Team Liquids Robinsongz dominated the Teamfight Tactics NA Regional Finals playoffs with a total of five out of six lobby wins.
Day two of the TFT North American Regional Finals showcased a total of eight players seeking a top-three finish to advance to the Reckoning Worlds Championship. Robinsongz put the final playoff lobby on notice with three initial back-to-back wins. Practically securing a top-three finish at the NA Regional Finals, Robinsongz broke away from the hot meta comps to play builds that other players werent chasing.
The strategy led to a Miss Fortune re-roll build during the fourth game for a solid fifth-place finish. And a Nightbringer re-roll in game six that showcased a three-star Yasuo, Sejuani, and Lee Sin for a fourth first-place win—earning a total of 44 points after five rounds.
See League of Legends on Amazon
Heading into the final game of the TFT North American Regional Finals were five tacticians fighting for the other two Worlds seats: Delicious Milk at 32 points, C9 k3soju at 27 points, Pockygom at 26 points, SpencerTFT at 25 points, and sètsuko at 27 points.
Putting the world on notice, Robinsongz pulled out a fifth first-place finish during game six with Kayle as a main carry. Cloud 9 k3soju and sètsuko fell early in the final game, while SpencerTFT and Pockygom battled for a top-three spot after Delicious Milk claimed the second Worlds seat with a fifth-place finish.
It would come down to the third tie-breaker between SpencerTFT and Pockygom, with SpencerTFT earning that final invite. Representing North America at the TFT Reckoning World Championship are Robinsongz, Delicious Milk, and SpencerTFT.
All images via Riot Games/Wisdom.
IHO-ROK Technical Cooperation
History of Training for Trainers Programme
Aims & Objectives
Cartographic Education & Training Philosophy
What makes a good trainer?
Managing the lesson
Giving & Receiving Feedback
Overview of TFT Course material
Presentations of Group Reviews
Assignment of Carto Modules for Revision
Group work to revise the assigned module
DAY 4 to 6
Develop & design basic carto modules – group work to revise the assigned module
Presentations & Feedback Session
Assignment of basic carto modules
Distance Education – the design and development of e-Learning material and implementation of existing resources
Design of instructor assessment forms for the learner
Course development methodologies and tools for hands-on technical education
Assign software and equipment
Group work on basic carto module lesson plan presentation/strategies
Course development methodologies and tools for hands-on technical education
Develop Question Bank
Present & review questions
Consolidation & objectives
17 Weeks Until Launch: League of Prototypes
“We spent a lot of time the first few weeks figuring out how to get a prototype working. Which was a challenge,” says Riot Wittrock.
The team started by using assets from League—which wasn’t always smooth sailing.
League’s game engine is custom-built for one thing: League of Legends. And while some things change (like the map, champions, and dragons), the number of players (generally) doesn’t.
“Because League’s so heavily hyper-optimized for a player game and the 8-player version of TFT we envisioned loaded significantly more assets, we would actually have to run more servers to support the same number of players,” explains Riot Nullarbor. “It was quite taxing on the game client as well.”
On top of this, we wanted players to be able to recruit units (aka champions), place them strategically, and witness the ensuing battle—this “army commander” fantasy was one of the things we found so appealing about Auto Chess. But to do that, each player needed to field more than one champion at a time. And that wasn’t something the servers were built to handle.
That meant nearly every early game of TFT ended because of lag. There was no finish. No victory. Only lag.
Even in later versions of the prototype, lag wasn’t the only bug the team encountered. How do I hold all of these Rakans?
“There were nine units fighting nine other units, plus up to 10 champions sitting on each player’s bench,” says Riot Nullarbor. “There could be over champions in the game at once, plus these crazy teamfights constantly going on. We had to remove a lot of things that weren’t necessary and then optimize the code. League’s got a much bigger map than we needed, so we were able to cut a lot of that out to get things running.”
