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Over the last years, Fujitsu and SUSE have developed a strategic partnership around SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) with best in class products, solutions and services. As a result of this strong cooperation between both companies, Fujitsu’s Intel Architecture servers and SUSE Linux operating system have been optimized to deliver excellent results in performance, efficiency and reliability. Based on a global OEM agreement all PRIMERGY and PRIMEQUEST servers are certified for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.

SLES OEM subscriptions are being sold worldwide and in addition Fujitsu provides comprehensive enterprise-class software support services – from 5x9 to 24x7. Fujitsu’s Service Packs/Service Contracts offer best-in class 1st and 2nd line software support services for SUSE’s SLES software Beside SLES OEM business, Fujitsu resells all SUSE products together with its products, services and solutions.

SUSE Linux is also the basis for Fujitsu's Dynamic Infrastructures solutions FlexFrame™ for SAP™, SAP HANA Infrastructure and ETERNUS CS.

Addressing the strong demand for Linux-based service offerings from the cloud, SLES is available as the newest addition of Fujitsu’s Infrastructure-as-a-Service for Server offering.

"Linux has become an important platform for innovation in the data center. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is used for mission-critical solutions like FlexFrame by Fujitsu. The longstanding partnership of SUSE and Fujitsu is a key component in our strategy to leverage the potential of Linux for our enterprise customers."
Dr. Joseph Reger, Chief Technology Officer, Fujitsu CEMEA&I

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SUSE Linux

Operating system

SUSE Linux ([1] or ;[2]German: [ˈzuːzə]) is a computer operating system developed by SUSE. It is built on top of the free and open sourceLinux kernel and is distributed with system and application software from other open source projects. SUSE Linux is of German origin, its name being an acronym of "Software und System-Entwicklung" (software and systems development), and it was mainly developed in Europe. The first version appeared in early 1994, making SUSE one of the oldest existing commercial distributions. It is known for its YaST configuration tool.

Novell bought the SUSE (then "SuSE") brands and trademarks in 2003. Novell, one of the founding members of the Open Invention Network, decided to make the community an important part of their development process by opening widely the distribution development to outside contributors in 2005, creating the openSUSE distribution and the openSUSE Project. Novell employed more than 500 developers working on SUSE in 2004.[3] On 27 April 2011, Novell (and SUSE) were acquired by The Attachmate Group,[4] which made SUSE an independent business unit. Later, in October 2014, the entire Attachmate Group, including SUSE, was acquired by the British firm Micro Focus International.[5] SUSE continues to operate as an independent business unit.[6] On 2 July 2018, it was announced that Micro Focus would sell SUSE to Blitz 18-679 GmbH, a subsidiary of EQT Partners, for $2.535 billion.[7] The acquisition was completed on March 18, 2019.[8]


The developer[edit]

The developing Gesellschaft für Software und System Entwicklung mbH (Lit. Company for Software and System Development) was founded on 2 September 1992 in Nuremberg, Germany, by Roland Dyroff, Thomas Fehr, Burchard Steinbild, and Hubert Mantel. Three of the founders were still mathematics students at a university; Fehr had already graduated and was working as a software engineer.

The original idea was that the company would develop software and function as an advisory UNIX group. According to Mantel, the group decided to distribute Linux, offering support.

Their name at founding was "S.u.S.E." (Software und System-Entwicklung "Software and systems development"), although the full name has never been used, however. "S.u.S.E." was shortened to "SuSE" in October 1998 stylized "SUSE" in 2003.[9]

SUSE GEEKO official plush toy

The official logo and current mascot of the distribution is a veiled chameleon officially named GEEKO (a portmanteau of "gecko" and "geek"). As with the company's name, the GEEKO logo has evolved to reflect company name changes.[citation needed]


The company started as a service provider, regularly releasing software packages that included Softlanding Linux System (SLS, now defunct) and Slackware and printing UNIX and Linux manuals, and offering technical assistance.

These third-party products SUSE initially used had those characteristics and were managed by SUSE in different fashions:

  • In mid-1992, Peter MacDonald created the comprehensive Linux distribution known as SLS, which offered elements such as X and TCP/IP.[citation needed] This was distributed to people who wanted to get Linux via floppy disks.[6]
  • In 1993, Patrick Volkerding cleaned up the SLS Linux distribution, releasing a newer version as Slackware.
  • In 1994, with help from Patrick Volkerding, Slackware scripts were translated into German, which was marked as the first release of S.u.S.E. Linux 1.0 distribution. It was available first on floppies, and then on CDs.[6]

To build its own Linux distribution, S.u.S.E. used SLS in 1992 and jurix in 1996 as starting point.[10] This was created by Florian La Roche, who joined the S.u.S.E. team. He began to develop YaST, the installer and configuration tool that would become the central point of the distribution.[11][12]

In 1996, the first distribution under the name S.u.S.E. Linux was published as S.u.S.E. Linux 4.2, a reference to the answer to "The Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything" from the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. YaST's first version number, 0.42, was a similar reference.


Over time, SuSE Linux incorporated many aspects of Red Hat Linux, such as its RPM Package Manager and its file structure.

