NOTE: this is an archived page and the content is likely to be out of date.
Over the last years, Fujitsu and SUSE have developed a strategic partnership around SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) with best in class products, solutions and services. As a result of this strong cooperation between both companies, Fujitsu’s Intel Architecture servers and SUSE Linux operating system have been optimized to deliver excellent results in performance, efficiency and reliability. Based on a global OEM agreement all PRIMERGY and PRIMEQUEST servers are certified for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server.
SLES OEM subscriptions are being sold worldwide and in addition Fujitsu provides comprehensive enterprise-class software support services – from 5x9 to 24x7. Fujitsu’s Service Packs/Service Contracts offer best-in class 1st and 2nd line software support services for SUSE’s SLES software Beside SLES OEM business, Fujitsu resells all SUSE products together with its products, services and solutions.
SUSE Linux is also the basis for Fujitsu's Dynamic Infrastructures solutions FlexFrame™ for SAP™, SAP HANA Infrastructure and ETERNUS CS.
Addressing the strong demand for Linux-based service offerings from the cloud, SLES is available as the newest addition of Fujitsu’s Infrastructure-as-a-Service for Server offering.
"Linux has become an important platform for innovation in the data center. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is used for mission-critical solutions like FlexFrame by Fujitsu. The longstanding partnership of SUSE and Fujitsu is a key component in our strategy to leverage the potential of Linux for our enterprise customers."
Dr. Joseph Reger, Chief Technology Officer, Fujitsu CEMEA&I
Release and support informations
SUSE Linux ( or ;German: [ˈzuːzə]) is a computer operating system developed by SUSE. It is built on top of the free and open sourceLinux kernel and is distributed with system and application software from other open source projects. SUSE Linux is of German origin, its name being an acronym of "Software und System-Entwicklung" (software and systems development), and it was mainly developed in Europe. The first version appeared in early 1994, making SUSE one of the oldest existing commercial distributions. It is known for its YaST configuration tool.
Novell bought the SUSE (then "SuSE") brands and trademarks in 2003. Novell, one of the founding members of the Open Invention Network, decided to make the community an important part of their development process by opening widely the distribution development to outside contributors in 2005, creating the openSUSE distribution and the openSUSE Project. Novell employed more than 500 developers working on SUSE in 2004. On 27 April 2011, Novell (and SUSE) were acquired by The Attachmate Group, which made SUSE an independent business unit. Later, in October 2014, the entire Attachmate Group, including SUSE, was acquired by the British firm Micro Focus International. SUSE continues to operate as an independent business unit. On 2 July 2018, it was announced that Micro Focus would sell SUSE to Blitz 18-679 GmbH, a subsidiary of EQT Partners, for $2.535 billion. The acquisition was completed on March 18, 2019.
The developing Gesellschaft für Software und System Entwicklung mbH (Lit. Company for Software and System Development) was founded on 2 September 1992 in Nuremberg, Germany, by Roland Dyroff, Thomas Fehr, Burchard Steinbild, and Hubert Mantel. Three of the founders were still mathematics students at a university; Fehr had already graduated and was working as a software engineer.
The original idea was that the company would develop software and function as an advisory UNIX group. According to Mantel, the group decided to distribute Linux, offering support.
Their name at founding was "S.u.S.E." (Software und System-Entwicklung "Software and systems development"), although the full name has never been used, however. "S.u.S.E." was shortened to "SuSE" in October 1998 stylized "SUSE" in 2003.
The official logo and current mascot of the distribution is a veiled chameleon officially named GEEKO (a portmanteau of "gecko" and "geek"). As with the company's name, the GEEKO logo has evolved to reflect company name changes.
The company started as a service provider, regularly releasing software packages that included Softlanding Linux System (SLS, now defunct) and Slackware and printing UNIX and Linux manuals, and offering technical assistance.
These third-party products SUSE initially used had those characteristics and were managed by SUSE in different fashions:
- In mid-1992, Peter MacDonald created the comprehensive Linux distribution known as SLS, which offered elements such as X and TCP/IP. This was distributed to people who wanted to get Linux via floppy disks.
