If your knowledge of the hound dog is relegated to Elvis Presley's Hound Dog song, you'll be surprised to find out that the hound dog category consists of two sub-sets and up to 100 different types of hound dogs worldwide. Hound dogs were bred in order to track and hunt prey in a variety of settings. Breeding adapted these dogs to perform different skills depending on the terrain and environment presented for hunting. Some dogs track game primarily by scent while others track primarily by sight.
Different Types of Hound Dogs
Hounds fall into two main groups which are classified as either scent hounds or sighthounds. All hound dogs share the same heritage which was a dog created to assist with their human owners with hunting game, big or small.Related Articles
In areas of the world where trees and brush inhibit the line of sight, dogs were bred to track game by scent, enabling hunters to find their mark despite the inability to see. Scent hounds do not need to be especially fast, but they do need stamina in order to track an animal's trail for long periods of time. Some scent hounds have long legs and faster speed, enabling hunters to follow them on horseback, while others have short legs and slower speed. Hunters follow this latter type of hound dog on foot. Scent hounds are further separated into two subcategories: trailing hounds and tree hounds.
Trailing hounds were developed as a breed in Europe during the Middle Ages. These dogs tend to work in a pack and they're characterized by long, droopy ears, endurance and tracking ability. Many trailing hounds howl, or bay, guiding hunters along their trail when out of sight.
Popular Scent Hounds: Trailing Hounds
- American Foxhound
- Basset Hound
- English Foxhound
- Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen
- Norwegian Elkhound
- Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen
- Plott Hound
- Portuguese Podengo Pequeno
Tree hounds include coonhounds and curs. Coonhounds were developed in the Americas shortly following early settlement. They provided protection while also helping settlers hunt over vast land space for food. Because the area of land hunters needed to cover was so large, tree hounds developed the ability to pick up cold trails, track game, and drive the game up into trees until the hunters could catch up to the dogs. Curs were used more often in the southern and western United States as general work dogs. In some cases they were used to hunt game ranging squirrels to bears, but in other cases they were used as stock dogs.
Scenthounds are still used in hunting today. Depending on the game available in different parts of the country, some hounds track squirrels, rabbits and raccoons while others track large-game like bears, cougars and deer.
Popular Scenthounds: Tree Hounds
- American Black & Tan Coonhound
- American English Coonhound
- American Leopard Cur
- Black and Tan Coonhound
- Black Mouth Cur
- Blue Tick Coonhound
- Majestic Tree Hound
- Redbone Coonhound
- Treeing Cur
- Treeing Walker Coonhound
True to their name, sighthounds track game by sight. Developed in Northern Africa more than 5,000 years ago, sighthounds were bred to track animals visually over the flat and barren desert landscape. These dogs were bred to be aerodynamic with long, thin faces and light bones to facilitate speed. Unlike scent hounds, sighthounds were bred to chase, cut down and kill prey rather than to corner prey for the hunter's kill. Today, most sighthounds are kept as pets rather than hunting dogs.
Types of Sight Hounds
Choosing a Hound Dog Breed
Hound dogs vary greatly from the small and long Dachshund to the tall and lean Greyhound or the massive Irish Wolfhound. When choosing a hound dog as a pet, consider each breed independently as their personalities vary as much as their physiques. Some hounds can make excellent family pets, like the genial Beagle whereas others can be difficult to integrate into a family as they have high energy needs like many of the treeing hound breeds. They generally are all known to do well with people but you should consider the activity level of your home and your children before taking a more exercise-intensive hound home.
Training a Hound
Hounds all share the same characteristic of being very intelligent and motivated to work together with their humans to accomplish a task. They respond very well to positive reinforcement training and some of the more energetic hound breeds do particularly well with training activities like agility, dock diving, scent work and hunt and field tests. Hounds can be difficult to train in that they strongly focus on their keenest hunting senses, whether it's scent or sight, and sometimes it can be hard to get them to focus on you when this gets in the way. Once you understand this and what a hound was bred for, training them can be very easy with some modifications to your training plan and environment.
Large Size Hounds
Although hound breeds can range in size from small to large two hound dogs are among the largest dog breeds among all dogs. The Scottish Deerhound can reach up to 110 pounds for males and 95 pounds for females. Males can be up to 32 inches high and around 28 inches high for females. The Irish Wolfhound is the tallest dog breed, with males reaching at least 32 inches in height and females 30 inches. Males can weigh around 120 to 150 pounds and females around 105.
Hound Dog Puppies
Like puppies of any breed, hound dog puppies require socialization and training to help them become healthy, happy adult dogs who are friendly with people and other animals. Hound dog puppies can be found through breeders and shelters although some rarer hounds may be harder to find in rescue. If you decide to use a breeder, pricing will vary based on whether the dogs are being bred for "pet" homes or for serious hunting work. To get an idea of pricing, some popular hound puppy costs are:
- Basset Hound: $500 to $1,800
- Beagle: $800 to $1,500
- Bloodhound: $1,400 to $5,500
- Greyhound: $1,000 to $4,000
- Irish Wolfhound: $1,500 to $2,000
- Treeing Walker Coonhound: $400 to $600
- Whippet: $800 to $1,500
Choosing a Hound Dog
Many hound dogs provide good companionship and guardianship. Because they were bred to run and track animals, most need regular exercise and activity. Make sure you do your research before choosing a hound dog as your pet.
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Tan and white Basset Hound
|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Basset Hound is a short-legged breed of dog in the hound family. The Basset is a scent hound that was originally bred for the purpose of huntinghare. Their sense of smell and ability to ground-scent is second only to the Bloodhound.
Basset Hounds are one of six recognized "basset"-type breeds in France. The name Basset is derived from the French word bas, meaning 'low', with the attenuating suffix -et—together meaning 'rather low'. Basset Hounds are usually bicolours or tricolours of standard hound coloration.
Bassets are large, short, solid and long, with curved sabre tails held high over their long backs. An adult dog weighs between 20 and 35 kilograms (44 and 77 lb). This breed, relative to its size, is heavier-boned than any other.
This breed, like its ancestor the Bloodhound, has a hanging skin structure, which causes the face to tend to have a sad look; this, for many people, adds to the breed's charm. The dewlap, seen as the loose, elastic skin around the neck, and the trailing ears which along with the Bloodhound are the longest of any breed, help trap the scent of what they are tracking. Its neck is wider than its head. This, combined with the loose skin around its face and neck means that flat collars can easily be pulled off. The previous FCI standard described the characteristic skin of the Basset, which resembles its ancestor the Bloodhound as "loose". This wording has since been updated to "supple and elastic". The looseness of the skin results in the Basset's characteristic facial wrinkles. They drool a lot due to their loose flews.
The Basset's skull is characterised by its large long nose, which is second only to the Bloodhound in scenting ability and number of olfactoryreceptorcells.
The Basset's short legs are due to a form of dwarfism (see: Health). Their short stature can be deceiving; Bassets are surprisingly long and can reach things on table tops that other dogs of similar heights cannot. Because Bassets are so heavy and have such short legs, they are not able to hold themselves above water for very long when swimming, and should always be closely supervised in the water.
The short-haired coat of a Basset is smooth and soft, and sheds constantly. Any hound coloration is acceptable, but this varies from country to country. They are usually black, tan and white tricolors or tan and white bicolors. Tan can vary from reddish-brown and red to lemon. Lemon and white is a less common color. Some Bassets are also classified as gray or blue - this color is considered rare and undesirable in the show ring.
The source of color is the E Locus (MC1R), which has four alleles: EM, EG, E, and e. The EM, E and e alleles are present in the Basset Hounds. The E allele allows for the production of both red and black pigments, so is present with the majority of color patterns in Basset Hounds.
Red and lemon colors are caused by the e allele of MC1R. The e allele is recessive, so red and lemon dogs are homozygous e/e. Lemon dogs are lighter in color than reds, but the genetic mechanism that dilutes phaeomelanin in this instance is unknown. No black hairs will be present on either red or lemon dogs. If there are any black hairs, the dog is officially a tricolor.
The EM allele produces a black mask on the face that may extend up around the eyes and onto the ears. This pattern is most easily seen on mahogany dogs, although any Basset color pattern may express the EM allele, except for "red and white" or "lemon and white" due to e/e.
Many Bassets have a clearly defined white blaze and a white tip to their tail, intended to aid hunters in finding their dogs when tracking through underbrush.
Like all dogs, the Basset Hound's coat is naturally oily. The oil in their coat has a distinctive "hound scent", which is natural to the breed.
The Basset Hound is a friendly, outgoing, and playful dog, tolerant of children and other pets. They are extremely vocal and famously devoted to tracking. They are also widely known for being stubborn. Prospective owners must be prepared to handle Bassets firmly and patiently.