S.u.S.E. became the largest Linux distributor in Germany. In 1997, SuSE, LLC was established under the direction of president and managing partner James Gray in Oakland, California, which enabled the company to develop Linux markets in the Americas and Asia. While Red Hat was ubiquitous in the United States, SuSE Linux continued to grow in Germany as well as in Nordic countries such as Finland and Sweden. In October 1998, the name was changed officially to, SuSE (without dots). Linus Torvalds, the creator of the Linux kernel, used it fairly often. SuSE entered the UK in 1999.

In 2001, the company was forced to reduce its staff significantly in order to survive.


SUSE/Novell company building in Nürnberg

On 4 November 2003, Novell announced it would acquire SuSE Linux AG for $210 million.[13] The acquisition was finalized in January 2004.[14]

In a move to reach its business audience more effectively, SuSE introduced the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server in 2001, and a few months before Novell's purchase, changed the company name to "SUSE Linux".[9] "SUSE" is now a name, not an acronym.

According to J. Philips, Novell's corporate technology strategist for the Asia Pacific region, Novell would not "in the medium term" alter the way in which SUSE was developed.[15] At Novell's annual BrainShare conference in 2004, for the first time, all of their computers were run with SUSE Linux and it was announced that the proprietary SUSE administration program YaST2 would be released under the GPL license.[16]

The openSUSE Project[edit]

On 4 August 2005, Novell announced that the SUSE Professional series would become more open, with the launch of the openSUSE Project community. The software always had been open source, but openSUSE opened the development process, allowing developers and users to test and develop it. Previously, all development work had been accomplished in-house by SUSE. Version 10.0 was the first version that offered public beta testing.

SUSE Linux 10.0 included both open source and proprietary applications and retail boxed-set editions. As part of the change, YaST Online Update server access became free for all SUSE Linux users, and also for the first time, the GNOME desktop was upgraded to equal status with the traditional KDE.

In November 2005, SUSE founder Hubert Mantel announced his resignation from the company. He stated that Novell's acquisition had changed SUSE beyond his expectations and that he did not believe it was the same company that he had founded 13 years earlier. The resignation apparently stemmed from a dispute over the implementation of Ximian products in the GNOME-based default desktop environment for the Linux distribution.[17] He re-joined only a year later.[18]

Microsoft agreement[edit]

On 3 November 2006 (renewed 25 July 2011), Novell signed an agreement with Microsoft covering improvement of SUSE's ability to interoperate with Microsoft Windows, cross-promotion/marketing of both products and patent cross-licensing. The agreement is considered controversial by some in the Free Software community.[19][20]

The Attachmate Group takeover[edit]

On 22 November 2010, Novell announced that it had agreed to acquisition by The Attachmate Group for $2.2 billion. The Attachmate Group plans to operate Novell as two units with SUSE becoming a stand-alone business,[21] and it anticipates no change to the relationship between the SUSE business and the openSUSE project as a result of this transaction.[22]

The U.S. Department of Justice announced that in order to proceed with the first phase of their acquisition of certain patents and patent applications from Novell Inc., CPTN Holdings LLC and its owners would have to alter their original agreements to address the department's antitrust concerns. The department said that, as originally proposed, the deal would jeopardize the ability of open source software, such as Linux, to continue to innovate and compete in the development and distribution of server, desktop, and mobile operating systems as well as middleware and virtualization products.

Stipulations regarding the licensing the patents were:

  • All of the Novell patents will be acquired subject to the GNU General Public License, Version 2, a widely adopted open-source license, and the Open Invention Network (OIN) License, a significant license for the Linux System;
  • CPTN does not have the right to limit which of the patents, if any, are available under the OIN license; and
  • Neither CPTN nor its owners will make any statement or take any action with the purpose of influencing or encouraging either Novell or Attachmate to modify which of the patents are available under the OIN license.

The acquisition was completed on 27 April 2011.[4] Subsequently, on 23 July 2011 The Attachmate Group launched a new website for the SUSE business.

Micro Focus merger[edit]

On 20 November 2014, the Attachmate Group merged with Micro Focus to form the Micro Focus Group. SUSE is operated as a separate business unit with a dedicated product portfolio.[23]

EQT Partners acquisition[edit]

On 2 July 2018, it was announced that Micro Focus would sell its SUSE business segment to EQT Partners for $2.535 billion.[24][25] The acquisition was completed on March 18, 2019.[8]


SUSE provides a thirteen-year product life cycle for SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 & 12.[citation needed]

SUSE distributions[edit]

