Intel lake processors

Intel lake processors DEFAULT

List of Intel CPU microarchitectures

Year Micro-architecture Pipeline stages Max
Clock

[MHz]

Process node

[nm]

1978 8086 (8086, 8088) 02 05 30001982 186 (80186, 80188) 02 025 1982 286 (80286) 03 025 15001985 386 (80386) 03 033 1989 486 (80486) 05 0100 10001993 P5 (Pentium) 05 0200 800, 600, 3501995 P6 (Pentium Pro, Pentium II) 14 (17 with load & store/retire) 0450 500, 350, 2501997 P5 (Pentium MMX) 06 0233 350 1999 P6 (Pentium III) 12 (15 with load & store/retire) 1400 250, 180, 1302000 NetBurst (Pentium 4)
(Willamette) 20 unified with branch prediction 2000 180 2002 NetBurst (Pentium 4)
(Northwood, Gallatin) 3466 130 2003 Pentium M (Banias, Dothan)
Enhanced Pentium M (Yonah) 10 (12 with fetch/retire) 2333 130, 90, 652004 NetBurst (Pentium 4, Pentium D)
(Prescott) 31 unified with branch prediction 3800 90, 65 2006 Intel Core12 (14 with fetch/retire) 3000 65 2007 Penryn (die shrink) 3333 452008 Nehalem20 unified (14 without miss prediction) 3600 Bonnell16 (20 with prediction miss) 2100 2010 Westmere (die shrink) 20 unified (14 without miss prediction) 3866 322011 Saltwell (die shrink)16 (20 with prediction miss) 2130 Sandy Bridge14 (16 with fetch/retire) 4000 2012 Ivy Bridge (die shrink) 4100 222013 Silvermont14–17 (16–19 with fetch/retire) 2670 Haswell14 (16 with fetch/retire) 4400 2014 Broadwell (die shrink) 3700 142015 Airmont (die shrink)14–17 (16–19 with fetch/retire) 2640 Skylake14 (16 with fetch/retire) 5200 2016 Goldmont20 unified with branch prediction 2600 2017 Goldmont Plus? 20 unified with branch prediction ? 2800 2018 Palm Cove14 (16 with fetch/retire) 3200 102019 Sunny Cove14–20 (misprediction) 4100 2020 Tremont3300 Willow Cove5300 2021 Cypress Cove14 5200 14Golden Cove7GracemontNote: Atom microarchitectures are in Italic
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_CPU_microarchitectures

Intel CPU roadmap: all the 'Lakes' from 14nm to 7nm

Keeping track of everything that happens in the technology world can be difficult. Take CPUs as an example. Even if you follow news on the best CPUs for gaming religiously, keeping track of Intel's dozens of platform and product codenames can be difficult, especially with new names popping up on leaked roadmaps all the time. For the uninitiated, these codenames can be confusing and cryptic, so I put together this CPU codenames cheat sheet.

I'm going to include all the past and present "Lake" processors in Intel's repertoire—though I'm skipping most of the server-specific designs like Cascade Lake, as well as the Atom-derived designs (N/E/M/Z-series processors), as they don't really apply to PC gaming enthusiasts. Here's the not-so-brief overview, then, ordered by launch date.

Intel CPU 'Lake' families up to the present day: 6th through 9th Gen

Skylake (SKL, 14nm, 6th Gen Core, August 2015): The first of the "Lake" CPUs, Skylake was a major CPU architecture overhaul. Intel moved from a 4-wide design (meaning, fetch, decode, and execute up to four instructions per clock cycle) to a 6-wide design. It was the second of Intel's 14nm CPUs—the "tock" to Broadwell's "tick," though of course Intel abandoned Tick-Tock shortly after. Desktop and mobile variants were either 2-core or 4-core, with and without Hyper-Threading (aka SMT, Symmetric Multi-Threading) depending on the family. Skylake also served as the introduction for Intel's Gen9 graphics technology, with improved performance and features.

[Larger Skylake-X variants (socket LGA2066) were introduced in 2017 and range from 6-core/12-thread to 18-core/36-thread designs, and these are part of the 7th Gen or 9th Gen Core families. And that's the last I'll say about HEDT (high-end desktop) for this article.]