Basset Hounds have large pendulous ears (known as "leathers") that do not allow air to circulate inside them, unlike other breeds with erect or more open ears. Their ears must be cleaned inside and out frequently to avoid infections and ear mites.
According to the Basset Hound Club of America, the height of a Basset should not exceed 14 inches or 36 cm.
The Basset Hound's short stature is due to the genetic condition osteochondrodysplasia (meaning abnormal growth of both bone and cartilage). Dwarfism of this type in most animals is traditionally known as achondroplasia. Basset Hounds, Dachshunds and Bulldogs are a few of the dog breeds classified as achondroplastic. This bone growth abnormality may be a predisposing factor in the development of elbow dysplasia seen in the breed, which leads to arthritis of the elbow joint.
Other health issues
In addition to ear problems, Basset Hounds may be susceptible to eye issues. Because of their droopy eyes the area under the eyeball can collect dirt and become clogged with a mucus.
Basset Hounds are prone to yeast infections in the folds around the mouth, where drool can collect without thoroughly drying out.
Overweight Basset Hounds develop many serious health issues, including bone and joint injuries, gastric dilatation volvulus and paralysis.
The only recent mortality and morbidity surveys of Basset Hounds are from the UK: a 1999 longevity survey with a small sample size of 10 deceased dogs and a 2004 UK Kennel Club health survey with a larger sample size of 142 deceased dogs and 226 live dogs. See Mortality and Morbidity below.
Median longevity of Basset Hounds is about 10.3 years in France and 11.3 years in the UK, which is a typical median longevity for purebred dogs and for breeds similar in size to Basset Hounds. The oldest of the 142 deceased dogs in the 2004 UK Kennel Club survey was 16.7 years. Leading causes of death in the 2004 UK Kennel Club survey were cancer (31%), old age (13%), gastric dilatation volvulus (11%), and cardiac (8%).
Among the 226 live Basset Hounds in the 2004 UKC survey, the most-common health issues noted by owners were dermatologic (such as dermatitis), reproductive, musculoskeletal (for example, arthritis and lameness), and gastrointestinal (for example, gastric dilatation volvulus and colitis). Basset Hounds are also prone to epilepsy, glaucoma, luxating patella, thrombopathia, Von Willebrand disease, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and elbow dysplasia.
The modern Basset Hound descends from French dogs that were bred in Great Britain in the late 1800s.
St Hubert's Hound
See also: Bloodhound
The Basset type originated in France, and is descended from the 6th-century hounds belonging to St Hubert of Belgium, which through breeding at the Benedictine Abbey of St. Hubert eventually became what is known as the St Hubert's Hound around 1000 AD. St Hubert's original hounds are descended from the Laconian (Spartan) Hound, one of four groups of dogs discerned from Greek representations and descriptions. These scent hounds were described as large, slow, "short-legged and deep mouthed" dogs with a small head, straight nose, upright ears and long neck, and either tan with white markings or black with tan markings. Laconian Hounds were reputed to not give up the scent until they found their prey. They eventually found their way to Constantinople, and from there to Europe.
The first mention of a "Basset" dog appeared in La Venerie, an illustrated hunting text written by Jacques du Fouilloux in 1585. The dogs in Fouilloux's text were used to hunt foxes and badgers. It is believed that the Basset type originated as a mutation in the litters of Norman Staghounds, a descendant of the St Hubert's Hound. These precursors were most likely bred back to the St. Hubert's Hound, among other derivative French hounds. Until after the French Revolution around the year 1789, hunting from horseback was the preserve of kings, large aristocratic families and of the country squires, and for this reason short-legged dogs were highly valued for hunting on foot.
Basset-type hounds became popular during the reign of Emperor Napoleon III (r. 1852–1870). In 1853, Emmanuel Fremiet, "the leading sculptor of animals in his day" exhibited bronze sculptures of Emperor Napoleon III's Basset Hounds at the Paris Salon. Ten years later in 1863 at the first exhibition of dogs held in Paris, Basset Hounds attained international attention.
The controlled breeding of the short haired Basset began in France in 1870. From the existing Bassets, Count Le Couteulx of Canteleu fixed a utilitarian type with straight front legs known as the Chien d'Artois, whereas Mr. Louis Lane developed a more spectacular type, with crooked front legs, known as the Basset Normand. These were bred together to create the original Basset Artésien Normand.
French Basset Hounds were being imported into England at least as early as the 1870s. While some of these dogs were certainly Basset Artésien Normands, by the 1880s linebreeding had thrown back to a different heavier type. Everett Millais, who is considered to be the father of the modern Basset Hound, bred one such dog, Nicholas, to a Bloodhound bitch named Inoculation through artificial insemination in order to create a heavier Basset in England in the 1890s. The litter was delivered by caesarean section, and the surviving pups were refined with French and English Bassets. The first breed standard for what is now known as the Basset Hound was made in Great Britain at the end of 19th century. This standard was updated in 2010.
Hunting with Bassets
The Basset Hound was bred to hunt, with a keen nose and short stature suited to small-game hunting on foot. A variety of Basset Hound developed purely for hunting by Colonel Morrison was admitted to the Masters of Basset Hounds Association in 1959 via an appendix to the Stud Book. This breed differs in being straighter and longer in the leg and having shorter ears.
In popular culture
Basset Hounds have been featured in popular culture many times. Some artists, such as director Mamoru Oshii and webcomic artist Scott Kurtz regularly feature their pet Bassets in their work.
On February 27, 1928, Time magazine featured a Basset Hound on the front cover. The accompanying story was about the 52nd annual Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show at Madison Square Garden as if observed by the Basset Hound puppy.
Many cartoon dogs are based on the Basset, such as Droopy, with several Bassets appearing in animated Disney films. Syndicated comic strip Fred Basset has been a regular feature in newspapers since 1963.
There is a Basset Hound in the Smokey and the Bandit movie series. The dog, Fred, was personally picked by lead actor Burt Reynolds because it refused to obey commands.
In the TV series The Dukes of Hazzard, a Basset Hound called Flash served as a companion to Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane.
In the series Foofur, a Basset Hound named Dolly, is the affection of Foofur and Burt's.
In Disney's 1986 film The Great Mouse Detective, a Basset Hound named Toby is the dog of Sherlock Holmes.
Stella, in The Princess and the Frog, is a Basset Hound.
In the early days of television, Elvis Presley famously sang "Hound Dog" to a disinterested top hat-wearing Basset Hound named Sherlock on The Steve Allen Show on July 1, 1956. Lassie had a Basset friend named Pokey early in the Lassie television series. Other famous TV Bassets are the wisecracking Cleo from The People's Choice, and the sheriff's dog Flash in The Dukes of Hazzard. Another television Basset in the 1950s was Morgan. He appeared often on The Garry Moore Show, The Jackie Gleason Show and many other variety shows. He played a dog from Pluto on Captain Video and appeared in a Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis movie. His last appearance was on the Hallmark Hall of Fame, playing against Tom Bosley in 1959. He had a plush toy modeled on him. and appeared in a Life magazine article. (Despite the article, he was never known as J J Morgan).
In the television series Columbo, Lieutenant Columbo owns a Basset Hound named Dog. Originally, it was not going to appear in the show because Peter Falk believed that it "already had enough gimmicks" but once the two met, Falk stated that Dog "was exactly the type of dog that Columbo would own", so he was added to the show and made his first appearance in 1972's "Étude In Black".
In the young adult novel The Disreputable History of Frankie Landau-Banks, the Basset Hound is the symbol of college society the Loyal Order of the Basset Hound.
Basset Hounds are often used as advertising logos. The logo for Hush Puppies brand shoes prominently features a Basset Hound whose real name is Jason. Basset Hounds are occasionally referred to as "hush puppies" for that reason. A Basset Hound also serves as the companion to the lonely Maytag Man in Maytag appliance advertisements. Tidewater Petroleum advertised its "Flying A" gasoline using a Basset Hound named Axelrod.
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Don't let those sad eyes fool you: Basset Hounds can be so much fun! These features could make the Basset your best bud:
- Even-tempered, affectionate, and happy-go-lucky
- Sweet, gentle, and sensitive
- Good with kids and other pets
- An excellent family dog that loves human companionship
- Has a short, easy-to-care-for coat
- Excellent hunting dog
But sniff out these traits, too:
- Needs regular exercise and diet regulation to avoid weight gain
- Early obedience training and socialization is recommended
- May have a tendency to bark excessively
- Likes to dig
- Passes a lot of gas, sheds, and drools
- Can have an unstable temperament if not bred properly, including excessive barking, hyperactivity, or aggression
She is a laid-back family companion with aspirations of being a lap dog.
The Basset Hound is a scent hound that was bred to track rabbits. They originated in France during the 16th century and their name is derived from the French word bas, meaning low. They have short legs and a strong nose, and they will run after any scent they catch. The Basset is a generally healthy dog with an average lifespan of 12 years.