- In 1993, Patrick Volkerding cleaned up the SLS Linux distribution, releasing a newer version as Slackware.
- In 1994, with help from Patrick Volkerding, Slackware scripts were translated into German, which was marked as the first release of S.u.S.E. Linux 1.0 distribution. It was available first on floppies, and then on CDs.
To build its own Linux distribution, S.u.S.E. used SLS in 1992 and jurix in 1996 as starting point. This was created by Florian La Roche, who joined the S.u.S.E. team. He began to develop YaST, the installer and configuration tool that would become the central point of the distribution.
In 1996, the first distribution under the name S.u.S.E. Linux was published as S.u.S.E. Linux 4.2, a reference to the answer to "The Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything" from the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. YaST's first version number, 0.42, was a similar reference.
Over time, SuSE Linux incorporated many aspects of Red Hat Linux, such as its RPM Package Manager and its file structure.
S.u.S.E. became the largest Linux distributor in Germany. In 1997, SuSE, LLC was established under the direction of president and managing partner James Gray in Oakland, California, which enabled the company to develop Linux markets in the Americas and Asia. While Red Hat was ubiquitous in the United States, SuSE Linux continued to grow in Germany as well as in Nordic countries such as Finland and Sweden. In October 1998, the name was changed officially to, SuSE (without dots). Linus Torvalds, the creator of the Linux kernel, used it fairly often. SuSE entered the UK in 1999.
In 2001, the company was forced to reduce its staff significantly in order to survive.
On 4 November 2003, Novell announced it would acquire SuSE Linux AG for $210 million. The acquisition was finalized in January 2004.
In a move to reach its business audience more effectively, SuSE introduced the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server in 2001, and a few months before Novell's purchase, changed the company name to "SUSE Linux". "SUSE" is now a name, not an acronym.
According to J. Philips, Novell's corporate technology strategist for the Asia Pacific region, Novell would not "in the medium term" alter the way in which SUSE was developed. At Novell's annual BrainShare conference in 2004, for the first time, all of their computers were run with SUSE Linux and it was announced that the proprietary SUSE administration program YaST2 would be released under the GPL license.
The openSUSE Project
On 4 August 2005, Novell announced that the SUSE Professional series would become more open, with the launch of the openSUSE Project community. The software always had been open source, but openSUSE opened the development process, allowing developers and users to test and develop it. Previously, all development work had been accomplished in-house by SUSE. Version 10.0 was the first version that offered public beta testing.
SUSE Linux 10.0 included both open source and proprietary applications and retail boxed-set editions. As part of the change, YaST Online Update server access became free for all SUSE Linux users, and also for the first time, the GNOME desktop was upgraded to equal status with the traditional KDE.
In November 2005, SUSE founder Hubert Mantel announced his resignation from the company. He stated that Novell's acquisition had changed SUSE beyond his expectations and that he did not believe it was the same company that he had founded 13 years earlier. The resignation apparently stemmed from a dispute over the implementation of Ximian products in the GNOME-based default desktop environment for the Linux distribution. He re-joined only a year later.
On 3 November 2006 (renewed 25 July 2011), Novell signed an agreement with Microsoft covering improvement of SUSE's ability to interoperate with Microsoft Windows, cross-promotion/marketing of both products and patent cross-licensing. The agreement is considered controversial by some in the Free Software community.
The Attachmate Group takeover
On 22 November 2010, Novell announced that it had agreed to acquisition by The Attachmate Group for $2.2 billion. The Attachmate Group plans to operate Novell as two units with SUSE becoming a stand-alone business, and it anticipates no change to the relationship between the SUSE business and the openSUSE project as a result of this transaction.
The U.S. Department of Justice announced that in order to proceed with the first phase of their acquisition of certain patents and patent applications from Novell Inc., CPTN Holdings LLC and its owners would have to alter their original agreements to address the department's antitrust concerns. The department said that, as originally proposed, the deal would jeopardize the ability of open source software, such as Linux, to continue to innovate and compete in the development and distribution of server, desktop, and mobile operating systems as well as middleware and virtualization products.