Kaby Lake (KBL, 14nm+, 7th Gen Core, August 2016): Kaby Lake represented the official end of Tick-Tock, though technically Devil's Canyon (optimized 22nm 4th Gen Haswell) already messed things up. Fundamentally, Kaby Lake is the same architecture as Skylake, but the manufacturing process was refined—hence the "+" on 14nm+. The changes consist of a modified fin profile and strained silicon, plus refinements in manufacturing that naturally occur as a process matures.

Desktop and mobile variants were the same 2-core and 4-core designs as SKL, and for the first time Pentium brand CPUs enabled Hyper-Threading (I'm not counting the original Pentium 4 Hyper-Threading). Kaby Lake also updated the graphics core to Gen9.5, the major changes involving support for 4K HEVC/VP9 video decoding.

Coffee Lake (CFL, 14nm++, 8th Gen Core, October 2017): Coffee Lake wasn't on Intel's original roadmaps—it was likely introduced to counter AMD's Zen architecture, which promised up to 8-core/16-thread designs at mainstream prices. Coffee Lake also spelled the end of Intel's "Process-Architecture-Optimization" plans, since it represented a second optimization phase. CFL keeps the Gen9.5 graphics.

14nm++ increased the transistor gate pitch for lower current density and higher leakage transistors. That in turn allows for higher frequencies, though with larger die sizes and increased idle power use. The biggest change was mainstream desktop 6-core/12-thread designs for Core i7, 6-core/6-thread for Core i5, and 4-core/4-thread for Core i3. Mobile models also got 6-core 45W CPUs for the first time.

Cannon Lake (CNL, 10nm, 8th Gen Core, May 2018): Ah yes, the ephemeral Cannon Lake, Intel's first 10nm processor design. There's so much to say about this one, so bear with me.

Originally intended to launch in 2016, first demonstrated in 2017, and first shipped in very limited quantities in May 2018, Cannon Lake had more than a few issues. Intel's Cannon Lake page (which is linked from the Core i3-8121U, the only Cannon Lake CPU as far as we're aware), doesn't even exist. But the CPU did in fact ship, and don't you dare say otherwise! (That puts CNL one step ahead of Tejas, the last iteration of NetBurst that tapped out and then never saw the light of day.)

How bad was Intel's first stab at 10nm? The company has downplayed problems, but let's look at the facts. Intel released a 2-core/4-thread 'mobile' design, with the GPU portion of the chip disabled. Starting with a smaller chip is common for new process nodes, but disabling the integrated GPU in a mobile product speaks volumes. It was likely necessary to improve the number of functional chips Intel could get, which suggests incredibly poor yields. And even then, performance and power did not look good.

Cannon Lake does include AVX512 instruction support, which can help in a few specific instances, but everything else is basically bad. Power, memory latency, and other elements were worse than with existing 14nm mobile designs. In retrospect, the difficulties caused by all the enhancements originally stuffed into Intel's 10nm process far outweighed the potential benefits. Cannon Lake was also supposed to debut Gen10 Intel Graphics, but since the GPU was disabled Gen10 effectively turned into vaporware.

Whiskey Lake (WHL, 14nm++, 8th Gen Core, August 2018): A lesser known branch from Intel's main line of CPUs, Whiskey Lake arrived about the same time as the Coffee Lake Refresh, but focused exclusively on mobile CPUs. It includes the same Meltdown/Spectre hardware mitigations (many of which are still done in firmware). There are only a handful of Whiskey Lake processors, consisting primarily of 4-core/8-thread i5 and i7 models, along with one each for 2-core/4-thread Core i3 and Pentium, and 2-core/2-thread Celeron.

Coffee Lake Refresh (CFL-R, 14nm++, 9th Gen Core, October 2018): If the first Coffee Lake parts didn't end "Process-Architecture-Optimization," the refresh certainly did. Still using the same 14nm++ process, the 9th Gen Core CPUs added Core i9 branding with the 8-core/16-thread i9-9900K, along with higher boost clocks—up to 5GHz for the first time on an Intel CPU. Coffee Lake Refresh also adds certain hardware mitigations for the Meltdown/Spectre vulnerabilities.

This is where Intel is at today, with more 9th Gen Core models slated to arrive soon, including the first ever 8-core 45W laptop parts—which are also capable of 5.0GHz turbo clocks on the top model. Again, it's worth pointing out that Intel is currently on it's fifth generation of mainstream 14nm products (Broadwell, Skylake, Kaby Lake, Coffee Lake, and CFL-R).

