bury Cross",[72] and the seven tapestries depicting the Hunt of the Unicorn.[73]

Modern and contemporary art[edit]

With some 13,000 artworks, primarily by European and American artists, the modern art collection occupies 60,000 square feet (6,000 m2), of gallery space and contains many iconic modern works. Cornerstones of the collection include Picasso's portrait of Gertrude Stein, Jasper Johns's White Flag, Jackson Pollock's Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), and Max Beckmann's triptychBeginning. Certain artists are represented in remarkable depth, for a museum whose focus is not exclusively on modern art: for example, ninety works constitute the museum's Paul Klee collection, donated by Heinz Berggruen, spanning the entirety of the artist's life.[74] Due to the Met's long history, "contemporary" paintings acquired in years past have often migrated to other collections at the museum, particularly to the American and European Paintings departments.[citation needed]

In April 2013, it was reported that the museum was to receive a collection worth $1 billion from cosmetics tycoon Leonard Lauder. The collection of Cubist art includes work by Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Juan Gris and went on display in 2014.[75] The Met has since added to the collection, for example spending $31.8 million for Gris' The musician's table in 2018.[76]

Musical instruments[edit]

The Met's collection of musical instruments, with about 5,000 examples of musical instruments from all over the world, is virtually unique among major museums.[77] The collection began in 1889 with a donation of 270 instruments by Mary Elizabeth Adams Brown, who joined her collection to become the museum's first curator of musical instruments, named in honor of her husband, John Crosby Brown. By the time she died, the collection had 3,600 instruments that she had donated and the collection was housed in five galleries. Instruments were (and continue to be) included in the collection not only on aesthetic grounds, but also insofar as they embodied technical and social aspects of their cultures of origin. The modern Musical Instruments collection is encyclopedic in scope; every continent is represented at virtually every stage of its musical life. Highlights of the department's collection include several Stradivariviolins, a collection of Asian instruments made from precious metals, and the oldest surviving piano, a 1720 model by Bartolomeo Cristofori. Many of the instruments in the collection are playable, and the department encourages their use by holding concerts and demonstrations by guest musicians.[citation needed]

Photographs[edit]

La Tour St. Jacques La Boucherie à Parisby Charles Soulier, 1867

The Met's collection of photographs, numbering more than 25,000 in total,[78] is centered on five major collections plus additional acquisitions by the museum. Alfred Stieglitz, a photographer himself, donated the first major collection of photographs to the museum, which included a comprehensive survey of Photo-Secessionist works, a rich set of master prints by Edward Steichen, and an outstanding collection of Stieglitz's photographs from his own studio. The Met supplemented Stieglitz's gift with the 8,500-piece Gilman Paper Company Collection, the Rubel Collection, and the Ford Motor Company Collection, which respectively provided the collection with early French and American photography, early British photography, and post-WWI American and European photography. The museum also acquired Walker Evans's personal collection of photographs, a particular coup considering the high demand for his works. The department of photography was founded in 1992. Though the department gained a permanent gallery in 1997, not all of the department's holdings are on display at any given time, due to the sensitive materials represented in the photography collection. However, the Photographs department has produced some of the best-received temporary exhibits in the Met's recent past, including a Diane Arbus retrospective and an extensive show devoted to spirit photography. In 2007, the museum designated a gallery exclusively for the exhibition of photographs made after 1960.[79]

Met Breuer[edit]

The Met Breuer building in 2019

Main article: Met Breuer

From 2016 to 2020, the museum operated a modern and contemporary art gallery at 945 Madison Avenue, a Marcel Breuer-designed building at Madison Avenue and 75th Street in Manhattan's Upper East Side, the former Whitney Museum of American Art.[80] It extends the museum's modern and contemporary art program.[81] In September 2018, it was announced that the Met intended to vacate the Met Breuer three years early, in 2020; the Frick Collection began occupying the space as its main building undergoes renovations.[82][83][84]

Film[edit]

The Met has an extensive archive consisting of 1,500 films made and collected by the museum since the 1920s. As part of the museum's 150 anniversary commemoration, since January 2020, the museum uploads a film from its archive weekly onto YouTube.[85]

Digital representation of collections[edit]

Beginning in 2013, the Met organized the Digital Media Department for the purpose of increasing access of the museum's collections and resources using digital media and expanded website services. The first Chief Digital Officer Sree Sreenivasan from 2013 departed in 2016 and was replaced by Loic Tallon at the time that the department became known by its simplified designation as the Digital Department. At the start of 2017, the department began its Open Access initiative summarized on the Met's website titled "Digital Underground" stating: "It's been six months since The Met launched its Open Access initiative, which made available all 375,000+ images of public-domain works in The Met collection under Creative Commons Zero (CC0). During what is just the dawn of this new initiative, the responses so far have been incredible."[86] At that time, more than 375,000 photographic images from the museum's archival collection were released for public domain reproduction and use both by the general public and by large public access websites such as those available at Google BigQuery.[87]

Libraries[edit]

Each Department maintains a library, most of the material of which can be requested online through the libraries' catalog.[88] Two of the libraries may be accessed without an appointment:

Thomas J. Watson Library[edit]