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Thin-film-transistor liquid-crystal display
|Horizontal IPS||H-IPS||Improves[quantify] contrast ratio by twisting electrode plane layout. Also introduces an optional Advanced True White polarizing film from NEC, to make white look more natural[quantify]. This is used in professional/photography LCDs.|
|Enhanced IPS||E-IPS||Wider[quantify] aperture for light transmission, enabling the use of lower-power, cheaper backlights. Improves[quantify] diagonal viewing angle and further reduce response time to 5ms.|
|Professional IPS||P-IPS||Offer billion colors (bit color depth). More possible orientations per sub-pixel ( as opposed to ) and produces a better[quantify] true color depth.|
|Advanced High Performance IPS||AH-IPS||Improved color accuracy, increased resolution and PPI, and greater light transmission for lower power consumption.|
Advanced fringe field switching (AFFS)
This is an LCD technology derived from the IPS by Boe-Hydis of Korea. Known as fringe field switching (FFS) until , advanced fringe field switching is a technology similar to IPS or S-IPS offering superior performance and color gamut with high luminosity. Color shift and deviation caused by light leakage is corrected by optimizing the white gamut, which also enhances white/grey reproduction. AFFS is developed by Hydis Technologies Co., Ltd, Korea (formally Hyundai Electronics, LCD Task Force).
In , Hydis Technologies Co., Ltd licensed its AFFS patent to Japan's Hitachi Displays. Hitachi is using AFFS to manufacture high end panels in their product line. In , Hydis also licensed its AFFS to Sanyo Epson Imaging Devices Corporation.
Hydis introduced AFFS+ which improved outdoor readability in 
Multi-domain vertical alignment (MVA)
It achieved pixel response which was fast for its time, wide viewing angles, and high contrast at the cost of brightness and color reproduction. Modern MVA panels can offer wide viewing angles (second only to S-IPS technology), good black depth, good color reproduction and depth, and fast response times due to the use of RTC (Response Time Compensation) technologies. When MVA panels are viewed off-perpendicular, colors will shift, but much less than for TN panels.
There are several "next-generation" technologies based on MVA, including AU Optronics' P-MVA and AMVA, as well as Chi Mei Optoelectronics' S-MVA.
Patterned vertical alignment (PVA)
Less expensive PVA panels often use dithering and FRC, whereas super-PVA (S-PVA) panels all use at least 8 bits per color component and do not use color simulation methods.S-PVA also largely eliminated off-angle glowing of solid blacks and reduced the off-angle gamma shift. Some high-end Sony BRAVIA LCD TVs offer bit and xvYCC color support, for example, the Bravia X series. S-PVA also offers fast response times using modern RTC technologies.
Advanced super view (ASV)
Advanced super view, also called axially symmetric vertical alignment was developed by Sharp. It is a VA mode where liquid crystal molecules orient perpendicular to the substrates in the off state. The bottom sub-pixel has continuously covered electrodes, while the upper one has a smaller area electrode in the center of the subpixel.
When the field is on, the liquid crystal molecules start to tilt towards the center of the sub-pixels because of the electric field; as a result, a continuous pinwheel alignment (CPA) is formed; the azimuthal angle rotates degrees continuously resulting in an excellent viewing angle. The ASV mode is also called CPA mode.
Plane line switching (PLS)
See also: IPS panel §PLS
A technology developed by Samsung is Super PLS, which bears similarities to IPS panels and touts improved viewing angles and image quality, increased brightness and lower production costs. PLS technology debuted in the PC display market with the release of the Samsung S27A and S24A monitors in September 
TFT dual-transistor pixel (DTP) or cell technology
TFT dual-transistor pixel or cell technology is a reflective-display technology for use in very-low-power-consumption applications such as electronic shelf labels (ESL), digital watches, or metering. DTP involves adding a secondary transistor gate in the single TFT cell to maintain the display of a pixel during a period of 1s without loss of image or without degrading the TFT transistors over time. By slowing the refresh rate of the standard frequency from 60Hz to 1Hz, DTP claims to increase the power efficiency by multiple orders of magnitude.