Intel's upcoming and future designs: 10th Gen and beyond

Everything from this point on is looking at upcoming CPUs. Plans will likely change, and the further along we go, the less firm any of the data becomes. Crystal balls always seem to be very cloudy.

Ice Lake (ICL, 10nm+, 10th Gen Core, 2019/2020): After the misstep of Cannon Lake and its first 10nm process technology, Intel is pressing the reset button—that's why it gets the plus sign. Ice Lake will be volume 10nm+ production, and it will potentially be the successor for Coffee Lake, Whiskey Lake, and Cannon Lake. We talked briefly about some leaked data on 10th Gen CPU names, and Ice Lake is currently slated to launch on mobile platforms first, this year even. However, there's no mention in current roadmaps of Ice Lake desktop implementations, although previously there was talk of Ice Lake for servers.

At the heart of Ice Lake is the new Sunny Cove microarchitecture, with 2-core and 4-core mobile designs. That would make ICL more of a true successor to the current WHL as opposed to CFL. Ice Lake will also feature Gen11 graphics, and it will have a standard 64 EU design, making it Intel's first TFLOPS-class GPU. Ice Lake may also see the introduction of PCIe Gen4 support, though that was originally listed as a server feature so it may or may not make it into mobile chips.

Comet Lake (CML, 14nm++, 10th Gen Core, 2020): This is a newer addition to Intel's client CPU roadmap (thanks, Tom's Hardware), and apparently we are set for yet another return to Intel's 14nm++ (or is it 14nm+++ now? I seem to have lost track). This will represent Intel's fifth "optimization" pass for 14nm (unless you group CFL and CFL-R under one refresh). Needless to say, that does not boost confidence in Intel's 10nm rollout, as it appears Comet Lake will take on the task of updating Intel's mainstream desktop platform next year. Yikes.

Similar to the way CFL-R added two more cores to Coffee Lake, the latest leaks show Comet Lake extending Intel's mainstream CPUs to include up to 10-core/20-thread designs. That's likely necessary if Intel hopes to stave off competition from AMD's upcoming Ryzen 3000 parts, which are slated to bring 16-core/32-thread parts to socket AM4. Even if Comet Lake improves core counts and performance to keep pace with AMD, however, it's arriving six months too late.

Whether Comet Lake will work in existing LGA1151 300-series chipset motherboards or require a new platform is not yet known. Comet Lake will also be used for H/U/Y-series (2/4/6-core) mobile parts.

Tiger Lake (TGL, 10nm++, 11th Gen Core?, 2020?): The follow-up to Ice Lake is Tiger Lake, which is slated to use a third generation of Intel's 10nm process. Little is known about the architecture, other than it was originally planned to move to Gen12 graphics. Depending on what happens with ICL, TGL could either move forward or get pushed backward. Intel's foray into higher performance graphics parts in 2020 is also likely to impact future GPU designs.

Rocket Lake (RCL, 14nm++++?, 11th Gen Core?, 2021?): Another recent addition on certain roadmaps is Rocket Lake, which trots out 14nm for a seventh round. Yes, seven: BDW, SKL, KBL, CFL, CFL-R, CML, and now RCL. Rocket Lake doesn't show up on many roadmaps yet, and all sources seem to point back to Tweakers and a supposed slide leak via Dell. It's on a "commercial" roadmap so it may be a business-specific implementation of Comet Lake as opposed to a new design. I wouldn't put too much stock in its existence just yet, as releasing a new 14nm design in 2021 seems ludicrous. Then again, stranger things (*cough* Cannon Lake *cough*) have happened.

Alder Lake (ADL, 10nm?, 12th Gen?, 2021?): We're now into the deep unknowns, and all we have right now are basic codenames. After Tiger Lake comes Alder Lake, according to a few rumors and leaks. It's at least two years off, may represent a fourth iteration of 10nm, and little else is known.

Meteor Lake (MTL, 7nm, 13th Gen?, 2022?): Last but not least, plans for Intel's first generation 7nm part already exist, at least in paper and name form. The part will be called Meteor Lake and is due out in 2022. Unless things change, which judging by Cannon Lake and the 10nm transition is entirely possible.