Project Version Date of issue End of General Support End of LTSS Linux kernel version
S.u.S.E. Linux (Slackware-based) 4/94 1994-03-29 ???? ???? 1.0
7/94 1994-07 ???? ???? 1.0.9
11/94 1994-11 ???? ???? 1.1.62
4/95 1995-04 ???? ???? 1.2.9
8/95 1995-08 ???? ???? 1.1.12
11/95 1995-11 ???? ???? 1.2.13
S.u.S.E. Linux (jurix-based) 4.2 1996-05 ???? ???? 2.0.0
4.3 1996-09 ???? ???? 2.0.18
4.4 1997-04 ???? ???? 2.0.24
4.4.1 1997-04-24 ???? ???? 2.0.28
5.0 1997-07 ???? ???? 2.0.30
5.1 1997-10 ???? ???? 2.0.32
5.2 1998-03-23 2000 ???? 2.0.33
5.3 1998-09-10 2000 ???? 2.0.35
SuSE Linux 6.0 1998-12-21 2000 ???? 2.0.36
6.1 1999-04-07 2001 ???? 2.2.6
6.2 1999-08-12 2001 ???? 2.2.10
6.3 1999-11-25 2001-12-10[26]???? 2.2.13
6.4 2000-03-09 2002-06-17[27]???? 2.2.14
7.0 2000-09-27 2002-11-04[28]???? 2.2.16
7.1 2001-04-21 2003-05-16[29]???? 2.2.18 / 2.4.0
7.2 2001-06-15 2003-10-01[30]???? 2.2.19 / 2.4.4
7.3 2001-10-13 2003-12-15[31]???? 2.4.9
8.0 2002-04-22 2004-06-30[32]???? 2.4.18
8.1 2002-09-30 2005-01-31[33]???? 2.4.19
8.2 2003-04-07 2005-07-14[34]???? 2.4.20
SUSE Linux Enterprise 9.0 2003-10-15 2005-12-15[35]???? 2.4.21 / 2.6.1
9.1 2004-04-23 2006-06-30[36]???? 2.6.4
9.2 2004-10-25 2006-10-31[37]???? 2.6.8
9.3 2005-04-16 2007-04-30[38]???? 2.6.11
10.0 2006-07-17 2007-12-31 N/A 2.6.16
10.1 2007-06-18 2008-11-30 2010-12-01
10.2 2008-05-19 2010-04-11 2013-04-10
10.3 2009-10-12 2011-10-11 2014-10-31
10.4 2011-04-12 2013-07-31 2016-06-30
11.0 2009-03-24 2010-12-31 N/A 2.6.27
11.1 2010-06-02 2012-08-31 2015-08-30 2.6.32
11.2 2012-02-29 2014-01-31 2017-01-30 3.0.13
11.3 2013-07-01 2016-01-31[39]2019-01-30 3.0.76
11.4 2015-10-13 2019-03-31 2022-03-31 3.0.101
12.0 2014-10-10 2016-06-30 2019-07-01 3.12
12.1 2015-12-22 2017-05-31 2020-05-31 3.12
12.2 2016-11-08 2018-03-31 2021-03-31 4.4
12.3 2017-09-07 2019-06-30 2022-06-30 4.4
12.4 2018-12-12 2020-06-30 2023-06-30 4.12
12.5 2019-12-09 2024-10-31 2027-10-31 4.12
15.0 2018-07-16 2019-12-31 2022-12-31 4.12
15.1 2019-06-24 2021-01-31 2024-01-31 4.12
15.2 2020-07-21 6 months after SLES 15 SP3 release TBD 5.3.18
15 Overall 2018-07-16 2028-07-31 2031-07-31 4.12
Project Version Date of issue End of General Support End of LTSS Linux kernel version

  End of Life

  LTSS Support

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server[edit]

Main article: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server § Version history

SLES version Latest SP FCS Release date[40]General Ends[40]LTSS Ends[41]
Old version, no longer maintained: first N/A 31 October 2000 ? N/A
Old version, no longer maintained: 7 N/A 13 October 2001 ? N/A
Old version, no longer maintained: 8 4 1 October 2002 30 December 2007 30 December 2009
Old version, no longer maintained: 9 4 3 August 2004 31 August 2011 1 August 2014
Old version, no longer maintained: 10 4 17 June 2006 31 July 2013 30 July 2016
Older version, yet still maintained: 11 4 24 March 2009 31 March 2019 31 March 2022
Older version, yet still maintained: 12 5 27 October 2014 31 October 2024 31 October 2027
Current stable version:153 16 July 2018 31 July 2028 31 July 2031


Old version

Older version, still maintained

Latest version

Latest preview version

Future release

openSUSE distributions[edit]

