List of conjunctions

List of conjunctions DEFAULT

List of Conjunctions: Learn to Use Joining Words

What’s the easiest way to memorize a list of conjunctions, also known as joining words? One answer is to break down your learning into manageable sections. Otherwise, your brain will need to learn dozens of words at once. But, what if you don’t have the time to manually divide up joining words into groups or create flashcards? Well, don’t worry! All the hard work was already done for you. You’ll find an easy to learn conjunctions list, separated by type below.

For additional help, there are even usage examples of the different types of joining words in the English language. We’ve also included descriptions of each type of conjunction list, just in case there are any word groups you’re not familiar with. So, are you ready to expand your vocabulary? Let’s begin with a coordinating conjunction list!

What is a Coordinating Conjunctions List (and Why Care?)

Learning the words on a coordinating conjunction list isn’t difficult and it’s incredibly fun, believe it or not! That’s because there are only seven words in this category, which create the useful acronym FANBOYS. Wondering what FANBOYS stands for? Well, the acronym FANBOYS stands for the words for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. Easy enough, right? Write down this first conjunction words list, along with the acronym FANBOYS and it should stick in your mind easily enough.

Already know about FANBOYS and can create a coordinating conjunction list? Check out this helpful resource on MLA format and more citation styles of formatting your citations.

Why are these words so important to remember? You’ll find that speakers and writers use these words frequently. Each one is less than four letters long and they are some of the most common words in the English language. The role they play is not a small one, as they’re able to connect two independent clauses and combine them into one sentence. Here’s the coordinating conjunction list:

  • F – for
  • A – and
  • N – nor
  • B – but
  • O – or
  • Y – yet
  • S – so

Are you curious how to use words from the coordinating conjunction list? Look at this explanative link, or check out the examples of how to use words from this group in a sentence below:

For – This word has a similar meaning to “because” in a sentence.

  • She was tired when she arrived in class, for she had studied all night.

But – This one connects opposing ideas.

  • I tried out for the basketball team, but I didn’t make it.

Yet – This word is like the word “but.” However, it emphasizes the contrast even more.

  • It’s snowing outside, yet it’s the middle of summer!

Nor – This word joins two nouns that the subject of the sentence does NOT have or obtain.

  • Monica does not know about Michael and Bobby, nor about Jessica and Susan

So/Yet – These words suggest time and continuation depending on the context.

  • So far, he hasn’t told her the truth.
  • They love football, yet they gave up their tickets to someone less fortunate.

Make sure to commit FANBOYS to memory and you’re one step closer to knowing your main conjunctions list.

Now that you’ve covered a coordinating conjunctions list, it’s time to move into a subordinate conjunctions list. Think you can guess the difference between the two? Though they sound similar these conjunctions have two very different functions.

A Look at Subordinate Words: A List of Subordinating Conjunctions

Since you have FANBOYS down, let’s move on to a subordinating conjunctions list. These words are slightly more difficult to learn, because many of them are also prepositions. Plus, both connect clauses in a sentence. With that in mind, you should understand that words on the list of subordinating conjunctions have a different purpose. Instead of joining two independent clauses of equal importance, words from a subordinating conjunctions list make one clause less important than another. You’ll see how that works in the upcoming examples. For now, here is a subordinating conjunctions list:

AfterAsAs long asAs soon as
As thoughBeforeEven ifIf
If whenInasmuchJust asNow
Now thatOnceProvided thatSince
SupposingThatThoughUntil
WheneverWhereasWhereverWhich
Who

 

As you can tell, there are many more subordinates than there are coordinates. In fact, this isn’t even half of the words in asubordinate conjunctions list you can use to show importance between two clauses. Either way, let’s look at a few examples of sentences using words on a subordinating conjunctions list:

  • Jason went to get a drink of water before his exam started.
  • She’s usually a happy toddler, provided that she’s fed regularly.
  • I always visit Disneyland whenever I visit my grandparents in California.
  • Tyler can enjoy painting nowthat he has his own studio.

Since you can use many of the words from a subordinate conjunctions list as another part of speech, it’s good to understand how each one works as a joining word. In a sentence, words on a list of subordinating conjunctions begin a dependent clause which cannot stand alone.

For instance, If I go to the store” doesn’t form a complete idea. Connect it with an independent clause like in the sentence, “I’ll get a new toy if I got to the store,” and you have a complete thought.