Keep in mind that while AMD (TSMC) is already manufacturing 7nm parts, the physical characteristics of TSMC's 7nm process appear to be more in line with Intel's 10nm plans, so Intel isn't necessarily three years behind. Even so, it's a huge change from the 22nm launch where Intel was effectively three years ahead of the competition on process technology.

That's it for Intel's Lake processors—or at least, all the major desktop and mobile variants. I've skipped the low performance, low power designs like Apollo Lake, Gemini Lak, Lakefield, Skyhawk Lake, and Elkhart Lake, as well as server-only designs. Even without those, Intel still has a full dozen different CPU lakes for your swimming pleasure.

Perhaps even more shocking is that the majority of five Intel CPU generations are covered by a single process technology: 14nm. Digging into the details on various process technologies is a topic for another day, however. Maybe next week.

Intel is currently banging the 10nm drum and saying we'll see volume shipments this year, but it appears most of those volume shipments will be for ultraportable laptops. That's not necessarily a bad thing—more than half of all PC sales are now laptops, though that figure is obviously dominated by business users. But when it comes to PC gaming, it's still difficult to stomach the jump in price when looking at a midrange desktop PC compared to a comparable performance laptop.

Meanwhile, AMD is making inroads on Intel's CPU supremacy and all indications are that it has 7nm Ryzen 3000 parts ready for deployment next month. It feels like turbulent times for Intel and its CPU roadmaps, but even with the 10nm delays Intel is still hanging onto the per-core performance crown. That may change in the coming months, however, and don't be surprised if that in turn causes changes in Intel's future plans.

Jarred doesn't play games, he runs benchmarks. If you want to know about the inner workings of CPUs, GPUs, or SSDs, he's your man. He subsists off a steady diet of crunchy silicon chips and may actually be a robot.
Sours: https://www.pcgamer.com/intel-cpu-roadmap-all-the-lakes-from-14nm-to-7nm/
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Kaby Lake

CPU microarchitecture by Intel

LaunchedAugust 30, 2016; 5 years ago (August 30, 2016)
DiscontinuedOctober 9, 2020 (desktop processors)[1]
CPUID code0806e9h, 0806eah, 0906e9h
Product code80677
Max. CPUclock rate1.00 GHz to 4.5 GHz
L1 cache64 KB[a] per core
L2 cache256 KB per core
L3 cacheUp to 8 MB, shared
Min. feature size14 nm (Tri-Gate) transistors
Architecturex86-64
Instructionsx86-64
Extensions
  • MMX, AES-NI, CLMUL, FMA3, RDRAND
  • SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4, SSE4.1, SSE4.2
  • AVX, AVX2, TXT, TSX, SGX
  • VT-x, VT-d
Cores
Socket(s)
Brand name(s)
    • Core m3
    • Core i3
    • Core i5
    • Core i7
    • Celeron
    • Pentium
    • Xeon
PredecessorSkylake
SuccessorDesktop: Coffee Lake
Mobile: Whiskey Lake
Servers and Enthusiast Desktop: Cascade Lake[5][6]

Kaby Lake is Intel's codename for its seventh generation Coremicroprocessor family announced on August 30, 2016.[7] Like the preceding Skylake, Kaby Lake is produced using a 14 nanometermanufacturing process technology.[8] Breaking with Intel's previous "tick–tock" manufacturing and design model, Kaby Lake represents the optimized step of the newer process–architecture–optimization model.[9] Kaby Lake began shipping to manufacturers and OEMs in the second quarter of 2016,[10][11] and mobile chips have started shipping while Kaby Lake (desktop) chips were officially launched in January 2017.

In August 2017, Intel announced Kaby Lake Refresh (Kaby Lake R) marketed as the 8th generation mobile CPUs, breaking the long cycle where architectures matched the corresponding generations of CPUs.[12][13] Skylake was anticipated to be succeeded by the 10 nanometerCannon Lake, but it was announced in July 2015 that Cannon Lake had been delayed until the second half of 2017.[needs update][14][15] In the meantime, Intel released a fourth 14 nm generation on October 5, 2017, named Coffee Lake.