Your Basset Hound's Health
We know that because you care so much about your dog, you want to take good care of her. That is why we have summarized the health concerns we will be discussing with you over the life of your Basset. By knowing about health concerns specific to Basset Hounds, we can tailor a preventive health plan to watch for and hopefully prevent some predictable risks.
Many diseases and health conditions are genetic, meaning they are related to your pet’s breed. There is a general consensus among canine genetic researchers and veterinary practitioners that the conditions we’ve described herein have a significant rate of incidence and/or impact in this breed. That does not mean your dog will have these problems; it just means that she is more at risk than other dogs. We will describe the most common issues seen in Basset Hounds to give you an idea of what may come up in her future. Of course, we can’t cover every possibility here, so always check with us if you notice any unusual signs or symptoms.
This guide contains general health information important to all canines as well as the most important genetic predispositions for Basset Hounds. This information helps you and us together plan for your pet’s unique medical needs. At the end of the article, we have also included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Basset looking and feeling her best. You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel better knowing that we’re taking the best possible care of your pal.
General Health Information for your Basset Hound
Dental disease is the most common chronic problem in pets, affecting 80% of all dogs by age two. Unfortunately, your Basset Hound is more likely than other dogs to have problems with her teeth. Dental disease starts with tartar build-up on the teeth and progresses to infection of the gums and roots of the teeth. If we don’t prevent or treat dental disease, your buddy may lose her teeth and be in danger of damage to her kidneys, liver, heart, and joints. In fact, your Basset Hound's lifespan may even be cut short by one to three years! We’ll clean your dog’s teeth regularly and let you know what you can do at home to keep those pearly whites clean.
Basset Hounds are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvo, rabies, and distemper. Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on her age, the diseases we see in our area, and other factors.
Obesity can be a significant health problem in Basset Hounds. It is a serious disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, back pain, and heart disease. Though it’s tempting to give your pal food when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “love her to death” with leftover people food and doggie treats. Instead, give her a hug, brush her fur or teeth, play a game with her, or perhaps take her for a walk. She’ll feel better, and so will you!
All kinds of worms and bugs can invade your Basset's body, inside and out. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears. Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms can get into her system in a number of ways: drinking unclean water, walking on contaminated soil, or being bitten by an infected mosquito. Some of these parasites can be transmitted to you or a family member and are a serious concern for everyone. For your canine friend, these parasites can cause pain, discomfort, and even death, so it’s important that we test for them on a regular basis. The Indian Trail Animal Hospital medical team will also recommend preventive medication as necessary to keep her healthy.
Spay or Neuter
One of the best things you can do for your Basset is to have her spayed (neutered for males). In females, this means we surgically remove the ovaries and usually the uterus, and in males, it means we surgically remove the testicles. Spaying or neutering decreases the likelihood of certain types of cancers and eliminates the possibility of your pet becoming pregnant or fathering unwanted puppies. Performing this surgery also gives us a chance, while your pet is under anesthesia, to identify and address some of the diseases your dog is likely to develop. For example, if your pet needs hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extracted, this would be a good time—it’s more convenient for you and easier on your friend too. Routine blood testing prior to surgery also helps us to identify and take precautions against common problems that increase anesthetic or surgical risk. Don’t worry; we’ll discuss the specific problems we will be looking for when the time arrives.
Genetic Predispositions for Basset Hounds
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus, also known as GDV or Bloat, usually occurs in dogs with deep, narrow chests. This means your Basset is more at risk than other breeds. When a dog bloats, the stomach twists on itself and fills with gas. The twisting cuts off blood supply to the stomach, and sometimes the spleen. Left untreated, the disease is quickly fatal, sometimes in as little as 30 minutes. Your dog may retch or heave (but little or nothing comes out), act restless, have an enlarged abdomen, or lie in a prayer position (front feet down, rear end up). Preventive surgery in which the stomach is tacked down or sutured in place so that it is unlikely to twist is an option. If you see symptoms, take your pet to an emergency hospital immediately!
Not many things have as dramatic an impact on your dog's quality of life as the proper functioning of his eyes. Unfortunately, Basset Hounds can inherit or develop a number of different eye conditions, some of which may cause blindness if not treated right away, and most of which can be extremely painful! We will evaluate his eyes at every examination to look for any signs of concern.
- Glaucoma, an eye condition that affects Basset Hounds and people too, is an extremely painful disease that rapidly leads to blindness if left untreated. Symptoms include squinting, watery eyes, bluing of the cornea (the clear front part of the eye), and redness in the whites of the eyes. Pain is rarely noticed by pet owners though it is frequently there and can be severe. People who have certain types of glaucoma often report it feels like being stabbed in the eye with an ice pick! Yikes! In advanced cases, the eye may look enlarged or swollen like it’s bulging. We’ll perform his annual glaucoma screening to diagnose and start treatment as early as possible. Glaucoma is a medical emergency. If you see symptoms, don’t wait to call us, go to an emergency clinic!
- Cataracts are a common cause of blindness in older Bassets. We’ll watch for the lenses of his eyes to become more opaque—meaning they look cloudy instead of clear—when we examine him. Many dogs adjust well to losing their vision and get along just fine. Surgery to remove cataracts and restore sight may also be an option.
- Dogs have a third eyelid that contains a gland that produces about one-third of the fluid that bathes the eye. If the gland is sore or swollen, it looks like a red blob in the corner of the eye. This condition is called cherry eye, and it can occur very suddenly in one or both eyes. It’s more common in puppies or young Bassets. If this happens to him, we may treat it with ointment first, but surgery is often the best option.
A genetically linked neurological condition that could occur in your Basset Hound causes a wobbly, drunken gait. This condition, known as wobbler disease or wobbler syndrome, happens because there is a narrowing of the vertebrae in the neck, which pinches the spinal cord and associated nerves. If the nerves do not send signals to the brain the way they are supposed to, your dog cannot feel his feet. The first signs you will often notice are unstable hind legs, stumbling, and sometimes falling. Medications, neck braces, rehabilitation exercise programs, and surgery are treatment options.
Basset Hounds are especially prone to a life-threatening heart condition known as dilated cardiomyopathy, or DCM, in which the heart becomes so large, thin, and weak that it can no longer effectively pump blood to the body. As this problem advances, your pet may act weak or tired, faint or collapse, breathe in a labored way, or cough. We’ll conduct a yearly electrical heart screening (ECG) and/or an echocardiogram to look for abnormal heart rhythms as early as one year of age. If indicated, treatment includes medication and dietary supplementation.
Addison's Disease is an endocrine system disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands fail to produce enough hormones to keep the body functioning normally. Left untreated, hypoadrenocorticism can be fatal. Symptoms often mimic many other diseases, but we can run a specialized blood test to check for this specific condition. Though this disease can occur in any type of dog, Bassets are more at risk. We'll be watching for clinical signs at every exam and will periodically check his electrolyte levels to screen for this problem.
There are several types of inherited bleeding disorders that occur in dogs. They range in severity from very mild to very severe. Many times, a pet seems normal until a serious injury occurs or surgery is performed, and then severe bleeding can result. Von Willebrand’s disease is a blood-clotting disorder frequently found in Basset Hounds. We’ll conduct diagnostic testing for blood clotting times or a specific DNA blood test for Von Willebrand’s disease and other similar disorders to check for this problem before we perform surgery.
When Basset puppies are allowed to grow too quickly, the cartilage in their joints may not attach to the bones properly. This problem is known as osteochondritis dissecans, or OCD. If this occurs, surgery may be required to fix the problem. Our recommended growth rate for Basset puppies is no more than four pounds per week. To maintain this rate, don’t overfeed him and don’t supplement with additional calcium. Feed a large-breed puppy diet rather than an adult or regular puppy diet, and weigh your puppy every three to four weeks to make sure he’s on track.
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a common condition in dogs with long backs and short legs, which may include your Basset. The disease is caused when the jelly-like cushion between one or more vertebrae slips or ruptures, causing the disc to press on the spinal cord. If your dog is suddenly unable or unwilling to jump up or go up stairs, is reluctant to move around, has a hunched back, cries out, or refuses to eat or go potty, he is likely in severe pain. He may even drag his back feet or be suddenly paralyzed and unable to get up or use his back legs. If you see symptoms, don’t wait. Call us or an emergency clinic immediately! For less severe cases, rest and medication may resolve the problem. In severe cases involving paralysis, we may recommend surgical removal of the ruptured discs (within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms to get the best results). As with so many other diseases, weight control helps to prevent this problem. You should also use ramps or steps from puppyhood on so that your dog doesn’t spend a lifetime stressing his back by jumping on and off of the furniture.