Main article: Thomas J. Watson Library

The Thomas J. Watson Library is the central library of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, and supports the activities of staff and researchers. Watson Library's collection contains approximately 900,000 volumes, including monographs and exhibition catalogs; over 11,000 periodical titles; and more than 125,000 auction and sale catalogs.[89] The Library includes a reference collection, auction and sale catalogs, a rare book collection, manuscript items, and vertical file collections. The Library is accessible to anyone 18 years of age or older simply by registering online and providing a valid photo ID.[90]

Nolen Library[edit]

The Nolen Library is open to the general public. The collection of some 8,000 items, arranged in open shelves, includes books, picture books, DVDs, and videos. The Nolen Library includes a children's reading room and materials for teachers.[91]

Special exhibitions[edit]

The museum regularly hosts notable special exhibitions, often focusing on the works of one artist that have been loaned out from a variety of other museums and sources for the duration of the exhibition. These exhibitions are part of the attraction that draw people both within and outside Manhattan to explore the Met. Such exhibitions include displays especially designed for the Costume Institute, paintings from artists from across the world, works of art related to specific art movements, and collections of historical artifacts. Exhibitions are commonly located within their specific departments, ranging from American decorative arts, arms and armor, drawings and prints, Egyptian art, Medieval art, musical instruments, and photographs. Typical exhibitions run for months at a time and are open to the general public. Each exhibition provides insight into the world of art as a transformative, cultural experience and often includes a historical analysis to demonstrate the profound impact that art has on society and its dramatic transformation over the years.[92]

In 1969, a special exhibition, titled "Harlem on My Mind" was criticized for failing to exhibit work by Harlem artists. The museum defended its decision to portray Harlem itself as a work of art.[93]Norman Lewis, Benny Andrews, Romare Bearden, Clifford Joseph, Roy DeCarava, Reginald Gammon, Henri Ghent, Raymond Saunders, and Alice Neel were among the artists who picketed the show.[94]

History[edit]

Opening reception in the picture gallery at 681 Fifth Avenue, February 20, 1872; wood-engraving published in Frank Leslie's Weekly, March 9, 1872

The New York State Legislature granted the Metropolitan Museum of Art an Act of Incorporation on April 13, 1870, "for the purpose of establishing and maintaining in said City a Museum and Library of Art, of encouraging and developing the Study of the Fine Arts, and the application of Art to manufacture and natural life, of advancing the general knowledge of kindred subjects, and to that end of furnishing popular instruction and recreations."[95] This legislation was supplemented later by the 1893 Act, Chapter 476, which required that its collections "shall be kept open and accessible to the public free of all charge throughout the year."[96] The founders included businessmen and financiers, among them Theodore Roosevelt Sr., the father of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the US, as well as leading artists and thinkers of the day, who wanted to open a museum to bring art and art education to the American people.[4]

The museum first opened on February 20, 1872, housed in a building located at 681 Fifth Avenue.[97]John Taylor Johnston, a railroad executive whose personal art collection seeded the museum, served as its first president, and the publisher George Palmer Putnam came on board as its founding superintendent. The artist Eastman Johnson acted as co-founder of the museum,[98] as did landscape painter Frederic Edwin Church.[99] Various other industrialists of the age served as co-founders, including Howard Potter. The former Civil War officer, Luigi Palma di Cesnola, was named as its first director. He served from 1879 to 1904. Under their guidance, the Met's holdings, initially consisting of a Roman stone sarcophagus and 174 mostly European paintings, quickly outgrew the available space. In 1873, occasioned by the Met's purchase of the Cesnola Collection of Cypriot antiquities, the museum decamped from Fifth Avenue and took up residence at the Mrs. Nicholas Cruger Mansion also known as the Douglas Mansion (James Renwick, 1853–54, demolished 1928) at 128 West 14th Street.[100] However, these new accommodations proved temporary, as the growing collection required more space than the mansion could provide.[101] It moved into the current building in 1880. Between 1879 and 1895, the museum created and operated a series of educational programs, known as the Metropolitan Museum of Art Schools, intended to provide vocational training and classes on fine arts.[102]

In 1954, to mark the opening of its Grace Rainey Rogers concert hall, the museum inaugurated a series of concerts, adding art lectures in 1956. This "Concerts & Lectures program" grew over the years into 200 events each season.[103] The program presented such performers as Marian Anderson, Cecilia Bartoli, Judy Collins, Marilyn Horne, Burl Ives, Juilliard String Quartet, Yo-Yo Ma, Itzhak Perlman, Artur Rubinstein, András Schiff, Nina Simone, Joan Sutherland and André Watts, as well as lectures on art history, music, dance, theater and social history. The program was directed, from its inception to 1968, by William Kolodney, and from 1969 to 2010, by Hilde Limondjian.[104]

In the 1960s, the governance of the Met was expanded to include, for the first time, a chairman of the board of trustees in contemplation of a large bequest from the estate of Robert Lehman. For six decades Lehman built upon an art collection begun by his father in 1911 and devoted a great deal of time the Met, before finally becoming the first chairman of the board at the Metropolitan in the 1960s.[105] After his death in 1969, the Robert Lehman Foundation donated close to 3,000 works of art to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Housed in the Robert Lehman Wing, which opened to the public in 1975 and largely financed by the Lehman Foundation, the museum has called it "one of the most extraordinary private art collections ever assembled in the United States".[106]