Kaby Lake is the first Intel platform to lack official driver support for versions of Windows older than Windows 10.[16] Furthermore, Windows Update is disabled under Windows 8.1 and earlier, although an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed it to continue to work on the platform.[17] Due to security concerns,[18]Windows 11 is not officially supported on any of the 7th generation Kaby Lake processors (except Core i7-7820HQ on select devices),[19] although Microsoft has stated that it will test those processors for compatibility.[18] However, it is still possible to install it on systems using the 7th generation processors,[20] with users accepting that they will not receive any updates and any damages caused by using the operating system on an unsupported configuration are not covered by the manufacturer's warranty.[21][22]

Development history[edit]

As with previous Intel processors (such as the 8088, Banias, Dothan, Conroe, Sandy Bridge, Ivy Bridge, and Skylake), Kaby Lake's development was led by Intel's Israeli team, based in Haifa.[23] Intel Israel Development Centers manager Ran Senderovitz said: "When we started out on the project, we were only thinking about basic improvements from the previous generation. But we began looking at things differently with a lot of innovation and determination and we achieved major improvements." He added that the performance of the seventh generation chips was improved by 12% for applications and 19% for Internet use compared with the sixth generation chips.[24] Third-party benchmarks do not confirm these percentages as far as gaming is concerned.[25]

Features[edit]

Built on an improved 14 nm process (14FF+), Kaby Lake features faster CPU clock speeds, clock speed changes, and higher Turbo frequencies. Beyond these process and clock speed changes, little of the CPU architecture has changed from Skylake,[26] resulting in identical IPC (Instructions Per Clock).[7]

Kaby Lake features a new graphics architecture to improve performance in 3D graphics and 4K video playback.[7][27] It adds native HDCP 2.2 support,[28] along with fixed function decode of H.264 (AVC), HEVC Main and Main10/10-bit, and VP9 10-bit and 8-bit video.[26][29][30][31] Hardware encode is supported for H.264 (AVC), HEVC Main10/10-bit, and VP9 8-bit video. VP9 10-bit encode is not supported in hardware. Both OpenGL 4.6 and OpenCL 3.0 are now supported.[32]

Kaby Lake is the first Core architecture to support hyper-threading for the Pentium-branded desktop CPU SKU. Kaby Lake also features the first overclocking-enabled i3-branded CPU.

Architecture changes compared to Skylake[edit]

Kaby Lake features the same CPU core and performance per MHz as Skylake. Features specific to Kaby Lake include:

CPU[edit]

GPU[edit]

  • Gen 9.5 (From Gen 9)
  • Improved graphics core: full hardware fixed function HEVC/VP9 (including [email protected]/10bit) decoding;[35] improved hardware HEVC encoding; full hardware fixed function VP9 8bit encoding; higher GPU clock speeds for select CPUs

IO[edit]

  • 200 series (Union Point) chipset on socket 1151 (Kaby Lake is compatible with 100 series chipset motherboards after a BIOS update)
  • Up to 16 PCI Express 3.0 lanes from the CPU, 24 PCI Express 3.0 lanes from PCH
  • Support for Intel Optane Memory storage caching (only on motherboards with the 200 series chipsets)
  • Support for PTWRITE instruction to write data to an Intel Processor Trace packet stream

Starting from this generation, the built-in GPus core supports HAGS in the Windows 10 version of 2004 or newer, but currently support is only provided with insider drivers.

Compatibility[edit]

Microsoft only officially supports Kaby Lake on computers running Windows 10 per support policies, and Windows Update blocks updates from being installed on Kaby Lake systems running versions older than Windows 10. In support of this position, Intel only provides chipset drivers for Windows 10.[36][37][16] An enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the Windows Update check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to be updated on the platform.[17]

Known issues[edit]

Kaby Lake has a critical flaw where some short loops may cause unpredictable system behavior. The issue can be fixed if the motherboard manufacturer releases a BIOS update with the fix.[38][39]

TDP classification[edit]

Thermal design power (TDP) is the designed maximum heat generated by the chip running a specific workload at base clock. On a single microarchitecture, as the heat produced increases with voltage and frequency, this thermal design limit can also limit the maximum frequency of the processor.[40] However, CPU testing and binning allows for products with lower voltage/power at a particular frequency, or higher frequency within the same power limit.[41][42]

Desktop processors:

  • High-power (K/X):
    • For dual-core: 60 W
    • For quad-core: 91 W (LGA1151) - 112W (LGA2066)
  • Medium-power:
    • For dual-core: 51...54 W
    • For quad-core: 65 W
  • Low-power (T): 35 W