Sometimes your Basset's kneecap (patella) may slip out of place. This is called patellar luxation. You might notice that your pet, while running, suddenly picks up a back leg or skips and hops for a few strides. He might then kick his leg out sideways to pop the kneecap back in place. These are common signs of patellar luxation. If the problem is mild and involves only one leg, your friend may not require much treatment beyond arthritis medication. When symptoms are severe, surgery may be needed to realign the kneecap to keep it from luxating further.
Hip and Elbow Dysplasia
Both hips and elbows are at risk for dysplasia, an inherited disease that causes the joints to develop improperly and results in arthritis. Stiffness in your Basset's elbows or hips may become a problem for him, especially as he matures. You may notice that he begins to show lameness in his legs or has difficulty getting up from lying down. We can treat the arthritis—the sooner the better—to minimize discomfort and pain. We’ll take X-rays of your dog’s bones to identify issues as early as possible. Surgery is also sometimes a good option in severe and life-limiting cases. And keep in mind that overweight dogs may develop arthritis years earlier than those of normal weight, causing undue pain and suffering!
Growing Bassets can suffer from a painful inflammation of the long bones in the legs called eosinophilic panosteitis, or pano or eo-pan for short. It usually starts around six to ten months of age and shifts from leg to leg. We’ll look for this condition upon examination; if your pal exhibits pain when the area is squeezed or palpated, we’ll take X-rays to diagnose the problem. Panosteitis usually causes no permanent damage, but requires pain medication. If your dog has this condition and develops an abnormal gait to compensate for the sore leg(s), rehabilitation exercises may be required.
Basset Hounds are more likely than other canines to be born with spinal deformities, a condition called hemivertebrae, which may lead to spinal cord damage, instability, or disability. We’ll take X-rays when your pet is young to ensure that we identify problems early as symptoms can worsen with age, weight, and sometimes activity. During his life, if he develops back problems, we’ll rule out any other causes, such as a slipped spinal disc or arthritis. If a deformity is diagnosed, we’ll prescribe medication, acupuncture, or rehabilitation as needed.
Hemangiosarcoma is a type of bleeding tumor that affects Basset Hounds at greater than average incidence. These tumors commonly form in the spleen, but can form in other organs as well. Unbeknownst to a pet owner, the tumor breaks open and internal bleeding occurs. Some tumors can be volleyball-sized or larger before signs of sickness show. We often find clues that one of these tumors is present during senior wellness testing, so have his blood tested and an ultrasound performed at least yearly.
Bladder or Kidney Stones
There are a few different types of stones that can form in the kidney or in the bladder, and Basset Hounds are more likely to develop them than other breeds. We’ll periodically test his urine for telltale signs indicating the presence of kidney and bladder stones, which in addition are very painful! If your buddy has blood in his urine, can’t urinate, or is straining to urinate, it is a medical emergency. Call us at (704) 821-7040 immediately!
In humans, allergies to pollen, mold, or dust make people sneeze. In dogs, rather than sneezing, allergies make their skin itchy. We call this skin allergy “atopy”, and Bassets often have it. The feet, belly, folds of the skin, and ears are most commonly affected. Symptoms typically start between the ages of one and three and can get worse every year. Licking the paws, rubbing the face, and frequent ear infections are the most common signs of allergies. The good news is that there are many treatment options available for these conditions.
Your Basset Hound is prone to a form of skin infection called lip-fold pyoderma, which occurs because the folds of skin along the lower jaw are usually moist. Bacteria and yeast can readily thrive here and cause a reddened, smelly area that is uncomfortable for your dog. We will examine him for this problem often (let us know if you see signs as well), and we’ll recommend treatment with antibiotics as necessary. When symptoms are severe, the excess skin folds can also be surgically removed.
Taking Care of Your Basset Hound at Home
Much of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense, just like it is for people. Watch her diet, make sure she gets plenty of exercise, regularly brush her teeth and coat, and call us or a pet emergency hospital when something seems unusual (see “What to Watch For” below). Be sure to adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we recommend for her. This is when we’ll give her the necessary “check-ups” and test for diseases and conditions that are common in Bassets. Another very important step in caring for your pet is signing up for pet health insurance. There will certainly be medical tests and procedures she will need throughout her life and pet health insurance will help you cover those costs.
Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise
Build her routine care into your schedule to help your Basset live longer, stay healthier, and be happier during her lifetime. We cannot overemphasize the importance of a proper diet and exercise routine.
- Supervise your pet as you would a toddler. Keep doors closed, pick up after yourself, and block off rooms as necessary. This will keep her out of trouble and away from objects she shouldn’t put in her mouth.
- She has low grooming needs. Brush her coat as needed, at least weekly.
- Basset Hounds generally have good teeth, and you can keep them perfect by brushing them at least twice a week!
- Clean her ears weekly, even as a puppy. Make sure to keep her floppy ears dry. Don’t worry—we’ll show you how!
- Check her eyes often. Her droopy eyes can collect debris.
- She's a very smart dog with lots of energy, so keep her mind and body active, or she'll get bored. That's when the naughty stuff starts.
- Always walk your Basset on a leash, as she has a tendency to run off after interesting smells.
- Keep your dog’s diet consistent and don’t give her people food.
- Feed a high-quality diet appropriate for her age.
- Exercise your dog regularly, but don’t overdo it at first.
What to Watch For
Any abnormal symptom could be a sign of serious disease or it could just be a minor or temporary problem. The important thing is to be able to tell when to seek veterinary help and how urgently. Many diseases cause dogs to have a characteristic combination of symptoms, which together can be a clear signal that your Basset Hound needs help.
Give us a call for an appointment if you notice any of these types of signs:
- Change in appetite or water consumption
- Tartar build-up, bad breath, red gums, or broken teeth
- Itchy skin (scratching, chewing, or licking); hair loss
- Lethargy, mental dullness, or excessive sleeping
- Fearfulness, aggression, or other behavioral changes
Seek medical care immediately if you notice any of these types of signs:
- Scratching or shaking the head, tender ears, or ear discharge
- Inability or straining to urinate; discolored urine
- Cloudiness, redness, itching, or any other abnormality involving the eyes
- Dry heaving or a large, tight, painful abdomen
- Unwilling to jump; pain, hunched back, paralysis
- Fainting, collapse; breathing issues, cough
- General listlessness, droopy facial expression; vomiting, diarrhea
- Pale gums, labored breathing, weakness, or sudden collapse
- General reluctance to run or play
11 of the Most Popular Hound Dog Breeds Both Big and Small
The dogs that the AKC recognize as the Hound Group is a diverse variety of dogs. Encompassing some of the most iconic breeds in the world, including one of the largest dog breeds on the planet as well as some of the smallest, hounds come from a wide range of geographic regions and cultures. But one thing they all have in common is their love of the hunt. Bred to be tracking and hunting dogs by virtually every culture that has raised them, hounds possess excellent noses and high amounts of stamina. Tracking scents, chasing game, and deep bonds with their human companions are all hallmarks of this diverse group of dogs.
However, because of the incredible diversity within the group, one hound does not, in fact, fit all. Every individual dog is unique! With that in mind, here is a list of hound dog breeds that exemplify the steadfast, intelligent, wonderful dogs that can fit a variety of needs or situations.
It’s hard to beat the Afghan hound in terms of pedigree. Dogs resembling the modern Afghan have been traced back through thousands of years of middle eastern history. Native to Afghanistan and blessed with keen, panoramic vision, Afghans are athletic hunters who rely on their super-strong sense of sight to visually stalk prey over large distances. Sure, they may look a bit like Cher circa 1968, but underneath those famously long locks lies the tall, slender body of a distance runner.
One of those iconic dog breeds who are instantly recognizable to just about anyone, Basset hounds have been popular among hunters and families alike for decades. Long prized by rabbit hunters, Bassets have one of the keenest noses in the dog kingdom, rivaled only by the Bloodhound in accuracy and ability. At home, their relatively low exercise needs and willingness to cuddle up on the couch have long endeared them to families and older owners. Keep in mind, however, because they tend to have strongly independent personalities, it can sometimes take some extra love and patience to train them. Although, every individual dog is different!
RELATED: These Are the Best Dog Breeds for Every Type of Household
It’s rare for any creature to be able to claim to do something better than anyone else in the world, but here we are: the noble Bloodhound’s sense of smell is second-to-none. Long prized by law enforcement agencies around the globe for their unparalleled tracking abilities, once a Bloodhound locks on to a scent, their target is as good as found.
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One of the tallest breeds recognized by the AKC, Irish wolfhounds are gentle giants in the dog world. And we really do mean giant! These pups are the size of a small pony—commonly found in excess of 30 inches tall. As their name suggests, these massively powerful dogs were originally bred to track and hunt wolves. In more modern times, however, the breed has been cultivated to have a sweet, easy-going disposition that makes them surprise favorites among people with children.