The museum (left foreground) is located in Central Park.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Centennial was celebrated with exhibitions, symposia, concerts, lectures, the reopening of refurbished galleries, special tours, social events, and other programming for eighteen months from October 1969 through the spring of 1971. The centennial's events (including an open house, Centennial Ball, year-long art history course for the public, and various educational programming and traveling exhibitions) and publications drew on support from prominent New Yorkers, artists, writers, composers, interior designers, and art historians.[107] In 2009 Michael Gross published The Secret History of the Moguls and the Money That Made the Metropolitan Museum, an unauthorized social history,[108] and the museum bookstore declined to sell it.[109][110]

In 2012, following the earlier appointment of Daniel Brodsky as chairman of the board at the Met, the by-laws of the museum were formally amended to recognize the office of the chairman as having authority over the assignment and review of the both the offices of president and director of the museum.[22] The office of chairman was first introduced relatively late in the museum's history in the 1960s in contemplation of the anticipated donation of the Lehman collection to the museum and has since that time, under Brodsky, become the most senior administrative position at the museum.[22]

In January 2018, museum president Daniel Weiss announced that the century-old policy of free admission would be replaced by a $25 charge to out-of-state and foreign visitors, effective March 2018.[21] The museum temporarily closed in March 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City, and reopened in late August;[111] this was the first time in over a century that the Met was closed for more than three consecutive days.[112]

In September 2020, the museum appointed Patricia Marroquin Norby (Purépecha) as the museum's inaugural Associate Curator of Native American Art.[113][114][115]

In May 2021, the museum installed a plaque on its Fifth Avenue facade in recognition of indigenous communities and of the fact that the museum is situated in what was historically Lenapehoking.[116][117]

Architecture[edit]

Charles Engelhard Court in the North Wing facing Central Park

After negotiations with the City of New York in 1871, the Met was granted the land between the East Park Drive, Fifth Avenue, and the 79th and 85th Street transverse roads in Central Park. A red-brick and stone "mausoleum" was designed by American architect Calvert Vaux and his collaborator Jacob Wrey Mould. Vaux's ambitious building was not well received; the building's High Victorian Gothic style being considered already dated prior to completion, and the president of the Met termed the project "a mistake".[118]

Within 20 years, a new architectural plan engulfing the Vaux building was already being executed. Since that time, many additions have been made, including the distinctive Beaux-Arts Fifth Avenue façade, Great Hall, and Grand Stairway. These were designed by architect and Met trustee Richard Morris Hunt, but completed by his son, Richard Howland Hunt in 1902 after his father's death.[119] The architectural sculpture on the façade is by Karl Bitter.[120]

Northern view of Central Park through the glass wall of the Temple of Dendurroom

The wings that completed the Fifth Avenue façade in the 1910s were designed by the firm of McKim, Mead & White. The modernistic glass sides and rear of the museum are the work of Roche-Dinkeloo. Kevin Roche was the architect for the master plan and expansion of the museum for over 40 years. He was responsible for designing all of its new wings and renovations including but not limited to the American Wing, Greek and Roman Court, and recently opened Islamic Wing.[121]

The Met measures almost 1⁄4-mile (400 m) long and with more than 2 million square feet (190,000 m2) of floor space, more than 20 times the size of the original 1880 building.[122][123] The museum building is an accretion of over 20 structures, most of which are not visible from the exterior. The City of New York owns the museum building and contributes utilities, heat, and some of the cost of guardianship. The Charles Engelhard Court of the American Wing features the façade of the Branch Bank of the United States, a Wall Street bank that was facing demolition in 1913.[124][125]

Roof garden[edit]

The Iris and B. Gerald Cantor Roof Garden is located on the roof near the southwestern corner of the museum. The garden's café and bar is a popular museum spot during the mild-weathered months, especially on Friday and Saturday evenings when large crowds can lead to long lines at the elevators. The roof garden offers views of Central Park and the Manhattan skyline.[126][127] The garden is the gift of philanthropists Iris and B. Gerald Cantor, founder and chairman of securities firm Cantor Fitzgerald.[128] The garden was opened to the public on August 1, 1987.[129]

Every summer since 1998 the roof garden has hosted a single-artist exhibition.[127] The artists have been: Ellsworth Kelly (1998), Magdalena Abakanowicz (1999), David Smith (2000), Joel Shapiro (2001), Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen (2002), Roy Lichtenstein (2003), Andy Goldsworthy (2004), Sol LeWitt (2005), Cai Guo-Qiang (2006),[130]Frank Stella (2007), Jeff Koons (2008), Roxy Paine (2009), Big Bambú by Doug and Mike Starn (2010),[131]We Come in Peace by Huma Bhabha (2018),[132] and Parapivot by Alicja Kwade.[133]