Name Version Codename Release date[42]End of life Kernel version
SUSE Linux[45]Old version, no longer maintained: 10.0 Prague2005-10-06 2007-11-30 N/A 2.6.13
Old version, no longer maintained: 10.1 Agama Lizard2006-05-11 2008-05-31 N/A 2.6.16
openSUSE Old version, no longer maintained: 10.2 Basilisk Lizard2006-12-07 2008-11-30 N/A 2.6.18
Old version, no longer maintained: 10.3 N/A 2007-10-04 2009-10-31 N/A 2.6.22
Old version, no longer maintained: 11.0 N/A 2008-06-19 2010-06-26 N/A 2.6.25
Old version, no longer maintained: 11.1 N/A 2008-12-18 2011-01-14 2012-04 2.6.27
Old version, no longer maintained: 11.2 Emerald2009-11-12 2011-05-12 2013-11 2.6.31
Old version, no longer maintained: 11.3[46]Teal2010-07-15 2012-01-16 N/A 2.6.34
Old version, no longer maintained: 11.4[47]Celadon2011-03-10 2012-11-05 2014-09[48]2.6.37
Old version, no longer maintained: 12.1[49]Asparagus2011-11-16 2013-05-15 N/A 3.1.0
Old version, no longer maintained: 12.2[50]Mantis2012-09-05 2014-01-15 N/A 3.4.6
Old version, no longer maintained: 12.3[51]Dartmouth 2013-03-13 2015-01-01 N/A 3.7.10
Old version, no longer maintained: 13.1[52]Bottle 2013-11-19 2016-02-03 2016-11[53]3.11.6
Old version, no longer maintained: 13.2[52]Harlequin2014-11-04 2017-01-16 N/A 3.16.6
openSUSE Leap Old version, no longer maintained: 42.1[54]Malachite2015-11-04 2017-05-17 N/A 4.1.12
Old version, no longer maintained: 42.2[55]N/A 2016-11-16 2018-01-26[56]N/A 4.4
Old version, no longer maintained: 42.3[57]N/A 2017-07-26 2019-06-30[58]N/A 4.4
Old version, no longer maintained: 15.0[59][60]N/A 2018-05-25[61]2019-12-03[62]N/A 4.12
Old version, no longer maintained: 15.1[63]N/A 2019-05-22 2021-01-31[64]N/A 4.12 with some features forked from 4.19 to 5.x
Older version, yet still maintained: 15.2[65]N/A 2020-07-02[65]2021-12-31[66]? 5.3.18[67]
Current stable version: 15.3[68]N/A 2021-06-02[69]Testing ? 5.3.18[70]
openSUSE Tumbleweed[71]Current stable version:RollingN/A Rolling N/A N/A Latest stable


Old version

Older version, still maintained

Latest version

Latest preview version

Future release

SUSE family products[edit]

SUSE Linux is available under two brands, openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise. openSUSE is a free, community distribution driven by the openSUSE Project. It includes some of the latest "bleeding edge" Linux technologies and is designed for home users and enthusiasts. SUSE Linux Enterprise is Suse's tested and certified open-source solution for major enterprises.

openSUSE vs SUSE Linux Enterprise[edit]

openSUSE is a freely available, community project that releases versions on a comparatively frequent basis, and generally uses the latest versions of the various open source projects that it includes.

SUSE Linux Enterprise is SUSE's commercial edition, which SUSE releases much less frequently, enabling it to offer support more effectively for enterprise and production deployments. It is certified for a wide variety of enterprise applications and offers a number of special enterprise features including, High Availability and Point of Sale extensions. SUSE historically uses a heavily tested subset of packages from openSUSE Linux as the basis for SUSE Linux Enterprise. Starting with openSUSE 15, SUSE made its "Leap" variant directly upgradable to SUSE Linux Enterprise.[72][73][74]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server vs Desktop[edit]

SUSE offers SUSE Linux Enterprise Server and SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop. Each focuses on packages that fit its specific purpose. For example, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop does not include the Apache Web Server, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server does not include Xgl/Compiz.

In contrast, openSUSE does not have separate distributions for server, desktop, and tablets. Rather, its repositories contain the needed software, and use installation patterns to accomplish the same.

openSUSE Linux[edit]

Main articles: openSUSE and OpenSUSE Project

openSUSE is driven by the openSUSE Project community and sponsored by SUSE, to develop and maintain SUSE Linux components. It is the equivalent of the historic "SuSE Linux Professional". After their acquisition of SUSE Linux, Novell (now SUSE) decided to make the community central to their development process.[75][76]

It has a theoretical development cycle of 8 months and a lifetime (duration of the critical updates) of 18 months from the date of release. It is fully and freely available for immediate download.

openSUSE was the sixth most popular Linux distribution for 2013 and the fourth most popular for 2014, according to DistroWatch.[77][78]

SUSE Linux Enterprise[edit]

Main article: SUSE Linux Enterprise

SUSE develops multiple products for its "enterprise" business line. These business products target corporate environments, with a higher life cycle (10 years, extendable to 13), a longer development cycle (6 to 18 months), a guarantee of stability at the potential expense of development speed, technical support, and certification by independent hardware and software vendors. SUSE Linux Enterprise products are only available for sale (updates fees).

SUSE Linux Enterprise has fewer packages than the openSUSE distribution. Most of the differences are desktop applications that are more suited to consumers than to business. The enterprise products are:

  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a server-oriented operating system targeted at corporate environments.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time is a modified version of SLES supporting low-latency operations where the time factor is critical.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED) is a desktop-oriented operating system targeted at corporate environments.
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Thin Client (SLETC) is a modified version of SLED targeted at thin client terminals.

When installed using a Linux kernel, Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) uses SUSE Linux Enterprise Server as a platform. This product is also known as OES-Linux.