You can often tell joining words from the rest by determining whether it constructs part of a sentence that holds a complete idea. Words with multiple uses will often form a complete thought when not used as a joining word.

Want to know more joining words and asubordinate conjunctions list? Look at this informative reference or see this additional subordinating conjunctions list:

AlthoughAs ifAs much asBecause
EvenEven thoughIf onlyIf then
In order thatLestNow sinceNow when
ProvidedRather thanSo that

What’s a Correlative List of Conjunctions?

Words on a correlative conjunctions list work in pairs to join equal clauses together. They can show up in different parts of a sentence. Additionally, you will always find them working together with their counterpart. For instance, one pair from this list of conjunctions is either/or. It joins two positive clauses of equal importance to form a complete sentence. For example:

  • Either you cook me dinner, or I leave.

Here are some additional sentences using words from a correlative conjunctions list:

Whether/Or – This pair functions like the word if by bringing up hypothetical situations and joins the two options.

  • I’m wearing my new swimsuit whether I go to the beach or to the swimming pool.

As/As – You can compare two things together using these words from a conjunctions list.

  • Her sneeze was as loud as a helicopter.

There are many other joining words that come in pairs. Here’s a correlative conjunction words list:

As / AsBoth / andEither / or
Hardly / whenNeither / norNo sooner / than
Not only / but alsoWhether / or

 

Need a quick break? Try out our paper checker, or our citation services for MLA and APA format! Next, a conjunctive adverbs list will be the icing on top when adding words to the main conjunctions list. 

What’s Special About the Conjunctive Adverbs List?

The final conjunctions list to memorize contains adverbs. These adverbs join words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence just like words on your standard list of conjunctions can. Here are some example sentences containing words from the conjunctive adverbs list:

  • Ted was a great student, inaddition he was a wonderful student body president.
  • Fred never missed a day of school; as a result, he won a scholarship for perfect attendance.
  • Even though Lisa is lactose intolerant, still she wanted an ice cream bar.

Finally, here’s a basic conjunctive adverbs list.

This adverbial conjunction list is by no means comprehensive, although it gives you a good foundation. Words on this list of conjunctions are also known as transition words. Try your best to memorize and don’t forget to use this as a guide when writing.

After allAs a resultConsequentlyFinally
For exampleFurthermoreHenceHowever
In additionIn factIncidentallyIndeed
InsteadLikewiseMeanwhile

 

Now, you’re familiar with the different joining words. Are there any words that you don’t know the meaning of from the conjunctive adverb list? If so, look up how to use each word and create sentence examples. With enough practice, you’ll be able to use these words like a professional writer!

Try answering these practice questions to review what you learned above.

Conjunction ListReview Questions

  1. How many different categories are there in aconjunction list?
  2. Create a sentence using a word from thelist of subordinating conjunctions.
  3. Create a sentence using a word from the coordinating conjunctions list.
  4. Why is it handy to have a conjunction list when writing?

After you’ve finished, review your answers with a friend and see if you can test each other on words from a conjunction words list.


Published March 7, 2019. Updated May 22, 2020.

Sours: https://www.citationmachine.net/resources/grammar-guides/conjunction/conjunctions-list/

Rules and List of Conjunctions

Conjunctions have been an important part of English grammar. Knowing a list of conjunctions will help you not only be clear with your sentences but also sound more knowledgeable. Conjunctions comprise crucial rules in English grammar. Knowing this list of Conjunctions will help you in many different competitive exams like GMAT, Banking Exams, SSC, etc. In this article, we will discuss conjunctions in detail.

What is a Conjunction?

A Conjunction is a word that joins two or more words, phrases or clauses in a single sentence. Conjunctions help us to share these ideas and make connections more easily. Without them, we would have to make lots of short, blunt little statements. The most common Conjunctions are ‘and’,’ or’, ‘but’ and ‘because’.

Usage Of Conjunctions

Let us understand the use of conjunctions with the help some practical and easy examples-

  1. She will visit her grandparents and she will go to her friend’s house afterwards.
  2. You can either be relaxed or tense but you cannot be both at the same time.

In the above sentences as we can see that the use of and in the first sentence creates a better flow and makes it easy to read and let’s see how it would sound if we don’t use,”she will visit her grandparents.she will go to her friend’s house afterwards.”