The roof garden has views of the Manhattan skyline from a vantage point high above Central Park.[134] The views have been described as "the best in Manhattan."[135]Art critics have been known to complain that the view "distracts" from the art on exhibition.[136]New York Times art critic Ken Johnson complains that the "breathtaking, panoramic views of Central Park and the Manhattan skyline" creates "an inhospitable site for sculpture" that "discourages careful, contemplative looking."[137] Writer Mindy Aloff describes the roof garden as "the loveliest airborne space I know of in New York."[138] The café and bar in this garden are considered romantic by many.[134][139][140]

Landmark designations[edit]

The museum's main building was designated a city landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1967,[6] and its interior was separately recognized by the Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1977.[7] The Met's main building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986, recognizing both its monumental architecture, and its importance as a cultural institution.[141]

Management[edit]

Governance[edit]

Although the City of New York owns the museum building and contributes utilities, heat, and some of the cost of guardianship, the collections are owned by a private corporation of fellows and benefactors which totals about 950 persons. The museum is governed by a board of trustees of 41 elected members, several officials of the City of New York, and persons honored as trustees by the museum. The current chairman of the board, Daniel Brodsky, was elected in 2011.[15] Other notable trustees include Anna Wintour, Richard Chilton, Candace Beinecke, Alejandro Santo Domingo,[142] as well as Mayor Bill de Blasio, and his appointee Ken Sunshine.[143] On March 10, 2015, the board of trustees chose Daniel Weiss, then president of Haverford College, to be the current president and chief operating officer of the Met, replacing Emily K. Rafferty, who served in that role for a decade.[144] The search for a new director and CEO for the museum was announced on February 28, 2017, and assigned to be conducted by the human resources firm Phillips Oppenheim following the departure of Thomas Campbell as the Met's director and previous CEO on June 30, 2017.[20] The activities of board of trustees is organized and based upon the activities of the individual trustees and their various committees as of 2016.[142] The several committees of the board of trustees include the committees listed as Nominating, Executive, Acquisitions, Finance, Investment, Legal, Education, Audit, Employee Benefits, External Affairs, Merchandising, Membership, Building, Technology, and The Fund for the Met.[142]

The list of elective trustees of the Met for 2016–2017 included Jeffrey W. Greenberg, Bonnie B. Himmelman, and Andrew Solomon.[142]

Finances[edit]

As of 2017, the museum's endowment as administered by the museum's new investment officer Lauren Meserve is US$3.1 billion which provides much of the income for operations while admissions account for only 13 percent of revenue as of fiscal 2016.[145][146][147] The 2009–10 operating budget was $221 million. The museum admission price as of March 2018 is $25 for out-of-state and foreign visitors, while New York state residents can pay what they wish to enter. Although subject to re-assessment,[148] a 1970 agreement between the museum and the city of New York requires New York state visitors to pay at least a nominal amount; a penny is acceptable.[149] The Met's finance committee is led by Hamilton E. James of The Blackstone Group, who is also one of the board members at the Met.[20] The Met is reported to have an Aaa credit rating, the highest such rating possible. This was last affirmed by Moody's in 2015.[150]

In 2019, museum President Daniel Weiss announced that the institution would review its policy for receiving financial donations, under pressure from activist group P.A.I.N. for the role that cultural institutions have played in whitewashing the Sackler family by receiving their donations.[151]

2015–2018 setbacks[edit]

In September 2016, the Wall Street Journal first reported financial set-backs at the museum related to servicing its outstanding debts and associated cut-backs in staffing at the museum, with the goal of trying to balance its budget by fiscal year 2018.[152] According to the Met's annual tax filing for fiscal year 2016, several top executives had received disproportionately high compensation, often exceeding $1 million per annum with over $100,000 bonuses per annum.[153]

In April 2017, The New York Times reported that the Met's annual debt was approaching $40 million, in addition to an outstanding museum bond for $250 million. This resulted in the indefinite postponement of a planned $600 million architectural expansion of the exhibition space for the museum's modern art collection as well as started a general discussion over the Met's human resources management.[154] The current chairman of the board at the Met elected in 2011, Daniel Brodsky,[155] stated in response to the Times reports that he "looked forward to working with my administrative and board colleagues to support a climate of candor, transparency, accountability and mutual respect."[154] In January 2018, Daniel Weiss as president of the museum stated that a downsized version of the original $600 million architectural expansion might be reconsidered as early as 2020 at a reduction to the $450 million level.[21]

Brodsky, the chairman of the Met, stated that after the 2017 financial setbacks, the director position would be appointed separately from the position of CEO. Following a commissioned report from the Boston Consulting Group, the current interim CEO, president, and COO of the Met, Daniel Weiss, said that the Met's 2015–2017 financial setbacks were caused by "slowing revenue, rising costs, and too many projects at once." Weiss was further reported as having hired Will Manzer, formerly an executive at Perry Ellis, to help re-invigorate recently declining revenues at the museum.[156] On April 26, Weiss stated that the budget shortfall of $15 million might require a re-assessment and increase in the museum's current admission payment policy. Weiss added that there remained concerns for a sustainable fiscal model for the Met in which city officials "have a right to a clear understanding of how we would be engaging the public, how we balance access with sustainability."[96] In May 2017, the Met filed formal proposal to attempt to charge admission fees to out-of-state visitors.[157]Robin Pogrebin, writing for the Times, reported that the request for out-of-state admissions would call for the re-legislation of the New York State 1893 Act which requires that the museum's collections "shall be kept open and accessible to the public free of all charge throughout the year," and any unlegislated changes would be subject to challenge by the New York State attorney general, Eric Schneiderman, or one of the tristate counselors, Christopher Porrino or George Jepsen.[157]