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Joining the Afghan as one of the oldest hound breeds, the Basenji was prized in its native Africa as a versatile, adept hunter. The hunting instinct remains strong in the breed even today, making a fenced yard a must. For pet parents who have active lifestyles and want a running companion or a partner to engage in agility or flyball competitions, there are few dogs that can match the Basenji’s motor and stamina.
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Originally bred for hunting lions, Rhodesian ridgebacks are another well-built, incredibly strong breed of hound. Modern Rhodesians maintain a powerful prey drive, making fenced yards and strong leashes a must, but the breed is also noted for their incredible patience with small children and their adaptability into a variety of family lifestyles.
RELATED: 10 Dogs That Make Great Family Pets
Another iconic breed, the beagle is immediately recognizable to even casual dog lovers. Noted hunters of fox and rabbit even today, beagles are sighthounds blessed with huge reserves of stamina. This makes them best suited to human companions that live more active lifestyles, but beagles can be happy with a large yard and some spirited games of fetch. They are also excellent competitors in agility, flyball, and retrieval competitions. Just make sure that you—and your neighbors—are prepared for the famed “beagle bay” before you bring one into your home.
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Dachshund translates from German as “badger dog,” belying these little dogs’ hunter origins. Now almost exclusively family dogs, Dachshunds make excellent companions for apartment living, as well as for older owners. Their low-slung bodies require less exercise than most of their larger hound cousins, but great care must be taken to make sure they don’t become overweight, and put safety measures in place around your home so as not to put too much strain on their long spines.
RELATED: 12 of the Most Adorable Small Dog Breeds
Closely related to the Irish wolfhound, the Scottish deerhound is another very tall, incredibly powerful breed. Sighthounds that were originally used for stalking 400 pound red deer across the rocky Highlands, the deerhound is capable of running for extended periods of time at nearly greyhound speeds.
An excellent choice for urban dwellers, whippets are small, slender dogs who rarely bark and require surprisingly little exercise, outside of a few rambunctious games of fetch per week. Bearing a strong resemblance to small greyhounds, the whippet is every bit as fast as you’d think, which has made them champion flyball and lure course competitors.
Another ancient breed, the saluki is the oldest known domesticated dog on record. Dogs resembling salukis can be seen in artwork dating back 4,000 years and they’ve been known as the royal dog of Egypt. A relatively rare breed, salukis come with their own unique challenges to ownership. Salukis are some of the fastest dogs in the world and are also blessed with incredible stamina, meaning that any potential saluki owners should have plenty of room for them to roam, or several outlets for them to work off those prodigious reserves of energy.
Hound dog puppy
Top 43 Hound Mix Breeds (With Photos)
Boxer Hound Mix = Boxhound
- The Boxer Hound Mix is known for its droopy and wide eyes. This dog also has a silky coat and big feet. Other Hound Boxer Mix have nails, but not all of them.
- These are muscular, power, and loyal, but you still need to expose the Boxhound to early socialization training.
- The Boxer mixed with Hound has white teemed teeth. You can usually distinguish a Boxhound because of its white or fawnish color.
- The Hound Mixed with Boxer is an active dog, but it doesn’t bark a lot.
Husky Hound Mix = Houndsky
- The Husky Hound Mix takes after the body of its Bassett Hound parent with its long and low shape.
- The Hound Husky Mix has a sweet temper. It gets along quite well with other people, as well as animals.
- The Houndsky can be a bit territorial when it comes to food. If you plan to take in a Houndsky along with other dogs, you need to make sure they have separate areas for eating.
- The Husky Hound can also be a bit independent and stubborn. This is why it needs firm training at a young age.
Corgi Hound Mix = Houndgi
- The height of a Corgi Hound Mix can vary between 25-27 inches. The weight can be 30-110 pounds.
- The Corgi and Hound are similar in the sense that they are both intelligent, active, and stubborn breeds. You can expect your Hound Corgi Mix to be like this as well.
- The Corgi Hound has a fascinating sense of smell, as well as intense curiosity. Don’t be surprised to find this dog following tracking whatever kind of smell that crosses its path.
- This type of dog needs firm training at an early age to tame its curiosity and stubbornness.
Poodle Hound Mix = Poohound
- The Poodle Hound Mix was originally bred to produce dog types that are a lot gentler and owner-friendly compared to pedigree dogs.
- The Hound Poodle Mix is known to be hypoallergenic which makes it a decent pet choice for people who have medical restrictions.
- The Poodle Hound is prone to having joint issues so it is vital to provide it with daily exercise. This will prevent it from becoming obese.
- The Poodle Hound is a large breed. Its weight can vary between 45-65 pounds.
German Shepherd Hound Mix = German Hound
- The German Shepherd Hound Mix is one of the most amazing dogs you will find due to its obedient, intelligent, and affectionate nature.
- If you often leave your house unguarded, you’d be glad to know that the Hound German Shepherd Mix has guarding and watchdog instincts as well.
- The German Shepherd Hound Mix does not need a lot of brushing, but you need to invest a lot of time in exercise and training because this is a pretty active breed.
- You need to give it good-quality food to keep your German Shepherd Hound in the best health. For best results, we advise that you consult with an animal dietician.
Beagle Hound Mix = Houngle
- The Beagle Hound Mix can come off as a bit stubborn. This type of dogs has a natural sense of smell. If left without proper training, this dog will follow its sense of smell more than your orders.
- The Hound Beagle Mix is an affectionate and cheerful dog. You will often find it trying to get your attention. It is important to provide it with proper exercise to satisfy its craving for activities.
- The Beagle Hound is a short-haired dog and does not need a lot of grooming, but you still might want to brush its hair at least once a week to remove excess hair, as well as to keep the coat shiny.
- The Beagle Hound has a natural prey drive. You need to beware when you are taking your dog for a walk because it can suddenly run from you if it sees a bird or rabbit passing by.
Bull Mastiff Hound Mix = Bull Hound
- If the Bull Mastiff Hound Mix takes after its Mastiff heritage, it will most likely appear to be standoffish, but when it comes to its owner, this dog is the most loving and cheerful pet you will ever see.
- The Hound Bull Mastiff Mix is an athletic and energetic dog. It also likes to chase other small animals. You might want to expose this pet in early socialization training. This will equip your dog to adapt to its environment and other people.
- This type of breed is best kept indoors because it is prone to heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
- It is important for this mix dog to be provided with early training, but you need to keep this up all throughout the dog’s life. This will keep its prey instincts and aggressiveness at bay as it grows into an adult.
Labrador Hound Mix = Houndador
- The height of a Labrador Hound Mix can vary between 22 to 28 inches.
- It is easy to distinguish a Hound Labrador Mix due to its athletic and muscular build.
- The Labrador Hound can either come in the following colors: black, white, golden yellow, and brown.
- This type of breed is quite active. You need to provide it daily exercise to keep the dog happy and satisfied.
Chihuahua Hound Mix = Houndahua
- The Chihuahua Hound Mix can be a bit territorial and protective over their masters. This makes them an excellent guard dog.
- If you expect a lot of visitors coming to your house often, you need to take time to give your Hound Chihuahua Mix sufficient training and exercise. This will make the dog realize that people and other animals are part of its environment.
- The Chihuahua Hound only sheds seasonally but you still need to give it proper grooming if you want to maintain its beauty and finesse.
- You need to take the Chihuahua Hound to annual dental check-ups because this type of mix breed is prone to overcrowded teeth.
Great Dane Hound Mix = Great Hound
- The Great Dane Hound Mix is an amicable pet, but you still need to provide it early socialization training to prevent it from quarreling with other breeds.
- The Hound Great Dane Mix is known for being a healthy dog, but there is no promise that your dog will grow without a single sign of illness. We advise that you take it to the doctor at least every two months.
- This type of dog likes to chase after whatever critters it can find. We suggest you invest in a fence to keep your dog from escaping your premises while chasing after its prey.
- Once your Great Dane Hound is already in its full maturity, it can easily knock you down with one push. You need to train it so that it will not expend its energy on trying to overwhelm its owners.
Chow Chow Hound Mix = Chow Hound
- Whether your dog takes after the Chow Chow or Hound, it will still require a lot of grooming. Only the frequency of doing so will depend on which parent is dominant.
- You need to keep your Chow Chow Hound Mix from becoming obese. This will require you to invest at least one hour of exercise and training for your dog on a daily basis.
- For your Hound Chow Chow Mix to be in its optimal health, you need to provide it with three cups of dog food every day.
- The Chow Chow Hound Mix have floppy ears that are prone to infection. This gives you an obligation to put up your dog with a monthly checkup.
Border Collie Hound Mix = Border Hound
- The Border Collie Hound Mix has excessive shedding. This requires to invest in a vacuum to keep the excess hairs at bay, as well as to keep your floors clean.
- You also need to invest in good-quality conditioner and shampoo. Your Hound Border Collie Mix needs regular baths because they like playing in the dirt.