Due to the very high cost of building TFT factories, there are few major OEM panel vendors for large display panels. The glass panel suppliers are as follows:
|LCD glass panel suppliers|
|Panel type||Company||Remarks||major TV makers|
|IPS-Pro||Panasonic||Solely for LCD TV markets and known as IPS Alpha Technology Ltd.||Panasonic, Hitachi, Toshiba|
|H-IPS & P-IPS||LG Display||They also produce other type of TFT panels such as TN for OEM markets such as mobile, monitor, automotive, portable AV and industrial panels.||LG, Philips, BenQ|
|Chunghwa Picture Tubes, Ltd.|
|S-MVA||Chi Mei Optoelectronics|
|S-PVA||S-LCD (Samsung/Sony joint venture)||Samsung, Sony|
|AFFS||Samsung||For small and medium size special projects.|
|ASV||Sharp Corporation||LCD TV and mobile markets||Sharp, Sony|
|MVA||Sharp Corporation||Solely for LED LCD TV markets||Sharp|
|HVA||CSOT||HVA and AMOLED||TCL|
External consumer display devices like a TFT LCD feature one or more analogVGA, DVI, HDMI, or DisplayPort interface, with many featuring a selection of these interfaces. Inside external display devices there is a controller board that will convert the video signal using color mapping and image scaling usually employing the discrete cosine transform (DCT) in order to convert any video source like CVBS, VGA, DVI, HDMI, etc. into digital RGB at the native resolution of the display panel. In a laptop the graphics chip will directly produce a signal suitable for connection to the built-in TFT display. A control mechanism for the backlight is usually included on the same controller board.
The low level interface of STN, DSTN, or TFT display panels use either single endedTTL 5V signal for older displays or TTL V for slightly newer displays that transmits the pixel clock, horizontal sync, vertical sync, digital red, digital green, digital blue in parallel. Some models (for example the ATTN92) also feature input/display enable, horizontal scan direction and vertical scan direction signals.
New and large (>15") TFT displays often use LVDS signaling that transmits the same contents as the parallel interface (Hsync, Vsync, RGB) but will put control and RGB bits into a number of serial transmission lines synchronized to a clock whose rate is equal to the pixel rate. LVDS transmits seven bits per clock per data line, with six bits being data and one bit used to signal if the other six bits need to be inverted in order to maintain DC balance. Low-cost TFT displays often have three data lines and therefore only directly support 18 bits per pixel. Upscale displays have four or five data lines to support 24 bits per pixel (truecolor) or 30 bits per pixel (HDR) respectively. Panel manufacturers are slowly replacing LVDS with Internal DisplayPort and Embedded DisplayPort, which allow sixfold reduction of the number of differential pairs.
Backlight intensity is usually controlled by varying a few volts DC, or generating a PWM signal, or adjusting a potentiometer or simply fixed. This in turn controls a high-voltage ( kV) DC-AC inverter or a matrix of LEDs. The method to control the intensity of LED is to pulse them with PWM which can be source of harmonic flicker.
The bare display panel will only accept a digital video signal at the resolution determined by the panel pixel matrix designed at manufacture. Some screen panels will ignore the LSB bits of the color information to present a consistent interface (8 bit -> 6 bit/color x3).
With analogue signals like VGA, the display controller also needs to perform a high speed analog to digital conversion. With digital input signals like DVI or HDMI some simple reordering of the bits is needed before feeding it to the rescaler if the input resolution doesn't match the display panel resolution.
Liquid crystals are constantly subjected to toxicity and eco-toxicity testing for any hazard potential. The result is that:
- wastewater from manufacturing is acutely toxic to aquatic life,
- but may have an irritant, corrosive or sensitizing effect in rare cases. Any effects can be avoided by using a limited concentration in mixtures,
- are not mutagenic – neither in bacteria (Ames test) nor in mammalian cells (mouse lymphoma assay or chromosome aberration test),
- are not suspected of being carcinogenic,
- are hazardous to aquatic organisms (bacteria, algae, daphnia, fish),
- do not possess any significant bioaccumulation potential,
- are not easily biodegradable.
The statements are applicable to Merck KGaA as well as its competitors JNC Corporation (formerly Chisso Corporation) and DIC (formerly Dainippon Ink & Chemicals). All three manufacturers have agreed not to introduce any acutely toxic or mutagenic liquid crystals to the market. They cover more than 90 percent of the global liquid crystal market. The remaining market share of liquid crystals, produced primarily in China, consists of older, patent-free substances from the three leading world producers and have already been tested for toxicity by them. As a result, they can also be considered non-toxic.
The complete report is available from Merck KGaA online.
The CCFLbacklights used in many LCD monitors contain mercury, which is toxic.