In January 2018, Pogrebin writing for The New York Times reported that amid-continuing reverberations from "a period of financial turbulence and leadership turmoil" that the museum president Daniel Weiss had announced that the museum would rescind its century-old policy of free admission to the museum and begin charging $25 for out-of-state visitors starting in March 2018.[21] Pogrebin stated that although the museum had made progress in decreasing its deficit from $40 million to $10 million, that an adverse decision from the City of New York to curtail funding for the Met's operating costs by as much as $8 million "for security and building staff" caused Weiss to announce the change in admissions policy. Weiss indicated that the new policy would be estimated to increase revenue from the current $43 million it receives from admissions to an enhanced revenue stream as high as US$49 million.[21]

Attendance[edit]

For the fiscal year 2017 which ended on June 30, the museum was reported as having 7 million visitors during the past year, where "37 percent of these were international visitors, while 30 percent came from New York's five boroughs."[158] Previously in 2016, the museum set a record for attendance, attracting 6.7 million visitors—the highest number since the museum began tracking admissions.[159] Forty percent of the Met's visitors in fiscal year 2016 came from New York City and the tristate area; 41 percent from 190 countries besides the United States.[159] In 2017, the attendance figures indicated seven million annual visitors with 63% of the visitors arriving from outside of New York State.[148]

Roberta Smith writing for The New York Times in September 2017 voiced growing public concern that proposed increases in admissions costs would have an adverse effect upon attendance statistics at the museum. Smith referred to the public perception that such costs would appear "greedy and inappropriate" because "The museum already gets around $39 million a year from its gate—equal to the entire annual budget of the Brooklyn Museum."[160] Smith's article continued to report the negative response of local communities in the tristate area surrounding the museum which was previously introduced in a series of articles by Robin Pogrebin written during the 2016–2017 fiscal year at the museum which criticized speculative suggestions among current administrators at the museum that an added revenue stream could be pursued by the museum by rescinding existing museum policy since 1893 allowing for free public access to the museum.[148] In January 2018, museum president Daniel Weiss announced that the century-old policy of free museum admission would be replaced. Effective March 2018, most visitors who do not live in New York state or are not a student from New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut have to pay $25 to enter the museum.[21] The City of New York has reduced funding at the Metropolitan as part of Mayor De Blasio's political effort to increase artistic diversity. They made an agreement to allow the fees in exchange for less funding which the city pledged to use at alternate facilities and promote diversity.[161]

Holland Carter and Roberta Smith of The New York Times argued in response to Weiss's decision to rescind the previous free admission policy as lacking in responsible fiscal planning. They stated that a recent $65 million expenditure for renovating fountains seemed to be a poor allocation of the limited available funding. Smith added, "Those new awful Darth Vaderish fountains take huge chunks out of the plaza and disrupt movement," as an indication of the misuse of funds.[162] Further criticism of Weiss's proposal was voiced internationally when The Guardian summarized the backlash from the Weiss proposal for raising the admissions fees. It stated, "Some critics are outraged. The past week has seen a New York Times piece titled "The New Pay Policy Is a Mistake", while Jezebel's Aimée Lutkin claimed "The Met Should Be Fucking Free". The New York Post writes that the museum has never had the right to charge admission and Alexandra Schwartz in the New Yorker says the new policy diminishes New York City".[163]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic greatly impacted the Met's operations and led to the museum's first long-term shutdown on March 13, 2020. The Met gradually partially reopened in stages. By 2021, the public could visit the Met five days a week, with reduced hours of operation, and visitors were required to wear masks and practice social distancing. Several special exhibits were opened to the public during the reduced hours. There were 6,479,548 visitors in 2019, compared to 1,124,759 in 2020.[164] Other services such as the research libraries were almost completely closed except for off-site digital access. As a result, 20 percent of staff positions were eliminated, and Met director Max Hollein indicated that the Met might deaccession and sell off some of its collection to make up financial shortfalls. at least some the museum's large art holding in storage in order to make-up for losses in revenue causes by responses to the pandemic.[165]

Acquisitions and deaccessioning[edit]

See also: Looted art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art spent $39 million to acquire art for the fiscal year ending in June 2012.[166] At the same time, the museum is required to list in its annual report the total cash proceeds from art sales each year and to itemize any deaccessioned objects valued at more than $50,000 each. It must also sell those pieces at auction and provide advance public notice of a work being sold if it has been on view in the last ten years. These rules were imposed by the New York State Attorney General in 1972.[167]

During the 1970s, under the directorship of Thomas Hoving, the Met revised its deaccessioning policy. Under the new policy, the Met set its sights on acquiring "world-class" pieces, regularly funding the purchases by selling mid- to high-value items from its collection.[66] Though the Met had always sold duplicate or minor items from its collection to fund the acquisition of new pieces, the Met's new policy was significantly more aggressive and wide-ranging than before, and allowed the deaccessioning of items with higher values which would normally have precluded their sale. The new policy provoked a great deal of criticism (in particular, from The New York Times) but had its intended effect.[167]