Mobile processors:

  • High-power (H): 45 W with configurable TDP-down to 35 W
  • Medium-power (U): 15...28 W with configurable TDP-down to 7.5 W
  • Low-power (Y): 5...7 W with configurable TDP-down to 3.5 W

List of 7th generation Kaby Lake processors[edit]

Desktop processors[edit]

Intel Celeron G3930 die shot

Features common to desktop Kaby Lake CPUs:

  • LGA 1151 socket (Except the Core i7 7740X and Core i5 7640X, which use the LGA 2066 socket.)
  • DMI 3.0 and PCIe 3.0 interfaces
  • Dual channel memory support in the following configurations: DDR3L-1600 1.35 V (32 GB maximum) or DDR4-2400 1.2 V (64 GB maximum)
    • The Core i7 7740X and Core i5 7640x support DDR4-2666 (64 GB maximum), but do not support DDR3L memory.
  • A total of 16 PCIe lanes
  • The Core-branded processors support the AVX2 instruction set. The Celeron and Pentium-branded ones support only SSE4.1/4.2.
  • 350 MHz base graphics clock rate
    • The Core i7 7740X and Core i5 7640x do not have an integrated GPU.
  • No L4 cache (eDRAM)
  • A release date of January 3, 2017 (KBL-S) and June 2017 (KBL-X)
Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
CPU
clock

rate

Turbo clock GHz

Num of cores

GPUMax GPU
clock rate
L3
cache
TDP Socket Price
(USD)
1 2 4
Core i7 7740X4 (8) 4.3 GHz 4.5 4.5 4.5 N/A 8 MB[a]112 W LGA 2066$350
7700K4.2 GHz 4.5 4.4 4.4 HD 630 1150 MHz 91 W LGA 1151
77003.6 GHz 4.2 4.1 4.0 65 W $312
7700T2.9 GHz 3.8 3.7 3.6 35 W
Core i5 7640X4 (4) 4.0 GHz 4.2 4.2 4.0 N/A 6 MB 112 W LGA 2066$250
7600K3.8 GHz 4.2 4.1 4.0 HD 630 1150 MHz 91 W LGA 1151
76003.5 GHz 4.1 4.0 3.9 65 W $224
7600T2.8 GHz 3.7 3.6 3.5 1100 MHz 35 W
75003.4 GHz 3.8 3.7 3.6 65 W $202
7500T2.7 GHz 3.3 3.2 3.1 35 W
74003.0 GHz 3.5 3.4 3.3 1000 MHz 65 W $182
7400T2.4 GHz 3.0 2.9 2.7 35 W $187
Core i3 7350K2 (4) 4.2 GHz N/A 1150 MHz 4 MB 60 W $179
73204.1 GHz 51 W $157
73004.0 GHz $147
7300T3.5 GHz 1100 MHz 35 W
71003.9 GHz 3 MB 51 W $117
7100T3.4 GHz 35 W
7101E3.9 GHz 54 W
7101TE3.4 GHz 35 W
Pentium G46203.7 GHz 51 W $93
G46003.6 GHz $82
G4600T3.0 GHz 1050 MHz 35 W $75
G45603.5 GHz HD 610 54 W $64
G4560T2.9 GHz 35 W
Celeron G39502 (2) 3.0 GHz 2 MB 51 W $52
G39302.9 GHz $42
G3930T2.7 GHz 1000 MHz 35 W

Mobile processors[edit]

High power[edit]

Maximum PCIe Lanes: 16. Release date: Q1 2017.

Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
CPU
clock
rate
Turbo clock GHz

Num of cores

GPU Max GPU

clock rate

L3
cache
TDP cTDPPrice
(USD)
1 2 4 Max. Up Down
Core i7 7920HQ4 (8) 3.1 GHz 4.1 3.9 3.7 HD 630 1100 MHz 8 MB 45 W N/A 35 W $568
7820HQ2.9 GHz 3.9 3.7 3.5 $378
7820HK
7700HQ2.8 GHz 3.8 3.6 3.4 6 MB
Core i5 7440HQ4 (4) 1000 MHz $250
7300HQ2.5 GHz 3.5 3.3 3.1
Core i3 7100H2 (4) 3.0 GHz N/A 950 MHz 3 MB 35 W N/A $225