SUSE Linux Enterprise was included with VMware's vSphere licensing, up until June 25, 2014 for 'free', as noted on SUSE Partners website

SUSE Studio[edit]

Main article: SUSE Studio

SUSE's SUSE Studio product was a web interface (built using Ruby on Rails) to openSUSE'sKIWI and the Open Build Service tools. It allowed users to put together a custom Linux distribution graphically and to generate output including a large variety of Virtual Machine and Disk Images. SUSE Studio merged with Open Build Service and the resulting project was renamed to SUSE Studio Express in September 2017.[79]

See also[edit]



  1. ^SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 DemoArchived November 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^Maria Saavedra (Executive Creative Director), Scott Worley (Director of Video Production). SUSE - Rosetta Stone (Marketing Video). Hewlett-Packard. (, YouTube)
  3. ^ Arthur Griffith, CompTIA Linux+ Certification (Virtual Training Company, 2004)
  4. ^ ab"Novell Completes Merger with Attachmate and Patent Sale to CPTN Holdings LLC". Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  5. ^"Micro Focus to Buy Attachmate in $1.2 Billion Share Deal". Bloomberg L.P. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  6. ^ abc"View SUSE Through the Years". SUSE. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  7. ^"Proposed sale of the SUSE Business". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  8. ^ abIan Murphy (2019-03-18). "EQT completes aquisition [sic] of SUSE from Micro Focus". Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  9. ^ ab"SuSE Rebrands Ahead of 9.0 Launch". Retrieved 2008-03-03.
  10. ^"Archive:S.u.S.E. Linux 4.2 - openSUSE Wiki".
  11. ^jurix Readme file
  12. ^History of Jurix.
  13. ^"Novell to acquire SuSE Linux". CNET news. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  14. ^Kennedy, D. (2003). Novell's Linux buy opens road to top. Retrieved December 20, 2003.
  15. ^Ramesh, R. (2004). Novell: SuSE stays the same, for now. Retrieved 14 January 2004.
  16. ^ The previous YaST license allowed modification and redistribution, but not sale of the code.
  17. ^"Why did SuSE Linux's founder resign from Novell?". 2005-11-17.
  18. ^"Suse founder returns to Novell".
  19. ^"Microsoft, Novell Extend Controversial Partnership". WIRED. 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
  20. ^"Microsoft cannot declare itself exempt from the requirements of GPLv3". Free Software Foundation. 2007-08-28.
  21. ^Novell Agrees to be Acquired by Attachmate Corporation, Novell, 22 November 2010, retrieved 2010-11-22
  22. ^Attachmate Corporation Statement on openSUSE project, Attachmate Corporation, 22 November 2010, retrieved 2010-11-23
  23. ^"SUSE is now part of Micro Focus | SUSE". Retrieved 2016-05-01.
  24. ^Burton, Graham (2 July 2018). "Micro Focus to sell SUSE Linux to private equity firm for US$2.5bn". Computing. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  25. ^"Proposed sale of the SUSE Business". Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  26. ^"SuSE: Version 6.3 end-of-life announcement - The Community's Center for Security". Archived from the original on 2017-02-15. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  27. ^[SuSE] Support fuer SuSE Linux 6.4 wird eingestellt
  28. ^[suse-security] Supported Distributions
  29. ^"Re Discontinued 7/7.2/7.3 - msg#00105 -". Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  30. ^Linux Today - End of Life for SuSE Linux 7.2, Mandrake Linux 8.2
  31. ^Discontinued SuSE Linux Distributions []
  32. ^End of support for SUSE 8.0 []
  33. ^Discontinued SUSE Linux Distributions: 8.1
  34. ^Discontinued SUSE Linux Distribution: 8.2
  35. ^SuSE Security announcements: [suse-security-announce] Discontinued SUSE Linux Distribution: 9.0
  36. ^Discontinued SUSE Linux Distribution: 9.1
  37. ^Discontinued SUSE Linux Distribution: 9.2
  38. ^SUSE Linux 9.3 security support discontinued soon
  39. ^"Release Notes for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 4 (SP4)". Retrieved 2015-11-27.
  40. ^ abSLES Lifecycle Dates
  41. ^SLES Long Term Service Pack Support
  42. ^"openSUSE Roadmap".
  43. ^"openSUSE Lifetime".
  44. ^"openSUSE Evergreen".
  45. ^but done by openSUSE project
  46. ^Yunashko, Bryen (15 July 2010). "openSUSE 11.3 is here!". opensuse-announce mailing list. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
  47. ^"Portal 11.4: openSUSE 11.4 was released on Thursday the 10th of March 2011".
  48. ^"openSUSE:Evergreen". openSUSE. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  49. ^"Portal 12.1: openSUSE 12.1 has been released on Wednesday, the 16th of November 2011".
  50. ^"Portal 12.2: openSUSE 12.2 has been released on Wednesday September 5th 2012".
  51. ^"Portal 12.3: openSUSE 12.3 has been released on Wednesday, March 13, 2013".
  52. ^ ab"Supported Regular distributions".
  53. ^"Evergreen EOL".
  54. ^"Release Notes openSUSE 42.1".
  55. ^"Optimal Release for Linux Professionals Arrives with openSUSE Leap 42.2". 16 November 2016.
  56. ^"[security-announce] openSUSE Leap 42.2 has reached end of SUSE support".
  57. ^"OpenSUSE Roadmap". 28 April 2017.
  58. ^openSUSE Leap 42.3 End of Life is Extended - openSUSE News
  59. ^"openSUSE Leap's Next Major Version Number". 28 April 2017.
  60. ^Development Release: openSUSE 15.0 Beta (Build 109.3) ( News)
  61. ^"openSUSE Leap 15 Release Scheduled for May 25". 29 April 2018.
  62. ^"openSUSE Leap 15.0 has reached end of SUSE support". 3 Dec 2019.
  63. ^DeMaio, Douglas (2019-05-22). "openSUSE Community Releases Leap 15.1 Version".
  64. ^Meissner, Marcus (2020-11-10). "Advance notice of discontinuation of openSUSE Leap 15.1".
  65. ^ abDeMaio, Douglas (2 July 2020). "openSUSE Leap "15.2" Release Brings Exciting New Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning, and Container Packages". openSUSE Release Notes. openSUSE. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  66. ^"openSUSE Lifetime". Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  67. ^"Features 15.2 openSUSE Wiki". Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  68. ^DeMaio, Douglas (2 June 2021). "openSUSE Leap 15.3 Bridges Path to Enterprise". openSUSE News. openSUSE. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  69. ^"openSUSE Wiki". Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  70. ^"openSUSE Wiki". Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  71. ^"Tumbleweed". Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  72. ^Prakash, Abhishek (May 26, 2018). "openSUSE Leap 15 Released! See the New Features". It's FOSS. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  73. ^Bhartiya, Swapnil (June 27, 2017). "openSUSE Leap Is Now 99.9% Enterprise Distribution". Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  74. ^"Drive transformation of your IT infrastructure with Enterprise Linux" (Press release). Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  75. ^Toulas, Bill (2012-01-23). "Interview with Jos Poortvliet from SUSE". Archived from the original on 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
  76. ^"openSUSE:Factory development model - openSUSE". Retrieved 2012-10-30.
  77. ^"DistroWatch home page". DistroWatch. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  78. ^"DistroWatch home page". DistroWatch. 2015-01-21. Retrieved 2015-01-21.
  79. ^SUSE Studio online + Open Build Service = SUSE Studio Express, September 22, 2017, retrieved 2018-06-12