Many of the items then purchased with funds generated by the more liberal deaccessioning policy are now considered the "stars" of the Met's collection, including Diego Velázquez's Portrait of Juan de Pareja and the Euphronios krater depicting the death of Sarpedon (which has since been repatriated to the Republic of Italy). In the years since the Met began its new deaccessioning policy, other museums have begun to emulate it with aggressive deaccessioning programs of their own.[168] The Met has continued the policy in recent years, selling such valuable pieces as Edward Steichen's 1904 photograph The Pond-Moonlight (of which another copy was already in the Met's collection) for a record price of $2.9 million.[169]

One of the most serious challenges to the Metropolitan Museum's reputation has been a series of allegations and lawsuits about its status as an institutional buyer of looted and stolen antiquities. Since the 1990s the Met has been the subject of numerous investigative reports and books critical of the Met's laissez-faire attitude to acquisition.[170][171] The Met has lost several major lawsuits, notably against the governments of Italy and Turkey, which successfully sought the repatriation of hundreds of ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern antiquities, with a total value in the hundreds of millions of dollars.[170]

Selected objects[edit]

  • Standing male worshiper, Mesopotamian, 2750–2600 BCE(?)

  • Busto de Anicia Iuliana, Roman

  • Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion, before 1085

  • Tabernacle of Cherves, c. 1220–30

  • Scuola di biduino, portale da san leonardo al frigido, vicino massa carrara, Biduino, c. 1170–80

  • Tomb of Ermengol IX of Urgell (died 1243)

  • Doorway in granite, in oak, France, Limousin, 15th c, Aixe sur Vienne

Selected paintings[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art

Paintings primitive christmas

The Paintings Behind the Books in the Harvard Botanical Museum

When Richard Evans Schultes ’37, Ph.D. ’41 became director of the Botanical Museum of Harvard University in 1967, he could not have imagined that he would soon discover a collection of beautiful paintings hidden behind a shelf of books in the departmental library. These paintings illustrated all of the plants mentioned by Shakespeare, and they showed how extensive Shakespeare’s knowledge of botany was.

In the spring semester of 1968, I was a Harvard undergraduate English major looking for a biology course; during “shopping period” I sampled and decided to take Schultes’s course, “Plants and Human Affairs.”  Schultes was an “ethnobotanist,” someone who studied how different cultures use plants. He was a fascinating teacher, and his course had its own dedicated classroom in the Botanical Museum, a room filled with Amazonian artifacts that he had collected. Each year he gave his class a demonstration of how to shoot an Amazonian blowgun that he kept in the classroom.

Schultes had traveled in the jungles of the northwest Amazon region, and lived with the indigenous peoples, for 14 years before he joined the Harvard faculty, collecting plants that were known only to the local tribes and trying to save that knowledge, before it vanished as the tribes adapted to modern cultures. He was particularly interested in plants with possible medicinal uses, such as arrow poisons that could be used as muscle relaxants for surgery. He described coming out of the jungle at the beginning of World War II to find a request from the U.S. government that he go back into the forest to search for rubber trees, since natural rubber was needed for military airplane tires and the war had cut access to rubber plantations in the South Pacific.

The course required a term paper, and I decided to combine it with my interest in Shakespeare by writing about plant-derived poisons mentioned in Shakespeare’s plays. It has always been an axiom at Harvard that if a student can justify an unusual idea, it will be approved, and Schultes welcomed the topic. After I completed it, he invited me to submit it for publication in the botanical journal he edited, Economic Botany. Thus, I had the opportunity to work with him for the next two years as I revised and polished it for publication. But there was also another reason why Schultes approved my topic.

He confided that he had recently found a spectacular collection of nineteenth-century paintings of Shakespeare’s plants hidden behind a row of books in the departmental library. He said that one of his predecessors, Oakes Ames (director of the Botanical Museum from 1923 to 1945) had found the paintings in a bookstall along the Seine during a trip to Paris, had bought the collection, donated it to the Museum, and then had apparently hidden and forgotten it behind the row of books.


Illustrations by Rosa M. Towne of the Plant Lore of Shakespeare 
Artwork by Rosa M. Towne and photograph by Edward Tabor

Rosa M. Towne (1827-1909) painted these illustrations between 1888 and 1898, including all plants Shakespeare mentions in his plays and long poems. In an introductory note to the collection, she wrote that she had decided to do the paintings using “live plants and trees” as models whenever possible. She accompanied each painting by a Shakespeare quotation in which it is mentioned.   

The collection comprised 73 paintings of 182 plants, botanically accurate and mostly depicted either in flower or with berries or other fruits.  When Shakespeare described several plants in one sentence, she painted these two or three plants in a single painting, artfully assembled but separate enough to appreciate the beauty of each. She also sometimes grouped plants from different plays, such as holly and mistletoe, in this case perhaps because they are both evergreen and associated with Christmas.