Without the use of and here the sentence sounds blunt and if we use and in the above sentence a better connection and flow is facilitated indeed.

In the second sentence, use of either,or and but shows clearly only one thing is possible and thus,it makes it easy for the reader to understand the sentence better.

Types of Conjunctions

There are mainly four types of conjunctions which are elaborated below-

1) Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Coordinating Conjunctions link equal parts of a sentence including phrases and causes. A comma is used when a coordinating Conjunction is used to join two independent clauses.
  • The most commonly used coordinating conjunctions are for,and nor,but,or,yet etc.
2) Subordinating Conjunctions
  • They help in Linking a dependent clause to an independent one.
  • The most commonly used Subordinating Conjunctions used are which, who after, when, where, while, before, though etc.
3) Correlative Conjunctions
  • These are paired Conjunctions that are generally used at two places in a sentence to connect two equal grammatical entities.
  • The most commonly used correlative conjunctions are neither.. nor, either…or, not only….but, whether..or etc.
4) Compound Conjunctions
  • The phrases which are used as conjunctions are called compound Conjunctions
  • Commonly used compound Conjunctions are so that, provided that, as well as, as soon as, such that, in order that etc.

Rules of Conjunctions

Here are the important rules of conjunctions that you must know about:

  • We use and, as well as, both..and, not only..but also to clearly emphasize the link between two things.
  • We use so…as and as…..as to show a comparison between two things, people etc
  • Although, though are followed by yet or comma(,)
  • Pairs such as no sooner…than, hardly..when, scarcely.. when should be used in the correct form
  • Lest is either followed by should or the first form of the verb. Since, lest is a negative word it should not be used with not, never
  • Until is time-oriented and unless is action-oriented and they are negative words and hence, should not be used with no, not, never etc.
  • In affirmative sentences, the phrases doubt and doubtful are followed by if or whether whereas in negative sentences, the phrases doubt and doubtful is followed by that.
  • The connectors not only…but also must be placed before the parts joined.
  • Between is followed by and from is followed by to
  • Neither of means none of the two; none of is used for more than two; either of means one of the two; when more than two are concerned, one of is used.
  • After rather/other, the subordinating conjunctions should be used.

List of Conjunctions

Here is the list of top used conjunctions that you can use in day-to-day life:

ForNeither..nor
AndNot only…but also
NorWhether..or
ButSo that
OrSuch that
YetAs soon as
SoAs well as
AlsoProvided that
As well asWhoever
YetWhile
StillUntil
TooUnless
OnlySince
HoweverAs if
No less thanNo less than
WhichOtherwise
WhereIn order that
WhoThan
AfterAs
BecauseEither.. or
WhoeverNevertheless
ThoughElse
AlthoughIf
IfWhile
TillNo sooner… than

Examples Of Conjunctions

  1. We went to play cricket but we couldn’t as it began raining.
  2. His brother and you look alike
  3. His intentions are not wrong; Only, he is a little thoughtless.
  4. We must water the plants; otherwise, they will die.
  5. He played both badminton and football when he was young.
  6. He is not only immature but also arrogant.
  7. He is as intelligent as you.
  8. Though he did not work hard, he passed the exams.
  9. Barely had he driven the car a mile when it broke down.
  10. Walk carefully lest you fall.
  11. Wait there until you receive my call.
  12. I am doubtful if he will pass the exam.
  13. He not only lied to them but also double-crossed them.
  14. You will have to choose between science and commerce.
  15. Neither of the children was hurt.
  16. He would rather buy a car than a scooter.

Also Read

Practice Exercises

Q. She was very exhausted___she didn’t stop working.
But
Unless
Although
Because

Ans: But

Q. I am going to work harder___i can be promoted.
When
Because
So that
In spite of

Ans: So that

Q. Neera looks at her husband____she hasn’t seen him before.
As if
When
Although
Because

Ans: As if

Q. ____ she was walking along the garden, she found a very rare flower
Because
Provided that
So that
While

Ans: While

Q. Mehul decided to give up smoking____he had had a heart attack two times
In case
Although
Because
Even if

Ans: Because

Q. ____ you are in top form, your coach always shows you respect
Unless
As long as
Although
As if

Ans: As long as

7) The soldiers in the camp will be punished ____they don’t obey the rules
Although
Because
Even if
However

Ans: Because

Q. I don’t want to invite Kamal to the party____ he always talks about nonsense things
Because
Although
Despite
Though

Ans: Because

Q. I have decided to buy a car____i can go to work easily
Incase
So that
Provided that
Although

Ans: So that

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List of Conjunctions

You might know the definition of a conjunction, but seeing this list of conjunctions will help you sear that definition in your mind. There are three types of conjunctions (coordinating, subordinating, and correlative), and we'll look at examples of all of them here! 