Low/medium power[edit]

Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
CPU
clock
rate
Turbo clock GPU Max GPU
clock rate
L3
cache
L4
cache
Max.
PCIe
lanes
TDP cTDPRelease
date
Price
(USD)
Single
core
Dual
core
Up Down
Core i7 7Y752 (4) 1.3 GHz 3.6 GHz 3.4 GHz HD 615 1050 MHz 4 MB N/A 10 4.5 W 7 W 3.5 W Q3 2016 $393
7500U2.7 GHz 3.5 GHz 3.5 GHz HD 620 12 15 W 25 W 7.5 W
7560U2.4 GHz 3.8 GHz 3.7 GHz Iris Plus 640 64 MB N/A 9.5 W Q1 2017 $415
7660U2.5 GHz 4.0 GHz 3.8 GHz 1100 MHz
7567U3.5 GHz 4.0 GHz 3.9 GHz Iris Plus 650 1150 MHz 28 W 23 W ?
7600U2.8 GHz 3.9 GHz 3.9 GHz HD 620 N/A 15 W 25 W 7.5 W $393
Core i5 7200U2 (4) 2.5 GHz 3.1 GHz 3.1 GHz HD 620 1000 MHz 3 MB N/A 12 15 W 25 W 7.5 W Q3 2016 $281
7Y541.2 GHz 3.2 GHz 2.8 GHz HD 615 950 MHz 4 MB 10 4.5 W 7 W 3.5 W
7Y571.2 GHz 3.3 GHz 2.9 GHz 15 W Q1 2017
7260U2.2 GHz 3.4 GHz 3.4 GHz Iris Plus 640 64 MB 12 N/A 9.5 W $304
7267U3.1 GHz 3.5 GHz 3.5 GHz Iris Plus 650 1050 MHz 28 W 23 W ?
7287U3.3 GHz 3.7 GHz 3.7 GHz 1100 MHz
7300U2.6 GHz 3.5 GHz 3.5 GHz HD 620 3 MB N/A 15 W 25 W 7.5 W $281
7360U2.3 GHz 3.6 GHz 3.6 GHz Iris Plus 640 1000 MHz 4 MB 64 MB N/A 9.5 W ?
Core i3 7100U2 (4) 2.4 GHz N/A HD 620 1000 MHz 3 MB N/A 12 15 W N/A 7.5 W Q3 2016 $281
7167U2.8 GHz Iris Plus 650 64 MB 28 W 23 W Q1 2017 ?
7130U2.7 GHz HD 620 N/A 15 W 7.5 W Q2 2017 $281
7020U2.3 GHz Q2 2018
Core m3 7Y322 (4) 1.1 GHz 3.0 GHz ? HD 615 900 MHz 4 MB N/A 10 4.5 W 7 W 3.75 W Q2 2017 $281
7Y301.0 GHz 2.6 GHz 3.5 W Q3 2016
Pentium Gold 4410Y2 (4) 1.5 GHz N/A HD 615 850 MHz 2 MB N/A 10 6 W N/A 4.5 W Q1 2017 $161
4415Y1.6 GHz
4415U2.3 GHz HD 610 950 MHz 15 W 10 W
Celeron 3965U2 (2) 2.2 GHz N/A HD 610 900 MHz 2 MB N/A 10 15 W N/A 10 W Q1 2017 $107
3865U1.8 GHz
3965Y1.5 GHz HD 615 850 MHz 6 W 4.5 W Q2 2017

Server/workstation Xeon processors[edit]

List of 8th generation Kaby Lake R processors[edit]

Mobile processors[edit]

Low/medium power[edit]

In late 2016, it was reported that Intel had been working on a processor family codenamed “Kaby Lake R” ("R" for "Refresh").[43] On August 21, 2017, the eighth generation mobile CPUs were announced.[44] The first products released were four "Kaby Lake R" processors with a 15W TDP.[45] This marketing is distinct from previous generational changes of the Core product line, where a new generation coincided with a new microarchitecture.[46] Intel has stated that the 8th generation would be based on multiple microarchitectures, including Kaby Lake R, Coffee Lake, and Cannon Lake.[47]

Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
CPU
clock
rate
Turbo clock GHz