General sources[edit]

External links[edit]

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Donations to support the openSUSE project are always welcomed. In fact, Open Build Service, which is used by several other open-source projects, was made available to the project’s community through a generous donation of servers by AMD. It is this type of donations that allows people and projects to thrive, develop, innovate and progress. The project is not asking for money, but donations of hardware to use the open-source community’s expertise to empower Linux development, provide openSUSE tools to the free, open source ecosystem and give back to developers, sysadmins and packagers. Hardware helps the openSUSE community! Hardware helps the open-source community! And Hardware helps Linux development. To learn how you can donate hardware to the openSUSE project, email

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Choosing Open Episode 1 - Vishal Ghariwala, Chief Technology Officer for SUSE APJ \u0026 Greater China


For other uses, see Suse.

Open-source software company

SUSE (SOO-zə)[5] is a German-based multinational open-source software company that develops and sells Linux products to business customers. Founded in 1992, it was the first company to market Linux for enterprise. It is the developer of SUSE Linux Enterprise and the primary sponsor of the community-supported openSUSE Project, which develops the openSUSE Linux distribution. While the openSUSE "Tumbleweed" variation is an upstream distribution for both the "Leap" variation and SUSE Linux Enterprise distribution, its branded "Leap" variation is part of a direct upgrade path to the enterprise version, which effectively makes openSUSE Leap a non-commercial version of its enterprise product.

In July 2018, Micro Focus International, SUSE's parent company since 2014, announced its plan to sell the business unit to a subsidiary of EQT Partners in the first quarter of calendar year 2019.[6][7] This acquisition was completed on 15 March 2019, making SUSE a standalone business. Under new ownership, their legal name is SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH.


On 2 September 1992, Roland Dyroff, Burchard Steinbild, Hubert Mantel and Thomas Fehr founded the Software and Systems Development Corporation (German: Gesellschaft für Software und Systementwicklung mbH). The name S.u.S.E. was an acronym for Software- und System-Entwicklung (Software and Systems Development).[1] The first Linux product sold was an extension of the Linux distribution Slackware, which was delivered on 40 floppy disks. The company translated the distribution in cooperation with the Slackware founder Patrick Volkerding into German. While the core of the distribution remained Slackware, in May 1996, S.u.S.E. released its first own distribution based on the Jurix distribution published by Florian La Roche.