- The Border Collie Hound is known for its playful and energetic nature. It is important to equip this dog with regular exercise to satisfy its desire for fun and adventure.
- If you like inviting visitors to your home, the Border Collie Hound is the best pet to have. This type of dogs like attention. They get along well with new faces and other animals.
- The Border Collie Hound is a sociable dog, but it can come off as a bit shy at first. We still recommend giving it socialization training.
Australian Shepherd Hound Mix = Australian Hound
- The Australian Shepherd Hound Mix might come off as aloof towards new faces, but it is the most cheerful and loyal pet towards its owners.
- The Hound Australian Shepherd Mix is an easy-going dog. It is known for being obedient and
- affectionate with people, but when it comes to training there is a bit of a challenge. The best approach would be to train the dog in its puppy years.
- The Australian Shepherd Hound only need to be fed twice a day. This will give it enough energy for all its activities for the day. The frequency of feeding also enables it to properly metabolize its food.
- As a way to keep your dog mentally and physically fit, you need to devote vigorous exercise on a daily basis.
Dachshund Hound Mix = Dachhound
- The Dachshund Hound Mix is a sweet and playful, but it is always ready to alert its family whenever strangers are in the midrange.
- The Hound Dachshund Mix usually cost around $200-$600. This already includes the medical certificates of the puppy which ensures you that the dog you are getting is in good health.
- This dog mix does not bark a lot but when it does you will easily recognize it because of its loud and deep sound.
- It is important to feed this dog on a daily basis, but you also need to be careful not to give it too much food. The Dachhound loves eating and will continue to do so as long as you give it food. This can cause obesity if unsupervised.
Pug Hound Mix = Pughound
- The Pug Hound Mix is a friendly and sweet pet that’s perfect for couples or singles who are looking for their first dog.
- The Hound Pug Mix is known for being a lap dog. Due to its inactive nature, you only need to provide it controlled portions of dog kibble.
- This dog is pretty small, only weighing from 12 to 20 pounds.
- The Pug Hound is a low maintenance dog which makes it perfect for people who don’t have the time for frequent grooming and training.
Cocker Spaniel Hound Mix = Cocker Hound
- The Cocker Spaniel Hound Mix is prone to allergies. It is important to get a hypoallergenic container when feeding your dog.
- 2.5 cups of dog food are enough for your Hound Cocker Spaniel Mix for one day. This will already give him all the energy he needs for his activities. It will also prevent him from becoming obese.
- The Cocker Spaniel Hound has moderate exercise needs. Taking him to an hour of walk every day is sufficient. Most of the time, this type of dog likes to play on his own.
- The Cocker Spaniel Hound is eager to please. This makes training time quite easy, but only if you start when he is still a puppy.
St. Bernard Hound Mix = St. Hound
- The St. Bernard Hound Mix is a new and rare breed. Looking into the history and origin of the parent breeds is most likely the best way to determine what your dog will look like.
- Your Hound St. Bernard Mix will most likely take after the dominant genes of it’s St. Bernard parent in terms of size. You can expect your dog mix to be medium to large.
- You might need to train your dog at a young age. This is because the Hound parent breed was raised for hunting. Your dog mix will most likely be chasing critters around unless he is taught how to behave in the yard.
- Both the St. Bernard and Hound have long life spans. Your dog mix can also be expected to live within a period of 10 to 15 years.
American Bulldog Hound Mix = American Hound
- One of the most advantageous facts about the American Bulldog Mix is that they are open to learning and are quite receptive. This means they are quite easy to train. For you to take advantage of this trait, the best thing to do is train them during their puppy years.
- The cost for buying a Hound Americal Bulldog Mix starts at $500.
- The American Bulldog Hound is known for its mixed colors, but there are also several breeds that are found with solid white and black colors.
- It is important for your Bulldog Hound to develop muscle growth. So you need to focus on protein and nutrients that can help your dog do so. Consider the advice of a pet dietician when out to buy dog food.
Cane Corso Hound Mix = Cane Hound
- One of the best things about having a Cane Corso Hound Mix is that it takes after the Cane Corso genes in terms of fondness of being a guard dog. It is the best way to keep him occupied. Without a task, this type of dog can cause chaos inside the yard.
- The Hound Cane Corso Mix is dog best suited for advanced dog owners. This type of dog requires a firm hand in training.
- The Cane Corso Hound has an even temper, but most of the time they can be a bit aloof towards new faces.
- They can be a disturbance at night because they snore, drool, and gas a lot.
Shar Pei Hound Mix = Pei Hound
- The Shar-Pei Hound Mix can grow up to 60 pounds and 13 inches in height.
- This dog does not shed so much but you still need to brush the coat at least once a week. This will help stimulate the skin.
- The Hound Shar-Pei don’t bark a lot but if they are not happy about something, they have a habit of howling.
- This type of dog is sometimes referred to as a couch potato. They can be a bit lazy. What you need to do to prevent your dog from becoming obese is take him to at least one hour of walk every day.
Akita Hound Mix = Houkita
- The Akita Hound Mix is known for being a loyal and faithful dog. Leave it in an open fence and it will still come back after a few minutes of rounding the neighborhood.
- One downside of getting a Hound Akita Mix is that you can have it along with other types of pets since it tends to chase it down.
- It is important to engage your Akita Hound in early training. This will help tame the natural aggression of Akita Hounds.
- The Akita Hound is best suited for experienced dog owners. It can be pretty difficult to train the Akita Hound Mix, but in the hands of a firm trainer, the Akita Hound is one of the best dogs to have.
Blue Heeler Hound Mix = Blue Hound
- The Blue Heeler Hound Mix is known for its floppy ears, but these aren’t as pendant-shaped and long as its Hound parent breed.
- The Hound Blue Heeler Mix does not drool and has not fur odor, but it does shed a lot which requires you to invest in a vacuum and brush the hair once a week.
- This type of breed is energetic and independent.
- Your Hound Blue Heeler will get bored a lot. One way to combat this is by giving it a lot of mental and physical stimulation through exercise activities.
English Bulldog Hound Mix = English Hound
- The English Bulldog Hound Mix is a medium-sized dog which is easy to distinguish due to its recognizable colors.
- The most common colors for the fur of the Hound English Bulldog Mix are white, red, and black.
- This type of dog can grow to a height of 12 to 16 inches.
- You’ll find that this dog is gentle with kids and other animals, but you still need to keep a close eye on your kids if your Bulldog Hound is still in its puppy stage since these things are known to bite.
Dalmatian Hound Mix = Houndatian
- The Dalmatian Hound Mix is highly adored by most dog lovers due to its charming personality.
- The Hound Dalmatian Mix is prone to destructive behaviors. It is important to give this dog early socialization and training to combat this possibility.
- This type of dog has a medium to high energy levels, which requires you to give him quality time for exercise.
- You also need to help the dog exercise his mind due to its intelligent nature. One of the best ways to do so is by giving the dog some interactive toys it can play with.
Golden Retriever Hound Mix = Golden Hound
- The Golden Retriever Hound Mix makes an excellent starter pet for first-time dog owners.
- This type of dog is not aggressive. They lean towards a gentle and peaceful nature towards children, other pets, and most especially their owners.
- Despite this peaceful temperament, nothing will stop the Hound Golden Retriever Mix from alerting its family if danger is nearby.
- It would be best to not feed your dog no more than twice a day. This will prevent problems with obesity in the future.
Great Pyrenees Hound Mix = Houndrenees
- The Great Pyrenees Hound Mix can be a bit challenging to train. Your best bet of getting an obedient dog is to train your mix breed at an early age.
- You need to teach your Hound Great Pyrenees Mix how to find its way back home. It is in the nature of this dog to roam around. It will be able to take care of itself while outside the yard, but make sure that your dog knows how to get back home.
- This dog mix does not typically bark or bite other animals or people, but it can come off as aggressive if it does not like its treatment. It might not be a good idea to let your kids play with this dog’s tail.
- This type of dog is known for having quite a long life of 10 to 12 years.
Rhodesian Ridgeback Hound Mix = Rhodesian Hound
- The Rhodesian Ridgeback Hound Mix might look calm, but due to its territorial nature, it is ready for anyone who poses danger on its turf.
- A Hound Rhodesian Ridgeback Mix can cost as much as $2,500 if purchased from a breeder. You can also get your dog from a pet shelter for only $300 to $400.
- This dog needs plenty of exercises. It would be best to give your pet a few hours of off-leash time to let it play around the backyard.
- This type of breed is friendly towards children, but its size is a bit too big for kids.
Bernese Mountain Dog Hound Mix = Bernese Hound
- The Bernese Mountain Dog Hound Mix likes to make people life. You will often find them repeating acts that elicit laughter.
- You need to give your Hound Bernese Mountain Dog Mix at least three baths in one month. This will enable you to keep your dog’s fur odor-free.