Quick Refresher

Conjunctions are words that join two or more words, phrases, or clauses.

1. List of Coordinating Conjunctions 

Coordinating conjunctions join sentence elements that are the same. They can join words, phrases, and clauses.

 cookies and milk (joining words)

into the house and out the door (joining phrases)

He came and she left. (joining clauses)

There are only seven of these, and they're easy to memorize if you use the mnemonic device FANBOYS.

For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So

Sentence diagrams are little pictures of sentences. They help us to see the grammatical relationship between words in a sentence.

Sentence Diagram of a Coordinating Conjunction www.GrammarRevolution.com/list-of-conjunctions.html

This sentence diagram shows us that coordinating conjunctions connect two or more sentence elements. The coordinating conjunction goes on a dotted, vertical line between the things that it connects.

The conjunction in this diagram is connecting two independent clauses. We call this type of sentence a compound sentence.

2. List of Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that join dependent clauses to independent clauses.

  I will eat broccoli after I eat this cookie.

(I will eat broccoli = independent clause, after I eat this cookie = dependent adverb clause)

There are many subordinating conjunctions, so keep in mind that this list doesn't include all of them! A WHITE BUS is a way to help you memorize some of the subordinating conjunctions.

A after, although, as, as if, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though 

B because, before, by the time 

E even if, even though 

I if, in order that, in case 

L lest 

O once, only if 

P provided that 

S since, so that 

T than, that, though, till 

U unless, until 

W when, whenever, where, wherever, while 

You can see that these kinds of conjunctions connect dependent clauses (also called subordinate clauses) to independent clauses just by looking at the sentence diagram!

Sentence Diagram of a Subordinating Conjunction www.GrammarRevolution.com/list-of-conjunctions.html

The subordinating conjunction goes on a dotted line between the two clauses. The top clause is an independent clause and the bottom clause is a dependent clause. We call this kind of sentence a complex sentence.

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  • Word Lists for the 8 Parts of Speech (Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, & Interjections)
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3. List of Conjunctions - Correlative Conjunctions

These kinds of conjunctions do the same thing that coordinating conjunctions do except that they are always used in pairs.

 This cookie contains neither chocolate nor nuts.

 both...and 

 either...or 

 neither...nor 

 not only...but also 

 whether...or 

Here's a sentence diagram of the correlative conjunction both…and.

Sentence Diagram of a Correlative Conjunction www.GrammarRevolution.com/list-of-conjunctions.html

Did you notice that it's diagrammed in the same way that we diagrammed our coordinating conjunction above? I thought you would. You're so smart.

Here are a few other lessons you might enjoy.

Elizabeth O'Brien from Grammar Revolution

If you don't want to teach or learn grammar by yourself,  click here to see how I can help you.

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ESL - Correlative Conjunctions

Words which connect words, phrases, clauses or sentences are called conjunctions (see "to conjoin" = join, unite). The most common ones are 'and', 'or' and 'but'. These words all have different nuances and connotations but they all help to build up meaningful relationships within a sentence.

Conjunctions

Cohesive Devices

A variety of useful English Conjunctions exists, which complete this list of the most used Cohesive Devices. Together, they can help to express a cohesive view and easy understandable and readable texts.

There are three basic types of conjunctions:

Definition

coordinating conjunctions
used to connect two independent clauses
subordinating conjunctions
used to establish the relationship between the dependent clause and the rest of the sentence
correlative conjunctions
used to join various sentence elements which are grammatically equal

Coordinating Conjunctions

Comes usually in the middle of a sentence, and a comma is used before the conjunction (unless both clauses are very short). They join individual words, phrases, and independent clauses.
Whereas coordinating conjunctions join parts of a sentence, the purpose of transitional words and phrases usually is to join two 'sentences'.

Examples:
We can draw lessons from the past, but we cannot live in it. [Lyndon B. Johnson]
The purpose of most computer languages is to lengthen your resume by a word and a comma. [Larry Wall]

And, but, for, nor, or, so, and yet — are the seven coordinating conjunctions. To remember them, the acronym FANBOYS can be used.