Stipulations regarding the licensing the patents were:
- All of the Novell patents will be acquired subject to the GNU General Public License, Version 2, a widely adopted open-source license, and the Open Invention Network (OIN) License, a significant license for the Linux System;
- CPTN does not have the right to limit which of the patents, if any, are available under the OIN license; and
- Neither CPTN nor its owners will make any statement or take any action with the purpose of influencing or encouraging either Novell or Attachmate to modify which of the patents are available under the OIN license.
The acquisition was completed on 27 April 2011. Subsequently, on 23 July 2011 The Attachmate Group launched a new website for the SUSE business.
Micro Focus merger
On 20 November 2014, the Attachmate Group merged with Micro Focus to form the Micro Focus Group. SUSE is operated as a separate business unit with a dedicated product portfolio.
EQT Partners acquisition
On 2 July 2018, it was announced that Micro Focus would sell its SUSE business segment to EQT Partners for $2.535 billion. The acquisition was completed on March 18, 2019.
SUSE provides a thirteen-year product life cycle for SUSE Linux Enterprise 11 & 12.
|Project||Version||Date of issue||End of General Support||End of LTSS||Linux kernel version|
|S.u.S.E. Linux (Slackware-based)||4/94||1994-03-29||????||????||1.0|
|S.u.S.E. Linux (jurix-based)||4.2||1996-05||????||????||2.0.0|
|7.1||2001-04-21||2003-05-16||????||2.2.18 / 2.4.0|
|7.2||2001-06-15||2003-10-01||????||2.2.19 / 2.4.4|
|SUSE Linux Enterprise||9.0||2003-10-15||2005-12-15||????||2.4.21 / 2.6.1|
|15.2||2020-07-21||6 months after SLES 15 SP3 release||TBD||5.3.18|
|Project||Version||Date of issue||End of General Support||End of LTSS||Linux kernel version|
End of Life
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Main article: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server § Version history
|SLES version||Latest SP||FCS Release date||General Ends||LTSS Ends|
|Old version, no longer maintained: first||N/A||31 October 2000||?||N/A|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 7||N/A||13 October 2001||?||N/A|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 8||4||1 October 2002||30 December 2007||30 December 2009|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 9||4||3 August 2004||31 August 2011||1 August 2014|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 10||4||17 June 2006||31 July 2013||30 July 2016|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 11||4||24 March 2009||31 March 2019||31 March 2022|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 12||5||27 October 2014||31 October 2024||31 October 2027|
|Current stable version:15||3||16 July 2018||31 July 2028||31 July 2031|
Older version, still maintained
Latest preview version
|Name||Version||Codename||Release date||End of life||Kernel version|
|SUSE Linux||Old version, no longer maintained: 10.0||Prague||2005-10-06||2007-11-30||N/A||2.6.13|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 10.1||Agama Lizard||2006-05-11||2008-05-31||N/A||2.6.16|
|openSUSE||Old version, no longer maintained: 10.2||Basilisk Lizard||2006-12-07||2008-11-30||N/A||2.6.18|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 10.3||N/A||2007-10-04||2009-10-31||N/A||2.6.22|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 11.0||N/A||2008-06-19||2010-06-26||N/A||2.6.25|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 11.1||N/A||2008-12-18||2011-01-14||2012-04||2.6.27|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 11.2||Emerald||2009-11-12||2011-05-12||2013-11||2.6.31|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 11.3||Teal||2010-07-15||2012-01-16||N/A||2.6.34|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 11.4||Celadon||2011-03-10||2012-11-05||2014-09||2.6.37|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 12.1||Asparagus||2011-11-16||2013-05-15||N/A||3.1.0|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 12.2||Mantis||2012-09-05||2014-01-15||N/A||3.4.6|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 12.3||Dartmouth||2013-03-13||2015-01-01||N/A||3.7.10|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 13.1||Bottle||2013-11-19||2016-02-03||2016-11||3.11.6|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 13.2||Harlequin||2014-11-04||2017-01-16||N/A||3.16.6|