- Just like the Bernese Mountain Dog parent, this mix breed needs to kept indoors. This will keep it from exhibiting destructive behaviors.
- This type of breed has a life span of 10 to 12 years.
Pitbull Hound Mix = Pithound
- The Pitbull Hound Mix is known for being strong-willed and independent.
- This type of dog is for advanced pet owners. The Hound Pitbull Mix will need a firm trainer to incorporate obedience into this particular dog.
- The Pitbull Hound makes a great watchdog due to the dominant genes of the Pitbull parent.
- This type of dog can sometimes become aggressive towards strangers. Socialization training is important to have at an early age.
French Bulldog Hound Mix = French Hound
- The French Bulldog Hound Mix does not need a lot of exercises, but walking it for a few minutes a day is good for any type of dog.
- You would need a fenced backyard to keep your Hound French Bulldog Mix secured. This type of dog likes to roam around and can sometimes have trouble finding its way home.
- The cost of this type of dog often comes to at least $700 if you purchase it from a breeder. This also assures you of a healthy puppy to take home.
- This breed has a long life span as well of 10 to 12 years.
Catahoula Hound Mix = Houndoula
- The Catahoula Hound Mix is an adorable pet to have around due to its sweet and loving nature, but when it comes to strangers, this dog can be a bit standoffish.
- The lifespan of this dog goes on an average of 12 to 14 years.
- The Hound Catahoula Mix makes an excellent guard dog due to its hunting skills. It can track down any trespasser trying to enter your home.
- Deafness and eye problems are common for this type of dog. A regular checkup is most recommended.
Shih Tzu Hound Mix = Shih Hound
- The Shih Tzu Hound Mix can have either long or short coat, but no matter which parents are more dominant, this dog will surely have smooth fur.
- The Hound Shih Tzu Mix sheds frequently. This means you need to brush the coat at least twice a week and buy a vacuum to keep your floor free from excess hair.
- This type of dog is a docile and affectionate creature. They are easy to satisfy and train.
- This breed has low energy and loves to eat. It can be prone to becoming obese. You need to give it controlled portions of dog food.
Doberman Hound Mix = Hounderman
- The Doberman Hound Mix can cost as much as $7,000 coming from a breeder, but take note that this is the most appropriate approach since you will be able to make sure that your dog is completely healthy.
- The Hound Doberman Mix is a dominating and aggressive dog. It needs a firm trainer to tame it.
- One advantage of getting a Doberman Hound is that it is relatively low maintenance. You don’t have to take it to regular grooming or bathing.
- This can potentially develop a protective nature. It is important to give this dog socialization training.
Newfoundland Hound Mix = Newfoundanian
- The Newfoundland Hound Mix likes to work with other people. It would be a great idea to take this dog on your trips. This can serve as your bonding time with your dog.
- The Hound Newfoundland Mix is an intelligent dog, which means that it responds quite well to training.
- This type of dog can be prone to obesity. The best way to regulate the weight of your dog is to feed it twice a day and take it to morning walks.
- They can grow to be territorial. If you have other pets at home, your dog needs to be exposed to socialization training.
Hound Mix Food Requirements
Whether you chose to welcome a giant or miniature Hound mix into your family, we’ve got food choices galore!
Start by choosing the best puppy food brands for your whelp, and keep them on that diet for about a year. Then you can transition your adult doggo on either the best dry dog food for small dogs or the best large breed dry dog food, depending on the actual size of your crossbred cutie.
Whichever brand you go for, make sure it isn’t in our worst dry dog food list, as those options are filled with preservatives and additives that do nothing for your pup’s development! Instead, opt for one of the best dry dog food formulas, such as Wellness Core Dog Food, Dog For Dog Food, or Nutra Thrive dog food supplement.
Finally, when your pooch approaches the sunset of their life, they will need different chow to keep them happy and healthy (here you can find the best senior dry dog food). If you have any doubts about your pup’s diet, feel free to pick their vet’s brains for more tips!
- Gentilini, Fabio, et al. “A Nonsense Mutation in Themyeloperoxidasegene Is Responsible for Hereditary Myeloperoxidase Deficiency in an Italian Hound Dog.” Animal Genetics, vol. 47, no. 5, 14 June 2016, pp. 632–633., doi:10.1111/age.12463.
- Levine, Becky. Hounds: Loyal Hunting Companions. Capstone Press, 2013.
26 Most Popular Hound Dog Breeds
Hound dogs were specifically bred to hunt and track down prey including birds, small game, and some larger game. Varying types of hounds are known to track their quarry using different senses, with the two most common categories of this breed being scent and sight hounds.
Whether yours will be a working dog or a family pet, hounds can make great companion animals. They tend to be alert and active, intelligent, and willing to learn. However, they do require some exercise and you will need to ensure that they burn off energy or they may become destructive or display other antisocial behaviors.
Below are 26 hound dog breeds, broken down into the two main subcategories, and including sight and scent hound breeds.
Scent hounds were especially popular in surroundings where the line of sight was broken. For example, if a dog could not see through trees and thickets, a scent hound would be able to smell its prey.
These breeds are not usually fast, but they have a lot of stamina and can make their way over difficult terrain and through challenging undergrowth.
Scent Hounds: Breeds
1. American Foxhound
The American Foxhound tends to be well-behaved and gentle. It will get along with people of all ages, including children and even other domesticated pets. Like many of the breeds on this list, the American Foxhound does require a lot of exercise and if you fail to provide this, they can become destructive or they can suffer from depression.
2. Basset Hound
The Basset Hound is an easily recognizable breed with the distinctive long ears of a trail hound and the shorter body of a dog that would be followed by hunters on foot. This breed is known to love children and make a good family pet. Although Basset Hounds do require exercise, they are better suited to walks than more energetic activities, and they are considered good pets for novice owners.
Most of the scent hounds have the same white and brown, with some black, markings, and the cute Beagle is no different. The Beagle remains an excellent hunting breed but also makes a friendly, loving, and fun-loving companion pet. Bred to hunt in packs, the Beagle will eagerly adopt you and the rest of your family as part of its pack. The breed is intelligent and eager to please, it’s also a suitable breed for novice owners.
The Bloodhound is a much larger breed than the likes of the Beagle, and it was first bred to hunt animals like boar and deer. Although the breed is still used for hunting, its incredibly keen sense of smell means that the Bloodhound is as often called upon to hunt for missing people, drugs, and explosives as it is for wild boar. As well as their striking looks, the Bloodhound is popular because it makes a caring and loving pet.
Although they were bred to hunt badgers and foxes, the Dachshund’s sweet personality means that it has become a very popular family pet. They are also popular show dogs, and they are still used to hunt small game. The breed can suffer musculoskeletal problems as a result of their elongated back.
6. English Foxhound
The English Foxhound is a cousin to the American Foxhound and one of four official foxhound breeds. The English Foxhound has long legs and is strong and robust. This breed is known to be friendly and sociable but is not usually found as a family pet. Bred to hunt as part of a pack, the English Foxhound can suffer from depression if left alone. These pups require a lot of exercise and can be quite vocal about everything.
7. Norwegian Elkhound
The Norwegian Elkhound has similar colorings and markings as a Husky and is bred to withstand the extreme cold temperatures of Norway. They are a fun-loving dog that can be easily trained thanks to their incredible intelligence and their comedic nature. The breed can be protective, however, and they will require a lot of socialization from an early age to ensure that they grow up as well-adjusted dogs.
As the name suggests, the Otterhound was bred to hunt otters. It was developed in England and bred from existing breeds like the Bloodhound. It is a wiry-haired dog. Not only is its coat developed to help withstand the cold and wet, but it is described as being hypoallergenic because it sheds less than most breeds. This breed loves exercise and is happiest when playing, so it does require a decent amount of space.
9. Portuguese Podengo
The Portuguese Podengo is a lively and playful dog. It is very intelligent but can be highly independent, so an experienced handler can enjoy a lot of training success while a novice might struggle with all but very basic commands. The Podengo is known to be loving with family but can be cautious with strangers, so this breed is another that requires a lot of socialization from a young age.
There are actually several breeds of Coonhound, but the most discerning difference between them is their color. Black and tan is the most popular, while other breeds include the bluetick and redbone variants. All are built to hunt game and they all require a lot of challenging exercise. They prefer running and hard work to walking, so they are ideal for joggers that require a companion but are not typically suited to families that will only be able to provide walks in the park.
11. American Leopard Cur
The American Leopard Cur, or American Leopard Hound, is an energetic dog that found its way to the US with Spanish conquistadors. The breed is sociable and friendly, which makes it a good pet for families, but it does require a lot of exercise and will enjoy playing with all members of the family. They are intelligent and take well to general training, so they are a suitable breed for novice owners.