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- ^Brody, T. Peter; Asars, J. A.; Dixon, G. D. (November ). "A 6 × 6 inch 20 lines-per-inch liquid-crystal display panel". IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. 20 (11): – BibcodeITEDB. doi/T-ED ISSN
- ^Brotherton, S. D. (). Introduction to Thin Film Transistors: Physics and Technology of TFTs. Springer Science & Business Media. p. ISBN.
- ^Weimer, Paul K. (). "The TFT A New Thin-Film Transistor". Proceedings of the IRE. 50 (6): – doi/JRPROC ISSN S2CID
- ^Kimizuka, Noboru; Yamazaki, Shunpei (). Physics and Technology of Crystalline Oxide Semiconductor CAAC-IGZO: Fundamentals. John Wiley & Sons. p. ISBN.
- ^Lojek, Bo (). History of Semiconductor Engineering. Springer Science & Business Media. pp.– ISBN.
- ^Richard Ahrons (). "Industrial Research in Microcircuitry at RCA: The Early Years, –". 12 (1). IEEE Annals of the History of Computing: 60–
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- ^Oleg Artamonov (). "X-bit's Guide: Contemporary LCD Monitor Parameters and Characteristics (page 11)". Xbitlabs.com. Archived from the original on Retrieved
- ^Marek Matuszczyk, Liquid crystals in displaysArchived at the Wayback Machine. Chalmers University Sweden, c.
- ^"TN Film, MVA, PVA and IPS - Panel Technologies". TFT Central. Retrieved 9 September
- ^"IPS or TN panel?". eSport Source. Retrieved 23 May
- ^"Enhanced Super IPS - Next Generation Image Quality"(PDF). LG Display. Retrieved 9 September
- ^IPS-Pro (Evolving IPS technology)Archived at the Wayback Machine
- ^"Archived copy"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on Retrieved CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- ^tech2 News Staff. "LG Announces Super High Resolution AH-IPS Displays". Tech2.in.com. Archived from the original on Retrieved
- ^"AFFS & AFFS+". Technology. Vertex LCD. Archived from the original on Retrieved
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- ^"Sharp Advanced Super View (ASV) - Sharp". www.sharpsma.com. Retrieved
- ^The World of Liquid Crystal Displays from personal.kent.edu/%7Emgu
- ^"Samsung SyncMaster SA World's First Monitor on PLS Matrix". X-bit labs. Retrieved
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- ^"About Us". www.szcsot.com. Retrieved
- ^ abKim, Sae-Bom; Kim, Woong-Ki; Chounlamany, Vanseng; Seo, Jaehwan; Yoo, Jisu; Jo, Hun-Je; Jung, Jinho (15 August ). "Identification of multi-level toxicity of liquid crystal display wastewater toward Daphnia magna and Moina macrocopa". Journal of Hazardous Materials. Seoul, Korea; Laos, Lao. – – doi/j.jhazmat PMID
- ^ abc"Display solutions | Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany". www.merck-performance-materials.com. Retrieved
- TFT Central – Reviews, News and Articles and includes panel search database
- "Monitor panel search". FlatpanelsHD.com. – LCD monitor panel search database
- Animated LCD Tutorial by 3M
- LCD Panels with Response Time Compensation, X-bit labs, December 20,
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- Gaming issues with TFT LCD Displays, Digital Silence, August 10,
- What is TFT LCD, Plasma.com – detailed description of the technology inside a TFT LCD
- Monitor buying guide – CNET reviews
TFT's match history can be looked up through the client or third-party websites.
TFT Match History Lookup: How to Look Up Your History
It has been almost two years since Riot Games added a match history for TFT. Yet most fans are aware that they are rather unkind with providing information.
Unlike the match history for League of Legends games, the ones for TFT only show the player's deck and the final ranking. Games placed higher than third place get a special lining next to that match, but what is the point of that?
It is more efficient for TFT players to rely on outside websites for match history. Websites show every player from that game and even how long each player lasted. Some even show a summarized statistics and what traits have been played best for the person. These websites can be easily found by searching online.
It is hard to believe that almost two years into the first update, Riot Games has not updated the match history system. Players can only hope that there will be improvements with the client in the near future.
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Oh, how my dear grumbled for a long time and called me Masha-confused. And then I got the idea of how to use the remaining earring. Conceived - done.