|openSUSE Leap||Old version, no longer maintained: 42.1||Malachite||2015-11-04||2017-05-17||N/A||4.1.12|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 42.2||N/A||2016-11-16||2018-01-26||N/A||4.4|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 42.3||N/A||2017-07-26||2019-06-30||N/A||4.4|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 15.0||N/A||2018-05-25||2019-12-03||N/A||4.12|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 15.1||N/A||2019-05-22||2021-01-31||N/A||4.12 with some features forked from 4.19 to 5.x|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 15.2||N/A||2020-07-02||2021-12-31||?||5.3.18|
|Current stable version: 15.3||N/A||2021-06-02||Testing||?||5.3.18|
|openSUSE Tumbleweed||Current stable version:Rolling||N/A||Rolling||N/A||N/A||Latest stable|
Older version, still maintained
Latest preview version
SUSE family products
SUSE Linux is available under two brands, openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise. openSUSE is a free, community distribution driven by the openSUSE Project. It includes some of the latest "bleeding edge" Linux technologies and is designed for home users and enthusiasts. SUSE Linux Enterprise is Suse's tested and certified open-source solution for major enterprises.
openSUSE vs SUSE Linux Enterprise
openSUSE is a freely available, community project that releases versions on a comparatively frequent basis, and generally uses the latest versions of the various open source projects that it includes.
SUSE Linux Enterprise is SUSE's commercial edition, which SUSE releases much less frequently, enabling it to offer support more effectively for enterprise and production deployments. It is certified for a wide variety of enterprise applications and offers a number of special enterprise features including, High Availability and Point of Sale extensions. SUSE historically uses a heavily tested subset of packages from openSUSE Linux as the basis for SUSE Linux Enterprise. Starting with openSUSE 15, SUSE made its "Leap" variant directly upgradable to SUSE Linux Enterprise.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server vs Desktop
SUSE offers SUSE Linux Enterprise Server and SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop. Each focuses on packages that fit its specific purpose. For example, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop does not include the Apache Web Server, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server does not include Xgl/Compiz.
In contrast, openSUSE does not have separate distributions for server, desktop, and tablets. Rather, its repositories contain the needed software, and use installation patterns to accomplish the same.
Main articles: openSUSE and OpenSUSE Project
openSUSE is driven by the openSUSE Project community and sponsored by SUSE, to develop and maintain SUSE Linux components. It is the equivalent of the historic "SuSE Linux Professional". After their acquisition of SUSE Linux, Novell (now SUSE) decided to make the community central to their development process.
It has a theoretical development cycle of 8 months and a lifetime (duration of the critical updates) of 18 months from the date of release. It is fully and freely available for immediate download.
openSUSE was the sixth most popular Linux distribution for 2013 and the fourth most popular for 2014, according to DistroWatch.
SUSE Linux Enterprise
Main article: SUSE Linux Enterprise
SUSE develops multiple products for its "enterprise" business line. These business products target corporate environments, with a higher life cycle (10 years, extendable to 13), a longer development cycle (6 to 18 months), a guarantee of stability at the potential expense of development speed, technical support, and certification by independent hardware and software vendors. SUSE Linux Enterprise products are only available for sale (updates fees).
SUSE Linux Enterprise has fewer packages than the openSUSE distribution. Most of the differences are desktop applications that are more suited to consumers than to business. The enterprise products are:
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a server-oriented operating system targeted at corporate environments.
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time is a modified version of SLES supporting low-latency operations where the time factor is critical.
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop (SLED) is a desktop-oriented operating system targeted at corporate environments.
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Thin Client (SLETC) is a modified version of SLED targeted at thin client terminals.
When installed using a Linux kernel, Novell Open Enterprise Server (OES) uses SUSE Linux Enterprise Server as a platform. This product is also known as OES-Linux.