12. Black Mouth Cur
The Black Mouth Cur is a strong, muscly, and energetic dog breed. Still used as a hunting and general working dog, the breed is known for being attractive and also as a good family pet because it is easy to train and eager to please its owners. The Cur forms a very strong bond with its owner, as well, so is a good option for individual or family owners.
13. Majestic Tree Hound
The Majestic Tree Hound is a reasonably recent introduction to the hound world, having only been developed in the 20th century. The breed looks similar to the Bloodhound and is a large breed used to hunt large animals like bears and bobcats. They are highly skilled hunters and they work hard. They also make loyal and loving companions and will get along with other dogs, children, and all family members.
14. Treeing Cur
The Treeing Hound, or Treeing Cur, is one of several similar breeds. They are used as herders as well as hunters, but they will make loyal and loving family companions that will get along with all family members of all ages. The word cur means unkempt, and these breeds are bred for their utility rather than their looks. This does not mean that they are unattractive, but it does mean that the visual appearance of Treeing Curs can vary wildly from one to the next.
15. Basset Griffon
Both the Petite and the Grand Basset Griffon are hunting dogs, and both are known for being friendly and lively animals. They tend to get along with other dogs, can form a close bond with family children, but they do require regular exercise to ensure that they remain healthy and fit.
Where scent hounds use their sense of smell to locate and track prey, sight hounds rely on their vision. They have acute eyesight and they tend to be highly alert as they look for movement. This type of breed can be prone to chasing small animals and anything they perceive to be a small animal, like a leaf.
Sight Hounds: Breeds
16. Afghan Hound
The Afghan Hound is instantly recognizable for its long locks and beautiful hair. It is a dignified breed that is very loyal to its owners. The breed will become dedicated to its family, and while its coat is quite high maintenance, it does not shed freely, which means that it is actually considered a suitable dog for owners with allergies and sensitivities.
The Basenji is a Congolese hound dog that was used for flushing animals. They were also used to hunt and kill rodents in villages. Today, they are as likely to be utilized as family pets and they are chosen because they are loyal and loving, fun and friendly. They are an intelligent breed and are considered reasonably easy to train but this is another breed that will require a lot of exercise every day.
The Borzoi is a Russian hunting dog. This breed is known for its adaptability and it can even live in an apartment as long as you have the time and energy to get outside and provide regular exercise. They do shed often and are considered a sensitive breed that can become antisocial and destructive if left alone for too long.
The Greyhound is the fastest of all dog breeds, reaching speeds of up to 40 or even 45 miles per hour. They are built for speed, however, rather than stamina, and while they might spend 10 minutes running at full speed, they will spend the other 23 hours and 50 minutes of the day asleep on the sofa. They tend to be quiet, gentle, and they do not do well with cold weather, and they make excellent family pets.
20. Ibizan Hound
Hailing from Ibiza, the Ibizan Hound was bred to hunt rabbits on the island. Still used for rabbit hunting, the Ibizan Hound also makes for a great sports dog and does very well in obedience and agility classes. It also does very well as a family pet and will make an excellent companion for all members of the family, potentially even including other dogs and cats.
21. Irish Wolfhound
The Irish Wolfhound is a large breed of dog that looks somewhat disheveled. The breed was actually first used during war to drag people off horses, but they were also used for hunting. The Wolfhound makes an excellent family pet and is used in canine sports while excelling at obedience training. The breed does require a lot of room thanks to its incredible height, and it benefits from plenty of exercise and time outdoors.
22. Pharaoh Hound
The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed from Egypt. They are a very affectionate breed and are known to make excellent family pets as a result of their amiable nature. They tend to be quite the comic, a little bit goofy, and this also endears them to their people. According to owners, the breed is known to blush. Pharaoh Hounds make a loyal companion to their family members.
23. Rhodesian Ridgeback
The Rhodesian Ridgeback is a muscular and strong sighthound from southern Africa. It was bred to hunt large game, sometimes even to hunt lions which gave it its name of the African Lion Hound. They make excellent family dogs but they can be highly independent and will retain a strong prey drive, so they do require training to ensure that they are manageable.
The Saluki is a thin and fast dog breed. They tend to do better with experienced owners. They do not do well in an apartment, require a lot of room to charge around, and retain a very strong prey drive. This means they should not be trusted off-leash and will need a yard with a high fence and a secure perimeter to keep them in. With that said, for the right owner they can become a loving companion.
25. Scottish Deerhound
The Scottish Deerhound is a coursing hound originally used to coarse wild deer. They are very affectionate dogs but, like the Saluki, they do not do well in apartments and they do need an experienced handler that uses consistent and clear training techniques. They are an energetic and lively breed and they will want to run around to burn off steam, so a decent yard is advantageous with the Deerhound.
The sweet, little Whippet looks like a small Greyhound and shares some of the same traits. It is, for example, a quiet dog with a loving temperament, and it is prone to excessive and long bouts of sleeping on the couch. The breed is very fast and enjoys chasing and running, however, and you need to take care when letting it off the leash because it might have its attention taken by small animals and potential prey.
Hound Dog Breeds
Hound dogs tend to be large, need a lot of exercise, and they can have a strong prey drive that prevents you from letting them off-leash. They are also loyal and loving, can make excellent family companions, and have striking looks that set them apart from other breeds. Hopefully, this list of 26 breeds has helped you find the ideal breed for you and your family requirements.
Featured Image: Anna Goroshnikova, Shutterstock
Oliver (Ollie) Jones – A zoologist and freelance writer living in South Australia with his partner Alex, their dog Pepper, and their cat Steve (who declined to be pictured). Ollie, originally from the USA, holds his master’s degree in wildlife biology and moved to Australia to pursue his career and passion but has found a new love for working online and writing about animals of all types.
Oliver (Ollie) Jones - A zoologist and freelance writer living in South Australia with his partner Alex, their dog Pepper, and their cat Steve (who declined to be pictured). Ollie, originally from the USA, holds his master's degree in wildlife biology and moved to Australia to pursue his career and passion but has found a new love for working online and writing about animals of all types.
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Basset Hound Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits
Despite its low height of under 15 inches, the basset hound is a medium to large dog, weighing in at anywhere from 40 pounds for a small female to 80 pounds for a large male (18 to 36 kilograms).
Bassets are very heavy-boned dogs with a large body on fairly short legs. Because they are bulky, bassets are slow maturing dogs, often not reaching full size until two years old. Bassets are immediately recognizable by their short, crooked legs, their long hanging ears and their large heads with hanging lips, sad expressive eyes, and wrinkled foreheads. The tail curves up and is carried somewhat gaily. The body is long and with the short legs gives bassets a rectangular appearance. The basset has a nice short, tight coat, with no long hair on legs or tail. Colors most commonly seen are tricolor or red and white but any hound color is acceptable.
The basset hound is a friendly, easygoing dog. Originally hunting in packs, they tend to be good with other dogs and other pets in general. Bassets are people oriented and get along well with children. Fairly smart dogs, bassets are not easy to train as they are somewhat stubborn. A firm, patient hand with plenty of creativity is required to bring out the best in them. Bassets can be serious barkers and with their sturdy feet and nails they tend to be diggers. The hunting urge is still quite strong and if not safely confined they will go off hunting on their own.
Basset hounds need a firm person in charge of their feeding as they have a definite tendency to become obese, which can cause serious problems with their long backs. Bassets are not high-powered athletes who need to run every day, but they should have a good long walk at least once daily to keep them fit. Most bassets live to 12 or 13 years.
Having developed as pack animals, basset hounds do feel a need for company and are happiest when they have their families around. They are not great watchdogs. Although they may bark, but they then greet strangers happily. The loose lips lead to a fair amount of drooling and many owners keep towels strategically placed around the house for cleanup. Bassets left alone to their own devices can easily become nuisance barkers or diggers. Bassets are fairly intelligent dogs, but they are not the easiest to train. Start training right off with puppies and do plenty of positive training to keep them interested. They enjoy tracking and hunting, even if only as a casual pastime. Grooming is fairly quick and easy and involves just a swipe with a brush once or twice a week. In between groomings, the basset may track a great deal of mud or dirt into the house because of their low stature and big feet.
The basset hound comes from as far back as the 1500s when the pre-revolutionary French were using low slung, heavy-bodied hounds to trail rabbits. The word "bas" is French for "low" befitting the basset hound's stature. A number of the short, bowlegged French hunting dogs and the basset hound we recognize today were fine-tuned in England in the 1800s. With the exception of height and leg conformation, they are similar to the St. Hubert's hound.
Bassets were selected not only for their outstanding scenting skills, but also because hunters could keep up with the slow-paced dogs. They not only hunted rabbits and hares, but were also sometimes used to track larger wounded game.
In the United States, the Basset quickly moved on from hunting dog to family pet. Familiarized to the public by cartoons, such as "Fred the Basset," and in commercials, such as Hush Puppies™ shoes, the basset hound is now primarily a companion dog.