Num of cores

GPU Max GPU

clock rate

L3
cache
TDP cTDPRelease

date

Price
(USD)
1 2 4 Up Down
Core i7 8650U4 (8) 1.9 GHz 4.2 4.2 3.9 UHD 620 1150 MHz 8 MB 15 W 25 W 10 W Q3 2017 $409
8550U1.8 GHz 4.0 4.0 3.7
Core i5 8350U1.7 GHz 3.6 3.6 3.6 1100 MHz 6 MB $297
8250U1.6 GHz 3.4 3.4 3.4
Core i3 8130U2 (4) 2.2 GHz 3.4 3.4 N/A 1000 MHz 4 MB 15 W N/A 10 W Q1 2018 $281
Pentium Gold 4417U2.3 GHz N/A HD 610 950 MHz 2 MB 15 W 12.5 W Q1 2019 $161

List of 8th generation Kaby Lake G processors[edit]

Mobile processors[edit]

High power[edit]

Maximum number of PCIe lanes: 8. One-package processors with discrete graphics chip - it is connected with main CPU core using a PCI Express link through an embedded multi-die interconnect bridge (EMIB). Release date: Q1 2018.

Processor
branding
Model Cores
(threads)
CPU
clock
rate
Turbo clock GHz

Num of cores

GPU Max GPU

clock rate

Discrete GPU L3
cache
TDP Price
(USD)
1 2 4
Core i7 8809G4 (8) 3.1 GHz 4.2 Un­known HD 630 1100 MHz Radeon RX Vega M GH 8 MB 100 W ?
8709G4.1 ?
8706GRadeon RX Vega M GL 65 W ?
8705G$523[48]
Core i5 8305G2.8 GHz 3.8 6 MB ?

Discrete GPU specifications[edit]

Discrete GPU Units Clock rate Memory
Computing Shading Base Max. Size Bandwidth Bus type Bus width
Radeon RX Vega M GH 24 1536 1063 MHz 1190 MHz 4 GB 204.8 GB/s HBM2 1024 bit
Radeon RX Vega M GL 20 1280 931 MHz 1011 MHz 179.2 GB/s

List of 8th generation Amber Lake Y processors[edit]

On August 28, 2018 Intel announced a refreshed lineup of ultra low power mobile Kaby Lake CPUs under the moniker Amber Lake.[49]

Mobile processors[edit]

Low power[edit]

Processor

branding

Model Cores

(threads)

CPU clock rateGPU Max GPU

clock rate

L3

cache

TDP cTDPRelease

date

Price
Base Max turboUp Down
Core i7 8500Y2 (4) 1.5 GHz 4.2 GHz UHD 6151050 MHz 4 MB 5 W 7 W 3.5 W Q1 2019 $393
Core i5 8310Y1.6 GHz 3.9 GHz UHD 6177 W N/A $281
8210Y3.6 GHz
8200Y1.3 GHz 3.9 GHz UHD 615950 MHz 5 W 7 W 3.5 W Q3 2018 $291
Core m3 8100Y1.1 GHz 3.4 GHz 900 MHz 8 W 4.5 W $281
Pentium Gold 4425Y1.7 GHz N/A 850 MHz 2 MB 6 W N/A 4.5 W Q1 2019 $161

List of 10th generation Amber Lake Y processors[edit]

On August 21, 2019, Intel announced[50] their 10th generation Amber Lake[51] ultra low power CPUs.

Mobile processors[edit]

Processor

branding

Model Cores

(threads)

CPU clock rateGPU Max GPU

clock rate

L3

cache

TDP cTDPPrice
Base Max turboUp Down
Core i7 10510Y4 (8) 1.2 GHz 4.5 GHz UHD1150 MHz 8 MB 7 W 9 W 4.5 W $403
Core i5 10310Y1.1 GHz 4.1 GHz 1050 MHz 6 MB 5.5 W $292
10210Y1.0 GHz 4.0 GHz
Core i3 10110Y2 (4) 1000 MHz 4 MB $287

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ abTransistorized memory, such as RAM, ROM, flash and cache sizes as well as file sizes are specified using binary meanings for K (10241), M (10242), G (10243), etc.

References[edit]

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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaby_Lake
Intel Overhauls CPUs: Alder Lake Architecture Explained - New Core, PCIe Gen5, \u0026 DDR5

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