In 1997, S.u.S.E. opened an office in Oakland, California, and in 1998, moved the corporate office from Fürth to Nuremberg. In December 1998, the name was changed from S.u.S.E. to SuSE. In the following years, SUSE opened a total of six national and four international (USA, Czech Republic, Great Britain and Italy) branches. On 25 November 2002, Richard Seibt became CEO. In Hong Kong, SUSE's products are distributed by TriTech Distribution Limited.[8]

Acquisition by Novell[edit]

On 4 November 2003, Novell announced the acquisition of SuSE Linux AG at a price of US$210 million.[9] Novell had been migrating away from the NetWare kernel and used this acquisition as a migration path for its customers.[10] The acquisition was completed on 13 January 2004,[11] and the name was changed from SuSE Linux AG to a Novell, Inc. subsidiary under the name SuSE Linux GmbH and SUSE Linux Products GmbH. SUSE Linux Products GmbH was entirely responsible for the development of the SUSE Linux distribution and was led by Markus Rex. During the transfer, both the partner and the sales organizations were integrated into Novell. Richard Seibt became CEO of Novell EMEA and left on 9 May 2005.

In August 2005, the openSUSE community project launched to open up the development of SUSE Linux for external users and developers. SUSE Linux Enterprise has since been developed using the openSUSE community.

Acquisition by Attachmate[edit]

Novell was in turn acquired by The Attachmate Group on 27 April 2011.[12] Under its new owner, SUSE remained a separate company.[13] By June 2012, many former SUSE engineers who had been laid off during Novell's ownership had been brought back.[14]

Attachmate and Micro Focus merger[edit]

On 20 November 2014, The Attachmate Group and Micro Focus International finalized their merger, making Micro Focus International SUSE's new parent company. SUSE operates as a semi-autonomous business unit within the Micro Focus Group, with former president Nils Brauckmann promoted to CEO and member of the Micro Focus Group board.[15]

Acquisition of OpenAttic[edit]

On 9 November 2016, SUSE announced the acquisition of assets relating to the OpenAttic storage management assets from the German IT firm it-novum.[16] OpenAttic was integrated into SUSE Enterprise Storage as a graphical tool to manage and monitor Ceph-based storage clusters.

Acquisition of HPE OpenStack and Stackato[edit]

On 9 March 2017, SUSE announced the completion of its acquisition of assets relating to the OpenStack and Cloud Foundry products from Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE).[17] Development teams and code related to those products were to be used to expand SUSE's IaaS and PaaS capabilities. As part of the agreement, HPE was given the option to OEM those products to produce their Helion OpenStack and Stackato products.

Sale to EQT Partners[edit]

On 2 July 2018, Micro Focus announced that it would sell its SUSE business segment to Blitz 18-679 GmbH, a newly-created subsidiary of EQT Partners, for $2.535 billion.[6] On 15 March 2019, SUSE announced the completion of the acquisition.[18]Blitz 18-679 GmbH later adopted the name Marcel BidCo GmbH and is currently an ultimate parent of SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH, which continued operations of SUSE LINUX GmbH, a company dissolved on 28 August 2019.

On 22 July 2019, Melissa Di Donato, former SAP COO, was appointed CEO of SUSE.[2]

Acquisition of Rancher Labs[edit]

On 8 July 2020, SUSE announced its definitive agreement to acquire Rancher Labs, which provides a Kubernetes management platform.[19] The acquisition closed on 1 December 2020, at which time Rancher CEO and cofounder Sheng Liang became SUSE's President of Engineering and Innovation.[20]

Initial public offering[edit]

Early in 2021 sources indicated that SUSE was preparing for an IPO before summer with a projected value of 7-8 billion euros.[3] An official ITF (Intent to Float) statement was then released on April 26, 2021.[21][22][23][24] On May 19, 2021, SUSE went public at Frankfurt Stock Exchange at an original issue price of 30 euros, with EQT Partners retaining 75.7 percent.[25]


Main article: SUSE Linux

SUSE chameleon official plush toy

Starting with the launch of the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 platform in July 2006, the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 platform was the basis for both the server and desktop, with an almost identical code base.



The primary server Linux distribution from SUSE is SUSE Linux Enterprise Server ("SLES") targeted to large organizations for physical, virtual and cloud workloads. All versions are available for multiple processor architectures, including Intel x86, ARM,[26] AMD x86-64, IBM Power,[27]IBM S/390 and z Systems,[28] and Intel Itanium. Trial versions of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 and 12 are available on the site.[29] SLES is available in both on-demand and bring-your-own-subscription ("BYOS") images on Amazon EC2,[30]Microsoft Azure,[31] and Google Compute Engine.[32]

Offerings based on the Server product[edit]
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications,[33] a Linux operating system optimized for SAP workloads
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise Point of Service,[34] a Linux operating system for the retail industry that includes a version of Linux tailored for user touch points and in-store servers
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise High Performance Computing,[35] an infrastructure solution[buzzword] for high performance computing
  • SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension,[36] an integrated suite of open source HA clustering and storage replication[37] technologies
Special editions of the Server product[edit]

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server has several optimized editions created in the context of the respective partnerships. These editions are derived from the base Server product:


Software-defined infrastructure[edit]

  • SUSE OpenStack Cloud,[45] an automated cloud computing platform based on OpenStack for deploying and managing Infrastructure-as-a-Service private clouds. SUSE announced that they would discontinue sales as of October 2019[46]
  • SUSE Enterprise Storage,[47] a software-defined storage tool based on Ceph enabling the use of commodity servers and disk drives for cost-effective, resilient, and scalable storage. SUSE announced they would discontinue sales as of March 2021