  1.  F = for

  2.  A = and

  3.  N = nor

  4.  B = but

  5.  O = or

  6.  Y = yet

  7.  S = so

Subordinating Conjunctions

Also called subordinators, introduce a dependent clause. These adverbs that act like conjunctions are placed at the front of the clause - and a comma is needed at the end of the adverbial phrase when it precedes the main clause.

Examples:
If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail. [Abraham Maslow]
Some people make headlines while others make history. [Philip Elmer-DeWitt]

 

Conjunctions Concession

  • though
  • although
  • even though
  • while

Conjunctions Condition

  • if
  • only if
  • unless
  • until
  • provided that
  • assuming that
  • even if
  • in case (that)
  • lest

Conjunctions Comparison

  • than
  • rather than
  • whether
  • as much as
  • whereas

Conjunctions Time

  • after
  • as long as
  • as soon as
  • before
  • by the time
  • now that
  • once
  • since
  • till
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • while

 

Conjunctions Reason

  • because
  • since
  • so that
  • in order (that)
  • why

Relative Adjective

  • that
  • what
  • whatever
  • which
  • whichever
  •  

Relative Pronoun

  • who
  • whoever
  • whom
  • whomever
  • whose
  •  
  •  

Conjunctions Manner

Conjunctions Place

 

Correlative Conjunctions

They are always used in pairs and denote equality; and show the relationship between ideas expressed in different parts of a sentence - and thus make the joining tighter and more emphatic. When joining singular and plural subjects, the subject closest to the verb determines whether the verb is singular or plural.

 

  • as . . . as
  • just as . . . so
  • both . . . and
  • hardly . . . when
  • scarcely . . . when
  • either . . . or
  • neither . . . nor
  •  
  • if . . . then
  • not . . . but
  • what with . . . and
  • whether . . . or
  • not only . . . but also
  • no sooner . . . than
  • rather . . . than

 

Conjunctive Adverbs

They are often used as a linking device between ideas. They show logical relationships expressed in clauses, sentences or paragraphs.
Conjunctive adverbs are very emphatic, so they should be used sparingly.

 

Similar to And

  •  
  • also
  • besides
  • furthermore
  • likewise
  • moreover

Similar to But

  •  
  • however
  • nevertheless
  • nonetheless
  • still
  •  
  • conversely
  • instead
  • otherwise
  • rather

Similar to So

  •  
  • accordingly
  • consequently
  • hence
  • meanwhile
  • then
  • therefore
  • thus

 


 

List of Conjunctions

English Conjunctions & Cohesive Devices

Conjunctions are also sometimes called - or put in the category of - Linking Words. Please feel free to download them via this link to the category page:
Linking Words & Connecting Words as a PDF.

It contains all the conjunctions listed on this site. The image to the left gives you an impression how it looks like.

 

 


 

Further helpful readings about vocabulary (examples included): Smart Rephrased Proverbs   ¦   Rare & Funny Tongue Twisters   ¦   Learn Chinese in 5 minutes

 


 

Writing Tip: In order to save precious characters and typing time, there is a rich language of text abbreviations used in Text Messaging, Twitter, SMS and Chat.
It is quite a long list that probably does not include every Text Abbreviation & Internet Acronym ever invented — but the most popular. Even if you restrain yourself from memorizing and using them all, you might find it handy to know a place where you can look up and thus decipher what someone is writing.

Sours: https://www.smart-words.org/linking-words/conjunctions.html

Conjunctions list of

Because because of this intimacy, I started to flow very actively. Or maybe its because of Seryoga with his ever-excited member, who constantly strove to shove his fingers into me or lick my nipple. And Dimon, of course, as usual, did not notice anything.

CONJUNCTIONS - Parts of Speech - Advanced Grammar - Types of Conjunctions with Examples

Know about the existence of this impotent. Personally, if I were my husband, every month I would put a bottle of good fortified wine to the impotent man. This acquaintance, let's call him Valery, was not a bad companion in life and a good performer at work, he is an ordinary-looking man.

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I went up to the frolicking friends and said that I would go to bed, that they could wake me up later by the final part of the holiday, when. Everyone would rush to swim. After contemplating nudists, I hoped that among other vacationers there would be many who would throw themselves into the magical waters of.



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