SUSE Linux Enterprise was included with VMware's vSphere licensing, up until June 25, 2014 for 'free', as noted on SUSE Partners website
Main article: SUSE Studio
SUSE's SUSE Studio product was a web interface (built using Ruby on Rails) to openSUSE'sKIWI and the Open Build Service tools. It allowed users to put together a custom Linux distribution graphically and to generate output including a large variety of Virtual Machine and Disk Images. SUSE Studio merged with Open Build Service and the resulting project was renamed to SUSE Studio Express in September 2017.
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Any user who wishes to have the newest packages that include, but are not limited to, the Linux kernel, SAMBA, git, desktops, office applications and many other packages, will want Tumbleweed. Tumbleweed appeals to Power Users, Software Developers and openSUSE Contributors. If you require the latest software stacks and Integrated Development Environment or need a stable platform closest to bleeding edge Linux, Tumbleweed is the best choice for you.Learn moreInstall Tumbleweed
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Open-source software company
SUSE (SOO-zə) is a German-based multinational open-source software company that develops and sells Linux products to business customers. Founded in 1992, it was the first company to market Linux for enterprise. It is the developer of SUSE Linux Enterprise and the primary sponsor of the community-supported openSUSE Project, which develops the openSUSE Linux distribution. While the openSUSE "Tumbleweed" variation is an upstream distribution for both the "Leap" variation and SUSE Linux Enterprise distribution, its branded "Leap" variation is part of a direct upgrade path to the enterprise version, which effectively makes openSUSE Leap a non-commercial version of its enterprise product.
In July 2018, Micro Focus International, SUSE's parent company since 2014, announced its plan to sell the business unit to a subsidiary of EQT Partners in the first quarter of calendar year 2019. This acquisition was completed on 15 March 2019, making SUSE a standalone business. Under new ownership, their legal name is SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH.
On 2 September 1992, Roland Dyroff, Burchard Steinbild, Hubert Mantel and Thomas Fehr founded the Software and Systems Development Corporation (German: Gesellschaft für Software und Systementwicklung mbH). The name S.u.S.E. was an acronym for Software- und System-Entwicklung (Software and Systems Development). The first Linux product sold was an extension of the Linux distribution Slackware, which was delivered on 40 floppy disks. The company translated the distribution in cooperation with the Slackware founder Patrick Volkerding into German. While the core of the distribution remained Slackware, in May 1996, S.u.S.E. released its first own distribution based on the Jurix distribution published by Florian La Roche.
In 1997, S.u.S.E. opened an office in Oakland, California, and in 1998, moved the corporate office from Fürth to Nuremberg. In December 1998, the name was changed from S.u.S.E. to SuSE. In the following years, SUSE opened a total of six national and four international (USA, Czech Republic, Great Britain and Italy) branches. On 25 November 2002, Richard Seibt became CEO. In Hong Kong, SUSE's products are distributed by TriTech Distribution Limited.
Acquisition by Novell
On 4 November 2003, Novell announced the acquisition of SuSE Linux AG at a price of US$210 million. Novell had been migrating away from the NetWare kernel and used this acquisition as a migration path for its customers. The acquisition was completed on 13 January 2004, and the name was changed from SuSE Linux AG to a Novell, Inc. subsidiary under the name SuSE Linux GmbH and SUSE Linux Products GmbH. SUSE Linux Products GmbH was entirely responsible for the development of the SUSE Linux distribution and was led by Markus Rex. During the transfer, both the partner and the sales organizations were integrated into Novell. Richard Seibt became CEO of Novell EMEA and left on 9 May 2005.
In August 2005, the openSUSE community project launched to open up the development of SUSE Linux for external users and developers. SUSE Linux Enterprise has since been developed using the openSUSE community.
Acquisition by Attachmate
Novell was in turn acquired by The Attachmate Group on 27 April 2011. Under its new owner, SUSE remained a separate company. By June 2012, many former SUSE engineers who had been laid off during Novell's ownership had been brought back.