Application delivery[edit]

  • SUSE CaaS Platform ("Container as a Service"),[50] an application development and hosting platform for container-based applications and services based on Kubernetes
  • SUSE Cloud Application Platform,[51] a platform-as-a-service environment based on Cloud Foundry and Kubernetes


  1. ^ ab"SUSE History". SUSE. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  2. ^ abIsmail, Nick (2019-07-22). "Former SAP COO and Women in IT Awards finalist, Melissa Di Donato, appointed CEO of SUSE". Information Age.
  3. ^ ab"German software company SUSE targets pre-summer IPO: sources". Reuters. 2021-03-09. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  4. ^Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. (2019-04-01). "The new SUSE". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  5. ^Novell & HP (2011-10-14). How do you say SUSE?) (Motion picture).
  6. ^ ab"Proposed sale of the SUSE Business" (Press release). Regulatory News Service. 2018-07-02. Retrieved 2018-07-02.
  7. ^Smith, Jesse (2018-07-09). "SUSE being acquired by EQT". DistroWatch Weekly (771). DistroWatch.
  8. ^"SUSE". TriTech Distribution. Archived from the original on 2018-07-09.
  9. ^Shankland, Stephen (2003-11-04). "Novell to acquire SuSE Linux". CNET. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  10. ^"Novell Announces Agreement to Acquire Leading Enterprise Linux Technology Company SUSE LINUX". Novell. 2003-11-04. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  11. ^"Novell Completes Acquisition of SUSE LINUX" (Press release). 2004-01-13. Archived from the original on 2014-11-09.
  12. ^"The Attachmate Group Completes Acquisition of Novell" (Press release). The Attachmate Group. 2011-04-27. Archived from the original on 2011-07-02.
  13. ^Saran, Cliff (2011-05-18). "SuSE becomes separate Attachmate division". Computer Weekly. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  14. ^DiDidio, Laura (June 2012). "Michael Miller Q&A: SUSE and Attachmate Group". ITIC. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  15. ^"Announcement of Board Changes". Investis (Press release). Micro Focus. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  16. ^"SUSE Poised for Greater Growth in Software-defined Storage Market by Acquiring openATTIC Storage Management Assets from it-novum". SUSE. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  17. ^"SUSE Completes Acquisition of OpenStack IaaS and Cloud Foundry PaaS Talent and Technology Assets from HPE". SUSE. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  18. ^"SUSE Completes Move to Independence, Reaffirms Commitment to Customers, Partners and Open Source Communities as Industry's Largest Independent Open Source Company" (Press release). PR Newswire. 2019-03-15. Retrieved 2019-03-15.
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^"Handelsblatt: Der unbekannte Riese: Nürnberger Softwarekonzern Suse geht an die Börse".
  22. ^"Heise Newsticker: SUSE plant Börsengang".
  23. ^" EQT will SUSE im zweiten Quartal an Börse bringen - SYNLAB macht Abstriche".
  24. ^" Linux-Anbieter Suse will an die Börse - Synlab macht Abstriche".
  25. ^"Handelsblatt: Suse startet verhalten an der Börse: Aktie pendelt nach schwachem Beginn um den Ausgabepreis".
  26. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for ARM".
  27. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server on IBM Power Systems".
  28. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for z Systems and LinuxONE".
  29. ^"Linux Downloads". SUSE. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
  30. ^ ab"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for Amazon EC2".
  31. ^ ab"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for Azure".
  32. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for Google Compute Engine".
  33. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications".
  34. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Point of Service".
  35. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise High Performance Computing".
  36. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension".
  37. ^DRBD
  38. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for VMware".
  39. ^"SUSE fine-tuned Linux kernel for Microsoft Azure". TFiR. Retrieved 2019-02-11.
  40. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for Raspberry Pi".
  41. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time".
  42. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop".
  43. ^"SUSE Linux Enterprise Workstation Extension".
  44. ^"SUSE Partners with Collabora to Deliver Commercial LibreOffice Support".
  45. ^"SUSE OpenStack Cloud".
  46. ^
  47. ^"SUSE Enterprise Storage".
  48. ^"SUSE Manager".
  49. ^"SUSE Updates Enterprise Linux for the Multi-Cloud Era".
  50. ^"SUSE CaaS Platform".
  51. ^"SUSE Cloud Application Platform".

External links[edit]


Com suse

She screamed, the cigarette burned her chest again. - Thank you, Master. - So, bastard, I don't like your cunt, and I have to do something about it.

Derek So - APIDays Australia Utilising GitOps-based application delivery to multi-cloud environment

With a hand trembling with excitement, he clutched a metal box with Vaseline and a pack of pills in his pocket. Rattling with a homemade heater, neatly packed the day before in his bag, Lesha walked at a fast pace towards fate. He will not drink his juice today.

Now discussing:

Ksyushin's robe unbuttoned in an instant, the belt flew to the side and she fell right in front of Sasha on all fours. - Well, kiss my feet, bitch, live. - Sasha just stupidly ordered her girlfriend what to do and how.

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