(1) Holly.
As You Like It, Act II, sc. 7. 
(2) Mistletoe. 
Titus Andronicus, Act II. sc. 3.
Artwork by Rosa M. Towne and photograph by Edward Tabor

Schultes was so impressed by the collection that he decided to look for a publisher to make high-quality reproductions that could be bound as a book. Over the next few years, Schultes updated me about his search for a suitable publisher, a search that took much longer than expected. He often met with publishers while travelling for business or pleasure, including trips to the United Kingdom where he had been most hopeful of finding a suitable publisher, but he could not find one who could meet the high standards of quality that he felt these paintings deserved.

Finally, he found an engraving company in Louisville, Kentucky, which in a test run was able to produce fine reproductions on thick, art-quality paper.  Even after the publisher had been selected, production was painstaking and took several years.  In 1974, a limited printing of 2,500 copies was published as Plant Lore of Shakespeare. Several hundred copies were provided to the Botanical Museum to sell in its gift shop, along with individual unbound pages to be sold as artwork. The proceeds from these sales formed a fund to buy books for the museum’s library.

Schultes invited me to the publication party for the book in 1974 at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where Rosa Towne had once enrolled as an adult student.  At the publication party I saw the published book for the first time. It was a large leather-bound folio edition, 15 inches long, a format that is unusual in modern times, even for art books. But a folio was particularly appropriate for a publication related to Shakespeare, since the so-called “First Folio” of his plays contained many works for which no other copies survived. Thus, just as Shakespeare’s folio preserved his plays, the folio of Towne’s paintings rescued them from obscurity, ensuring their availability for future generations.


(1) Mulberries. (2) Cherries. 
Venus and Adonis 
Artwork by Rosa M. Towne and photograph by Edward Tabor 

The discovery of the Rosa Towne paintings by Oakes Ames, and their rediscovery and publication in book form by Schultes, were also important cultural rescues for the future of Shakespeare studies. The book shows the extent of Shakespeare’s botanical knowledge, provides a compendium of the 182 plants that we know Shakespeare was familiar with, and lists their common and scientific names. It provided, for the first time, a single collection of botanically accurate paintings that would help scholars and critics visualize exactly what Shakespeare had in mind when he mentioned a plant or when a plant played a key role in the action of one of his plays, such as the plant-derived poison used by Hamlet’s uncle to kill Hamlet’s father, the king.

I would have loved to own a copy of Plant Lore of Shakespeare, but at that time it was selling for $1,000 ($5,200 in 2021 dollars), and that was far beyond what I could afford. Several years later, I must have expressed this wish to Schultes, and he offered to make a copy available to me if I made a cash donation to the Museum. Before he shipped the book to me, I asked him to inscribe it. His inscription, dated September 16, 1981, read, “Shakespeare means many things to many people. The lover of plants finds him in many ways a worshipper of nature.”

Sours: https://www.harvardmagazine.com/2021/10/botanical-paintings
Primitive Christmas house tour 2020

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the 2021 china international service trade fair (service trade fair) will be held in beijing from september 2nd to 7th. meanwhile, the global service trade summit will be held on september 2. president xi jinping will deliver a speech at the global service trade summit via video.

as one of the three major exhibition platforms for china's opening to the outside world, the service trade fair has become a leading event in the field of global service trade, and is a close link between china and the world. people from many countries and the media expressed that they look forward to the 2021 service trade fair that will continue to provide opportunities for all parties to deepen cooperation, build consensus, and promote global economic recovery in the post-epidemic era.

"service trade fair has become an important global platform"

this year, the service trade fair will host 5 summit forums, 193 forum meetings and promotion and negotiation activities, as well as 8 side events. more than 10,000 companies from 153 countries and regions have registered to participate in the exhibition, and the world's top 500 and industry-leading companies accounted for 18%, an increase of 9 percentage points from the previous time. the heads of exhibitors and enterprises said that the increase in the attractiveness of the service trade fair stems from china's open cooperation environment and broad development prospects.

tang zhimin, director of the china-asean studies center of the chia university school of management in thailand, said that this year's service trade fair will cover all major areas of service trade, build a platform and provide opportunities for international service trade cooperation, and will inject impetus into the development of global service trade.

"during the service trade fair in 2020, we participated in the winter sports special exhibition, and the response was very good." thomas tajuman, general manager of the czech ski brand alpine china market, said that many european brands have gained more cooperation opportunities through the service trade fair. . "as the beijing winter olympics approach, china's ice and snow sports market will usher in rapid growth. this is a good development opportunity for us."

zvi schiller, chairman of the israel robotics association, said that many professionals and investors are expected to participate in this service trade fair. china has a huge market and strong manufacturing capabilities, and the association is considering establishing a joint r&d center with china.

the panamanian "star" published an article that panama regards the service trade fair as an important boost to the global economic recovery in the post-epidemic era. mark garcia, senior regional consultant of lixin certified public accountants in panama business consulting company, believes that the trade in service is an excellent opportunity to promote cooperation between panama and china in the field of digital economy services. "the service trade fair can allow foreign investors to better understand china, as well as the service trade support and facilitation measures china provides, which will further enhance investors' confidence in long-term investment in china."