Attachmate and Micro Focus merger
On 20 November 2014, The Attachmate Group and Micro Focus International finalized their merger, making Micro Focus International SUSE's new parent company. SUSE operates as a semi-autonomous business unit within the Micro Focus Group, with former president Nils Brauckmann promoted to CEO and member of the Micro Focus Group board.
Acquisition of OpenAttic
On 9 November 2016, SUSE announced the acquisition of assets relating to the OpenAttic storage management assets from the German IT firm it-novum. OpenAttic was integrated into SUSE Enterprise Storage as a graphical tool to manage and monitor Ceph-based storage clusters.
Acquisition of HPE OpenStack and Stackato
On 9 March 2017, SUSE announced the completion of its acquisition of assets relating to the OpenStack and Cloud Foundry products from Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE). Development teams and code related to those products were to be used to expand SUSE's IaaS and PaaS capabilities. As part of the agreement, HPE was given the option to OEM those products to produce their Helion OpenStack and Stackato products.
Sale to EQT Partners
On 2 July 2018, Micro Focus announced that it would sell its SUSE business segment to Blitz 18-679 GmbH, a newly-created subsidiary of EQT Partners, for $2.535 billion. On 15 March 2019, SUSE announced the completion of the acquisition.Blitz 18-679 GmbH later adopted the name Marcel BidCo GmbH and is currently an ultimate parent of SUSE Software Solutions Germany GmbH, which continued operations of SUSE LINUX GmbH, a company dissolved on 28 August 2019.
On 22 July 2019, Melissa Di Donato, former SAP COO, was appointed CEO of SUSE.
Acquisition of Rancher Labs
On 8 July 2020, SUSE announced its definitive agreement to acquire Rancher Labs, which provides a Kubernetes management platform. The acquisition closed on 1 December 2020, at which time Rancher CEO and cofounder Sheng Liang became SUSE's President of Engineering and Innovation.
Initial public offering
Early in 2021 sources indicated that SUSE was preparing for an IPO before summer with a projected value of 7-8 billion euros. An official ITF (Intent to Float) statement was then released on April 26, 2021. On May 19, 2021, SUSE went public at Frankfurt Stock Exchange at an original issue price of 30 euros, with EQT Partners retaining 75.7 percent.
Main article: SUSE Linux
Starting with the launch of the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 platform in July 2006, the SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 platform was the basis for both the server and desktop, with an almost identical code base.
The primary server Linux distribution from SUSE is SUSE Linux Enterprise Server ("SLES") targeted to large organizations for physical, virtual and cloud workloads. All versions are available for multiple processor architectures, including Intel x86, ARM, AMD x86-64, IBM Power,IBM S/390 and z Systems, and Intel Itanium. Trial versions of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 and 12 are available on the site. SLES is available in both on-demand and bring-your-own-subscription ("BYOS") images on Amazon EC2,Microsoft Azure, and Google Compute Engine.
Offerings based on the Server product
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications, a Linux operating system optimized for SAP workloads
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Point of Service, a Linux operating system for the retail industry that includes a version of Linux tailored for user touch points and in-store servers
- SUSE Linux Enterprise High Performance Computing, an infrastructure solution[buzzword] for high performance computing
- SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension, an integrated suite of open source HA clustering and storage replication technologies
Special editions of the Server product
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server has several optimized editions created in the context of the respective partnerships. These editions are derived from the base Server product:
- SUSE OpenStack Cloud, an automated cloud computing platform based on OpenStack for deploying and managing Infrastructure-as-a-Service private clouds. SUSE announced that they would discontinue sales as of October 2019
- SUSE Enterprise Storage, a software-defined storage tool based on Ceph enabling the use of commodity servers and disk drives for cost-effective, resilient, and scalable storage. SUSE announced they would discontinue sales as of March 2021
- SUSE CaaS Platform ("Container as a Service"), an application development and hosting platform for container-based applications and services based on Kubernetes
- SUSE Cloud Application Platform, a platform-as-a-service environment based on Cloud Foundry and Kubernetes
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