"china has become a major trading partner of many countries. the holding of the service trade fair not only conveys to the world china's confidence in opening up to the outside world, but also promotes trade exchanges between china and other economies and builds an important platform for exchanges and cooperation. "brazil business leaders organization china chairman everton monezi said.

wesley douglas, director of the african carbon exchange, is very pleased to see that this year's service trade will include carbon peaking and carbon neutrality as a key issue. “the service trade fair has become an important global platform, and this platform is helpful for solving global problems.” he said that china has provided an important reference for developing countries to practice green development, and african countries have a strong desire for green economic development. , there is an urgent need for related investment and technology introduction. africa and china have great potential for cooperation in these areas.

"digital technology brings hope to the future"

in his speech at the 2020 service trade conference global service trade summit, president xi jinping emphasized that it is necessary to comply with the development trend of digitalization, networking, and intelligence, and work together to eliminate the "digital divide" and promote the digitalization of service trade. the theme of this year's service trade fair is "digital opens up the future, service promotes development". visitors will experience various innovative service products and the latest technologies provided by domestic and foreign enterprises through the service trade fair. in particular, new services centered on the digital economy have received widespread attention from the international community.

yukio kajida, a professor at chuo university in japan, said that in the post-epidemic era, the importance of the digital economy has become more and more prominent. governments and enterprises of various countries are actively promoting the development of the digital economy, and china is at the forefront of this field. this year's service trade fair uses "digitalization" as a key word, which will help promote cooperation and exchanges between global companies in the new situation, and further contribute to global technological innovation, economic development and improvement of people's lives. trade in services will become an important force to promote the recovery of the world economy.

everton monezi said that china’s experience in promoting the application of electronic payment technology is worth learning from latin america. latin american countries are starting to revitalize their economies in order to achieve long-term sustainable development. the service trade fair provides a high-level platform for cooperation between latin america and china, allowing more high-quality latin american companies to enter the chinese market and contribute to the recovery of the world economy.

"digital technology brings hope to the future." susanna gutkovska, acting chief representative of the beijing office of the polish national tourism administration, said that this year's "cloud showroom" at the service trade fair provided them with the opportunity to contact and communicate with their chinese partners. an opportunity for chinese tourists to issue invitations. poland's primorsky province and warsaw tourism organization set up booths in the yunshang exhibition hall to attract visitors. the holding of the service trade fair will help the recovery of the global tourism industry.

karl fei, a professor at the business school of aalto university in finland, believes that china has accumulated a lot of experience in the development of the digital economy. for example, the government provides policy support for enterprises, revitalizes the domestic market for digital services, and supports and encourages innovative companies in this field. share and discuss these experiences with all parties at the service trade conference.

"it is of great significance to the recovery of the world economy"

according to data from the ministry of commerce of china, despite the impact of the epidemic, china's total service imports and exports in 2020 will still exceed rmb 4.5 trillion. in the first half of this year, the added value of china's service industry reached 29.6 trillion yuan, accounting for 55.7% of gdp, providing strong support for the high-quality development of service trade. international sources said that under the background of economic globalization, china's economy is open and inclusive, opening its doors to embrace companies from all over the world, and will contribute wisdom and strength to the deepening of global service trade and investment cooperation.

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as the guest country of this year's service and trade fair, ireland has not only set up exhibition areas for investment, food, health, education, etc., it will also show the unique charm of ireland through ethnic dance performances and movies. four institutions including the irish food board, the trade and technology board, the investment development board, and the tourism board will appear together on the stage of the service trade fair for the first time. fenbar cleary, vice president of the irish-china science and technology exchange association, said that china's total service trade imports may reach us$10 trillion in the next 15 years, which contains huge market opportunities.

mohamed farahart, director of the egyptian pyramid politics and strategic research center, said that the service and trade will build a sound framework for international cooperation, create a healthier business and investment environment, help establish a new operating structure and trade network, and promote service trade. , investment and capital flow.

lu yaoqun, director of the institute of governance and sustainable development of the national university of singapore business school, said that the service trade association is an excellent platform to promote the development of free trade and common prosperity between china, asia and the rest of the world. the service trade association once again confirmed china's long-term commitment to the idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind.

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  • ;">qiu weigong, chairman of the thai-china business council of thailand, said that trade can drive the development of various relations between the two countries. "china's national-level exhibition platforms such as the canton fair, the service trade fair, and the china international import expo will serve as a benchmark for trade, and the world economy will benefit from it."


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    tang zhimin said that open and inclusive service trade is also an important part of the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement. china has used practical actions to create an open and inclusive environment for cooperation through the holding of service trade fairs and china international import expo. "under the current economic situation, china insists on expanding its opening up to the outside world and leading global cooperation. these measures are of great significance to the recovery of the world economy."

    hanat besek, president of the china association for the promotion of trade in kazakhstan, said that china’s opening to the outside world has evolved from the initial policy preferences to the current institutional opening, which not only benefits the chinese people, but also contributes to the economic development of neighboring countries. significant driving effect.

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    Sours: https://asbm.com.br/PRIMITIVE-CHRISTMAS-ART-DOLLS-SANTA-BOY-GIRL-TRIO-SET-ON-SANTA180S-KNEE-w-BENCH-1921623.html

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